Cardiomyopathy Dilated Publications (20372)
Cardiomyopathy Dilated Publications
Ventricular myocytes were isolated from 2 month male Sprague Dawley rats. Cells were cultured in M199 media and infected with recombinant adenovirus containing the P830L or the A1004S mutant human αMHC at a MOI of 500 for 18 h. Uninfected cells (UI), human βMHC (MOI 500, 18 h), and human αMHC (MOI 500, 18 h) were used as controls. Cells were loaded with fura-2 (1 μM, 15 min) after 48 h. Sarcomere shortening and calcium transients were recorded in CO2 buffered M199 media (36°±1 C) with and without 10 nM isoproterenol (Iso). The A1004S mutation resulted in decreased peak sarcomere shortening while P830L demonstrated near normal shortening kinetics at baseline. In the presence of Iso, the A1004S sarcomere shortening was identical to the βMHC shortening while the P830L was identical to the αMHC control. All experimental groups had identical calcium transients. Despite a shared association with DCM, the P830L and A1004S αMHC mutations alter myocyte contractility in completely different ways while at the same preserving peak intracellular calcium.
Three hundred fourteen consecutive patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy or nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy undergoing cardiovascular magnetic resonance were followed for the primary outcome of sudden cardiac arrest or appropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy. Blinded quantification of left ventricular and right ventricular (RV) volumes was performed from standard cine imaging. Quantification of fibrosis from late gadolinium enhancement imaging was incrementally performed. RV dysfunction was defined as right ventricular ejection fraction ≤45%. Among all patients (164 ischemic cardiomyopathy, 150 nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy), the mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 32±12% (range, 6-54%) with mean right ventricular ejection fraction of 48±15% (range, 7-78%). At a median of 773 days, 49 patients (15.6%) experienced the primary outcome (9 sudden cardiac arrest, 40 appropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapies). RV dysfunction was independently predictive of the primary outcome (hazard ratio=2.98; P=0.002). Among those with a left ventricular ejection fraction >35% (N=121; mean left ventricular ejection fraction, 45±6%), RV dysfunction provided an adjusted hazard ratio of 4.2 (P=0.02).
RV dysfunction is a strong, independent predictor of arrhythmic events. Among patients with mild to moderate LV dysfunction, a cohort greatly contributing to global sudden cardiac arrest burden, this marker provides robust discrimination of high- versus low-risk subjects.
In line with microarray data, MLF1 was profoundly downregulated in in vivo mouse models of cardiomyopathy, and also significantly reduced in the hearts of human patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. Our data indicates that the overexpression of MLF1 in NRVCMs inhibited cell proliferation while augmenting apoptosis. Conversely, knockdown of MLF1 protected NRVCMs from apoptosis and promoted cell proliferation. Moreover, we found that knockdown of MLF1 protected NRVCMs from hypoxia-induced cell death. The observed accelerated apoptosis is attributed to the activation of caspase-3/-7/PARP-dependent apoptotic signaling and upregulation of p53. Most interestingly, MLF1 knockdown significantly upregulated the expression of D cyclins suggesting its possible role in cyclin-dependent cell proliferation. Taken together, we, for the first time, identified an important role for MLF1 in NRVCM proliferation.
We previously developed transgenic (Tg) mice expressing the transcriptional repressor, E2F6, to interfere with the E2F/Rb pathway in post-natal myocardium. These Tg mice present with an E2F6 dose dependent DCM and deregulated connexin-43 (CX-43) levels in myocardium. Using the Seahorse platform, a 22% decrease in glycolysis was noted in neonatal cardiomyocytes isolated from E2F6-Tg hearts. This was associated with a 39% reduction in the glucose transporter GLUT4 and 50% less activation of the regulator of glucose metabolism AKT2. The specific reduction of cyclin B1 (70%) in Tg myocardium implicates its importance in supporting glycolysis in the postnatal heart. No changes in cyclin D expression (known to regulate mitochondrial activity) were noted and lipid metabolism remained unchanged in neonatal cardiomyocytes from Tg hearts. However, E2F6 induced a 40-fold increase of the Bdh1 transcript and 890% increase in its protein levels in hearts from Tg pups implying a potential impact on ketolysis. By contrast, BDH1 expression is not activated until adulthood in normal myocardium. Neonatal cardiomyocytes from Wt hearts incubated with the ketone β-hydroxybutyrate (β-OHB) showed a 100% increase in CX-43 protein levels, implying a role for ketone signaling in gap junction biology. Neonatal cardiomyocyte cultures from Tg hearts exhibited enhanced levels of BDH1 and CX-43 and were not responsive to β-OHB.
The data reveal a novel role for the E2F pathway in regulating glycolysis in the developing myocardium through a mechanism involving cyclin B1. We reveal BDH1 expression as an early biomarker of heart failure and its potential impact, through ketone signaling, on CX-43 levels in E2F6-induced DCM.
In this article, the physiological cardiac changes of chronic athletic training are reviewed. A methodological approach using electrocardiography and echocardiography to differentiate between athlete's heart and cardiac disease is proposed.
The etiology was ischemic in 13 (46%), dilated cardiomyopathy in 8 (29%), and others in 7 (25%). All patients were in Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support class I, and 27 (96%) had multiorgan failure; 2 (7%) were post-cardiotomy and 12 (43%) had a previous cardiac arrest (mean arrest time 21 ± 17 min). Results Thirty-day post-implant survival was 79% (22 patients). Twenty (71%) patients were successfully bridged to transplantation or recovery. The mean support time was 40 days; 12 (43%) patients had >4-weeks' support (longest was 292 days). Eight (29%) patients died on support. Complications included bleeding in 10 (36%) cases, immediate stroke in 4 (14%), and dialysis in 8 (29%). There was no stroke during subsequent support. Eighteen (64%) patients underwent transplantation, and 17 of them were discharged. Two (7%) patients recovered and were discharged. Two-year survival was 62% ± 10%. Mean follow-up was 21 months (total follow-up 579 months). Two (7%) patients died during follow-up. All survivors were in New York Heart Association class I. Conclusions CentriMag is useful for medium-term support for cardiogenic shock in a developing country. Support for >4 weeks is feasible. The stroke rate is low during support. The major drawback is prolonged intensive care unit stay.
And its effect was seen on 6 minutes' walk distance and Pro-BNP levels. SPSS version 19 was used for data analysis. Dependent sample t-test was used to see the significant effect of vitamin D supplementation on pre- intervention vitamin D levels, 6MWD and Pro-BNP. Taking p-value <0.05 as significant.
On clinical assessment most of the patients were in NYHA class II (65%), the percentages of NYHA Class I, III and IV was 19%, 9% and 7% respectively. The baseline mean vitamin D level of the study group was 16.59±3.54ng/ml and it raised to 31.97±3.64ng/ml after 12 weeks of supplementation with vitamin D, p value<0.0005. The mean distance travelled by the study group before the intervention was 806±380ft while it increased to 945±393ft after the intervention, p value of 0.008. The mean of pro-BNP level of the study group before the intervention was 1024±635 while it improved to 159±80 after the intervention with a significant p value<0.0005.
Vitamin D supplementation decreases the severity of HF as reflected by reduction in serum pro-BNP levels and significant increase in six minutes' walk distance.
However, he was readmitted 1 month after discharge with significant left ventricular dysfunction and dilatation. The small folded ET caused a pressure gradient between the upper and lower body, which might deteriorate left ventricular function. Urgent balloon arterioplasty was performed to unfold the ET graft, resulting in no improvement of left ventricular function. ET removal and descending aorta replacement with an 18-mm graft was performed eventually. Left ventricular function and brain natriuretic peptide gradually improved after approximately 2 years of follow-up.
Although is usually mild, AV block can fluctuates rapidly and progress from a prolonged P-R interval to a His-Purkinje block within minutes to hours and days. Rarely, Lyme disease may be the cause of endocarditis, while some studies and reports, based on serological and/or molecular investigations, have suggested possible influence of Borrelia burgdorferi on degenerative cardiac valvular disease. Myocarditis, pericarditis, pancarditis, dilated cardiomyopathy, and heart failure have also been described as possible manifestations of Lyme carditis. The clinical course of Lyme carditis is generally mild, short term, and in most cases, completely reversible after adequate antibiotic treatment.
We retrospectively studied 31 patients with D-HCM to determine whether echocardiographic assessment of LV size and MR provides incremental prognostic information.During a follow-up period of 5.6 ± 4.2 years, there were 13 cardiovascular deaths. When the patients were divided into two groups by LV size at diagnosis of D-HCM, a non-dilated LV group (LV end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) < 50 mm, n = 9) and a dilated LV group (LVEDD ≥ 50 mm, n = 22), the clinical course in the non-dilated LV group was significantly worse. As for the clinical impact of MR, no patient in the non-dilated LV group showed significant MR and 7 of the patients with dilated LV size showed significant MR during follow-up. Once significant MR was reached, cardiovascular deaths were significantly more frequent in patients with MR.Patients with D-HCM, particularly those with less LV dilatation at diagnosis of dilated phase and with significant MR during follow-up, have a poor prognosis.