Dissection Aortic Publications (15474)


Dissection Aortic Publications

Aorta (Stamford)
Aorta (Stamford) 2016 Aug 1;4(4):138-141. Epub 2016 Aug 1.
General and Specialist Surgery Department, Cardiac Surgery Unit, Parma General Hospital, Parma, Italy.

Acute coronary thrombosis after emergent surgery for acute Type A aortic dissection is a rare event that can remain undiagnosed in absence of typical electrocardiogram readings. We report a case of left anterior descending artery thrombosis without ST-segment elevation three days after surgical repair, which was successfully treated with angioplasty and stenting. Read More

Aorta (Stamford)
Aorta (Stamford) 2016 Aug 1;4(4):115-123. Epub 2016 Aug 1.
Department of Cardiac Surgery, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, Connecticut, USA.

The goal of this study was to compare early postoperative outcomes and actuarial-free survival between patients who underwent repair of acute Type A aortic dissection with axillary or femoral artery cannulation.
A total of 305 patients from five academic medical centers underwent acute Type A aortic dissection repair via axillary (n = 107) or femoral (n = 198) artery cannulation between January 2000 and December 2010. Major morbidity, operative mortality, and 5-year actuarial survival were compared between groups. Read More

Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine predictors of operative mortality, and Cox regression hazard ratios were calculated to determine predictors of long-term mortality.
Operative mortality was not influenced by cannulation site (16% for axillary cannulation vs. 19% for femoral cannulation, p = 0.64). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, hemodynamic instability (p < 0.001) and prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass time (>200 min; p = 0.05) emerged as independent predictors of operative mortality. Stroke rates were comparable between the two techniques (14% for axillary and 17% for femoral cannulation, p = 0.52). Five-year actuarial survival was comparable between the groups (55.1% for axillary and 65.7% for femoral cannulation, p = 0.36). In Cox regression analysis, predictors of long-term mortality were: age (p < 0.001), stroke (p < 0.001), prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass time (p = 0.001), hemodynamic instability (p = 0.002), and renal failure (p = 0.001).
The outcomes of femoral versus axillary arterial cannulation in patients with acute Type A aortic dissection are comparable. The choice of arterial cannulation site should be individualized based on different patient risk profiles.

Aorta (Stamford)
Aorta (Stamford) 2016 Jun 1;4(3):108-110. Epub 2016 Jun 1.
Department of Cardiac Surgery, Virgen de la Salud Hospital, Toledo, Spain.

We describe the case of a 61-year-old male with a giant aortic root aneurysm associated with chronic aortic Type A dissection. The patient had been operated on 16 years before due to aortic annuloectasia with mechanical valve replacement. The patient underwent revision aortic surgery with a Bentall-De Bono operation with Svensson modification, using a #21 On-X Valsalva mechanical valve conduit. Read More

The postoperative course was uneventful.

Aorta (Stamford)
Aorta (Stamford) 2016 Jun 1;4(3):83-90. Epub 2016 Jun 1.
Aortic Institute at Yale-New Haven Hospital, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Carriers of the 719Arg variant in KIF6, compared with noncarriers, have been reported to be at greater risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) in six prospective studies. Because CHD, thoracic aortic dissection, and nondissection thoracic aortic aneurysm share some risk factors and aspects of pathophysiology, we investigated whether carriers of the 719Arg variant also have greater odds of thoracic aortic dissection or nondissected thoracic aortic aneurysm than noncarriers.
We genotyped 140 thoracic aortic dissection cases, 497 nondissection thoracic aortic aneurysm cases, and 275 disease-free controls collected in the United States, Hungary, and Greece and investigated the association between KIF6 719Arg carrier status and thoracic aortic dissection, and between KIF6 719Arg carrier status and nondissection thoracic aortic aneurysm, using logistic regression models adjusted for age, sex, hypertension, smoking, and country. Read More

The odds of aortic dissection were two-fold greater in KIF6 719Arg carriers compared with noncarriers (odds ratio (OR) 2.14, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.18-3.9). To account for the potential of concomitant CHD to confound the association between the KIF6 719Arg and thoracic aortic dissection, we repeated the analysis after removing subjects with concomitant CHD; the estimates for association of KIF6 719Arg carrier status remained essentially the same (OR 2.04, 95% CI 1.11-3.77). In contrast, KIF6 719Arg carrier status was not associated with risk for nondissection thoracic aortic aneurysm.
We observed an association of the KIF6 719Arg genetic variant with thoracic aortic dissection in this multicenter case-control study. This association may enhance our management of patients with thoracic aortic disease.

Gynecol. Oncol.
Gynecol Oncol 2017 Jan 14. Epub 2017 Jan 14.
Department of Radiotherapy, Brachytherapy Unit, Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, France; INSERM 1030, Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, France; Institut de Recherche Biomédicale des Armées, Bretigny-sur-Orge, France; French Military Health Service Academy, Ecole du Val-de-Grâce, Paris, France. Electronic address:

To report clinical results of a multimodal strategy based on preoperative brachytherapy followed with surgery in early stage cervical cancer.
The outcome of consecutive patients receiving brachytherapy in our Institution for an early stage IB1-IIA1 invasive cervical cancer with risk factors (lymphovascular embols and/or tumor >2cm) between 2000 and 2013 was analyzed. The treatment consisted of preoperative low dose or pulse dose-rate utero-vaginal brachytherapy followed, 6-8weeks later, by a radical hysterectomy/bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy plus pelvic±para-aortic lymph node dissection. Read More

A postoperative chemoradiation was delivered in patients with histological evidence of lymph nodes metastases.
182 patients were identified. Histological examination of hysterectomy specimen showed the presence of a tumor residuum in 55 patients (30.2%). One patient (0.5%) had residual tumor cells in the parametria. With a median follow-up of 5.3years, 14 patients (7.7%) presented tumor relapse, including three (1.6%) local relapses. Five-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate was 93.6% (95%CI: 91.6-95.6%). In log-rank analysis, presence of pelvic nodal metastases at time of lymphadenectomy (p=0.001) and tumor size ≥3cm (p=0.003) correlated with a poorer DFS. Presence of a tumor residuum on hysterectomy specimen correlated with a higher risk of pelvic or para-aortic failure (p=0.035). A time interval>10weeks between brachytherapy and surgery correlated with a higher risk of failure outside the pelvis (p=0.003). Significant postoperative complications were reported in 16 patients (8.8%). All delayed toxicities were mild to moderate.
A preoperative brachytherapy is a safe and effective option in early stage cervical cancer.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord
BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2017 Jan 17;17(1):30. Epub 2017 Jan 17.
Yuequn Qiu, MS, Department of Cardiology, Ganzhou cardiology center, Society for Cardiovascular Internal Medicine, Emergency Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Gannan Medical University, Ganzhou, 341000, China.

To identify and characterize the most frequently cited articles that have been published on aortic dissection.
A list of the 100 most frequently cited publications (T100) about aortic dissection was generated by performing a searching of the Science Citation Index--Expanded using "aortic dissection" as the search term. Basic information about the articles was recorded, including number of citations, journal title, journal impact factor, time since publication, first author's country, topic/subspecialty of the research, and publication type. Read More

We finally included 180 articles on aortic dissection, from which we identified the 100 most frequently cited articles (T100). The most frequently cited article received 1079 citations, while the least frequently cited article received 68 (mean140.5 citations per article). The T100 originated from 19 countries, with more than half of them originating from the USA (n = 97). The T100 articles were published from 1955 to 2013, with 79% published during the period 1990-2009. In addition, there were 40 different journals with Circulation having the most citations (n = 38). Regarding the article type, there were 21 basic and 140 clinical research articles, one meta-analysis, and 18 review articles. Reviews had the highest mean number of citations (mean 235.5 citations per article).
Our study provides a historical perspective on the progress of dissection research, and helps to identify the quality of the work, the discoveries made, and the trends steering the studies.

J Vet Cardiol
J Vet Cardiol 2017 Jan 13. Epub 2017 Jan 13.
Section of Cardiology, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca NY 14853, USA.

A 10 week old female intact Staffordshire terrier was presented with a total of five congenital cardio-thoracic vascular anomalies consisting of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) with an aneurysmic dilation, pulmonic stenosis, persistent right aortic arch, aberrant left subclavian artery and persistent left cranial vena cava. These abnormalities were identified with a combination of echocardiogram and computed tomography angiography (CTA). The abnormalities were associated with esophageal entrapment, regurgitation, and volume overload of the left heart with left atrial and ventricular enlargement. Read More

A 2 cm diameter aneurysmic dilation at the junction of the PDA, right aortic arch and aberrant left subclavian artery presented an unusual surgical challenge and precluded simple circumferential ligation and transection of the structure. A full scale three dimensional model of the heart and vasculature was constructed from the CTA and plasma sterilized. The model was used preoperatively to facilitate surgical planning and enhance intraoperative communication and coordination between the surgical and anesthesia teams. Intraoperatively the model facilitated spatial orientation, atraumatic vascular dissection, instrument sizing and positioning. A thoracoabdominal stapler was used to close the PDA aneurysm prior to transection. At the four-month postoperative follow-up the patient was doing well. This is the first reported application of new imaging and modeling technology to enhance surgical planning when approaching correction of complex cardiovascular anomalies in a dog.

J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2016 Dec 20. Epub 2016 Dec 20.
Department of Cardiac Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address:

Ex vivo measurement of ascending aortic biomechanical properties may help understand the risk for rupture or dissection of dilated ascending aortas. A validated in vivo method that can predict aortic biomechanics does not exist. Speckle tracking transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has been used to measure ventricular stiffness; we sought to determine whether speckle TEE could be adapted to estimate aortic stiffness in vivo and compare these findings with those obtained by ex vivo tissue measurements. Read More

A total of 17 patients undergoing ascending aortic resection were recruited to with a mean aortic diameter was 56.16 ± 15 mm. Intraoperative speckle TEE tracking analysis was used to calculate aortic stiffness index using the following equation: β2=ln(SBP/DBP)/AoS, where β2 is the stiffness index; SBP is systolic blood pressure; DBP is diastolic blood pressure; and AoS is the circumferential strain. Ex vivo stiffness was obtained by mechanical tissue testing according to previously described methods. The aortic ring at the pulmonary trunk was divided into 4 equal quadrants.
The in vivo stiffness index for the inner curvature, anterior wall, outer curvature, and posterior wall were 0.0544 ± 0.0490, 0.0295 ± 0.0199, 0.0411 ± 0.0328, and 0.0502 ± 0.0320, respectively. The mean ex vivo 25% apparent stiffness for inner curvature, anterior wall, outer curvature, and posterior wall were 0.0616 ± 0.0758 MPa, 0.0352 ± 0.00992 MPa, 0.0405 ± 0.0199 MPa, and 0.0327 ± 0.0106 MPa, respectively. The patient-matched ex vivo 25% apparent stiffness and in vivo stiffness index were not significantly different (P = .8617, 2-way analysis of variance with repeated measures).
The use of speckle TEE appears to be a promising technique to estimate ex vivo mechanical properties of the ascending aortic tissue.

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2017 Jan 15. Epub 2017 Jan 15.
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Skane University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.

Bleeding complications associated with acute type A aortic dissection (aTAAD) are a well-known clinical problem. Here, we evaluated predictors of massive bleeding related to aTAAD and associated surgery and assessed the impact of massive bleeding on complications and survival.
This retrospective study of 256 patients used Blood Conservation Using Antifibrinolytics in a Randomized Trial (BART) criteria to define massive bleeding, which was met by 66 individuals (Group I) who were compared to the remaining patients (Group II). Read More

Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify independent predictors of massive bleeding and in-hospital mortality, Kaplan-Meier estimates for analysis of late survival, and Cox regression analysis to evaluate independent predictors of late mortality.
Independent predictors of massive bleeding included symptom duration (odds ratio [OR], 0.974 per hour increment; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.950-0.999; P = 0.041) and DeBakey type 1 dissection (OR, 2.652; 95% CI, 1.004-7.008; P = 0.049). In-hospital mortality was higher in Group I (30.3% vs 8.0%, P <0.001). Kaplan-Meier estimates of survival indicated poorer survival for Group I at 1, 3 and 5 years (68.8 ± 5.9% vs 92.8 ± 1.9%; 65.2 ± 6.2% vs 85.3 ± 2.7%; 53.9 ± 6.9% vs 82.1 ± 3.3 %, respectively; log rank P < 0.001). Re-exploration for bleeding was an independent predictor of in-hospital (OR, 3.109; 95% CI, 1.044-9.256; P = 0.042) and late mortalities (hazard ratio, 3.039; 95% CI, 1.605-5.757; P = 0.001).
Massive bleeding in patients with aTAAD is prompted by shorter symptom duration and longer extent of dissection and has deleterious effects on outcomes of postoperative complications as well as in-hospital and late mortalities.

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2017 Jan 11. Epub 2017 Jan 11.
Pharmaceutical Research Division, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Ltd., 26-1, Muraoka-Higashi 2chome, Fujisawa, Kanagawa, 251-8555, Japan.

Although chronic kidney disease (CKD) is strongly associated with onsets of cardiovascular disease (CVD), the pathogenic mechanism between these diseases has not been fully understood. To develop and validate new therapeutic strategies for this complication, appropriate experimental models that reflect the complexity of the underlying pathophysiology are needed. The Osborne-Mendel (OM) rat was identified as an atherosclerosis-prone and a premature-death rat strain among 16 inbred rat strains when fed high-cholesterol containing diet. Read More

When fed high-cholesterol diet, OM rats showed simultaneous occurrence of aortic aneurysm, aortic dissection, peripheral artery occlusion, and left atrial thrombosis. OM rats had significantly lower max dP/dt and higher min dP/dt than F344 rats did, indicating impaired left ventricle contractility and relaxation. OM rats developed renal dysfunction, showing increased urinary albumin excretion. OM rats also showed mild hypertension, decreased endothelial function, and enhanced coagulation and platelet aggregation, compared with F344 rats. We now report that OM rat would be a novel spontaneous animal model which simultaneously demonstrates cardiac and renal dysfunction, and CVD events. This model could be a useful model for the pre-clinical testing of pharmacological therapies and could provide new insight into potential targets and pathways for the treatment of CKD and CVD.