Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation CPR Publications (20378)
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation CPR Publications
VF was induced in anesthetized pigs. After 8 min of untreated VF, chest compressions and ventilation were started and one of the drugs (amiodarone 5 mg kg(-1), dantrolene 2.5 mg kg(-1) or saline) was applied. After 4 min of initial CPR, defibrillation was attempted. ROSC rates, hemodynamics and cerebral perfusion measurements were measured. Initial ROSC rates were 7 of 14 animals in the dantrolene group vs. 5 of 14 for amiodarone, and 3 of 10 for saline). ROSC persisted for the 120 min follow-up in 6 animals in the dantrolene group, 4 after amiodarone and 2 in the saline group (n.s.). Hemodynamics were comparable in both dantrolene group amiodarone group after obtaining ROSC. Dantrolene and amiodarone had similar outcomes in our model of prolonged cardiac arrest, However, hemodynamic stability was not significantly improved using dantrolene. Dantrolene might be an alternative drug for resuscitation and should be further investigated.
The meetings took place up to information saturation, achieved after six individual interviews and a focal group. The meetings were then transcribed and a manual and inductive analysis of the contents performed.
After a failed resuscitation several short and long-term reactions appear. They can be negatives, such as sadness or uncertainty, or positives, such as the feeling of having done everything possible to save the patient's life. Emotional stress increases when ambulance staff have to talk with the deceased's family or when the patient is a child. The workers don't know of a coping strategy other than talking about their emotions with their colleagues.
Death after a failed resuscitation can be viewed as a traumatic experience for rescuers. Being in contact with the suffering of others is an emotional, stress-generating factor with direct repercussions on the working and personal lives of emergency staff. Nevertheless, structured coping techniques are not common among those professionals.
The outcomes of patients with prophylactic DPC placement at cannulation (prophylactic DPC) were compared to a historical group with DPCs placed in response only to clinically evident ischemic changes (reactive DPC). Ischemic complication requiring invasive intervention (fasciotomy or amputation) was the primary outcome. Twenty-nine patients underwent a total of 31 femoral arterial cannulations, 17 with prophylactic DPC and 14 with reactive DPC. Ischemic complications requiring invasive intervention developed in 2 of 17 (12%) prophylactic DPC patients versus 4 of 14 (29%) reactive DPC. In the reactive DPC group, 7 of 14 (50%) had ischemic changes postcannulation, six underwent DPC placement, and three out of six of these patients still required invasive intervention. One of the seven patients had ischemic changes, did not undergo DPC, and required amputation. While a greater percentage of patients in the prophylactic group was cannulated during extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR), statistical significance was not otherwise demonstrated. We demonstrate feasibility of superficial femoral artery (SFA) access in pediatric patients. We note fewer ischemic complications with prophylactic DPC placement, and observe that salvaging a limb with a reactive DPC was only successful 50% of the time. Although there was no statistical difference in the primary outcome between the two groups, limitations and confounding factors include small sample size and a greater percentage of patients in the prophylactic DPC group cannulated with ECPR in progress.
Neonatal demographics, reason for transfer and outcome at 48 h and at discharge were also collected. Descriptive analyses were performed.
Fifty neonates were transferred to the UHWI; the most common reason for transfer was for respiratory support [30 (60%)]. The most common mode of transport was by road ambulance [42 (84%)]. Seventeen (34%) neonates experienced at least one adverse event during transport. On arrival, 27 (54%) neonates required warming, 42 (84%) fluid resuscitation and 14 (28%) cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Eighteen (36%) neonates died. The need for CPR on arrival predicted mortality (odds ratio: 2.3, confidence interval: 0.01-0.75, p = 0.02). A lack of appropriate equipment and adequately trained personnel was also noted.
Ensuring pre-transport stabilization of neonates, the availability of adequately trained staff and the provision of appropriate equipment must be urgently addressed to improve the outcome of neonatal transport in resource-limited settings like Jamaica.
Of the 404 adults surveyed (mean age 55 ± 17 years, 59% female, 73% metropolitan residents), 274 (68%) had undergone CPR training. Only 50% (n = 201) had heard of hands-only CPR, with most citing first-aid courses (41%) and media (36%) as sources of information. Of those who had undergone training, the majority had received training more than 5 years previously (52%) and only 28% had received training or refreshed training in the past 12 months. Most received training in a formal first-aid class (43%), and received training as a requirement for work (67%). The most common reasons for not having training were: they had never thought about it (59%), did not have time (25%) and did not know where to learn (15%). Compared to standard CPR, a greater proportion of respondents were willing to provide hands-only CPR for strangers (67% vs 86%, P < 0.001).
From an Australian perspective, there is still room for improvement in CPR training rates and awareness of hands-only CPR. Further promotion of hands-only CPR and self-instruction (e.g. DVD kits or online) may see further improvements in CPR training and bystander CPR rates.
The patient underwent extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation, allowing stabilization, diagnosis, and treatment with etidronate, followed by successful discharge to home.
The current focus of these activities is on school- and sports venue-based ambulatory external defibrillator programmes and formal cardiopulmonary resuscitation education in high schools. The extension of these programmes to the level of state mandates has been slower, and even when enacted, public funding has usually not been approved.