Publications by authors named "Érika Stefani Perez"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

An insight on the impact of teleost whole genome duplication on the regulation of the molecular networks controlling skeletal muscle growth.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(7):e0255006. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Structural and Functional Biology, Institute of Biosciences, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil.

Fish muscle growth is a complex process regulated by multiple pathways, resulting on the net accumulation of proteins and the activation of myogenic progenitor cells. Around 350-320 million years ago, teleost fish went through a specific whole genome duplication (WGD) that expanded the existent gene repertoire. Duplicated genes can be retained by different molecular mechanisms such as subfunctionalization, neofunctionalization or redundancy, each one with different functional implications. While the great majority of ohnolog genes have been identified in the teleost genomes, the effect of gene duplication in the fish physiology is still not well characterized. In the present study we studied the effect of WGD on the transcription of the duplicated components controlling muscle growth. We compared the expression of lineage-specific ohnologs related to myogenesis and protein balance in the fast-skeletal muscle of pacus (Piaractus mesopotamicus-Ostariophysi) and Nile tilapias (Oreochromis niloticus-Acanthopterygii) fasted for 4 days and refed for 3 days. We studied the expression of 20 ohnologs and found that in the great majority of cases, duplicated genes had similar expression profiles in response to fasting and refeeding, indicating that their functions during growth have been conserved during the period after the WGD. Our results suggest that redundancy might play a more important role in the retention of ohnologs of regulatory pathways than initially thought. Also, comparison to non-duplicated orthologs showed that it might not be uncommon for the duplicated genes to gain or loss new regulatory elements simultaneously. Overall, several of duplicated ohnologs have similar transcription profiles in response to pro-growth signals suggesting that evolution tends to conserve ohnolog regulation during muscle development and that in the majority of ohnologs related to muscle growth their functions might be very similar.
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November 2021

Maternal protein restriction changes structural and metabolic gene expression in the skeletal muscle of aging offspring rats.

Histol Histopathol 2021 Aug 12;36(8):853-867. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Structural and Functional Biology, Institute of Biosciences, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil.

Maternal protein restriction affects postnatal skeletal muscle physiology with impacts that last through senility. To investigate the morphological and molecular characteristics of skeletal muscle in aging rats subjected to maternal protein restriction, we used aged male rats (540 days old) born of dams fed a protein restricted diet (6% protein) during pregnancy and lactation. Using morphological, immunohistochemical and molecular analyses, we evaluated the soleus (SOL) and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles, muscle fiber cross-sectional area (CSA) (n=8), muscle fiber frequency (n=5) and the gene expression (n=8) of the oxidative markers (succinate dehydrogenase-Sdha and citrate synthase-CS) and the glycolytic marker (lactate dehydrogenase-Ldha). Global transcriptome analysis (n=3) was also performed to identify differentially regulated genes, followed by gene expression validation (n=8). The oxidative SOL muscle displayed a decrease in muscle fiber CSA (*p<0.05) and in the expression of oxidative metabolism marker Sdha (***p<0.001), upregulation of the anabolic Igf-1 (**p<0.01), structural Chad (**p<0.01), and Fmod (*p<0.05) genes, and downregulation of the Hspb7 (**p<0.01) gene. The glycolytic EDL muscle exhibited decreased IIA (*p<0.05) and increased IIB (*p<0.05) fiber frequency, and no changes in muscle fiber CSA or in the expression of oxidative metabolism genes. In contrast, the gene expression of Chad (**p<0.01) was upregulated and the Myog (**p<0.01) gene was downregulated. Collectively, our morphological, immunohistochemical and molecular analyses showed that maternal protein restriction induced changes in the expression of metabolic, anabolic, myogenic, and structural genes, mainly in the oxidative SOL muscle, in aged offspring rats.
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August 2021