Retinal Detachment Postoperative Publications (5142)


Retinal Detachment Postoperative Publications

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2017 Jan 13. Epub 2017 Jan 13.
Klinik und Poliklinik für Augenheilkunde, Klinikum der Universität Regensburg.

Gas tamponades are widely used during intraocular surgery. The high surface tension at the intraocular liquid to gas interface is used in retinal detachment and macular surgery, as well as in lamellar corneal transplant surgery. The patient's postoperative posture determines the position of the gas bubble inside the eye. Read More

The article describes the development, physical laws and methods for postoperative positioning after intraocular surgery.

Br J Ophthalmol
Br J Ophthalmol 2017 Jan 11. Epub 2017 Jan 11.
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Kiel, University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel, Germany.

Patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) who develop postoperative proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) have been found to have higher preoperative laser flare values than patients with RRD who do not develop this complication. Measurement of laser flare has therefore been proposed as an objective, rapid and non-invasive method for identifying high-risk patients. The purpose of our study was to validate the use of preoperative flare values as a predictor of PVR risk in two additional patient cohorts, and to confirm the sensitivity and specificity of this method for identifying high-risk patients. Read More

We combined data from two independent prospective studies: centre 1 (120 patients) and centre 2 (194 patients). Preoperative aqueous humour flare was measured with a Kowa FM-500 Laser Flare Meter. PVR was defined as redetachment due to the formation of traction membranes that required reoperation within 6 months of initial surgery. Logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic analysis determined whether higher preoperative flare values were associated with an increased risk of postoperative PVR.
PVR redetachment developed in 21/314 patients (6.7%). Median flare values differed significantly between centres, therefore analyses were done separately. Logistic regression showed a small but statistically significant increase in odds with increasing flare only for centre 2 (OR 1.014; p=0.005). Areas under the receiver operating characteristic showed low sensitivity and specificity: centre 1, 0.634 (95% CI 0.440 to 0.829) and centre 2, 0.731 (95% CI 0.598 to 0.865).
Preoperative laser flare measurements are inaccurate in discriminating between those patients with RRD at high and low risk of developing PVR.

Retin Cases Brief Rep
Retin Cases Brief Rep 2017 Jan 9. Epub 2017 Jan 9.
Kyorin Eye Center, Kyorin University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

To examine a rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) associated with a peripapillary staphyloma with swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) before and after vitrectomy and circumferential photocoagulation.
The SS-OCT images including the montage images of two patients with a RRD associated with peripapillary staphylomas were analyzed. A 34-year-old woman (Case 1) and a 70-year-old woman (Case 2) both noticed temporal visual field defects in their left eyes. Read More

Ophthalmoscopy showed a retinal detachment in the nasal quadrant without any peripheral breaks in both patients. The best-corrected visual acuity was 20/20 with -8.5 diopters in Case 1 and 20/25 with -7.0 diopters and moderate cataract in Case 2. SS-OT was used to follow the clinical course of the RRD.
Preoperatively, retinal tears were detected nasal to the optic disk within the excavated staphyloma in the SS-OCT images. A posterior vitreous detachment was not present in Case 1 but was present in Case 2. The glial tissue at the edge of the excavated staphyloma was removed from both eyes, and the subretinal fluid was drained internally through the retinal breaks. Hemicircumferential photocoagulation was performed at the nasal edge of the staphyloma, and the retina was reattached in both eyes. Postoperative SS-OCT montage images showed retinal reattachment but a detachment was still present within the staphyloma.
Vitreous surgery was effective for an RRD associated with a peripapillary staphyloma. Examinations by SS-OCT can follow the changes in the RRD and the excavated lesion of a peripapillary staphyloma.

J Ophthalmol
J Ophthalmol 2016 14;2016:9871976. Epub 2016 Dec 14.
Department of Ophthalmology, Military Medical Academy, 5 Klinicheskaya St., St. Petersburg 194044, Russia; St. Petersburg Branch of the Academician S. Fyodorov IRTC "Eye Microsurgery", 21 Yaroslav Gashek St., St. Petersburg 192283, Russia; Department of Ophthalmology, Mechnikov North-West State Medical University, 47 Kirochnaya St., St. Petersburg 191015, Russia.

Purpose. To compare three 360°-laser retinopexy (LRP) approaches (using navigated pattern laser system, single-spot slit-lamp (SL) laser delivery, and single-spot indirect ophthalmoscope (IO) laser delivery) in regard to procedure duration, procedural pain score, technical difficulties, and the ability to achieve surgical goals. Material and Methods. Read More

Eighty-six rhegmatogenous retinal detachment patients (86 eyes) were included in this prospective randomized study. The mean procedural time, procedural pain score (using 4-point Verbal Rating Scale), number of laser burns, and achievement of the surgical goals were compared between three groups (pattern LRP (Navilas® laser system), 36 patients; SL-LRP, 28 patients; and IO-LRP, 22 patients). Results. In the pattern LRP group, the amount of time needed for LRP and pain level were statistically significantly lower, whereas the number of applied laser burns was higher compared to those in the SL-LRP group and in the IO-LRP group. In the pattern LRP, SL-LRP, and IO-LRP groups, surgical goals were fully achieved in 28 (77.8%), 17 (60.7%), and 13 patients (59.1%), respectively (p > 0.05). Conclusion. The navigated pattern approach allows improving the treatment time and pain in postoperative 360° LRP. Moreover, 360° pattern LRP is at least as effective in achieving the surgical goal as the conventional (slit-lamp or indirect ophthalmoscope) approaches with a single-spot laser.

Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Jan 5. Epub 2017 Jan 5.
*Department of Ophthalmology, University of Ottawa Eye Institute, Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; †Centro Oftalmologico y Oculoplastico de Madrid, Hospital Universitario Madrid Norte Sanchinarro, Hospital Universitario de Fuenlabrada, Madrid, Spain; and ‡Department of Ophthalmology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, U.S.A.

To describe the results and potential benefit of direct muscle release from the globe during enucleation surgery without identifying sutures in the rectus muscle insertion sites, a technique referred to as the hook and release technique.
Single center, retrospective chart review of patients who underwent enucleation with direct removal of the rectus muscles without identifying sutures in their insertion sites between January 2011 and September 2015 was carried out. The inclusion criteria were primary enucleation without previous strabismus surgery, retinal detachment surgery, or orbital surgery that entered the fibrous connective tissue framework. Read More

Forty charts of enucleated patients that had direct release of their extraocular muscles without identifying sutures before releasing them from the globe were identified and reviewed. The primary outcome measure was intraoperative or immediate postoperative complications. This retrospective chart review was performed with research ethics board approval and in compliance with the Declaration of Helsinki.
Data show that following the hook and release technique, the rectus muscles were easily located and reconnected to the orbital implant wrap. The oblique muscles were not reattached. In each of the 40 patients, the 4 rectus muscles were easily located by gently applying traction anteriorly at the conjunctiva/Tenons' edge using double-pronged skin hooks. There was no instance of a lost or slipped muscle following the hook and release technique.
The hook and release technique is a simple and efficient method to remove the 4 rectus muscles from the globe and still easily locate them. They are not "lost" and do not "slip out of position" but held in place by the orbital connective tissue framework and the extraocular muscle pulley system. This technique has been very helpful teaching resident staff how to do enucleation surgery as it avoids the more time consuming placement of double-armed locking sutures through the rectus muscle insertions and the potential risk of globe penetration while the muscles remain attached to the eye. If the surgeon desires to attach the muscles to the orbital implant, then sutures are passed after the eye is removed, thus eliminating the worry of globe penetration and avoiding accidentally cutting preplaced extraocular muscle sutures during the remaining enucleation procedure.

PLoS One 2017 5;12(1):e0169395. Epub 2017 Jan 5.
State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Trabeculectomy has been regarded as a mainstay of initial treatment in eyes of angle closure glaucoma (ACG) with peripheral anterior synechia > 180° in the Chinese population while its efficacy in secondary ACG with BEST1 gene mutation remains unclear. We set out to investigate the treatment outcome of trabeculectomy for secondary ACG in a group of patients with autosomal recessive bestrophinopathy (ARB).
In this retrospective case series study, 8 secondary ACG patients with ARB and their 4 recruited family members underwent a thorough ophthalmic examination including best-corrected visual acuity, Goldmann applanation tonometry, gonioscopy, and fundus examinations. Read More

Ultrasound biomicroscopy, optical coherence tomography (OCT), ultrasound A-scan, B-scan, electro-oculography (EOG), Humphrey perimetry, fundus photography, fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) were also performed. Blood samples were obtained in the patients and their available family members to analyze the variants of the BEST1 gene. Trabeculectomy was performed in the 8 patients (15 eyes).
The age of onset varied from 13 to 38 years. The average axial length (AL) of the affected eyes was 21.82 ± 0.92 mm and the average anterior chamber depth (ACD) was 2.19 ± 0.29 mm. There was marked axial shallowing of the anterior chamber in all 15 eyes after trabeculectomy, and was not improved with potent mydriatics. The IOP was elevated in 3 eyes. Variable degree of yellowish subretinal deposits was observed in the posterior retina. The FFA showed punctuate or patched hyperfluorescence suggesting retinal pigment epithelium impairment. The ICGA demonstrated dilatation of choroidal vessels. The OCT revealed diffused neuroretinal detachment in the posterior and midperipheral retina, with intraretinal fluid collections, and hyperreflective subretinal accumulations. The average subfoveal choroidal thickness of the patients was 382.36 ± 80.09 μm. All the patients and enrolled family members carried mutation in BEST1 gene.
ARB is a rare condition with fundus manifestations mimicking various diseases. Careful discrimination should be taken to exclude any secondary causes for ACG before treatment. Concerning the high incidence of postoperative shallow anterior chamber, selection of filtering surgery should be very careful in these patients.

Clin Ophthalmol
Clin Ophthalmol 2017 20;11:47-54. Epub 2016 Dec 20.
Cincinnati Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

To assess the combination of scleral buckling (SB) and pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) versus PPV alone in the primary repair of rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RRDs).
The current study was a retrospective, comparative, interventional, consecutive case series of 179 eyes of 174 patients who underwent primary RRD repair by five surgeons between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2010, utilizing SB with PPV or PPV. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to compare the efficacy of the two surgical strategies and assess for risk factors of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). Read More

Single surgery anatomic success (SSAS) was similar (P=0.76) between the PPV group (112 of 132 eyes, 85%) and SB with PPV group (39 of 47 eyes, 83%). Final anatomic success was 100% in each group. There was no difference in rates of PVR formation (PPV 16% vs SB with PPV 19%, P=0.70). Final logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution acuity was 0.33 (20/43) in the PPV group and 0.37 (20/47) in the SB with PPV group (P=0.62). Postoperative anterior chamber fibrin was highly correlated with PVR formation (PVR 13% vs no PVR 0.7%, P=0.003; odds ratio =68.37, P=0.007). Separate analysis of medium- to high-complexity cases showed similar SSAS (PPV 86% vs SB with PPV 83%, P=0.45).
SB with PPV versus PPV alone were similarly efficacious for repair of primary RRDs of varying complexity. SSAS rates, PVR incidence, and final visual acuities were not significantly different.

Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Retina 2016 Dec 28. Epub 2016 Dec 28.
*King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; †Department of Ophthalmology, Bahrain Defense Force Hospital, Kingdom of Bahrain; ‡Division of Anterior Segment, Dhahran Eye Specialist Hospital, Dhahran, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; and §Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

To determine the efficacy and complications of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and adjunct surgeries for aqueous misdirection refractory to medical therapy.
A retrospective review of consecutive eyes with refractory aqueous misdirection at the King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital between 2002 and 2010. Patients underwent two-port and three-port pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with adjunct procedures including pars plana lensectomy combined with posterior capsulectomy, hyaloido-zonulo-iridectomy, and synechiolysis. Read More

Main outcome measures included anatomical success, functional success, and factors associated with the outcomes.
Sixty-nine eyes were evaluated over a mean follow-up period of 17.6 ± 3.8 months (3-156 months). Anatomical success was achieved in 62 eyes (90%) and functional success in 54 eyes (78%) that underwent PPV as a primary surgery. The factors associated with the altering misdirected aqueous flow and reducing intraocular pressure significantly associated with a two-line improvement of best-corrected visual acuity included surgical treatment within 4 weeks of presentation (P = 0.004) and preoperative intraocular pressure (P = 0.001). The success of two-port PPV and standard three-port PPV was similar (P = 0.7). The intraoperative and postoperative complications included retinal detachment in two eyes and endophthalmitis in one eye.
The PPV was effective for managing aqueous misdirection refractory to medical therapy. Two-port or three-port PPV did not change the success rate but early surgery improved both anatomical and functional outcomes.