Therapeutic Hypothermia Publications (27800)

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Therapeutic Hypothermia Publications

2016Jan
Biomed Res Int
Biomed Res Int 2016 20;2016:6743648. Epub 2016 Dec 20.
Department of Emergency Medicine, Yuyao People's Hospital, Medical School of Ningbo University, Ningbo, China; Institute of Emergency Medicine, Medical School of Ningbo University, Ningbo, China.
2017Jan
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2017 23;13:41-49. Epub 2016 Dec 23.
Department of Emergency, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, People's Republic of China.

Previous studies reported that the mild hypothermia therapy (MHT) could significantly improve the clinical outcomes for patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH). Therefore, this meta-analysis was conducted to systematically assess whether the addition of local MHT (LMHT) could significantly improve the efficacy of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in treating HICH.
Randomized clinical trials on the combined application of MIS and LMHT (MIS+LMHT) vs MIS alone for treating HICH were searched up to September 2016 in databases. Read More

Response rate and mortality rate were the primary outcomes, and the neurologic function and Barthel index were the secondary outcomes. Side effects were also analyzed.
Totally, 28 studies composed of 2,325 patients were included to compare the efficacy of MIS+LMHT to MIS alone. The therapeutic effects of MIS+LMHT were significantly better than MIS alone. The pooled odds ratio of response rate and mortality rate was 2.68 (95% confidence interval [CI]=2.22-3.24) and 0.43 (95% CI=0.32-0.57), respectively. In addition, the MIS+LMHT led to a significantly better improvement in the neurologic function and activities of daily living. The incidence of pneumonia was similar between the two treatment methods.
These results indicated that compared to MIS alone, the MIS+LMHT could be more effective for the acute treatment of patients with HICH. This treatment modality should be further explored and optimized.

The available data on the effectiveness of therapeutic hypothermia in different patient groups are heterogeneous. Although the benefits have been proven for some collectives, recommendations for the use of hypothermia treatment in other groups are based on less robust data and conclusions by analogy. This article gives a review of the current evidence of temperature management in all age groups and based on this state of knowledge, recommends active temperature management with the primary aim of strict normothermia (36-36. Read More

5 °C) for 72 hours after cardiopulmonary arrest or severe traumatic brain injury for children beyond the neonatal period.

2017Jan
Neuropharmacology
Neuropharmacology 2017 Jan 12. Epub 2017 Jan 12.
Department of Health Sciences, Section of Clinical Pharmacology and Oncology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy. Electronic address:

Electroencephalograph recorded in the first day of life in newborns treated with hypothermia for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy could be utilized as a predictive tool for the severity of brain injury on magnetic resonance imaging and mortality.
This work was a retrospective study of newborns who were admitted for therapeutic hypothermia due to hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. All enrolled infants underwent encephalography within the first 24 hours of life and underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging after rewarming. Read More

All encephalographs were independently reviewed for background amplitude, continuity, and variability. Brain injury determined by magnetic resonance imaging was scored using methods described by Bonifacio et al.
Forty-one newborns were included in the study. Each encephalograph variable correlated significantly with the severity of injury on brain magnetic resonance imaging (P < 0.001 for each). The overall encephalograph severity estimated as mild, moderate, and severe also correlated with injury (P < 0.001). Each encephalograph variable correlated with mortality (P < 0.001 for each) and also the overall encephalograph severity (P < 0.001).
Severity of electrographic findings on encephalograph in the first day of life during therapeutic hypothermia for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy correlated with the extent of injury on brain magnetic resonance imaging. This information may be useful for families and aid guide clinical decision making.

2017Jan
Int. J. Cardiol.
Int J Cardiol 2017 Jan 6. Epub 2017 Jan 6.
Institut Clinic Cardiovascular, Hospital Clinic, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Spain.

Therapeutic hypothermia (HT) in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest STEMI patients aims to improve their neurological prognosis, but it has been associated with slow coronary flow and cardiac thrombotic events. We sought to serially assess endothelial function during the first 48h after admission in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest STEMI patients, under therapeutic hypothermia (HT).
From January 2015 to August 2015, eighteen consecutive out-of-hospital cardiac arrest STEMI patients eligible for primary PCI received HT at admission and were included in the study (HT group). Read More

During the same time period, eight consecutive patients with large anterior STEMI who received primary PCI but not HT were included as control group. Serial endothelial function by measuring flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) in the brachial artery, biomarkers of endothelial function and oxidative stress were assessed during the first 48h after admission in both groups.
HT group showed worse FMD as compared to the control group (p<0.001). Glutathione peroxidase-3 (GPx-3) values were higher in control as compared to HT group (p=0.019), without any interaction between time of observation and HT (p=0.864). A significant interaction between time and HT was found in the levels of sVCAM-1, which reached an earlier peak in control than in HT group (p=0.019). ET-1 values generally increase overtime (p=0.005), but without any main effect of HT (p=0.175).
HT is associated with endothelial dysfunction in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest STEMI patients during the first 48h after admission. This vascular dysfunction may be related to increased oxidative stress due to deficiency of GPx-3 in HT patients.

2017Jan
J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab.
J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 2017 Jan 1:271678X16688704. Epub 2017 Jan 1.
1 Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Melbourne Brain Centre, Heidelberg, Australia.

To assess the true effect of novel therapies for ischaemic stroke, a positive control that can validate the experimental model and design is vital. Hypothermia may be a good candidate for such a positive control, given the convincing body of evidence from animal models of ischaemic stroke. Taking conditions under which substantial efficacy had been seen in a meta-analysis of hypothermia for focal ischaemia in animal models, we undertook three randomised and blinded studies examining the effect of hypothermia induced immediately following the onset of middle cerebral artery occlusion on infarct volume in rats (n = 15, 23, 264). Read More

Hypothermia to a depth of 33℃ and maintained for 130 min significantly reduced infarct volume compared to normothermia treatment (by 27-63%) and depended on ischaemic duration (F(3,244) = 21.242, p < 0.05). However, the protective effect varied across experiments with differences in both the size of the infarct observed in normothermic controls and the time to reach target temperature. Our results highlight the need for sample size and power calculations to take into account variations between individual experiments requiring induction of focal ischaemia.

2017Jan

This study introduces the respiratory exchange ratio (RER; the ratio of whole-body CO2 production to O2 consumption) as an aid to monitor metabolic acidosis during the early phase of endotoxic shock in unanesthetized, freely moving rats. Two serotypes of lipopolysaccharide (lipopolysaccharide [LPS] O55:B5 and O127:B8) were tested at shock-inducing doses (0.5-2 mg/kg). Read More

Phasic rises in RER were observed consistently across LPS serotypes and doses. The RER rise often exceeded the ceiling of the quotient for oxidative metabolism, and was mirrored by depletion of arterial bicarbonate and decreases in pH It occurred independently of ventilatory adjustments. These data indicate that the rise in RER results from a nonmetabolic CO2 load produced via an acid-induced equilibrium shift in the bicarbonate buffer. Having validated this new experimental aid, we asked whether acidosis was interconnected with the metabolic and thermal responses that accompany endotoxic shock in unanesthetized rats. Contrary to this hypothesis, however, acidosis persisted regardless of whether the ambient temperature favored or prevented downregulation of mitochondrial oxidation and regulated hypothermia. We then asked whether the substrate that fuels aerobic metabolism could be a relevant factor in LPS-induced acidosis. Food deprivation was employed to divert metabolism away from glucose oxidation and toward fatty acid oxidation. Interestingly, this intervention attenuated the RER response to LPS by 58%, without suppressing other key aspects of systemic inflammation. We conclude that acid production in unanesthetized rats with endotoxic shock results from a phasic activation of glycolysis, which occurs independently of physiological changes in mitochondrial oxidation and body temperature.

Electroencephalogram (EEG) monitoring techniques for neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI) are evolving over time, and the specific type of EEG utilized could influence seizure diagnosis and management. We examined whether the type of EEG performed affected seizure treatment decisions (e.g. Read More

, the choice and number of antiseizure drugs [ASDs]) in therapeutic hypothermia-treated neonates with HI from 2007 to 2015 in the Johns Hopkins Hospital Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. During this period, 3 different EEG monitoring protocols were utilized: Period 1 (2007-2009), single, brief conventional EEG (1 h duration) at a variable time during therapeutic hypothermia treatment, i.e., ordered when a seizure was suspected; Period 2 (2009-2013), single, brief conventional EEG followed by amplitude-integrated EEG for the duration of therapeutic hypothermia treatment and another brief conventional EEG after rewarming; and Period 3 (2014-2015), continuous video-EEG (cEEG) for the duration of therapeutic hypothermia treatment (72 h) plus for an additional 12 h during and after rewarming. One hundred and sixty-two newborns were included in this retrospective cohort study. As a function of the type and duration of EEG monitoring, we assessed the risk (likelihood) of receiving no ASD, at least 1 ASD, or ≥2 ASDs. We found that the risk of a neonate being prescribed an ASD was 46% less during Period 3 (cEEG) than during Period 1 (brief conventional EEG only) (95% CI 6-69%, p = 0.03). After adjusting for initial EEG and MRI results, compared with Period 1, there was a 38% lower risk of receiving an ASD during Period 2 (95% CI: 9-58%, p = 0.02) and a 67% lower risk during Period 3 (95% CI: 23-86%, p = 0.01). The risk ratio of receiving ≥2 ASDs was not significantly different across the 3 periods. In conclusion, in addition to the higher sensitivity and specificity of continuous video-EEG monitoring, fewer infants are prescribed an ASD when undergoing continuous forms of EEG monitoring (aEEG or cEEG) than those receiving conventional EEG. We recommend that use of continuous video-EEG be considered whenever possible, both to treat seizures more specifically and to avoid overtreatment.

2017Jan
J Perinatol
J Perinatol 2017 Jan 12. Epub 2017 Jan 12.
Department of Fetal and Transitional Medicine, Fetal Medicine Institute, Children's National Health System, Washington, DC, USA.

Central topography of autonomic nervous system (ANS) function has yet to be fully deciphered. In adults it has been shown to lateralize sympathetic and parasympathetic influence predominantly to the right and left cerebral hemispheres, respectively. We examined functional topography of central ANS in newborn subjects utilizing spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV), an established measure of ANS function. Read More


We studied newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy participating in a prospective study undergoing a therapeutic hypothermia protocol.We included subjects with continuous heart rate data over the first 3 h of normothermia (post rewarming) and brain magnetic resonance imaging, which was reviewed and scored according to a 4 region scheme. HRV was evaluated by spectral analysis in the low-frequency (0.05 to 0.25 Hz) and high-frequency (0.3 to 1 Hz) ranges. The relationship between injured brain regions and HRV was studied using multiple regressions.
Forty eight newborns were included. When examined in isolation, right hemisphere injury had a significant negative effect on HRV (-0.088; 95% CI: -0.225,-0.008). The combination of posterior fossa region injury with right hemispheric injury or left hemispheric injury demonstrated significant positive (0.299; 95% CI: 0.065, 0.518) and negative (-0.475; 95% CI: -0.852, -0.128) influences on HRV, respectively. The association between brain injury location and HRV in the high-frequency range did not reach significance.
Our data support the notion that lateralized cerebral modulation of the ANS, specifically of its sympathetic component, is present in the term newborn, and suggest complex modulation of these tracts by components of the posterior fossa.Journal of Perinatology advance online publication, 12 January 2017; doi:10.1038/jp.2016.248.