Pericarditis Acute Publications (2847)

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Pericarditis Acute Publications

2016Dec
2017Jan
BMC Infect. Dis.
BMC Infect Dis 2017 Jan 5;17(1). Epub 2017 Jan 5.
Department of Microbiology, Canberra Hospital and Health Services, Canberra, 2605, ACT, Australia.

Campylobacter spp. are a common cause of mostly self-limiting enterocolitis. Although rare, pericarditis and myopericarditis have been increasingly documented as complications following campylobacteriosis. Read More

Such cases have occurred predominantly in younger males, and involved a single causative species, namely Campylobacter jejuni. We report the first case of myopericarditis following Campylobacter coli enterocolitis, with illness occurring in an immunocompetent middle-aged female.
A 51-yo female was admitted to a cardiology unit with a 3-days history of chest pain. The woman had no significant medical history or risk factors for cardiac disease, nor did she report any recent overseas travel. Four days prior to the commencement of chest pain the woman had reported onset of an acute gastrointestinal illness, passing 3-4 loose stools daily, a situation that persisted at the time of presentation. Physical examination showed the woman's vital signs to be essentially stable, although she was noted to be mildly tachycardic. Laboratory testing showed mildly elevated C-reactive protein and a raised troponin I in the absence of elevation of the serum creatinine kinase. Electrocardiography (ECG) demonstrated concave ST segment elevations, and PR elevation in aVR and depression in lead II. Transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) revealed normal biventricular size and function with no significant valvular abnormalities. There were no left ventricular regional wall motion abnormalities. No pericardial effusion was present but the pericardium appeared echodense. A diagnosis of myopericarditis was made on the basis of chest pain, typical ECG changes and troponin rise. The chest pain resolved and she was discharged from hospital after 2-days of observation, but with ongoing diarrhoea. Following discharge, a faecal sample taken during the admission, cultured Campylobacter spp. Matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight (Bruker) confirmed the cultured isolate as C. coli.
We report the first case of myopericarditis with a suggested link to an antecedent Campylobacter coli enterocolitis. Although rare, myopericarditis is becoming increasingly regarded as a complication following campylobacteriosis. Our report highlights potential for pericardial disease beyond that attributed to Campylobacter jejuni. However uncertainty regarding pathogenesis, coupled with a paucity of population level data continues to restrict conclusions regarding the strength of this apparent association.

2016Nov
Respirol Case Rep
Respirol Case Rep 2016 Nov 31;4(6):e00202. Epub 2016 Oct 31.
Department of Respiratory Medicine Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine Tokyo Japan.
2016Dec
Rom J Morphol Embryol
Rom J Morphol Embryol 2016 ;57(3):1099-1105
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania;

Observation of major pathological alterations in a young person involves etiological and clinical justifications, in order to properly assess, treat and control these conditions. The aim of this paper is to present severe, acute pathological lesions, installed in a young person, secondary to hypodiastolic heart failure, due to persistent supraventricular tachyarrhythmia, triggered by a post-traumatic external stimulus, with complete remission post-electrical conversion. Pathological and clinical modification are revealed, in a young person, shortly after a minor thoracic trauma, in the absence of traumatic injury but with high-frequency palpitations onset and progressive installation of vascular, visceral and interstitial stasis modifications, as well as of vascular and tissular hypoperfusion with reactive vasoconstriction. Read More

These clinical and paraclinical aspects were: stasis hepatomegaly with hepatojugular reflux, pulmonary congestion with stasis rales, peripheral edema, transudative polyserositis - pericarditis, hydrothorax, ascites, dilatation of inferior vena cava and suprahepatic veins, decrease of arterial blood pressure, tissue and cutaneous vasoconstriction. Anatomical and clinical aspects, with major alterations (Vth degree hepatomegaly, polyserositis, peripheral edema, tachyarrhythmic heart contractions, hypotension, pallor accentuated by vasoconstriction) acutely installed in a previously healthy young person, require a rapid lesions diagnosis and emergency treatment due to vital risk, control of acute heart failure manifestations remission and proper monitoring. Differential diagnosis was focused on determining possible aspects like: acute heart failure (of various etiology), internal post-traumatic lesions or hemorrhages, tuberculosis polyserositis, collagenosis, nephrotic syndrome, protein deficiencies, neoplasia with hepatic determinations, hematological diseases (lymphomas, leukemias), considered in young patients. Severe visceral, vascular and tissular pathological alterations were reactively induced in a young person, by stasis and hypoperfusion due to hypodiastolic heart failure caused by persistent supraventricular tachyarrhythmia triggered post-traumatic, on a proarrhythmic structural heart.

Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) is a dominantly inherited autoinflammatory disease caused by TNFRSF1A mutations. Patients with TRAPS suffer from recurrent, long episodes with fever, arthralgia/arthritis, migratory myalgias, abdominal pain, serositis, conjunctivitis and migratory erythematous skin rash. More than 70 different TNFRSF1A mutations have been reported to date, and as consequence of its genetic heterogeneity, TRAPS shows a variable phenotypic expression. Read More

Among TNFRSF1A variants, the low-penetrance p.Arg92Gln variant represents the most commonly detected, and is typically associated with mild and short episodes, with a higher tendency to spontaneous resolution, and less familial association than the structural TNFRSF1A mutations. Pericardial involvement is rare but a well-known clinical feature of TRAPS, with a significant increased rate in those adult patients in whom the onset of the disease occurred during adulthood. Moreover, idiopathic recurrent acute pericarditis has also been occasionally described as a clinical presentation of TRAPS. However, cardiac tamponade is an unusual initial manifestation of the disease. Herein, we present a brief review based on the description of the exceptional case of a 35-year-old female patient who presented with recurrent pericardial effusions and cardiac tamponade. TNFRSF1A analyses showed a heterozygous genotype for the low-penetrance p.Arg92Gln variant. Due to disease severity, the patient was treated with the anti-interleukin-1 drug anakinra, showing a prompt resolution of her clinical manifestations.

2017Jan
Internist (Berl)
Internist (Berl) 2017 Jan;58(1):8-21
Klinik für Kardiologie, Angiologie und internistische Intensivmedizin, Universitäres Herzzentrum Marburg, Uniklinikum Gießen und Marburg, Standort Marburg, Baldingerstr., 35043, Marburg, Deutschland.

Because of the life-threatening character and a high prevalence in emergency rooms, cardiac causes are important differential diagnoses of acute chest pain with the need for rapid clarification. In this context the working diagnosis "acute coronary syndrome" (ACS) plays a major role. In a synopsis of the clinical presentation, medical history, electrocardiogram and analysis of cardiac biomarkers, ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and unstable angina pectoris can be specified as entities of ACS. Read More

The treatment of ACS consists of an immediate anti-ischemic therapy, anti-thrombotic therapy and invasive coronary diagnostics with subsequent interventional or operative revascularization therapy. The timing of invasive management is essentially determined by the individual patient risk, with the exception of STEMI where interventional revascularization must be undertaken within 120 min of diagnosis. In this context the GRACE 2.0 and TIMI risk score have become established as reliable tools. Another rare but fatal cause of acute chest pain is aortic dissection. An abrupt onset of tearing and sharp chest pains, deficits in pulse as well as the presence of high-risk factors, such as advanced age, arterial hypertension, atherosclerosis, known collagenosis and previous aortic or coronary artery procedures are highly indicative for aortic dissection and additional diagnostic imaging and the highly sensitive D‑dimer should be undertaken. Additionally, inflammatory diseases, such as pericarditis and myocarditis can be associated with chest pains and mimic the character of ACS and should also be considered in the differential diagnostics.

2016Dec
Prog Cardiovasc Dis
Prog Cardiovasc Dis 2016 Dec 10. Epub 2016 Dec 10.
Lenox Hill Heart and Vascular Institute of New York, New York, NY, United States. Electronic address:

Acute pericarditis is an acute inflammatory disease of the pericardium, which may occur in many different disease states (both infectious and non-infectious). Usually the diagnosis is based on symptoms (chest pain, shortness of breath), electrocardiographic changes (ST elevation), physical examination (pericardial friction rub) and elevation of cardiac biomarkers. It may occur in isolation or be associated with an underlying inflammatory disorder. Read More

In routine clinical practice, acute pericarditis can be associated with myocarditis due to their overlapping etiologies.