Bee Stings Publications (1266)

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Bee Stings Publications

2017Jan
Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med
Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 2017 Jan 14;25(1). Epub 2017 Jan 14.
Department of Dermatology and Allergy Center, Odense Research Center for Anaphylaxis (ORCA), Odense University Hospital, Sdr. Boulevard 29, Odense, DK-5000, Denmark.

Bee and wasp stings are among the most common triggers of anaphylaxis in adults representing around 20% of fatal anaphylaxis from any cause. Data of pre-hospital treatment of bee and wasp induced anaphylactic reactions are sparse. This study aimed to estimate the incidence of bee and wasp induced anaphylactic reactions, the severity of the reactions and to correlate the pre-hospital treatment with the severity of the anaphylactic reaction. Read More


Retrospective and descriptive study based on data from the Mobile Emergency Care Units (MECUs) in the Region of Southern Denmark (2008 only for Odense and 2009-2014 for the whole region). Discharge summaries with diagnosis related to anaphylaxis according to the International Classification of Diseases 10 (ICD-10) were reviewed to identify bee and wasp induced anaphylactic reactions. The severity of the anaphylactic reaction was assessed according to Sampson's severity score and Mueller's severity score. Treatment was evaluated in relation to administration of adrenaline, glucocorticoids and antihistamine.
We identified 273 cases (Odense 2008 n = 14 and Region of Southern Denmark 2009-2014 n = 259) of bee and wasp induced anaphylaxis. The Incidence Rate was estimated to 35.8 cases per 1,000,000 person year (95% CI 25.9-48.2) in the Region of Southern Denmark during 2009-2014. According to Sampson's severity score, 65% (n = 177) of the cases were graded as moderate to severe anaphylaxis (grade 3-5). Almost one third of cases could not be graded according to Mueller's severity score. Adrenaline was administrated in 54% (96/177) of cases with moderate to severe anaphylaxis according to Sampson's severity score, compared to 88% receiving intravenous glucocorticoids (p < 0.001) and 91% receiving intravenous antihistamines (p < 0.001). Even in severe anaphylaxis (grade 5) adrenaline was administered in only 80% of the cases.
Treatment with adrenaline is not administered in accordance with international guidelines. However, making an assessment of the severity of the anaphylactic reaction is difficult in retrospective studies.

2016Dec
Med J Armed Forces India
Med J Armed Forces India 2016 Dec 14;72(Suppl 1):S178-S181. Epub 2016 Jun 14.
Senior Adviser (Cardiology), Command Hospital (Western Command), Chandimandir, Haryana, India.
2016Dec
J. Cutan. Pathol.
J Cutan Pathol 2016 Dec 19. Epub 2016 Dec 19.
Department of Cellular Pathology, Hospital El Bierzo, Ponferrada, Spain.

Dermatopathologists are occasionally challenged by exogenous materials found in their biopsies. Recognition of most of the structures and morphological parts of foreign materials is not always easy because most of the literature thus far has focused on the study of the histological and histopathological aspects of human tissues, as well as on the granulomatous response elicited by such foreign bodies. However, there are some cases of rare exogenous material in biopsies, mainly published as case reports; and dermatopathologists often lose precious time searching for information about such cases. Read More

In this article, we examine the morphology of the following elements: alimentary detritus, cacti barbs, cotton fibers, silica particles, nail polish, maggots, sea urchin spines and honey bee stings.

2016Sep
Turk J Emerg Med
Turk J Emerg Med 2016 Sep 29;16(3):126-128. Epub 2016 Sep 29.
Department of Internal Medicine, Samsun Training and Research Hospital, Samsun, Turkey.

Various manifestations after bee sting have been described. Local reactions, such as pain, wheal, flare, edema and swelling, are common and generally self-limiting. Uncommonly manifestations like vomiting, diarrhea, dyspnea, generalized edema, acute renal failure, anaphylactic shock, myocardial infarction, hypotension, collapse, pulmonary hemorrhage, acute hemorrhagic pancreatitis, and atrial fibrillation may occur. Read More

We report a 59 year-old man who sustained ischemic stroke and multi-organ dysfunction following multiple bee stings.

2016Nov
Clin Mol Allergy
Clin Mol Allergy 2016 24;14:14. Epub 2016 Oct 24.
Allergy Unit, Sant'Anna Hospital, ASST Lariana, Via Napoleona 60, 22100 Como, Italy.

Systemic reactions (SR) to venom immunotherapy (VIT) are rare but may occur, with a rate significantly higher for honeybee than for vespid VIT. In patients with repeated SRs to VIT it is difficult to reach the maintenance dose of venom and pre-treatment with omalizumab is indicated, as shown by some studies reporting its preventative capacity, when antihistamines and corticosteroids are ineffective.
We present the case of a 47 years old woman allergic to bee venom who experienced two severe SRs after bee stings and several SRs to VIT with bee venom. Read More

Pre-treatment with antihistamines and corticosteroids as well as omalizumab at doses up to 300 mg was unsuccessful, while an omalizumab dose of 450 mg finally achieved in our patient the protection from SRs to VIT with 200 mcg of bee venom.
The search of the dose of omalizumab able to protect a patient with repeated SRs to VIT may be demanding, but this search is warranted by the need to provide to this kind of patient, by an adequate VIT, the protection from potentially life-threatening reactions.

2016Dec
Bull Soc Pathol Exot
Bull Soc Pathol Exot 2016 Dec 13;109(5):325-328. Epub 2016 Oct 13.
Service de pédiatrie, hôpital national de Lamordé, université Abdou-Moumouni-Dioffo, Niamey, Niger.

We report a fatal case due to a massive attack by a swarm of bees in a nine-year-old child. The accident was fatal because of two aggravating factors: the cephalic location and the large number of stings (about 300). Complications were coagulopathy, anemia, hemorrhage, coma, and oligoanuria. Read More

Support was symptomatic at a facility second level. The outcome was fatal within 14 days. In view of the encountered difficulties, we recommend to build written protocols for the management of envenomation in any health training reference.

2016Sep
BMC Public Health
BMC Public Health 2016 Sep 29;16(1):1021. Epub 2016 Sep 29.
F Balazard, S Le Fur, S Valtat, A J Valleron, P Bougnères, , Dominique Thevenieau, Corinne Fourmy Chatel, Rachel Desailloud, Hélène Bony-Trifunovic, Pierre-Henri Ducluzeau, Régis Coutant, Sophie Caudrelier, Armelle Pambou, Emmanuelle Dubosclard, Florence Joubert, Philippe Jan, Estelle Marcoux, Anne-Marie Bertrand, Brigitte Mignot, Alfred Penformis, Chantal Stuckens, Régis Piquemal, Pascal Barat, Vincent Rigalleau, Chantal Stheneur, Sylviane Fournier, Véronique Kerlan, Chantal Metz, Anne Fargeot-Espaliat, Yves Reznic, Frédérique Olivier, Iva Gueorguieva, Arnaud Monier, Catherine Radet, Vincent Gajdos, Daniel Terral, Christine Vervel, Djamel Bendifallah, Candace Ben Signor, Daniel Dervaux, Abdelkader Benmahammed, Guy-André Loeuille, Françoise Popelard, Agnès Guillou, Pierre-Yves Benhamou, Jamil Khoury, Jean-Pierre Brossier, Joachim Bassil, Sylvaine Clavel, Bernard Le Luyer, Pierre Bougnères, Françoise Labay, Isabelle Guemas, Jacques Weill, Jean-Pierre Cappoen, Sylvie Nadalon, Anne Lienhardt-Roussie, Anne Paoli, Claudie Kerouedan, Edwige Yollin, Marc Nicolino, Gilbert Simonin, Jacques Cohen, Catherine Atlan, Agnès Tamboura, Hervé Dubourg, Marie-Laure Pignol, Philippe Talon, Stéphanie Jellimann, Lucy Chaillous, Sabine Baron, Marie-Noëlle Bortoluzzi, Elisabeth Baechler, Randa Salet, Ariane Zelinsky-Gurung, Fabienne Dallavale, Etienne Larger, Marie Laloi-Michelin, Jean-François Gautier, Bénédicte Guérin, Laure Oilleau, Laetitia Pantalone, Céline Lukas, Isabelle Guilhem, Marc De Kerdanet, Marie-Claire Wielickzo, Mélanie Priou-Guesdon, Odile Richard, François Kurtz, Norbert Laisney, Déborah Ancelle, Guilhem Parlier, Catherine Boniface, Dominique Paris Bockel, Denis Dufillot, Berthe Razafimahefa, Pierre Gourdy, Pierre Lecomte, Myriam Pepin-Donat, Marie-Emmanuelle Combes-Moukhovsky, Brigitte Zymmermann, Marina Raoulx, Anne Gourdin Et Catherine Dumont
INSERM U1169, Hôpital Bicêtre, Université Paris-Sud, Kremlin-Bicêtre, France.
2016Sep
Int. Arch. Allergy Immunol.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2016 3;170(3):194-200. Epub 2016 Sep 3.
Allergy Clinic, Copenhagen University Hospital Gentofte, Hellerup, Denmark.

Insect sting reactions are frequently reported, but population studies documenting the frequency and the relation to IgE-sensitization and serum tryptase are scarce.
Questionnaire data and results from measurements of specific IgE against venom, major allergens and cross-reacting carbohydrate determinants (CCDs) were collected from 2,090 adult participants in a cross-sectional survey.
13% of the population reported symptoms of sting reactions and about half were systemic in nature. Read More

In all, 15% were sensitized to venom but only 31% of these had reacted to stings and only 38% of those with reactions had IgE to venom. In addition, 12% with IgE to venom were double-sensitized (DS), i.e. to both bee and wasp venom. Among DS IgE to major venom allergens, rApi m 1, rVes v 1 and rVes v 5 were negative and of no help in 31%, but 59% could be identified as likely sensitized to bee or wasp. IgE to CCDs occurred in only 0.7%, but 80% of these were DS. Finally, 36% with IgE to CCDs had had symptoms, mostly local. Serum tryptase was not associated with a history of sting reactions.
In a temperate climate, self-reported insect sting reactions and sensitization to venom are frequent, but in most cases, these are not seen in the same individual. In DS individuals, measurements of IgE to major allergens can be helpful in some but not all cases and additional analyses are needed. IgE to CCDs may have some clinical relevance.