Angina Pectoris Publications (47551)


Angina Pectoris Publications

Mediators Inflamm.
Mediators Inflamm 2016 15;2016:2182358. Epub 2016 Dec 15.
Center for Clinical Heart Research, Department of Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital Ullevål, Oslo, Norway; Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
BMC Complement Altern Med
BMC Complement Altern Med 2017 Jan 5;17(1). Epub 2017 Jan 5.
Central Laboratory, Dongfang Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, 6 Zone One of Fangxingyuan, Fang Zhuang, Fengtai District, Beijing, 100078, China.

Kudiezi (KDZ) injection is commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine as treatment for cerebral infarction and angina pectoris. The present study investigated the therapeutic effects of KDZ injection on myocardial injury induced by acute cerebral ischemia and the possibly protective mechanisms.
Rats were divided into three groups: sham, 6h-ischemia, and KDZ treatment (KDZ). Read More

The neurological deficits were determined by the Garcia score. The cerebral infarct volume was measured by 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining, and brain water content was also evaluated. Serum creatinine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and creatine kinase-myocardial band (CK-MB) activity, myocardial tissue malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, L-Glutathione (GSH) levels, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity as well as mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase (COX) activity were determined. Mitochondrial COX I and COX III mRNA expressions of myocardial tissues were measured by RT-PCR.
Impaired neurological function and brain edema were observed in the 6h-ischemia group. TTC staining showed that the 6h-ischemia group had larger infarct zones than the sham group. Myocardial ischemic changes (widened myocardial cell gap, cracks, and obvious edema) were detected in the 6h-ischemia group compared with the sham group, with elevated serum CK-MB activity and CK and LDH levels. Electrocardiography showed lower medium frequency (MF) and high frequency (HF) in the 6h-ischemia group compared with the sham group. In myocardial tissue, COX activity was elevated in the 6h-ischemia compared with the sham group, while SOD, GSH, and MDA levels, and COX I and COX III mRNA expressions remained unchanged. KDZ injection decreased neurological impairment, brain edema, gaps between cells, and infarct size. Compared with the 6h-ischemia group, it reduced serum CK-MB activity and CK and LDH levels, and MDA levels in myocardial tissue. KDZ significantly increased GSH levels, SOD activity, and mitochondria COX activity and the expression of COX I and COX III mRNA in myocardial tissue compared with the sham group.
KDZ injection had a protective effect against cerebral ischemia in rats. KDZ injection could also alleviate myocardial injury after acute cerebral ischemia in rats. The possible mechanisms involve the regulation of the oxidative stress/antioxidant capacity after cerebral ischemia.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord
BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2017 Jan 4;17(1). Epub 2017 Jan 4.
Division of Cardiology, E-Da Hospital, I-Shou University, No. 1, Yi-Da Rd, Jiau-Shu Village, Yan-Chao District, Kaohsiung, 82445, Taiwan.

Patients with a history of cardiovascular disease are at high risk of developing secondary major adverse cardiac events (MACE). This study aimed to identify independent predictors of MACE after hospital admission which could be used to identify of high-risk patients who may benefit from preventive strategies.
This study included 1,520 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) (654 with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and 866 with elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients) who received PCI and/or stenting. Read More

MACE was defined as all-cause mortality or rehospitalization for a cardiovascular- related illness. Cardiovascular-related illnesses included heart failure, reinfarction (nonfatal), recurrence of angina pectoris and repeat PCI or coronary artery bypass graft.
During a mean follow-up period of 32 months, 558 of the 1,520 patients developed at least one MACE. Cox regression analysis showed that the baseline clinical and biochemical variables which associated with MACE were age, being illiterate, a widow or widower, and/or economically dependent, having triple vessel disease, stent implantation, anemia, and/or diabetes mellitus, waist to hip ratio (WHR), diastolic blood pressure, fasting glucose, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), creatinine, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), red blood cell count, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and mean corpuscular-hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) in ACS patients, and age, malnourished, and/or economically dependent, taking hypoglycemic medication, having triple vessel disease, stent implantation, anemia, diabetes mellitus, and/or hypertension, WHR, fasting glucose, HDL-C, uric acid, creatinine, eGFR, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, mean corpuscular volume, and MCHC in elective PCI patients. Using multivariate Cox regression analysis, we found the MACE's independent factors are triple vessel disease, stent implantation, hypertension, and eGFR in ACS patients, and having triple vessel disease, stent implantation, hypertension, and uric acid in elective PCI patients.
Having triple vessel disease, stent implantation, hypertension, and eGFR or uric acid independently predicted MACE in patients with CAD after long-term follow-up. Fortunately, these factors are modifiable and should be identified and monitored early.

Int. J. Cardiol.
Int J Cardiol 2016 Dec 21. Epub 2016 Dec 21.
Department of Cardiology, Higashi-osaka City Medical Center, Osaka, Japan. Electronic address:

Arterial repair delays after intracoronary implantation of Cypher sirolimus-eluting stents (SES), a representative first-generation drug-eluting stent. It remains unclear whether this delay would catch up with bare metal stents (BMS) during extremely long observation. The aim of this study was angioscopic observation of extremely late arterial repair after Cypher SES implantation. Read More

Thirty-seven SES and 17 BMS were implanted into 22 and 9 patients with angina pectoris, respectively. Duration after implantation (DAI) ranged from 3 to 10.5years in both stents. Coronary angioscopy revealed neointimal stent coverage (NSC), presence of in-stent yellow plaque (YP), and mural thrombi (MT). NSC was semi-quantified into 4 grades (grade 0, no coverage; grade 1, thin coverage; grade 2, thick coverage; grade 3, fully embedded into neointima).
In the BMS-implanted lesions (BMSL), NSC was either grade 1 (24%) or grade 3 (74%), with rare YP and no MT. In the SES-implanted lesions (SESL), NSC was various, i.e. grade 0 (5%), grade 1 (59%), grade 2 (22%), and grade 3 (14%). YP and MT were observed in 27 and 24% of in SESL, respectively. In SESL with DAI>8years (n=5), NSC was either grade 1 (40%) or grade 3 (60%), although YP and MT were more frequently observed (60 and 40%, respectively).
Arterial repair after SES implantation caught up with BMS at around 8years with regards to NSC, although prevalence of YP and MT remained still greater in SESL than BMSL at extremely late phase.

Int. J. Cardiol.
Int J Cardiol 2016 Dec 22. Epub 2016 Dec 22.
Foundation Institute for Healthcare Improvement, Madrid, Spain; Cardiac Unit, Hospital San Juan, Universidad Miguel Hernández, Alicante, Spain.

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a common cause of hospital discharges and readmissions. Readmissions may indicate poor patient care and avoidable health expenditure, being key in quality improvement strategies. Our aim was to analyse cardiac diseases (CDs) readmissions in patients with AMI in Spain. Read More

A retrospective analysis of 33,538 hospital discharges with AMI being the "principal diagnosis" at hospitals of the Spanish National Health System in 2012 was performed using administrative data. We developed a logistic regression model and calculated 30-day, 3-month and 1-year CDs risk-standardized readmission rates (RSRRs) using a multivariate mixed model.
Variables of the model (AMI location, age, previous angina pectoris/myocardial infarction or acute coronary syndrome, chronic kidney disease, rheumatic valvular disease, diabetes mellitus, vascular disease, female sex, chronic pulmonary disease, and anemia) were able to predict 30-day, 3-month and 1-year readmission rates and RSRRs after AMI (5.4%, 9.3% and 20.2%, respectively). For RSRRs the area under the ROC curve was 0.74 (p=0.0037), 0.77 (p=0.0041), and 0.73 (p=0.0025) for 1, 3months and 1-year readmission rate, respectively. Angioplasty, cardiology as the medical unit responsible for the discharge and a higher volume of activity (>204 AMI) were all significantly (p<0.001) associated with lower mortality, risk of development of heart failure and RSRRs.
Angioplasty, cardiology as the medical unit responsible for the discharge and a higher volume of activity explain variability in CDs readmission rates after AMI, which can have implications for strategies to reduce readmissions rates.

Indian Heart J
Indian Heart J 2016 Dec 9;68 Suppl 3:S31-S49. Epub 2016 Dec 9.
Department of Cardiology, AIIMS, New Delhi, India.

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the important causes of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality globally, giving rise to more than 7 million deaths annually. An increasing burden of CAD in India is a major cause of concern with angina being the leading manifestation. Stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) is characterised by episodes of transient central chest pain (angina pectoris), often triggered by exercise, emotion or other forms of stress, generally triggered by a reversible mismatch between myocardial oxygen demand and supply resulting in myocardial ischemia or hypoxia. Read More

A stabilised, frequently asymptomatic phase following an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is also classified as SCAD. This definition of SCAD also encompasses vasospastic and microvascular angina under the common umbrella.

Statin therapy usually increases HDL-C levels. However, a paradoxical decrease in HDL-C levels after statin therapy is often seen in clinical settings. The relationship between a paradoxical decrease in HDL-C levels after statin therapy and adverse cardiovascular events in patients with stable angina pectoris (SAP) is not well understood. Read More

The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between paradoxical HDL-C decreases after statin therapy and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for SAP.
Between January 2006 and March 2015, 867 patients underwent PCI for SAP. Of them, we enrolled 209 patients who were newly started on statin therapy before PCI. We excluded patients who had started statin therapy earlier than 6 months before PCI, patients who had not started statin therapy after PCI, and patients who were diagnosed with acute coronary syndrome. They were divided into 2 groups according to the change in their HDL-C levels between baseline and 6 to 9 months after the index PCI: decreased HDL group after statin treatment (80 patients) and increased HDL group (129 patients). The primary end points were MACEs defined as a composite of all-cause death, nonfatal acute myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization (TVR).
Using Kaplan-Meier analysis, the 7-year event rate for composite MACEs in the decreased HDL group was found to be higher than that for the increased HDL group (38% versus 24%, log-rank P = 0.02). TVR occurred more frequently in the decreased HDL group than in the increased HDL group (32% versus 12%, log-rank P = 0.01). With the use of multivariate analysis, changes in HDL-C levels after statin therapy indicated a significant inverse association with the increased risk of MACEs, (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.94; 95% CI, 0.92-0.97; P < 0.01). The incidence of MACEs was more strongly associated with ΔHDL than with ΔLDL. Moreover, BMS usage also independently predicted MACEs (HR = 2.18; 95% CI, 1.14-4.17; P < 0.01).
A paradoxical decrease in HDL-C levels after statin therapy might be a risk factor for MACEs, especially TVR, in patients with SAP.

Int. J. Angiol.
Int J Angiol 2016 Dec 12;25(5):e166-e168. Epub 2016 Feb 12.
Department of Cardiology, Bayındır Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
Int. J. Angiol.
Int J Angiol 2016 Dec 16;25(5):e37-e38. Epub 2014 Jul 16.
Department of Cardiology, Istanbul Medicine Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Coronary-subclavian artery (SCA) steal syndrome is an uncommon phenomenon in which coronary flow is diverted into the SCA through the patent left internal mammary artery (LIMA) conduit due to critical subclavian stenosis. The prevalence of significant left SCA (LSCA) stenosis in patients, referred for coronary bypass surgery, has been reported to be 0.2 to 6. Read More

8%. Most patients usually present with angina pectoris, and secondary myocardial infarction is rarely reported. Herein, we present a case of coronary bypass graft in which a left anterior descending artery-LIMA graft was applied to supply the left arm due to complete LSCA occlusion. The patient was hospitalized with a diagnosis of non-ST elevation myocardial infarction.