Patent Ductus Arteriosus Publications (11051)


Patent Ductus Arteriosus Publications

Anim. Genet.
Anim Genet 2017 Jan 23. Epub 2017 Jan 23.
Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis, Davis, CA, 95616, USA.

In the horse, the term occipitoatlantoaxial malformation (OAAM) is used to describe a developmental defect in which the first cervical vertebra (atlas) resembles the base of the skull (occiput) and the second cervical vertebra (axis) resembles the atlas. Affected individuals demonstrate an abnormal posture and varying degrees of ataxia. The homeobox (HOX) gene cluster is involved in the development of both the axial and appendicular skeleton. Read More

Hoxd3-null mice demonstrate a strikingly similar phenotype to Arabian foals with OAAM. Whole-genome sequencing was performed in an OAAM-affected horse (OAAM1) and seven unaffected Arabian horses. Visual inspection of the raw reads within the region of HOXD3 identified a 2.7-kb deletion located 4.4 kb downstream of the end of HOXD4 and 8.2 kb upstream of the start of HOXD3. A genotyping assay revealed that both parents of OAAM1 were heterozygous for the deletion. Additional genotyping identified two of 162 heterozygote Arabians, and the deletion was not present in 371 horses of other breeds. Comparative genomics studies have revealed that this region is highly conserved across species and that the entire genomic region between Hoxd4 and Hoxd3 is transcribed in mice. Two additional Arabian foals diagnosed with OAAM (OAAM 2 and 3) were genotyped and did not have the 2.7-kb deletion. Closer examination of the phenotype in these cases revealed notable variation. OAAM3 also had facial malformations and a patent ductus arteriosus, and the actual malformation at the craniocervical junction differed. Genetic heterogeneity may exist across the HOXD locus in Arabian foals with OAAM.

J Vet Cardiol
J Vet Cardiol 2017 Jan 19. Epub 2017 Jan 19.
Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA.

A 3-day-old Hereford heifer calf presented for evaluation of lethargy and dyspnea, with persistent hypoxia despite supplemental oxygen therapy. A grade III/VI right apical systolic murmur was noted during cardiac auscultation. Echocardiography revealed a double-outlet right ventricle with an intact interventricular septum and concurrent hypoplastic left ventricle and tricuspid valve dysplasia. Read More

Post-mortem examination revealed additional congenital anomalies of ductus arteriosus, patent foramen ovale, and persistent left cranial vena cava. This report illustrates the use of echocardiographic images to diagnose a double-outlet right ventricle with an intact interventricular septum and a hypoplastic left ventricle in a calf.

Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Feb 27;93:123-127. Epub 2016 Dec 27.
Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Chang Gung Children's Hospital and Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, 33305, Taiwan.

Although we've made big strides in perinatal and neonatal care, auditory handicap remains a serious complication in those who were born very premature.
The aim was to determine the prevalence and analyze possible risk factors of hearing impairment in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants.
This was a retrospective study by reviewing medical records of all VLBW infants (BW ≤ 1500 g) admitted to NICU of Chang Gung Children's Hospital over 2 years period from Jan. Read More

2010 to 2011. Brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEP) hearing screening was performed at 3 months postnatal corrective age and repeated if failed the 1st time, then refer to ENT doctor if BAEP confirmed abnormal. All VLBW infants examined for hearing impairment were included and data were retrieved retrospectively and analyzed for neonatal risk factors using logistic regression.
Over the period, 309 VLBW infants were screened. Prevalence of uni- or bilateral hearing impairment was 3.9% (12/309; 95% CI 2.6-4.1). The mean corrective age on diagnosed of hearing impairment was 2.9 ± 1.1 (range 1-5) months. Mean gestational age was 27.9 weeks (SD 1.4) and mean birth weight was 1028 g (SD 180). By univariant analysis for hearing impairment, severe birth asphyxia, craniofacial anomalies, ventilator dependence, patent ductus arteriosus ligation, and use of postnatal ototoxins yielded good prediction of hearing impairment in this population. However, using multivariate analysis revealed that the only independent risk factors for hearing impairment were ototoxins (OR: 3.62; CI: 1.67-7.82), PDA ligation (OR: 4.96; CI: 2.34-10.52), craniofacial anomalies (OR: 3.42; CI: 1.70-6.88)and assisted prolonged use of oxygen at gestational age of >36 weeks (OR: 5.94; CI: 2.61-13.54).
The incidence of hearing impairment among VLBW infants was 3.9%. Prolonged supplemental oxygen use is a marker for predicting hearing impairment; this requires detailed analysis of the pathophysiologic features, to reduce the prevalence of hearing impairment.

Circ Cardiovasc Imaging
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging 2017 Feb;10(2)
From the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine (S.A., K.N., T.S., K.E., H.I.) and Department of Cardiovascular Surgery (S.K.), Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Japan; and Department of Cardiovascular Research Institute, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (U.Y.).
J Perinatol
J Perinatol 2017 Jan 19. Epub 2017 Jan 19.
Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Sciences, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2017 Jan;19(1):54-58
Department of Neonatology, Shengjing Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang 110004, China.

To explore the high-risk factors and analyze the clinical characteristics of massive pulmonary hemorrhage (MPH) in infants with extremely low birth weight (ELBW).
Two hundred and eleven ELBW infants were included in this study. Thirty-five ELBW infants who were diagnosed with MPH were labelled as the MPH group, and 176 ELBW infants without pulmonary hemorrhage were labelled as the control group. Read More

The differences in clinical characteristics, mortality rate, and incidence of complications between the two groups were analysed. The high-risk factors for MPH were identified by multiple logistic regression analysis.
The MPH group had significantly lower gestational age, birth weight, and 5-minute Apgar score than the control group (P<0.05). The MPH group had significantly higher rates of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), early-onset sepsis (EOS), intracranial hemorrhage, pulmonary surfactant utilization, and death compared with the control group (P<0.01). The multiple logistic regression analysis showed that 5-minute Apgar score was a protective factor for MPH (OR=0.666, P<0.05), and that PDA and EOS were risk factors for MPH (OR=3.717, 3.276 respectively; P<0.01). In the infants who were discharged normally, the MPH group had a longer duration of auxiliary ventilation and a higher incidence rate of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) compared with the control group (P<0.05).
A higher 5-minute Apgar score is associated a decreased risk for MPH, and the prensence of PDA or EOS is associated an increased risk for MPH in ELBW infants. ELBW infants with MPH have a prolonged mechanical ventilation, a higher mortality, and higher incidence rates of VAP and intracranial hemorrhage compared with those without pulmonary hemorrhage.

Pediatr. Res.
Pediatr Res 2017 Jan 18. Epub 2017 Jan 18.
Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, United States.
J Telemed Telecare
J Telemed Telecare 2017 Jan 1:1357633X16689500. Epub 2017 Jan 1.
5 Tripler Army Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics, Hawaii, USA.

Introduction Tele-echocardiography can ensure prompt diagnosis and prevent the unnecessary transport of infants without critical congenital heart disease, particularly at isolated locations lacking access to tertiary care medical centers. Methods We retrospectively reviewed all infants who underwent tele-echocardiography at a remote 16-bed level IIIB NICU from June 2005 to March 2014. Tele-echocardiograms were completed by cardiac sonographers in Okinawa, Japan, and transmitted asynchronously for review by pediatric cardiologists in Hawaii. Read More

Results During the study period 100 infants received 192 tele-echocardiograms: 46% of infants had tele-echocardiograms completed for suspected patent ductus arteriosus, 28% for suspected congenital heart disease, 12% for possible congenital heart disease in the setting of likely pulmonary hypertension, and 10% for possible congenital heart disease in the setting of other congenital anomalies. Of these, 17 patients were aeromedically evacuated for cardiac reasons; 12 patients were transported to Hawaii, while five patients with complex heart disease were transported directly to the United States mainland for interventional cardiac capabilities not available in Hawaii. Discussion This study demonstrates the use of tele-echocardiography to guide treatment, reduce long and potentially risky trans-Pacific transports, and triage transports to destination centers with the most appropriate cardiac capabilities.

J Vet Cardiol
J Vet Cardiol 2017 Jan 13. Epub 2017 Jan 13.
Section of Cardiology, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca NY 14853, USA.

A 10 week old female intact Staffordshire terrier was presented with a total of five congenital cardio-thoracic vascular anomalies consisting of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) with an aneurysmic dilation, pulmonic stenosis, persistent right aortic arch, aberrant left subclavian artery and persistent left cranial vena cava. These abnormalities were identified with a combination of echocardiogram and computed tomography angiography (CTA). The abnormalities were associated with esophageal entrapment, regurgitation, and volume overload of the left heart with left atrial and ventricular enlargement. Read More

A 2 cm diameter aneurysmic dilation at the junction of the PDA, right aortic arch and aberrant left subclavian artery presented an unusual surgical challenge and precluded simple circumferential ligation and transection of the structure. A full scale three dimensional model of the heart and vasculature was constructed from the CTA and plasma sterilized. The model was used preoperatively to facilitate surgical planning and enhance intraoperative communication and coordination between the surgical and anesthesia teams. Intraoperatively the model facilitated spatial orientation, atraumatic vascular dissection, instrument sizing and positioning. A thoracoabdominal stapler was used to close the PDA aneurysm prior to transection. At the four-month postoperative follow-up the patient was doing well. This is the first reported application of new imaging and modeling technology to enhance surgical planning when approaching correction of complex cardiovascular anomalies in a dog.

Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a precursor to morbidity and mortality. Percutaneous (catheter-based) closure is the procedure of choice for adults and older children with a PDA, but use during infancy (<1 year) is not well characterized.
Investigate the technical success and safety of percutaneous PDA closure during infancy. Read More

Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, PubMed, and Ovid (Medline) were searched through December 2015 with no language restrictions.
Publications needed to clearly define the intervention as percutaneous PDA closure during infancy (<1 year of age at intervention) and must have reported adverse events (AEs).
The study was performed according to the Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis checklist and registered prospectively. The quality of the selected studies was critically examined. Data extraction and assignment of AE attributability and severity were independently performed by multiple observers. Outcomes were agreed on a priori. Data were pooled by using a random-effects model.
Thirty-eight studies were included; no randomized controlled trials were found. Technical success of percutaneous PDA closure was 92.2% (95% confidence interval [CI] 88.8-95.0). Overall AE and clinically significant AE incidence was 23.3% (95% CI 16.5-30.8) and 10.1% (95% CI 7.8-12.5), respectively. Significant heterogeneity and publication bias were observed.
Limitations include lack of comparative studies, lack of standardized AE reporting strategy, and significant heterogeneity in reporting.
Percutaneous PDA closure during infancy is feasible and associated with few catastrophic AEs; however, the limitations constrain the interpretability and generalizability of the current findings.