Pancreatitis Acute Publications (29349)


Pancreatitis Acute Publications

World J Surg
World J Surg 2017 Jan 17. Epub 2017 Jan 17.
Department of General and Oncological Surgery, Mauriziano Hospital "Umberto I", Largo Turati, 62, 10128, Turin, Italy.
BMC Gastroenterol
BMC Gastroenterol 2017 Jan 17;17(1):13. Epub 2017 Jan 17.
Department of Molecular Diagnostics, Holy Cross Cancer Centre, Kielce, Poland.
Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc
Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2017 Jan-Feb;55(1):114-117
Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital General de Zona 197, Delegación Estado de México Oriente. Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Texcoco, Estado de México, México.

The interposition of a portion of the colon between the liver and the diaphragm is called Chilaiditi sign and discovered incidentally during radiological study for other reasons and usually asymptomatic presentation. When the discovery is accompanied by clinical symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, bloating, constipation called Chilaiditi Syndrome. The Chilaiditi sign is a very rare condition, and the Chilaiditi syndrome is even more, especially if associated with other acute diseases. Read More

We report the case of a man of 41 years was admitted with right upper quadrant abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, difficulty was diagnosed with radiographic and tomographic images making the differential diagnosis with lung abscess and diaphragmatic hernia. The final diagnosis was Chilaiditi Syndrome associated with acute pancreatitis and penumonia.

Khirurgiia (Mosk)
Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2016 (12):71-76
Federal Clinical Center of High Medical Technologies, FMBA of Russia.

The article is devoted to the study and optimization of therapeutic strategy in pancreatic necrosis. We studied the effectiveness of clinical application of human somatostatin analog - octreotide in different dosages. Submitted investigationconsists of experimental and clinical parts. Read More

Experimentalmodel of acute destructive pancreatitis onrats of Wistar line with weight of 300±30 gwas reproduced.There were 5 animal groups (one control group and four experimental groups). Experimental animals received oktreotidin different doses. In 2 days there were estimated the blood biochemistryand histopathologic features of liver and pancreas of operated animals. In clinical part there were formed two groups of patients out of selected case histories by a principle of similarity of complex therapy differing in oktreotid doses, namely: 1) pancreatonecrosis patients estimated of 3 to 8 points by Ranson scale in whose treatment regimen oktreotid 300 mkg/day (n=70) dose was included; 2) pancreatonecrosispatients estimated of 3 to 8 points by Ransonin whose treatment regimenoktreoid1200 mkg/day (n=38) was included. There were compared indices of lethal outcomes, average bed-days, and dynamics of laboratory findings, number and volume of surgical procedures.
Dose-related effect of a synthetic analogue of somatostatin, acetateoktreotid, was proved. Introduction in complex therapy of pancreatonecrosisthe highest possible authorized doses of oktreotid (1200 mkg/day) is conducive to more favorable course of illness, dynamic reduction of amilazemia, decrease of lethal outcomes and total bed-day, and also, reduction of initial and repeated operative procedures.

Data on chronic pancreatitis prevalence are scanty and usually limited to hospital-based studies.
Investigating chronic pancreatitis prevalence in primary care.
Participating primary care physicians reported the prevalence of chronic pancreatitis among their registered patients, environmental factors and disease characteristics. Read More

The data were centrally reviewed and chronic pancreatitis cases defined according to M-ANNHEIM criteria for diagnosis and severity and TIGAR-O classification for etiology.
Twenty-three primary care physicians participated in the study. According to their judgment, 51 of 36.401 patients had chronic pancreatitis. After reviewing each patient data, 11 turned out to have definite, 5 probable, 19 borderline and 16 uncertain disease. Prevalence was 30.2/100.000 for definite cases and 44.0/100.000 for definite plus probable cases. Of the 16 patients with definite/probable diagnosis, 8 were male, with mean age of 55.6 (±16.7). Four patients had alcoholic etiology, 5 post-acute/recurrent pancreatitis, 6 were deemed to be idiopathic. Four had pancreatic exocrine insufficiency, 10 were receiving pancreatic enzymes, and six had pain. Most patients had initial stage and non-severe disease.
This is the first study investigating the prevalence of chronic pancreatitis in primary care. Results suggest that the prevalence in this context is higher than in hospital-based studies, with specific features, possibly representing an earlier disease stage.

Nephrol. Dial. Transplant.
Nephrol Dial Transplant 2017 Jan 14. Epub 2017 Jan 14.
Department of Nephrology, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan

The objective of this study is to determine the incidence and severity of acute pancreatitis (AP) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on dialysis and whether the dialysis modality [hemodialysis (HD) versus peritoneal dialysis (PD)] confers a higher risk for AP as well as complications or mortality related to AP.
We analyzed national health insurance claims data of 67 078 ESRD patients initiating dialysis between 1999 and 2007 in Taiwan. All patients were followed up from the start of their dialysis to first AP diagnosis, death, end of dialysis or 31 December 2008. Read More

Cox proportional hazards models were used to identify risk factors.
The cumulative incidence rates of AP were 0.6, 1.7, 2.6, 3.4 and 4% at 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9 years, respectively. ESRD patients on HD and PD had an AP incidence of 5.11 and 5.86 per 1000 person-years, respectively. Independent risk factors for AP in this population were being elderly, being female, having biliary stones or liver disease, and being on PD. Severe AP occurred in 44.9% of the HD patients and in 36% of the PD patients. Patients with AP on HD had a higher incidence of upper gastrointestinal (UGI) bleeding than those on PD (P = 0.002). In contrast, those with AP on PD had a higher incidence of need for total parenteral nutrition (TPN) support than those on HD (P = 0.072). Overall in-hospital mortality was 8.1%. The risk factors for mortality after an AP attack were male gender, increased age, AP severity, and the presence of diabetes mellitus or liver disease.
ESRD patients on PD were at higher risk for AP than those on HD. HD patients with AP attacks had a greater incidence of UGI bleeding and PD patients with AP attacks a more frequent need for TPN support.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A
J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2017 Jan 13. Epub 2017 Jan 13.
2 Rocky Mountain Pediatric Surgery, Rocky Mountain Hospital for Children , Denver, Colorado.

To evaluate two-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (2I-LC) in children, and compare outcomes with four-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (4P-LC).
A retrospective review was performed on children (≤21 years) with gallbladder disease treated with 2I-LC or 4P-LC between February 2010 and February 2016. 2I-LC is performed using two 5-mm ports and a 2-mm endoscopic grasper within a 12-mm umbilical incision, and a 3-mm subxiphoid port for dissection. Read More

Demographic, diagnostic, operative, and outcome data were recorded, and the two groups were compared with chi-squared, Fisher, and t-tests. Patients requiring conversion from 2I-LC to 4P-LC were examined to determine factors predicting the need for additional ports.
Three hundred eighty-nine laparoscopic cholecystectomies were performed (2I-LC 72.0%, 4P-LC 19.0%). Body mass index (BMI) was greater in the 4P-LC group. 2I-LC was more commonly performed for biliary dyskinesia, but not biliary colic, acute cholecystitis, choledocholithiasis, and gallstone pancreatitis. Operative time was greater in 4P-LC. There were 6 wound infections (2I-LC 1.8%, 4P-LC 1.5%), 1 common bile duct injury (2I-LC 0.4%, 4P-LC 0.0%), and 1 small bowel injury (2I-LC 0.0%, 4P-LC 1.5%). 2.4% of 2I-LC required conversion to 4P-LC, with BMI and operative time greater than the 2I-LC group, but not different from 4P-LC with no complications.
2I-LC is a safe alternative to 4P-LC for pediatric gallbladder disease, allowing for traction and countertraction to expose the critical view. Operative time was longer in the 4P-LC group, likely secondary to selection bias with higher BMI and preoperative diagnosis of gallstone disease. Overweight patients are more likely to require additional ports.

Pak J Med Sci
Pak J Med Sci 2016 Nov-Dec;32(6):1517-1521
Dr. Hongbin Yu, MD, Department of General Surgery, First People's Hospital affiliated to Huzhou University Medical College, Huzhou, Zhejiang Province, China.