Publications by authors named "A Thanigaivelan"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Nano-activated carbon derived from date palm coir waste for efficient sequestration of noxious 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid herbicide.

Chemosphere 2021 Jun 5;282:131103. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Khalifa University, P.O. Box 127788, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address:

Alarming water contamination rates by toxic herbicides have drawn attention to treat these pollutants using efficient, easy, and economic techniques. In this work, date-palm coir (DPC) waste-based nano-activated carbon (DPC-AC) was successfully prepared and examined for adsorptive removal of toxic 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-DPA) herbicide from synthetic wastewater. The DPC-AC was synthesized via a single-step carbonization-KOH activation approach. The nanosorbent displayed a flaky morphology with graphitic structure and oxygen-rich surface functionalities. The nanocarbon with a mean particle size of 163 nm possessed a high specific surface area of 947 m/g with an average pore size of 2.28 nm. High 2,4-DPA removal efficiency of 98.6% was obtained for the optimal adsorption conditions of pH 2, dosage 0.15 g, rotational speed 100 rpm, time 90 min, and initial 2,4-DPA concentration of 100 mg/L. Langmuir isotherm best described the equilibrium behavior with a theoretical maximum of 50.25 mg/g adsorption capacity for the system. Pseudo-second order model was more appropriate in quantifying the kinetics for all initial feed concentrations. Thermodynamically, the adsorption process was spontaneous, endothermic, and involved low activation energy. A plausible mechanism for the adsorption-desorption of 2,4-DPA onto DPC-AC is also discussed. Cost analysis and regenerability studies proved the economic value ($3/kg) and reusable nature of DPC-AC without any significant loss in its performance. Overall, this study highlights the advantages of DPC waste valorization into efficient nanoadsorbent and the sequestration of noxious 2,4-DPA herbicide from its aqueous streams using this nanosorbent.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.131103DOI Listing
June 2021

Augmented biohydrogen production from rice mill wastewater through nano-metal oxides assisted dark fermentation.

Bioresour Technol 2021 Jan 12;319:124243. Epub 2020 Oct 12.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Khalifa University, P.O. Box 127788, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

This study highlights biohydrogen production enrichment through NiO and CoO nanoparticles (NPs) inclusion to dark fermentation of rice mill wastewater using Clostridium beijerinckii DSM 791. NiO (~26 nm) and CoO (~50 nm) NPs were intrinsically prepared via facile hydrothermal method with polyhedral morphology and high purity. Dosage dependency studies revealed the maximum biohydrogen production characteristics for 1.5 mg/L concentration of both NPs. Biohydrogen yield was improved by 2.09 and 1.9 folds higher for optimum dosage of NiO and CoO respectively, compared to control run without NPs. Co-metabolites analysis confirmed the biohydrogen production through acetate and butyrate pathways. Maximum COD reduction efficiencies of 77.6% and 69.5% were observed for NiO and CoO inclusions respectively, which were higher than control run (57.5%). Gompertz kinetic model fitted well with experimental data of NPs assisted fermentation. Thus, NiO and CoO inclusions to wastewater fermentation seems to be a promising technique for augmented biohydrogen production.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2020.124243DOI Listing
January 2021

Biosorption potential of Phoenix dactylifera coir wastes for toxic hexavalent chromium sequestration.

Chemosphere 2021 Apr 28;268:128809. Epub 2020 Oct 28.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Nottingham Malaysia, 43500, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. Electronic address:

Valorization of waste phytomass into valuable components provide new functionality to these biowastes and annul problems associated with their safe disposal. In this study, date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) coir (DPC) waste was tested for its toxic hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) ions biosorption. The DPC biosorbent was subjected to SEM, EDX, FTIR, TGA and N adsorption/desorption characterization studies. Results showed that the cellulose-rich DPC surface contained mesopores with a wide number of functional groups and possessed suitable surface attributes for Cr(VI) ions sequestration. Batch biosorption tests established the Cr(VI) ions sequestration potential of the DPC biosorbent with a maximum chromium removal efficiency of 87.2% for a 100 ppm initial feed concentration at pH 2, dosage 0.3 g, temperature 30 °C, contact time 60 min and agitation speed 100 rpm. Langmuir isotherm fitted well (R = 0.9955) with the experimental data while the kinetic analysis showed that Cr(VI) ions sequestration by DPC followed the pseudo-second order model. Biosorption thermodynamics revealed the exothermic nature and low-temperature preference for the effective binding of chromium ions on DPC. Regeneration of the biosorbent using NaOH wash showed a nearly steady Cr(VI) ions removal efficiency (with a loss <10%) by the DPC till four recycle runs. Economic analysis showed a very low production cost of $1.09/kg for the DPC biosorbent with a total cost of $4.36/m for a scale-up batch process wastewater treatment plant. Thus, a low-cost, effectual and sustainable biosorbent for effective treatment of Cr(VI) ions polluted water streams has been reported.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.128809DOI Listing
April 2021
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