Dissection Aortic Publications (15474)
Dissection Aortic Publications
Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine predictors of operative mortality, and Cox regression hazard ratios were calculated to determine predictors of long-term mortality.
Operative mortality was not influenced by cannulation site (16% for axillary cannulation vs. 19% for femoral cannulation, p = 0.64). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, hemodynamic instability (p < 0.001) and prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass time (>200 min; p = 0.05) emerged as independent predictors of operative mortality. Stroke rates were comparable between the two techniques (14% for axillary and 17% for femoral cannulation, p = 0.52). Five-year actuarial survival was comparable between the groups (55.1% for axillary and 65.7% for femoral cannulation, p = 0.36). In Cox regression analysis, predictors of long-term mortality were: age (p < 0.001), stroke (p < 0.001), prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass time (p = 0.001), hemodynamic instability (p = 0.002), and renal failure (p = 0.001).
The outcomes of femoral versus axillary arterial cannulation in patients with acute Type A aortic dissection are comparable. The choice of arterial cannulation site should be individualized based on different patient risk profiles.
The postoperative course was uneventful.
The odds of aortic dissection were two-fold greater in KIF6 719Arg carriers compared with noncarriers (odds ratio (OR) 2.14, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.18-3.9). To account for the potential of concomitant CHD to confound the association between the KIF6 719Arg and thoracic aortic dissection, we repeated the analysis after removing subjects with concomitant CHD; the estimates for association of KIF6 719Arg carrier status remained essentially the same (OR 2.04, 95% CI 1.11-3.77). In contrast, KIF6 719Arg carrier status was not associated with risk for nondissection thoracic aortic aneurysm.
We observed an association of the KIF6 719Arg genetic variant with thoracic aortic dissection in this multicenter case-control study. This association may enhance our management of patients with thoracic aortic disease.
A postoperative chemoradiation was delivered in patients with histological evidence of lymph nodes metastases.
182 patients were identified. Histological examination of hysterectomy specimen showed the presence of a tumor residuum in 55 patients (30.2%). One patient (0.5%) had residual tumor cells in the parametria. With a median follow-up of 5.3years, 14 patients (7.7%) presented tumor relapse, including three (1.6%) local relapses. Five-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate was 93.6% (95%CI: 91.6-95.6%). In log-rank analysis, presence of pelvic nodal metastases at time of lymphadenectomy (p=0.001) and tumor size ≥3cm (p=0.003) correlated with a poorer DFS. Presence of a tumor residuum on hysterectomy specimen correlated with a higher risk of pelvic or para-aortic failure (p=0.035). A time interval>10weeks between brachytherapy and surgery correlated with a higher risk of failure outside the pelvis (p=0.003). Significant postoperative complications were reported in 16 patients (8.8%). All delayed toxicities were mild to moderate.
A preoperative brachytherapy is a safe and effective option in early stage cervical cancer.
We finally included 180 articles on aortic dissection, from which we identified the 100 most frequently cited articles (T100). The most frequently cited article received 1079 citations, while the least frequently cited article received 68 (mean140.5 citations per article). The T100 originated from 19 countries, with more than half of them originating from the USA (n = 97). The T100 articles were published from 1955 to 2013, with 79% published during the period 1990-2009. In addition, there were 40 different journals with Circulation having the most citations (n = 38). Regarding the article type, there were 21 basic and 140 clinical research articles, one meta-analysis, and 18 review articles. Reviews had the highest mean number of citations (mean 235.5 citations per article).
Our study provides a historical perspective on the progress of dissection research, and helps to identify the quality of the work, the discoveries made, and the trends steering the studies.
A 2 cm diameter aneurysmic dilation at the junction of the PDA, right aortic arch and aberrant left subclavian artery presented an unusual surgical challenge and precluded simple circumferential ligation and transection of the structure. A full scale three dimensional model of the heart and vasculature was constructed from the CTA and plasma sterilized. The model was used preoperatively to facilitate surgical planning and enhance intraoperative communication and coordination between the surgical and anesthesia teams. Intraoperatively the model facilitated spatial orientation, atraumatic vascular dissection, instrument sizing and positioning. A thoracoabdominal stapler was used to close the PDA aneurysm prior to transection. At the four-month postoperative follow-up the patient was doing well. This is the first reported application of new imaging and modeling technology to enhance surgical planning when approaching correction of complex cardiovascular anomalies in a dog.
A total of 17 patients undergoing ascending aortic resection were recruited to with a mean aortic diameter was 56.16 ± 15 mm. Intraoperative speckle TEE tracking analysis was used to calculate aortic stiffness index using the following equation: β2=ln(SBP/DBP)/AoS, where β2 is the stiffness index; SBP is systolic blood pressure; DBP is diastolic blood pressure; and AoS is the circumferential strain. Ex vivo stiffness was obtained by mechanical tissue testing according to previously described methods. The aortic ring at the pulmonary trunk was divided into 4 equal quadrants.
The in vivo stiffness index for the inner curvature, anterior wall, outer curvature, and posterior wall were 0.0544 ± 0.0490, 0.0295 ± 0.0199, 0.0411 ± 0.0328, and 0.0502 ± 0.0320, respectively. The mean ex vivo 25% apparent stiffness for inner curvature, anterior wall, outer curvature, and posterior wall were 0.0616 ± 0.0758 MPa, 0.0352 ± 0.00992 MPa, 0.0405 ± 0.0199 MPa, and 0.0327 ± 0.0106 MPa, respectively. The patient-matched ex vivo 25% apparent stiffness and in vivo stiffness index were not significantly different (P = .8617, 2-way analysis of variance with repeated measures).
The use of speckle TEE appears to be a promising technique to estimate ex vivo mechanical properties of the ascending aortic tissue.
Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify independent predictors of massive bleeding and in-hospital mortality, Kaplan-Meier estimates for analysis of late survival, and Cox regression analysis to evaluate independent predictors of late mortality.
Independent predictors of massive bleeding included symptom duration (odds ratio [OR], 0.974 per hour increment; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.950-0.999; P = 0.041) and DeBakey type 1 dissection (OR, 2.652; 95% CI, 1.004-7.008; P = 0.049). In-hospital mortality was higher in Group I (30.3% vs 8.0%, P <0.001). Kaplan-Meier estimates of survival indicated poorer survival for Group I at 1, 3 and 5 years (68.8 ± 5.9% vs 92.8 ± 1.9%; 65.2 ± 6.2% vs 85.3 ± 2.7%; 53.9 ± 6.9% vs 82.1 ± 3.3 %, respectively; log rank P < 0.001). Re-exploration for bleeding was an independent predictor of in-hospital (OR, 3.109; 95% CI, 1.044-9.256; P = 0.042) and late mortalities (hazard ratio, 3.039; 95% CI, 1.605-5.757; P = 0.001).
Massive bleeding in patients with aTAAD is prompted by shorter symptom duration and longer extent of dissection and has deleterious effects on outcomes of postoperative complications as well as in-hospital and late mortalities.
When fed high-cholesterol diet, OM rats showed simultaneous occurrence of aortic aneurysm, aortic dissection, peripheral artery occlusion, and left atrial thrombosis. OM rats had significantly lower max dP/dt and higher min dP/dt than F344 rats did, indicating impaired left ventricle contractility and relaxation. OM rats developed renal dysfunction, showing increased urinary albumin excretion. OM rats also showed mild hypertension, decreased endothelial function, and enhanced coagulation and platelet aggregation, compared with F344 rats. We now report that OM rat would be a novel spontaneous animal model which simultaneously demonstrates cardiac and renal dysfunction, and CVD events. This model could be a useful model for the pre-clinical testing of pharmacological therapies and could provide new insight into potential targets and pathways for the treatment of CKD and CVD.