Stevens-Johnson Syndrome Publications (5606)


Stevens-Johnson Syndrome Publications

J. Invest. Dermatol.
J Invest Dermatol 2017 Jan 17. Epub 2017 Jan 17.
APHP, Laboratory of Pharmacology, Hôpitaux Universitaires Henri Mondor, F-94000, Créteil, France; Département Hospitalo-Universitaire Virus Immunité Cancer, F-94000, Créteil, France. Electronic address:
J Epilepsy Res
J Epilepsy Res 2016 Dec 31;6(2):87-92. Epub 2016 Dec 31.
Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Aromatic antiepileptic drugs are frequently implicated for cutaneous adverse drug reactions (cADRs); there are case-reports of even severe reactions like drug reaction eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) and Stevens Johnson syndrome (SJS)-toxic epidermal necrolysis with Levetiracetam (LEV). Certain human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-alleles have strong association with cADRs due to specific drugs - HLA-B*15:02 and HLA-A*31:01 in Carbamazepine (CBZ)-related SJS in Han-Chinese and European populations, respectively. Here, the spectrum of cADRs to LEV was studied, and HLA-typing in patients with cADRs due to LEV and some who were LEV-tolerant was performed, in an attempt to find an association between HLA and such reactions. Read More

589 patients taking LEV were screened for skin reactions, and eight patients with LEV-related cADRs and 25 LEV-tolerant controls were recruited - all 33 of North Indian ethnicity, their HLA-A, B, DRB1 genotyping done. Statistical analysis was done to compare carrier-rates and allele-frequencies of HLA-alleles between cases and controls (and healthy population, where necessary) for alleles occurring more than two times in either group.
Out of 589 patients on LEV screened, there were 8 cases of cADR: 5 with maculopapular exanthema (MPE), 2 of SJS, and 1 with DRESS. Although HLA-A*33:01 was seen to occur more in MPE cases as compared to tolerant controls, the difference was not statistically significant (odds ratio [OR] 6.00, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.30-116.6; p = 0.31). HLA A*11:01 and 24:02 were found to occur more in LEV-tolerant controls than in cases (OR 0.23 [95% CI 0.02-2.36, p = 0.33] and 1.00 [95% CI 0.09-11.02, p = 1.00] respectively).
Cutaneous reactions to LEV are very unusual, and their association with HLA in North-Indian population was not statistically significant.

A genome-wide association study (GWAS) for cold medicine-related Stevens-Johnson syndrome (CM-SJS) with severe ocular complications (SOC) was performed in a Japanese population. A recently developed ethnicity-specific array with genome-wide imputation that was based on the whole-genome sequences of 1070 unrelated Japanese individuals was used. Validation analysis with additional samples from Japanese individuals and replication analysis using samples from Korean individuals identified two new susceptibility loci on chromosomes 15 and 16. Read More

This study might suggest the usefulness of GWAS using the ethnicity-specific array and genome-wide imputation based on large-scale whole-genome sequences. Our findings contribute to the understanding of genetic predisposition to CM-SJS with SOC.Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 19 January 2017; doi:10.1038/jhg.2016.160.

Orphanet J Rare Dis
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2017 Jan 18;12(1):14. Epub 2017 Jan 18.
College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology/Toxicology, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine.

Stevens Johnson Syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are rare but fatal adverse skin reactions that affect all age groups. In order to better understand literature on this topic, we conducted a bibliometric study using Scopus database to shed light on number and growth of publications, most active countries, institutions, journals and authors involved in publishing articles in this field, citation analysis, top cited articles, international collaboration, role of medications and genetic association. Bibliometric analysis will enrich the literature on these rare conditions and will provide baseline data for future comparison. Read More

Three thousand eight hundred fifty-six journal articles were retrieved. The h-index of retrieved documents was 95. Growth rates of publications were highest from 1966 to 1975 and from 2006 to 2015. The United States of America (n = 640; 16.57%) was the leading country in number of publications. However, French and Japanese researchers and institutions were most active in publishing articles on SJS and TEN. International collaboration among active countries was relatively low and ranges from 32.5% for Swiss researchers and 1.47% for Spanish researchers. The most frequently mentioned medication in retrieved articles was carbamazepine (n = 146) followed by phenytoin (n = 114) and allopurinol (n = 112). Mycoplasma infection was mentioned in 111 articles. Most documents on SJS and TEN were published in dermatology journals, specifically Archives of Dermatology. However, in the last decade, top cited articles appeared in dermatology and pharmacogenetic journals. Carbamazepine was frequently encountered with Han Chinese and HLA-B 1502 terms while allopurinol was frequently encountered with HLA-B 5801 and Japanese terms.
Bibliometric analysis reveals that research publications on SJS and TEN have been increasing since the l940s, with relatively low international collaboration. Documents are being published, not only in dermatology journals, but also in genetic, public health and general medicine journals. Research on SJS and TEN can be helpful to clinicians and researchers not only to document complications and fatal outcomes, but also to identify potential causative agents and potential ethnic variations to note gaps in research.

Cont Lens Anterior Eye
Cont Lens Anterior Eye 2017 Jan 6. Epub 2017 Jan 6.
Department of Ophthalmology, Ocular Surface Advanced Center, Federal University of Sao Paulo, 821 Botucatu St-Vila Clementino, Sao Paulo, SP, 04023-062, Brazil.

To evaluate conjunctival impression cytology and HLADR expression changes after wearing scleral contact lenses (ScCLs) for moderate to severe dry eye disease (DED).
Prospective interventional case series.
Forty-one eyes from 25 patients with moderate to severe DED were evaluated for Esclera ScCL treatment. Read More

Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and slit-lamp findings were assessed. Impression cytology specimens were obtained from DED patients at the baseline and after wearing ScCLs for 12 months. The impression cytology specimens were analyzed using morphological results score, and HLA-DR positive cells were detected and quantified. The values were compared to assess the IC changes after wearing ScCLs.
Forty-one eyes from 25 patients were fitted with ScCLs to manage DED. The underlying diseases were Stevens-Johnson syndrome (22 eyes), Sjogren's syndrome (11 eyes), graft-versus-host disease (2 eyes), dry eye after keratomileusis (2 eyes) and undifferentiated ocular surface disease (4 eyes). The HE-PAS impression cytology score did not differ significantly before and after wearing ScCLs for 12 months in DED patients (p>0.05). The percentage of eyes expressing the HLA-DR antigen in the temporal conjunctiva after wearing ScCL for 12 months significantly increased in patients with Sjogren's syndrome (11.11% to 66.66%; p=0.0498). In groups with Stevens Johnson syndrome and other ocular surface disorders, we did not observe statistically significant differences (p>0.05).
The ScCLs did not change the parameters used to evaluate inflammatory processes, which were measured using conjunctival impression cytology and HLA-DR expression, except in Sjogren syndrome, in which there was an unexpected increase in HLA expression.

Clin. Exp. Dermatol.
Clin Exp Dermatol 2017 Jan 13. Epub 2017 Jan 13.
Department of Dermatology, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Linear IgA bullous dermatosis (LABD) is a subepidermal autoimmune bullous disease characterized by linear IgA deposition at the basement membrane zone, which is visualized by direct immunofluorescence. Patients with LABD typically present with widespread vesicles and bullae; however, this is not necessarily the case, as the clinical presentation of this disease is heterogeneous. LABD clinically presenting as Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) or toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is an infrequent, yet well-described phenomenon. Read More

Most cases of LABD are idiopathic, but some cases are drug-induced. Multiple drugs have been implicated in the development of LABD. We report a case of piperacillin-tazobactam-induced LABD presenting clinically as SJS/TEN overlap. This is the first reported case of a strong causal association between piperacillin-tazobactam and the development of LABD.

J. Cutan. Pathol.
J Cutan Pathol 2017 Jan 11. Epub 2017 Jan 11.
Uppsala Burn Centre, Department of Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
J Gastrointest Cancer
J Gastrointest Cancer 2017 Jan 9. Epub 2017 Jan 9.
Department of Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology, U.T. M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.