Publications by authors named "A K Manthey"

47 Publications

Retinal nerve fibre layer thickness measurements in childhood glaucoma: the role of scanning laser polarimetry and optical coherence tomography.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2021 Jun 26. Epub 2021 Jun 26.

Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Essen, Hufelandstr. 55, 45147, Essen, Germany.

Purpose: A central diagnostic tool in adult glaucoma is the peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (pRNFL) thickness. It can be assessed by scanning laser polarimetry (SLP) or optical coherence tomography (OCT). However, studies investigating the relevance of pRNFL measurements in children are rare. This study aims to compare the glaucoma diagnosing ability of SLP and OCT pRNFL thickness measurements in a paediatric population.

Methods: This retrospective study included 105 children (glaucoma: 22 (21.0%); healthy glaucoma suspects: 83 (79.0%)) aged 4-18 years, examined with SLP (GDxPro/ECC, Carl Zeiss Meditec) and spectral-domain OCT (SPECTRALIS®, Heidelberg Engineering). The thickness of pRNFL sectors was compared between diseased and healthy participants. Areas under the receiver-operating characteristic curves (AUC) and logistic regression results were used to compare the glaucoma discriminative capacity between SLP and OCT measurements.

Results: Using OCT, pRNFL thickness was decreased in the superior, nasal, and inferior quadrants of glaucoma patients compared to healthy controls (P < 0.001, each). With SLP, such a difference was only observed in the inferior quadrant (P = 0.011). A correlation between glaucoma diagnosis and OCT-measured pRNFL thickness was found in all quadrants (P < 0.001) other than the temporal. With SLP, a correlation was found for the total average thickness (P = 0.037) and inferior quadrant (P = 0.0019). Finally, the AUCs of OCT measurements were markedly higher than those of SLP (e.g., inferior quadrant: OCT 0.83, SLP 0.68).

Conclusion: pRNFL thickness measurements using both OCT and SLP, correlate notably with the presence of glaucoma. In general, the diagnostic performance of pRNFL thickness measurements seems higher for OCT than for SLP. Thus, pRNFL thickness measurements could provide important information, complementing conventional clinical and functional parameters in the diagnostic process of paediatric glaucoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00417-021-05276-zDOI Listing
June 2021

Feasibility of Proton Beam Therapy as a Rescue Therapy in Heavily Pre-Treated Retinoblastoma Eyes.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Apr 13;13(8). Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Essen, University Duisburg Essen, 45122 Essen, Germany.

Despite the increased risk of subsequent primary tumors (SPTs) external beam radiation (EBRT) may be the only therapeutic option to preserve a retinoblastoma eye. Due to their physical properties, proton beam therapy (PBT) offers the possibility to use the effectiveness of EBRT in tumor treatment and to decisively reduce the treatment-related morbidity. We report our experiences of PBT as rescue therapy in a retrospectively studied cohort of 15 advanced retinoblastoma eyes as final option for eye-preserving therapy. The average age at the initiation of PBT was 35 (14-97) months, mean follow-up was 22 (2-46) months. Prior to PBT, all eyes were treated with systemic chemotherapy and a mean number of 7.1 additional treatments. Indication for PBT was non-feasibility of intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) in 10 eyes, tumor recurrence after IAC in another 3 eyes and diffuse infiltrating retinoblastoma in 2 eyes. Six eyes (40%) were enucleated after a mean time interval of 4.8 (1-8) months. Cataract formation was the most common complication affecting 44.4% of the preserved eyes, yet 77.8% achieved a visual acuity of >20/200. Two of the 15 children treated developed metastatic disease during follow-up, resulting in a 13.3% metastasis rate. PBT is a useful treatment modality as a rescue therapy in retinoblastoma eyes with an eye-preserving rate of 60%. As patients are at lifetime risk of SPTs consistent monitoring is mandatory.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cancers13081862DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8069965PMC
April 2021

The Paediatric Glaucoma Diagnostic Ability of Optical Coherence Tomography: A Comparison of Macular Segmentation and Peripapillary Retinal Nerve Fibre Layer Thickness.

Biology (Basel) 2021 Mar 25;10(4). Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Essen, 45122 Essen, Germany.

Paediatric glaucoma leads to a decreased thickness of the peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (pRNFL) and of the macula. These changes can be precisely quantified using spectral domain-optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Despite abundant reports in adults, studies on the diagnostic capacity of macular SD-OCT in paediatric glaucoma are rare. The aim of this study was to compare the glaucoma discriminative ability of pRNFL and macular segment thickness in paediatric glaucoma patients and healthy children. Data of 72 children aged 5-17 years (glaucoma: 19 (26.4%), healthy: 53 (73.6%)) examined with SD-OCT (SPECTRALIS, Heidelberg Engineering) were analysed retrospectively. The thickness of pRNFL sectors and of macular segment subfields were compared between diseased and healthy participants. Areas under the receiver-operating characteristic curves (AUC), sensitivity, and specificity from logistic regression were used to evaluate the glaucoma discriminative capacity of single and combined pRNFL and macular segments' thickness. The results revealed a reduced thickness of the pRNFL and of the three inner macular layers in glaucoma patients, which correlates highly with the presence of glaucoma. The highest glaucoma discriminative ability was observed for the combination of pRNFL sectors or inner macular segments (AUC: 0.83 and 0.85, respectively), although sensitivity remained moderate (both 63% at 95% specificity). In conclusion, while confirmation from investigations in larger cohorts is required, SD-OCT-derived pRNFL and macular thickness measurements seem highly valuable for the diagnosis of paediatric glaucoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/biology10040260DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8064387PMC
March 2021

Cortical volume abnormalities in posttraumatic stress disorder: an ENIGMA-psychiatric genomics consortium PTSD workgroup mega-analysis.

Mol Psychiatry 2020 Dec 7. Epub 2020 Dec 7.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Health, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, USA.

Studies of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) report volume abnormalities in multiple regions of the cerebral cortex. However, findings for many regions, particularly regions outside commonly studied emotion-related prefrontal, insular, and limbic regions, are inconsistent and tentative. Also, few studies address the possibility that PTSD abnormalities may be confounded by comorbid depression. A mega-analysis investigating all cortical regions in a large sample of PTSD and control subjects can potentially provide new insight into these issues. Given this perspective, our group aggregated regional volumes data of 68 cortical regions across both hemispheres from 1379 PTSD patients to 2192 controls without PTSD after data were processed by 32 international laboratories using ENIGMA standardized procedures. We examined whether regional cortical volumes were different in PTSD vs. controls, were associated with posttraumatic stress symptom (PTSS) severity, or were affected by comorbid depression. Volumes of left and right lateral orbitofrontal gyri (LOFG), left superior temporal gyrus, and right insular, lingual and superior parietal gyri were significantly smaller, on average, in PTSD patients than controls (standardized coefficients = -0.111 to -0.068, FDR corrected P values < 0.039) and were significantly negatively correlated with PTSS severity. After adjusting for depression symptoms, the PTSD findings in left and right LOFG remained significant. These findings indicate that cortical volumes in PTSD patients are smaller in prefrontal regulatory regions, as well as in broader emotion and sensory processing cortical regions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41380-020-00967-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8180531PMC
December 2020

[Diagnosis and Therapy of Benign and Malignant Tumors of the Conjunctiva].

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2020 Sep 10;237(9):1143-1159. Epub 2020 Aug 10.

The aim of this paper is to give an overview of different benign and malignant epibulbar tumors. Categories can be made of the age of manifestation (paediatric tumors versus tumors of adults), the originating cell types (squamous cell tumors, melanocytic tumors, lymphomas or germ cell tumors) or genesis (proliferative, infectious or degenerating tumors). Most epibulbar tumors show lesions on the conjunctiva or the cornea. These can be flesh coloured or pigmented efflorescences with leucoplakias or hyperkeratosis. Especially malignant tumors show atypical growth of blood vessels, are often prominent and can have ulcerations or bleeding. In case of tumor growth, change in pigmentations or atypical bleedings a malign tumor can be suspected. The diagnosis should be confirmed using histopathological evaluation after an incisional or excisional biopsy. Molecular pathologic techniques extend the diagnostic tools and have an implication on the therapy of metastatic tumors. Therapeutic options of the malignant tumors (apart from lymphomas) are chirurgical excision preferably with a no touch technique and afterwards an adjuvant therapy consisting of radiation or cryotherapy. A topical chemotherapy with Mitomycin C, 5-Fluorouracil or Interferon α2b can be effective to reduce persisting precancerosis and reduce recurrences. In case of a suspected malignant tumor it is advisable to refer the patient to an ophthalmo-oncologic center to plan and ensure interdisciplinary therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-1211-0225DOI Listing
September 2020
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