Publications by authors named "A B Sudarikov"

88 Publications

Low V617F Allele Burden in Ph-Negative Chronic Myeloproliferative Neoplasms Is Associated with Additional or Gene Mutations.

Genes (Basel) 2021 Apr 12;12(4). Epub 2021 Apr 12.

National Research Center for Hematology, Novy Zykovski lane 4a, 125167 Moscow, Russia.

(Janus kinase 2) V617F, (Calreticulin) exon 9, and (receptor for thrombopoietin) exon 10 mutations are associated with the vast majority of Ph-negative chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs). These mutations affect sequential stages of proliferative signal transduction and therefore, after the emergence of one type of mutation, other types should not have any selective advantages for clonal expansion. However, simultaneous findings of these mutations have been reported by different investigators in up to 10% of MPN cases. Our study includes DNA samples from 1958 patients with clinical evidence of MPN, admitted to the National Research Center for Hematology for genetic analysis between 2016 and 2019. In 315 of 1402 cases (22.6%), mutations were detected. In 23 of these 315 cases (7.3%), the JAK2 V617F mutation was found in addition to the mutation. In 16 from 24 (69.6%) cases, with combined and mutations, V617F allele burden was lower than 1%. A combination of V617F with W515L/K was also observed in 1 out of 1348 cases, only. allele burden in this case was also lower than 1%. Additional mutations may coexist over the low background of JAK2 V617F allele. Therefore, in cases of detecting MPNs with a low allelic load V617F, it may be advisable to search for other molecular markers, primarily mutations in exon 9 of . The load of the combined mutations measured at different time points may indicate that, at least in some cases, these mutations could be represented by different clones of malignant cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/genes12040559DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8069892PMC
April 2021

Inhibitor of BRAF Mutation as a Treatment Option for Hairy Cell Leukemia With Deep Neutropenia and Infectious Complications.

Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk 2021 Mar 3. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

National Research Center for Hematology, Moscow, Russia.

Standard therapy in hairy cell leukemia (HCL) is often impossible at the time of deep neutropenia/agranulocytosis with or without infectious complications; it is thus a complex therapeutic problem. Vemurafenib has been used to treat resistant HCL since 2012. Because vemurafenib does not have a myelotoxic effect, we thought that it could be used to treat HCL associated with deep neutropenia/agranulocytosis with or without the development of infectious complications as a preliminary stage before treatment with cladribine. We conducted a retrospective analysis of treatment with vemurafenib followed by a standard course of cladribine provided to 22 patients with deep neutropenia/agranulocytosis with or without infectious complications at diagnosis. Vemurafenib was provided to 22 patients with HCL. The response to therapy was evaluated by complete blood cell count (absolute neutrophil count [ANC], hemoglobin concentration, platelet count, absence of hairy cells), spleen size (assessed by ultrasound), and reduce infectious complications. After that, a standard course of cladribine was provided. Among the 22 patients, the male/female sex ratio was 2:1, and median (range) age was 52 (24-78) years. There were 7 patients with severe infectious manifestations admitted to the intensive care unit, including 1 patient during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. The median (range) ANC at diagnosis was 0.3 (0.04-0.7) × 10/L. Vemurafenib was provided at a dosage of 240 mg 1 or 2 times a day. In 20 patients, vemurafenib was provided for 3 months or more. In 1 case, the effect was not obtained during 1 month of treatment, and the patient died from severe infectious complications during prolonged agranulocytosis. In 21 patients treated with vemurafenib, an increase of ANC was observed and the infectious complications resolved, thus allowing the application of cladribine therapy. After a standard course (0.1 mg/kg per day for 7 days) of cladribine chemotherapy, 18 patients (90%) experienced complete clinical remission and 2 patients (10%) experienced partial remission with residual splenomegaly. In 1 patient, vemurafenib therapy was still ongoing 2 months after initiating therapy. In cases of proven BRAF mutation, vemurafenib can be successfully used as an effective preliminary therapy in patients with deep neutropenia/agranulocytosis with or without infectious complications before standard therapy with purine analogs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clml.2021.02.005DOI Listing
March 2021

Pitfalls in mononucleotide microsatellite repeats instability assessing (MSI) in the patients with B-cell lymphomas.

Klin Lab Diagn 2021 Mar;66(3):181-186

National Research Center for Hematology.

Analysis of microsatellite instability (MSI) is a routine study in the diagnostics of solid malignancies. The standard for determining MSI is a pentaplex PCR panel of mononucleotide repeats: NR-21, NR-24, NR-27, BAT-25, BAT-26. The presence of MSI is established based on differences in the length of markers in the tumor tissue and in the control, but due to the quasimonomorphic nature of standard mononucleotide loci the use of a control sample is not necessary in the diagnosis of MSI-positive solid tumors. The significance of the MSI phenomenon in oncohematology has not been established. This paper presents the results of a study of MSI in B-cell lymphomas: follicular lymphoma (FL), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), high-grade B-cell lymphoma (HGBL). We have shown that aberrations of mononucleotide markers occur in these diseases, but the nature of the changes does not correspond to the classical MSI in solid neoplasms. This fact requires further study of the pathogenesis of such genetic disorders. Due to the possibility of ambiguous interpretation of the results of the MSI study for previously uncharacterized diseases, strict compliance with the methodology of parallel analysis of the tumor tissue and the control sample is mandatory.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.51620/0869-2084-2021-66-3-181-186DOI Listing
March 2021

[The prognostic value of ASXL1 mutation in primary myelofibrosis. Literature review and clinical case description].

Ter Arkh 2020 Sep 1;92(7):95-99. Epub 2020 Sep 1.

National Research Center for Hematology.

Primary myelofibrosis is a myeloproliferative neoplasm that occurs de novo, characterized by clonal proliferation of stem cells, abnormal expression of cytokines, bone marrow fibrosis, hepatosplenomegaly as a result of extramedullary hematopoiesis, symptoms of tumor intoxication, cachexemia, peripheral blood leukoerythroblastosis, leukemic progression and low survival. Primary myelofibrosis is a chronic incurable disease. The aims of therapy: preventing progression, increasing overall survival, improving quality of life. The choice of therapeutic tactics is limited. Allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is the only method that gives a chance for a cure. The role of mutations in a number of genes in the early identification of candidates for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is being actively studied. The article describes the clinical case of the detection ofASXL1gene mutations in a patient with prefibrous primary myelofibrosis. The diagnosis was established on the basis of WHO criteria 2016. The examination revealed a mutation ofASXL1. Interferon alfa therapy is carried out, against the background of which clinico-hematological remission has been achieved. Despite the identified mutation, the patient is not a candidate for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Given the unfavorable prognostic value of theASXL1mutation, the patient is subject to active dynamic observation and aggressive therapeutic tactics when signs of disease progression appear.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.26442/00403660.2020.07.000788DOI Listing
September 2020

[Informativeness of whole-body diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography with computed tomography in follicular lymphoma].

Ter Arkh 2020 Sep 1;92(7):55-62. Epub 2020 Sep 1.

National Research Center for Hematology.

Aim: This study conducted the possibilities of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of the whole body diffusion WB-MRI (in comparison with positron emission tomography with computed tomography PET/CT) in assessing the volume and prevalence of the tumor, as well as determining bone marrow (BM) damage (for various cytological types) in the diagnosis and staging of the disease in patients with FL.

Materials And Methods: A prospective comparative search study included 15 patients (4 men and 11 women, with a median age of 53 years) with newly diagnosed FL. Patients have not received antitumor chemotherapy previously. After the diagnosis was established, all patients (with the blindness of both the cases themselves and some specialists regarding the results of other specialists) were examined by PET/CT and diffusion WB-MRI, after which a BM examination was performed (histological examination and determination of B-cell clonality in BM puncture by PCR). Using the diffusion WB-MRI method, the prevalence of tumor lesion (nodal and extranodal foci) in each patient was estimated, and the total tumor volume was calculated, BM lesion was detected, and BM lesion volume was calculated. For lesions of different localization, the measured diffusion coefficient (DC) of the diffusion WB-MRI and the standardized rate of accumulation of the radiopharmaceutical in tissues (SUV) of the PET/CT method were determined and compared with each other (for the same areas). Statistical analysis was performed using the estimate of agreement (by Cohens kappa coefficient and asymptotic test) of the results of the compared methods.

Results: Estimates of the prevalence of tumor damage (lymph nodes and extranodal foci) using the diffusion WB-MRI and PET/CT methods were the same. High DC and SUV were observed in the peripheral lymph nodes, extranodal foci and bulky, low DC and SUV in the foci of BM. All 4 methods successfully determined BM damage, however, the diffusion WB-MRI had comparatively less negative results. The highest values of SUV and CD were noted in cases of the 3 grade of FL. Using the diffusion WB-MRI method, the prevalence of tumor lesion was assessed in each patient (nodal and extranodal foci were detected) and the total tumor volume was calculated, BM lesion detection was performed, and the volume of BM lesion was calculated. It is important to note that with the help of diffusion WB-MRI, it was possible to measure separately the total tumor volume (462025 cm3) and separately the volume of bulky (251358 cm3). The diffusion WB-MRI allowed us to differentiate the volume of tumor tissue (reduced as a result of treatment) and residual (fibrous-adipose) tissue in residual formations (which averaged 21% of the initial volume). The predictors of a poor antitumor response were the maximum SUV values (more than 14.0) and the minimum DC values (0.510-3mm2/s) in the BM foci.

Conclusion: The diffusion WB-MRI allows for detailed visualization of BM lesions and surrounding soft tissues both in the debut of the FL and in the process of tracking the effectiveness of chemotherapy, which makes it possible to use it along with PET/CT. Diffusion WB-MRI allows to separately evaluate the volume of true tumor tissue and residual tissue. Cases of the 3 grade of FL (including the transformation of FL into diffuse B-large cell lymphoma) are isolated due to low DC values (and high SUV values) in the tumor tissue. BM foci of FL lesion also have (in comparison with nodal and extranodal foci) lower DC values. The predictors of a poor antitumor response were high (from 14.0 or more) SUV valuesin the tumor (and especially in bulky), and low (about 0.5103mm2/s) DC values of BM foci. The PET/CT and diffusion WB-MRI have proven to be reliable diagnostic tools for establishing the stage of FL and detecting BM damage. Diffusion WB-MRI for FL is an informative first-line diagnostic method that allows regular monitoring of the disease and early detection of foci of relapse and disease progression.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.26442/00403660.2020.07.000774DOI Listing
September 2020