Dissection Carotid Artery Publications (4322)
Dissection Carotid Artery Publications
We diagnosed PCS in 612 patients (29.1%, 407 men, 205 women) and ACS in 1,489 patients (70.9%). Their age (median 46 vs. 47 years, p = 0.205) and stroke severity (modified Rankin Scale: both 2, p = 0.375, Barthel Index 90 vs. 85, p = 0.412) were similar. PCS was found to be more frequent among the male gender (66.5 vs. 60.1% with ACS, p = 0.003). Vertebral artery (VA) dissection was more often the cause of PCS (16.8%) than was carotid artery dissection of ACS (7.9%, p < 0.001). Likewise, small vessel disease (Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment [TOAST] = 3, PCS: 14.7%, ACS: 11.8%) and stroke of other determined aetiology (TOAST = 4, PCS: 24.5%, ACS: 16.0%) were more frequent in those with PCS. Furthermore, patent foramen ovale (PFO; PCS: 31.1%, ACS: 25.4%, p = 0.029) was more often detected in patients with PCS. In contrast, large-artery atherosclerosis (TOAST = 1, PCS: 15.4%, ACS: 22.2%) and cardio-embolic stroke (TOAST = 2, PCS: 15.6%, ACS: 18.0%) were less frequent in those with PCS (p < 0.001) as were preceding cerebrovascular events (10.1 vs. 14.1%, p = 0.014), TIA (4.8 vs. 7.7%, p = 0.016) and smoking (53.2 vs. 61.0%, p = 0.001). The presence, extent, and location of WMH and CMB did not differ between the 2 groups.
Our data suggested a different pattern of aetiology and risk factors in young patients with PCS compared to those with ACS. These findings especially call for a higher awareness of VA dissection and potentially for more weight of a PFO as a risk factor in young patients with PCS. Clinical trial registration-URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov; NCT00414583.
We conducted a systematic review of published studies assessing the natural history of DA and stroke risk in patients with non-surgically-treated extracranial CAD with DA.
In CADISS, DA was present in 24 of 264 patients at baseline. In 36 of 248 patients with follow-up neuroimaging at 3 months, 12 of the 24 baseline DAs persisted, and 24 new DA had developed. There was no association between treatment allocation (antiplatelets vs anticoagulants) and whether DA at baseline persisted at follow-up or whether new DA developed. During 12 months of follow-up, stroke occurred in 1 of 48 patients with DA and in 7 of 216 patients without DA (age- and sex-adjusted odds ratio 0.84; 95% confidence interval 0.10-7.31; p = 0.88). Published studies, mainly retrospective, showed a similarly low risk of stroke and no evidence of an increased stroke rate in patients with DA.
The results of CADISS provide evidence suggesting that DAs may have benign prognosis and therefore medical treatment should be considered.
Extended transsphenoidal and transclival approaches were performed. After exposing the brainstem, white matter dissection was attempted through this endoscopic window, and additional key measurements were taken. RESULTS The rostral exposure of the brainstem was limited by the sella. The lateral limits of the exposure were the intracavernous carotid arteries at the level of the sellar floor, the intrapetrous carotid arteries at the level of the petrous apex, and the inferior petrosal sinuses toward the basion. Caudal extension necessitated partial resection of the anterior C-1 arch and the odontoid process. The midline pons and medulla were exposed in all specimens. Trigeminal nerves were barely visible without the use of angled endoscopes. Access to the peritrigeminal safe zone for gaining entry into the brainstem is medially limited by the pyramidal tract, with a mean lateral pyramidal distance (LPD) of 4.8 ± 0.8 mm. The mean interpyramidal distance was 3.6 ± 0.5 mm, and it progressively decreased toward the pontomedullary junction. The corticospinal tracts (CSTs) coursed from deep to superficial in a craniocaudal direction. The small caliber of the medulla with very superficial CSTs left no room for a safe ventral dissection. The mean pontobasilar midline index averaged at 0.44 ± 0.1. CONCLUSIONS Endoscopic endonasal approaches are best suited for pontine intraaxial tumors when they are close to the midline and strictly anterior to the CST, or for exophytic lesions. Approaching the medulla is anatomically feasible, but the superficiality of the eloquent tracts and interposed nerves limit the safe entry zones. Pituitary transposition after sellar opening is necessary to access the mesencephalon.
The mean age was 67.2 ± 12.8 years (range, 34-89 years). Forty-one brachiocephalic arteries (43%), 14 left common carotid arteries (15%), and 7 left subclavian arteries (10%) exhibited residual dissection. The diameter of the residual dissected branch with a patent false lumen (FL) gradually increased over time, whereas that with a thrombosed FL decreased and reached a plateau. The growth rate of brachiocephalic, left common carotid, and left subclavian arteries with a patent FL was 1.3 ± 1.2, 0.8 ± 0.3, and 0.6 ± 0.4 mm/y, respectively. One patient required surgical intervention for dilation of the brachiocephalic artery 8 years postoperatively. Multivariate analysis showed that male sex was an independent risk factor for a patent FL in the brachiocephalic artery (P = .0431; odds ratio, 2.04).
A residual dissected supra-aortic trunk with a thrombosed FL seems to be a benign condition. However, long-term follow-up is necessary for patients with a patent FL of residual dissected supra-aortic trunk, which might occasionally require surgical intervention.
This technique seems to be a good alternative to the pectoralis major myocutaneous flap for covering cervical major vessels, if no classical radical neck dissection is performed, especially in those oncologic malnourished patients who will undergo adjuvant radiotherapy after surgical treatment.
Conclusion Carotid artery dissection may result in an HC-like headache syndrome. A specific response to indomethacin does not rule out dissection as underlying pathology. Screening for extracranial manifestations of FMD should be considered, especially in middle-aged females.
All patients underwent the awake test during CEA with cervical plexus block and light sedation by continuous dexmedetomidine infusion. Results: Mean operation and clamp times were 108.5 ± 20.1 min and 30.1 ± 6.9 min, respectively. Selective shunt placement was performed in three patients (13.0%). There were no cases of perioperative stroke, myocardial infarction, or death. There were no occurrences of residual stenosis, thrombosis, or dissection. One patient had a hypoglossal nerve injury but fully recovered before discharge. Mean (± standard deviation) hospital stay was 7.5 ± 2.6 days. There were no incidences of death, stroke, or restenosis during a mean follow-up period of 9.2 ± 8.8 months. Conclusions: RA with dexmedetomidine infusion appears to be a safe and feasible option. A lower shunt placement rate and favorable patient outcomes were observed following the awake test during CEA.
8% of the entire FMD cohort including patients with and without LE imaging). The majority of patients were women (96.8%), with an average age of 52 ± 11.3 years at the time of diagnosis. All patients had FMD present in another vascular bed, most commonly in the renal (80.6%) and extracranial carotid arteries (79.0%). Most patients had multifocal FMD (95.2%) and bilateral LE disease (69.4%), with the external (87.1%), common (19.4%), and internal (11.3%) iliac arteries most commonly affected. Presenting symptoms of LE involvement included claudication (22.6%), atypical leg symptoms (14.5%), and dissection (6.5%), but most patients were asymptomatic (71.0%). Nearly all patients were managed conservatively (98.4%) and only 1 patient required intervention.
An anomalous belly of the right sternothyroid muscle was observed between the internal jugular (IJ) vein and the internal carotid artery with an additional insertion into the tympanic plate and petrous part of the temporal bone and the presence of a levator glandulae thyroideae muscle. The anomalous muscle may compress the IJ vein if it is related to the neurovascular structures of neck; hence, knowledge of variations of the infrahyoid muscles can aid in the evaluation of IJ vein compression among patients with idiopathic symptoms resulting from venous congestion.
Data, including clinical variables, radiological features, and yield of angiography, were collected to evaluate the clinical features, etiological causes, and prognostic factors of this disease. A total of 67 patients (73.6%) were diagnosed with PIVH which constituted 3.2% of contemporary patients with hemorrhagic stroke in our hospital. Thirty-four patients (52.3%) were diagnosed with vascular structural abnormality (VSA)-related PIVH, and the etiologies included Moyamoya disease (22.4%), arteriovenous malformations (17.9%), aneurysms (7.5%), bilateral internal carotid artery dissection (1.5%), and tumor (1.5%). Idiopathic PIVH was diagnosed in 31 patients (47.7%), including coagulopathy in 3 (4.5%). Patients with VSA-related PIVH were younger than idiopathic PIVH patients, with a mean age of 37.1 ± 14.6 years, and idiopathic PIVH patients were more commonly hypertensive. The overall mortality rate was 11.9%, and 21 patients (31.3%) had a poor outcome at the 6-month follow-up. Patients with younger age, lower Graeb score, and a known etiology of arteriovenous malformation might be associated with a favorable outcome. We recommended routine thin-slice computed tomography (CT) scan, computed tomographic angiography (CTA), and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) for patients with PIVH. The etiological causes and prognostic factors of PIVH in Chinese patients were associated with distinctive features.