Atrial Flutter Publications (8127)
Atrial Flutter Publications
Moderate exercise seems to have a protective effect and decreases the risk of AF, whereas excessive exercise seems to increase the risk of AF. The described cases illustrate clinical manifestations within the spectrum of AF in elderly athletes, that is, exercise-induced AF, vagal AF, chronic AF, and atrial flutter. As the arrhythmia worsened quality of life and exercise capacity in all patients, recovery of sinus rhythm was desired in all described cases. As the atrial disease was advanced on different levels, different treatment regimes were applied. Lifestyle modification and temporary anti-arrhythmic drug therapy could stabilize sinus rhythm in one patient, whereas others needed radiofrequency ablation to achieve a stable sinus rhythm. The patient with the most advanced atrial disease necessitated anti-arrhythmic drug therapy and another left atrial ablation. All described patients remained in sinus rhythm during the long-term follow-up.
Using previously reported AF incidence rates, we estimated the incidence of strokes that may represent the initial manifestation of AF.
We observed 87 strokes that occurred ≤1 year before AF detection, corresponding to 1.7% on the same day, 3.4% within 30 days before, 3.7% within 90 days before, and 4.8% ≤1 year before AF detection. We estimated that strokes may present as the initial manifestation of AF at a rate of 2 to 5 per 10 000 person-years, in both men and women.
We observed that stroke is an uncommon but measureable presenting feature of AF. Our data imply that emphasizing cost-effectiveness of population-wide AF-screening efforts will be important given the relative infrequency with which stroke represents the initial manifestation of AF.
However, there are no agents with such characteristics among the drugs approved for control of pediatric arrhythmias in Japan, and thus novel and effective medications for these patients are awaited. Landiolol, an ultrashort-acting β-blocker, was approved in 2013 for tachyarrhythmias in adult patients with heart failure. However, its efficacy and safety in pediatric patients remain unclear. The aim of this prospective, multicenter, open-label phase IIb/III study is to investigate the efficacy and safety of landiolol in pediatric patients with tachyarrhythmias as well as heart failure.
Eligible patients are aged ≥ 3 months and <15 years, and have tachyarrhythmia (atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, supraventricular tachycardia) as well as heart failure. The primary endpoint of the study is ≥20% reduction from baseline heart rate or return to normal sinus rhythm within 2h after starting intravenous administration of landiolol. Patients will receive intravenous infusion of landiolol, starting at 1μg/kg/min. The dose will be increased by 1μg/kg/min every 15-20min until the tachycardia rate has decreased by >20% or tachycardia has terminated, and the dose will then be maintained or further increased depending on the patient's condition. The study was started in April 2015 and will end within a few years.
The study was designed and designated the "HEARTFUL study" in the hope of establishing a basis for control of HEART rate in inFant and child tachyarrhythmia Using Landiolol in children with heart failure.
Given the low heterogeneity (i.e., I (2) <25), we used a fixed effect model for our analysis.
A total of 10 studies (4 prospective and 6 retrospective) with a total of 1299 patients (male, 73%; mean age 59 ± 11 years) fulfilled the inclusion criteria. During a mean follow-up period of 23 ± 7.6 months, 407 patients (31%) developed AF during AFL ablation. The overall incidence for new-onset AF during follow-up was 29% (47% in the group with inducible AF vs. 21% in the non-inducible group). The odds ratio (OR) for developing AF after AFL ablation in patients with AF inducibility for all studies combined was 3.72, 95% CI 2.83-4.89 [prospective studies (OR 5.52, 95% CI 3.23-9.41) vs. retrospective studies (OR 3.23, 95% CI 2.35-4.45)].
Although ablation for CTI AFL is highly effective, AF continues to be a long-term risk for individuals undergoing this procedure. AF induced by pacing protocols in patients undergoing CTI AFL predicts for future AF. Inducible AF is a clinically relevant finding that may help guide decisions for long-term anticoagulation after successful typical AFL ablation especially in patients with elevated CHADS-VASc scores (≥2) and in considering prophylactic PVI during CTI AFL ablation.
Thereof, 230 patients (170 male; age 66 ± 11 years) had AFL only (AFL group) and 134 patients (94 male; age 65 ± 11 years) had AFL and previously documented AF (AFL and AF group). Over a mean follow-up of 22 ± 20 months, 163 (71%) patients in the AFL group and 67 (50%) patients in the AFL and AF groups had no documentation of a recurrent atrial arrhythmia (P < 0.001). AF developed in 51 patients (22%) in the AFL group and in 57 (43%) patients in the AFL and AF groups (P < 0.001). In patients without history of AF, left atrial diameter was the only predictor of development of AF (HR 1.058 [95%CI 1.011-1.108], P = 0.016). Multivariate analysis of the total population identified history of AF (HR 1.918 [95%CI 1.301-2.830], P = 0.001) and BMI as predictors for AF development (HR 1.052 [95%CI 1.012-1.093], P = 0.011).
Our results indicate that new-onset AF develops in a significant proportion of patients undergoing CTI for AFL. One should therefore be careful to withhold OAC. Furthermore, pulmonary vein isolation should be considered in conjunction with CTI, particularly in patients with previously documented AF.
Data extracted included demographics, ED visit timing, and subsequent visits to non-ED settings. Analysis included summaries and standardized rates.
During the study period, there were 63,398 ED AFF visits from 32,104 distinct adults. Median ages for females and males were 75 and 67 years, respectively; more men (52%) and patients > 65 presented. Overall, the standardized rates remained similar (2.8 per 1,000 over the study period). Specific populations of human services recipients and First Nations had higher ED visit rates for AFF than other groups. Predictable daily, weekly, and monthly trends were observed. The ED visits were followed by numerous subsequent visits in non-ED settings; however, First Nations and women had lower rates of specialist follow-up.
Annually, over 5,000 ED presentations of patients experiencing AFF occur in Alberta and admissions proportions are declining. While presentation rates across the province are stable, follow-up with physicians, consultation with cardiologists and health outcomes vary based on socio-economic, age, sex, and First Nations status. Further research is required to understand the causes and consequences of these inequalities and to standardize care.
This questionnaire highlights variability within certain aspects of the management of AFL ablation. The variability in opinion regarding other procedural details suggests a need for further research in this area and consideration of the development of guidelines specific to AFL. Overall, there is reasonable consensus regarding oral anticoagulation and the desired endpoints of ablation for patients with CTI-dependent AFL and for non-CTI-AFL.
From October 2006-September 2014, 68 patients with mitral valve disease (age 65.9 ± 11.1 years, 34 men out of 68 patients, Euroscore log 5.4 ± 4.5) and drug-resistant AF underwent MIMVS via right minithoracotomy and concomitant left-sided AF endocardial cryoablation (Cryoflex Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN). Patients were independently followed up by cardiological outpatient visits and underwent electrophysiological study when indicated. In total, 44 out of 68 patients (64.7%) underwent mitral valve repair and 8 patients (11.8%) also received concomitant tricuspid valve surgery. One procedure was electively converted to full sternotomy (1.5%). Total clamp time was 97.6 ± 22.8 minutes. In March 2015, 60 patients were alive and completed the follow-up after a mean of 3.4 ± 2.0 years following the procedure. In all, 48 patients (80%) presented sinus rhythm throughout the whole follow-up. Freedom from AF was respectively 95%, 87%, and 72% at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively. We recorded 2 pacemaker implants (3.3%). A total of 3 patients suffered symptomatic recurrences (2 atypical atrial flutter and 1 atrial fibrillation) and underwent transcatheter ablation-all the 3 patients remained in stable sinus rhythm for the remaining follow-up. In conclusions, given the favorable long-term sinus rhythm maintenance rates of concomitant cryoablation, MIMVS can also be offered to patients with symptomatic AF. AF transcatheter ablation may easily avoid further symptomatic recurrences.