Publications by authors named "A L Zheleshchikov"

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[New approaches in conservative treatment of acute adhesive small bowel obstruction].

Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2021 (6):45-53

City Clinical Hospital No. 17, Moscow, Russia.

Objective: To improve the outcomes of therapy of acute adhesive small bowel obstruction via development of a comprehensive management including CT, deep endoscopy-assisted nasointestinal drainage of small bowel with injection of a water-soluble contrast.

Material And Methods: There were 128 patients with acute adhesive small bowel obstruction for the period from 2015 to 2018. The study included 2 groups of patients depending on therapeutic approach and duration of treatment. In the first group, conventional approach for acute adhesive small bowel obstruction was applied. Upon admission, all patients with confirmed acute adhesive small bowel obstruction underwent gastric intubation for decompression of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Barium sulfate injection followed by X-ray examination was performed to assess an effectiveness of therapy. In the second group, computed tomography was performed in addition to X-ray examination and ultrasound. Moreover, conservative treatment included deep endoscopy-assisted nasointestinal drainage and subsequent administration of a water-soluble contrast in addition to traditional approaches.

Results: Therapy was effective in 99 (71.2%) patients; 39 (28.8%) ones required surgery. Deep endoscopy-assisted nasointestinal drainage with injection of a water-soluble contrast was effective in 45 (78.9%) patients. Overall mortality in traditional approach was 1.4%, postoperative mortality - 3.7%. There were no lethal outcomes in case of a new approach.

Conclusion: Deep endoscopy-assisted nasointestinal drainage with injection of a water-soluble contrast is the most effective therapeutic method for acute adhesive small bowel obstruction (78.9%). These findings can significantly improve treatment outcomes in these patients.
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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/hirurgia202106145DOI Listing
May 2021
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