Retinal Detachment Postoperative Publications (5142)
Retinal Detachment Postoperative Publications
The article describes the development, physical laws and methods for postoperative positioning after intraocular surgery.
We combined data from two independent prospective studies: centre 1 (120 patients) and centre 2 (194 patients). Preoperative aqueous humour flare was measured with a Kowa FM-500 Laser Flare Meter. PVR was defined as redetachment due to the formation of traction membranes that required reoperation within 6 months of initial surgery. Logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic analysis determined whether higher preoperative flare values were associated with an increased risk of postoperative PVR.
PVR redetachment developed in 21/314 patients (6.7%). Median flare values differed significantly between centres, therefore analyses were done separately. Logistic regression showed a small but statistically significant increase in odds with increasing flare only for centre 2 (OR 1.014; p=0.005). Areas under the receiver operating characteristic showed low sensitivity and specificity: centre 1, 0.634 (95% CI 0.440 to 0.829) and centre 2, 0.731 (95% CI 0.598 to 0.865).
Preoperative laser flare measurements are inaccurate in discriminating between those patients with RRD at high and low risk of developing PVR.
Ophthalmoscopy showed a retinal detachment in the nasal quadrant without any peripheral breaks in both patients. The best-corrected visual acuity was 20/20 with -8.5 diopters in Case 1 and 20/25 with -7.0 diopters and moderate cataract in Case 2. SS-OT was used to follow the clinical course of the RRD.
Preoperatively, retinal tears were detected nasal to the optic disk within the excavated staphyloma in the SS-OCT images. A posterior vitreous detachment was not present in Case 1 but was present in Case 2. The glial tissue at the edge of the excavated staphyloma was removed from both eyes, and the subretinal fluid was drained internally through the retinal breaks. Hemicircumferential photocoagulation was performed at the nasal edge of the staphyloma, and the retina was reattached in both eyes. Postoperative SS-OCT montage images showed retinal reattachment but a detachment was still present within the staphyloma.
Vitreous surgery was effective for an RRD associated with a peripapillary staphyloma. Examinations by SS-OCT can follow the changes in the RRD and the excavated lesion of a peripapillary staphyloma.
Eighty-six rhegmatogenous retinal detachment patients (86 eyes) were included in this prospective randomized study. The mean procedural time, procedural pain score (using 4-point Verbal Rating Scale), number of laser burns, and achievement of the surgical goals were compared between three groups (pattern LRP (Navilas® laser system), 36 patients; SL-LRP, 28 patients; and IO-LRP, 22 patients). Results. In the pattern LRP group, the amount of time needed for LRP and pain level were statistically significantly lower, whereas the number of applied laser burns was higher compared to those in the SL-LRP group and in the IO-LRP group. In the pattern LRP, SL-LRP, and IO-LRP groups, surgical goals were fully achieved in 28 (77.8%), 17 (60.7%), and 13 patients (59.1%), respectively (p > 0.05). Conclusion. The navigated pattern approach allows improving the treatment time and pain in postoperative 360° LRP. Moreover, 360° pattern LRP is at least as effective in achieving the surgical goal as the conventional (slit-lamp or indirect ophthalmoscope) approaches with a single-spot laser.
Forty charts of enucleated patients that had direct release of their extraocular muscles without identifying sutures before releasing them from the globe were identified and reviewed. The primary outcome measure was intraoperative or immediate postoperative complications. This retrospective chart review was performed with research ethics board approval and in compliance with the Declaration of Helsinki.
Data show that following the hook and release technique, the rectus muscles were easily located and reconnected to the orbital implant wrap. The oblique muscles were not reattached. In each of the 40 patients, the 4 rectus muscles were easily located by gently applying traction anteriorly at the conjunctiva/Tenons' edge using double-pronged skin hooks. There was no instance of a lost or slipped muscle following the hook and release technique.
The hook and release technique is a simple and efficient method to remove the 4 rectus muscles from the globe and still easily locate them. They are not "lost" and do not "slip out of position" but held in place by the orbital connective tissue framework and the extraocular muscle pulley system. This technique has been very helpful teaching resident staff how to do enucleation surgery as it avoids the more time consuming placement of double-armed locking sutures through the rectus muscle insertions and the potential risk of globe penetration while the muscles remain attached to the eye. If the surgeon desires to attach the muscles to the orbital implant, then sutures are passed after the eye is removed, thus eliminating the worry of globe penetration and avoiding accidentally cutting preplaced extraocular muscle sutures during the remaining enucleation procedure.
Ultrasound biomicroscopy, optical coherence tomography (OCT), ultrasound A-scan, B-scan, electro-oculography (EOG), Humphrey perimetry, fundus photography, fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) were also performed. Blood samples were obtained in the patients and their available family members to analyze the variants of the BEST1 gene. Trabeculectomy was performed in the 8 patients (15 eyes).
The age of onset varied from 13 to 38 years. The average axial length (AL) of the affected eyes was 21.82 ± 0.92 mm and the average anterior chamber depth (ACD) was 2.19 ± 0.29 mm. There was marked axial shallowing of the anterior chamber in all 15 eyes after trabeculectomy, and was not improved with potent mydriatics. The IOP was elevated in 3 eyes. Variable degree of yellowish subretinal deposits was observed in the posterior retina. The FFA showed punctuate or patched hyperfluorescence suggesting retinal pigment epithelium impairment. The ICGA demonstrated dilatation of choroidal vessels. The OCT revealed diffused neuroretinal detachment in the posterior and midperipheral retina, with intraretinal fluid collections, and hyperreflective subretinal accumulations. The average subfoveal choroidal thickness of the patients was 382.36 ± 80.09 μm. All the patients and enrolled family members carried mutation in BEST1 gene.
ARB is a rare condition with fundus manifestations mimicking various diseases. Careful discrimination should be taken to exclude any secondary causes for ACG before treatment. Concerning the high incidence of postoperative shallow anterior chamber, selection of filtering surgery should be very careful in these patients.
Single surgery anatomic success (SSAS) was similar (P=0.76) between the PPV group (112 of 132 eyes, 85%) and SB with PPV group (39 of 47 eyes, 83%). Final anatomic success was 100% in each group. There was no difference in rates of PVR formation (PPV 16% vs SB with PPV 19%, P=0.70). Final logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution acuity was 0.33 (20/43) in the PPV group and 0.37 (20/47) in the SB with PPV group (P=0.62). Postoperative anterior chamber fibrin was highly correlated with PVR formation (PVR 13% vs no PVR 0.7%, P=0.003; odds ratio =68.37, P=0.007). Separate analysis of medium- to high-complexity cases showed similar SSAS (PPV 86% vs SB with PPV 83%, P=0.45).
SB with PPV versus PPV alone were similarly efficacious for repair of primary RRDs of varying complexity. SSAS rates, PVR incidence, and final visual acuities were not significantly different.
00DS/-0.50DC at 90° and 6/6 OS with -0.5DC at 100°. He had undergone buckling surgery 1 year back for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in right eye and subsequently developed a myopic refractive error. A spherical piggyback intraocular lens (IOL; Rayner Sulcoflex, East Sussex) was implanted in the sulcus for refractive correction. The postoperative UDVA at 4 weeks was 6/6p. The intraocular pressure was normal and there was no significant endothelial cell loss. Piggyback IOLs can be an effective tool to correct the induced refractive error due to an increase in axial length following buckling surgery.
Main outcome measures included anatomical success, functional success, and factors associated with the outcomes.
Sixty-nine eyes were evaluated over a mean follow-up period of 17.6 ± 3.8 months (3-156 months). Anatomical success was achieved in 62 eyes (90%) and functional success in 54 eyes (78%) that underwent PPV as a primary surgery. The factors associated with the altering misdirected aqueous flow and reducing intraocular pressure significantly associated with a two-line improvement of best-corrected visual acuity included surgical treatment within 4 weeks of presentation (P = 0.004) and preoperative intraocular pressure (P = 0.001). The success of two-port PPV and standard three-port PPV was similar (P = 0.7). The intraoperative and postoperative complications included retinal detachment in two eyes and endophthalmitis in one eye.
The PPV was effective for managing aqueous misdirection refractory to medical therapy. Two-port or three-port PPV did not change the success rate but early surgery improved both anatomical and functional outcomes.
Afterward, he developed macular pucker with edema. After surgical treatment with pucker peeling and intravitreal triamcinolone, the patient showed a steroid response and an increase IOP. Postoperatively, there was a recurrence of CME. A coincidental administration of a steroid injection intramuscularly by the general practitioner achieved a prompt reduction of the CME without increasing IOP. This case shows that an initially good reaction to triamcinolone without increasing IOP does not rule out a future steroid response, and that a potential treatment option for CME in patients with a known steroid response could consist of intramuscularly injected steroids.