Heart Block Third Degree Publications (880)
Heart Block Third Degree Publications
Tachyarrhythmias were noted in 20% of subjects, and atrioventricular block was noted in 4% of subjects. Potentially significant risk factors for tachyarrhythmia included the presence of modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (P = .08) and age at Norwood (P = .07, with risk decreasing each day at age 8-20 days); the only significant risk factor for atrioventricular block was undergoing a concomitant procedure at the time of the Norwood (P = .001), with the greatest risk being in those undergoing a tricuspid valve procedure. Both tachyarrhythmias and atrioventricular block were associated with longer ventilation time and length of stay (P < .001 for all analyses). Tachyarrhythmias were not associated with interstage mortality; atrioventricular block was associated with mortality among those without a pacemaker in the unadjusted analysis (hazard ratio, 2.3; P = .02), but not after adding covariates.
Tachyarrhythmias are common after the Norwood procedure, but atrioventricular block may portend a greater risk for interstage mortality.
Because of their physical limitations, patients with PH are unable to adequately exercise. Regadenoson can potentially have an adverse impact due to their tenuous hemodynamics. Current guidelines suggest performing a coronary angiography in patients with PH who have angina or multiple coronary risk factors.
We identified 67 consecutive patients with confirmed PH by catheterization (mean PA > 25 mmHg not due to left heart disease) who underwent MPI with regadenoson stress. Medical records were reviewed to determine hemodynamic and ECG response to regadenoson.
No serious events occurred. Common side effects related to regadenoson were observed, dyspnea being the most common (70.6%). No syncope occurred. Heart rate increased from 74.6 ± 14 to 96.3 ± 18.3 bpm, systolic blood pressure increased from 129.8 ± 20.9 to 131.8 ± 31 mmHg, and diastolic blood pressure decreased from 77.1 ± 11.4 to 72.9 ± 15.3 mmHg. There was no ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, or second- or third-degree atrioventricular block.
Regadenoson stress MPI appears to be well tolerated and safe in patients with PH.
Our case illustrates the importance of early recognition and anticipation of progressive cardiac conduction abnormalities in patients presenting with Lyme disease.
A female with DHF due to dengue virus serotype 2, presented to the emergency department with fever, headache, rash, and fatigue followed by an episode of syncope. She was found to have a third-degree atrioventricular block, with pulseless polymorphic ventricular tachycardia. Patient was resuscitated and a temporary trans-venous pacemaker was placed. She reverted back to normal sinus rhythm after 4 days of syncope and was subsequently discharged from the hospital after complete resolution of symptoms, without the need for a permanent pacemaker. Physicians are warranted to have high index of suspicion for dengue virus infection as an etiology in patients with acute cardiovascular compromise, especially in tropical areas.
Follow-up was available in 223 patients. At 5 years, the actuarial syncope recurrence rate was 1% (95% CI, 0-3) in patients with documented AVB plus syncope and 3% (95% CI, 1-5) in those without syncope, whereas it was 14% (95% CI, 0-28) in patients with undocumented AVB plus syncope (P = 0.001). The actuarial combined recurrence rate of syncope and/or pre-syncope was 2% (95% CI, 0-4) in patients without syncope, 8% (95% CI, 0-17) in patients with documented AVB plus syncope, and 19% (95% CI, 1-37) in patients with undocumented AVB plus syncope, P = 0.002. All syncopes occurred in patients without overt structural heart disease (SHD), the corresponding actuarial estimate being 4% (95% CI, 0-6) at 1 year and 6% (95% CI, 4-8) at 5 years (P = 0.002 vs. patients with SHD).
Cardiac pacing is highly effective in preventing syncopal recurrences when AVB is documented. Syncope may recur in a non-negligible minority of paced patients when AVB is suspected but not documented and in patients without SHD.
We report a case of isolated complete heart block in a 5-year-old HIV-free girl of African descent born to an HIV-infected woman with no prior history of autoimmune disorders. She was referred to us with chief complaints of recurrent syncopal attacks and effort intolerance since birth. A physical examination was unremarkable except for her being small for her age (body mass index 16.3 kg/m(2)) and bradycardia. Her vital signs were within acceptable range with the exception of her pulse rate, which ranged between 22 and 34 beats/minute. An echocardiogram revealed a sinus bradycardia, otherwise a structurally normal heart. An electrocardiogram showed atrioventricular dissociation in keeping with third-degree atrioventricular block. The child underwent a permanent epicardial pacemaker insertion and has been symptom-free following pacing.
Despite its infrequency and life-threatening potential, patients with congenital complete heart block have an excellent survival rate with timely diagnosis and intervention. An incidental detection of bradycardia in a fetus during routine obstetrical ultrasound examination should increase the index of suspicion for congenital complete heart block and warrant a screening for associated maternal autoantibodies.
The Polish patient presented short stature, obesity, congenital malformation of the radial and ulnar side of the upper limbs, heart block, hypogonadism and dysmorphic features. At the age of 13 years he lost consciousness developing respiratory insufficiency caused by bradycardia in the course of sudden atrioventricular third degree heart block requiring immediate implantation of pace maker-defibrillator device. Microdeletion of the 12q24.21 was identified using array CGH method. This region includes contiguous genes the TBX5, TBX3, and part of RBM19. The patient initially diagnosed as having HOS, was found to present the UMS features as well. Array CGH method should be applied in patients suspected of HOS or UMS, especially when sequencing of TBX5 or TBX3 genes fails to identify causative mutation.
In the β-blocker interaction study with 11 HFrEF patients, no second- or third-degree AV block was detected on 48-hour Holter monitoring. In the 31 HFrEF patients included in the PARSiFAL pilot study, no second- or third-degree AV blocks were observed during 24-hour Holter monitoring, and no effects were seen on heart rate and blood pressure. Median absolute changes in LVEF, measured by cardiac magnetic resonance, were 1.9% (interquartile range -1.1 to 4.3), 0.3% (-1.4 to 2.7), and 2.2% (0.4 to 4.5), in the placebo, 10-mg, and 20-mg groups, respectively. Treatment of HFrEF patients with the novel partial adenosine A1 agonist neladenoson bialanate appeared to be safe in 2 small pilot studies, and no atrioventricular conduction disorders or neurological side effects were observed. No significant early changes in cardiac function were detected.