Ephelides Freckles Publications (8276)

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Ephelides Freckles Publications

2017Jan
Vet Ophthalmol
Vet Ophthalmol 2017 Jan 11. Epub 2017 Jan 11.
U.S. Navy Marine Mammal Program, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center Pacific, San Diego, CA, 92152, USA.

Corneal ulceration secondary to trauma commonly affects marine mammals, often with opportunistic secondary bacterial or fungal infections. This report characterizes the combined use of auriculopalpebral and ophthalmic nerve blocks, adipose-derived stem cells, and subconjunctival injections for successful treatment of corneal trauma and infection in dolphins.
An 11-year-old, female bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) presented with bilateral diffuse corneal opacities, which progressed to keratomycosis caused by Candida albicans. Read More


Aggressive medical management was employed, including the use of subconjunctival injections of adipose-derived stem cells, plasma, topical and oral antifungals and antibiotics, and anti-inflammatory and pain medications. Anesthetic block of the auriculopalpebral and ophthalmic nerves was employed to evaluate the corneas.
Subconjunctival injections were employed over 52 days, followed by topical drops for 5 months. At last evaluation, there was no evidence of blepharospasm bilaterally. Only a faint superficial gray corneal opacity remained OS. A temporal paraxial corneal opacity was present OD, with receding inactive vascularization and a small amount of melanosis temporally.

2016Dec
Front Pharmacol
Front Pharmacol 2016 7;7:474. Epub 2016 Dec 7.
Division of Genetics and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Science, Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Malaya Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Flammulina velutipes (enoki, velvet shank, golden needle mushroom or winter mushroom), one of the main edible mushrooms on the market, has long been recognized for its nutritional value and delicious taste. In recent decades, research has expanded beyond detailing its nutritional composition and delved into the biological activities and potential health benefits of its constituents. Many bioactive constituents from a range of families have been isolated from different parts of the mushroom, including carbohydrates, protein, lipids, glycoproteins, phenols, and sesquiterpenes. Read More

These compounds have been demonstrated to exhibit various biological activities, such as antitumour and anticancer activities, anti-atherosclerotic and thrombosis inhibition activity, antihypertensive and cholesterol lowering effects, anti-aging and antioxidant properties, ability to aid with restoring memory and overcoming learning deficits, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, anti-bacterial, ribosome inactivation and melanosis inhibition. This review aims to consolidate the information concerning the phytochemistry and biological activities of various compounds isolated from F. velutipes to demonstrate that this mushroom is not only a great source of nutrients but also possesses tremendous potential in pharmaceutical drug development.

2016Dec
J. Am. Acad. Dermatol.
J Am Acad Dermatol 2016 Dec 13. Epub 2016 Dec 13.
Department of Dermatology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois; Robert H. Lurie Cancer Center, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois. Electronic address:
2016Dec
Neurologia
Neurologia 2016 Dec 8. Epub 2016 Dec 8.
Servicio de Neurooncología, Instituto de Investigaciones Neurológicas Raúl Carrea (FLENI), Buenos Aires, Argentina.
2016Aug
ACG Case Rep J
ACG Case Rep J 2016 Aug 23;3(4):e157. Epub 2016 Nov 23.
Section of Intestinal Neoplasia and Hereditary Polyposis, Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, The Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, OH.
2017Jan
Clin. Exp. Dermatol.
Clin Exp Dermatol 2017 Jan 30;42(1):75-79. Epub 2016 Nov 30.
Department of Paediatric Dermatology, Birmingham Children's Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK.

The association of hypophosphataemic rickets with verrucous epidermal naevus (EN) and elevated fibroblast growth factor 23 levels is known as cutaneous-skeletal hypophosphataemia syndrome (CSHS), and can be caused by somatic activating mutations in RAS genes. We report a unique patient with CSHS associated with giant congenital melanocytic naevus (CMN), neurocutaneous melanosis and EN syndrome, manifesting as facial linear sebaceous naevus, developmental delay and ocular dermoids. An activating mutation Q61R in the NRAS gene was found in affected skin and ocular tissue but not blood, implying that the disparate manifestations are due to a multilineage activating mutation (mosaic RASopathy). Read More

We speculate on the apparently rare association of CSHS with CMN compared with EN. We also report the favourable outcome of this patient at the age of 8 years after extensive neonatal curettage of the giant CMN and use of vitamin D and phosphate supplementation.