Atrial Flutter Publications (8127)


Atrial Flutter Publications

Scand J Med Sci Sports
Scand J Med Sci Sports 2017 Jan 16. Epub 2017 Jan 16.
Department of Electrophysiology, University of Leipzig, Heart Centre, Leipzig, Germany.
Stroke 2017 Jan 12. Epub 2017 Jan 12.
From the Cardiovascular Research Center (S.A.L., L.-C.W., P.T.E.) and Cardiac Arrhythmia Service (S.A.L., P.T.E.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; Boston University and National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute's Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, MA (X.Y., J.R.R., P.A.W., S.S., E.J.B.); Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester (D.D.M.); Boston University School of Medicine, MA (H.J.A., J.R.R., P.A.W., S.S., E.J.B.); Department of Neurology, Boston Medical Centre, MA (H.J.A., J.R.R., C.S.K., S.S.); Pulmonary Center and the Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine (A.J.W.) and Preventive Medicine Section, Department of Medicine (E.J.B.), Boston University School of Medicine, MA; and Section of Cardiovascular Medicine and Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Boston University, MA (E.J.B.).

To prevent strokes that may occur as the first manifestation of atrial fibrillation (AF), screening programs have been proposed to identify patients with undiagnosed AF who may be eligible for treatment with anticoagulation. However, the frequency with which patients with AF present with stroke as the initial manifestation of the arrhythmia is unknown.
We estimated the frequency with which AF may present as a stroke in 1809 community-based Framingham Heart Study participants with first-detected AF and without previous strokes, by tabulating the frequencies of strokes occurring on the same day, within 30 days before, 90 days before, and 365 days before first-detected AF. Read More

Using previously reported AF incidence rates, we estimated the incidence of strokes that may represent the initial manifestation of AF.
We observed 87 strokes that occurred ≤1 year before AF detection, corresponding to 1.7% on the same day, 3.4% within 30 days before, 3.7% within 90 days before, and 4.8% ≤1 year before AF detection. We estimated that strokes may present as the initial manifestation of AF at a rate of 2 to 5 per 10 000 person-years, in both men and women.
We observed that stroke is an uncommon but measureable presenting feature of AF. Our data imply that emphasizing cost-effectiveness of population-wide AF-screening efforts will be important given the relative infrequency with which stroke represents the initial manifestation of AF.

Persistent tachycardia in pediatric patients after congenital heart surgery further deteriorates their hemodynamic condition, and may become fatal. Therefore, immediate control of the tachycardia is mandatory in these patients. For this purpose, quick-acting, short-acting, titratable intravenous agents are required. Read More

However, there are no agents with such characteristics among the drugs approved for control of pediatric arrhythmias in Japan, and thus novel and effective medications for these patients are awaited. Landiolol, an ultrashort-acting β-blocker, was approved in 2013 for tachyarrhythmias in adult patients with heart failure. However, its efficacy and safety in pediatric patients remain unclear. The aim of this prospective, multicenter, open-label phase IIb/III study is to investigate the efficacy and safety of landiolol in pediatric patients with tachyarrhythmias as well as heart failure.
Eligible patients are aged ≥ 3 months and <15 years, and have tachyarrhythmia (atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, supraventricular tachycardia) as well as heart failure. The primary endpoint of the study is ≥20% reduction from baseline heart rate or return to normal sinus rhythm within 2h after starting intravenous administration of landiolol. Patients will receive intravenous infusion of landiolol, starting at 1μg/kg/min. The dose will be increased by 1μg/kg/min every 15-20min until the tachycardia rate has decreased by >20% or tachycardia has terminated, and the dose will then be maintained or further increased depending on the patient's condition. The study was started in April 2015 and will end within a few years.
The study was designed and designated the "HEARTFUL study" in the hope of establishing a basis for control of HEART rate in inFant and child tachyarrhythmia Using Landiolol in children with heart failure.

Atrial fibrillation (AF) and cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI)-dependent atrial flutter (AFL) are two separate entities that coexist in a significant percentage of patients. We sought to investigate whether AF inducibility during CTI AFL ablation predicted the occurrence of AF at follow-up after successful AFL ablation.
A systemic review of Medline, Cochrane, and Embase was done for all the clinical studies in which assessment of AF inducibility in patients undergoing ablation for CTI AFL was performed. Read More

Given the low heterogeneity (i.e., I (2) <25), we used a fixed effect model for our analysis.
A total of 10 studies (4 prospective and 6 retrospective) with a total of 1299 patients (male, 73%; mean age 59 ± 11 years) fulfilled the inclusion criteria. During a mean follow-up period of 23 ± 7.6 months, 407 patients (31%) developed AF during AFL ablation. The overall incidence for new-onset AF during follow-up was 29% (47% in the group with inducible AF vs. 21% in the non-inducible group). The odds ratio (OR) for developing AF after AFL ablation in patients with AF inducibility for all studies combined was 3.72, 95% CI 2.83-4.89 [prospective studies (OR 5.52, 95% CI 3.23-9.41) vs. retrospective studies (OR 3.23, 95% CI 2.35-4.45)].
Although ablation for CTI AFL is highly effective, AF continues to be a long-term risk for individuals undergoing this procedure. AF induced by pacing protocols in patients undergoing CTI AFL predicts for future AF. Inducible AF is a clinically relevant finding that may help guide decisions for long-term anticoagulation after successful typical AFL ablation especially in patients with elevated CHADS-VASc scores (≥2) and in considering prophylactic PVI during CTI AFL ablation.

Europace 2017 Jan 8. Epub 2017 Jan 8.
Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Basel, Petersgraben 4 CH-4031, Basel, Switzerland

In patients with cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) ablation for atrial flutter (AFL), the decision to hold oral anticoagulation (OAC) often becomes an issue. The purpose of this study was to describe the incidence of the development of atrial fibrillation (AF) after CTI ablation in patients with documented AFL with and without a previous history of AF and to identify risk predictors for the occurrence of AF after CTI.
We included 364 consecutive patients undergoing successful CTI ablation. Read More

Thereof, 230 patients (170 male; age 66 ± 11 years) had AFL only (AFL group) and 134 patients (94 male; age 65 ± 11 years) had AFL and previously documented AF (AFL and AF group). Over a mean follow-up of 22 ± 20 months, 163 (71%) patients in the AFL group and 67 (50%) patients in the AFL and AF groups had no documentation of a recurrent atrial arrhythmia (P < 0.001). AF developed in 51 patients (22%) in the AFL group and in 57 (43%) patients in the AFL and AF groups (P < 0.001). In patients without history of AF, left atrial diameter was the only predictor of development of AF (HR 1.058 [95%CI 1.011-1.108], P = 0.016). Multivariate analysis of the total population identified history of AF (HR 1.918 [95%CI 1.301-2.830], P = 0.001) and BMI as predictors for AF development (HR 1.052 [95%CI 1.012-1.093], P = 0.011).
Our results indicate that new-onset AF develops in a significant proportion of patients undergoing CTI for AFL. One should therefore be careful to withhold OAC. Furthermore, pulmonary vein isolation should be considered in conjunction with CTI, particularly in patients with previously documented AF.

BMC Emerg Med
BMC Emerg Med 2017 Jan 10;17(1). Epub 2017 Jan 10.
Women & Children's Health Research Institute, Edmonton, Canada.

Atrial fibrillation or flutter (AFF) are not infrequent presenting problems in Emergency Departments (ED); however, little is known of the pattern of these presentations. This study provides a description of AFF presentations and outcomes after ED discharge in Alberta.
Provincial administrative databases were used to obtain all primary ED encounters for AFF during 1999 to 2011 for patients aged >35 years. Read More

Data extracted included demographics, ED visit timing, and subsequent visits to non-ED settings. Analysis included summaries and standardized rates.
During the study period, there were 63,398 ED AFF visits from 32,104 distinct adults. Median ages for females and males were 75 and 67 years, respectively; more men (52%) and patients > 65 presented. Overall, the standardized rates remained similar (2.8 per 1,000 over the study period). Specific populations of human services recipients and First Nations had higher ED visit rates for AFF than other groups. Predictable daily, weekly, and monthly trends were observed. The ED visits were followed by numerous subsequent visits in non-ED settings; however, First Nations and women had lower rates of specialist follow-up.
Annually, over 5,000 ED presentations of patients experiencing AFF occur in Alberta and admissions proportions are declining. While presentation rates across the province are stable, follow-up with physicians, consultation with cardiologists and health outcomes vary based on socio-economic, age, sex, and First Nations status. Further research is required to understand the causes and consequences of these inequalities and to standardize care.

The purpose of this EP wire survey was to examine current practice in the management of both cavotricuspid isthmus : CTI)-dependent and non-CTI-dependent atrial flutter (AFL) ablation amongst electrophysiologists in European and Canadian centres and to understand how current opinions vary from guidelines. The results of the survey were collected from a detailed questionnaire that was created by the European Heart Rhythm Association Research Network and the Canadian Heart Rhythm Society. Responses were received from 89 centres in 12 countries. Read More

This questionnaire highlights variability within certain aspects of the management of AFL ablation. The variability in opinion regarding other procedural details suggests a need for further research in this area and consideration of the development of guidelines specific to AFL. Overall, there is reasonable consensus regarding oral anticoagulation and the desired endpoints of ablation for patients with CTI-dependent AFL and for non-CTI-AFL.

J Interv Card Electrophysiol
J Interv Card Electrophysiol 2017 Jan 4. Epub 2017 Jan 4.
Department of Cardiology, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, 126 Xiantai Street, Changchun, 130033, Jilin, China.
Semin. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.
Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2016 Summer;28(2):271-280. Epub 2016 Apr 21.
Department of Surgical Sciences, Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino Hospital, University of Turin, Turin, Italy; Department of Medical Sciences, Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino Hospital, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

Interest in minimally invasive video-assisted mitral valve surgery (MIMVS) is rapidly growing. Data on concomitant atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation to MIMVS are still lacking. The present study investigates the long-term results of AF cryoablation concomitant to MIMVS. Read More

From October 2006-September 2014, 68 patients with mitral valve disease (age 65.9 ± 11.1 years, 34 men out of 68 patients, Euroscore log 5.4 ± 4.5) and drug-resistant AF underwent MIMVS via right minithoracotomy and concomitant left-sided AF endocardial cryoablation (Cryoflex Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN). Patients were independently followed up by cardiological outpatient visits and underwent electrophysiological study when indicated. In total, 44 out of 68 patients (64.7%) underwent mitral valve repair and 8 patients (11.8%) also received concomitant tricuspid valve surgery. One procedure was electively converted to full sternotomy (1.5%). Total clamp time was 97.6 ± 22.8 minutes. In March 2015, 60 patients were alive and completed the follow-up after a mean of 3.4 ± 2.0 years following the procedure. In all, 48 patients (80%) presented sinus rhythm throughout the whole follow-up. Freedom from AF was respectively 95%, 87%, and 72% at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively. We recorded 2 pacemaker implants (3.3%). A total of 3 patients suffered symptomatic recurrences (2 atypical atrial flutter and 1 atrial fibrillation) and underwent transcatheter ablation-all the 3 patients remained in stable sinus rhythm for the remaining follow-up. In conclusions, given the favorable long-term sinus rhythm maintenance rates of concomitant cryoablation, MIMVS can also be offered to patients with symptomatic AF. AF transcatheter ablation may easily avoid further symptomatic recurrences.

Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol
Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol 2017 Jan;10(1)
From the Department of Cardiology, Royal Melbourne Hospital & Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry, and Health Sciences, University of Melbourne, Australia.