Aneurysm Thoracic Publications (19277)


Aneurysm Thoracic Publications

J. Endovasc. Ther.
J Endovasc Ther 2016 Nov 1:1526602816678992. Epub 2016 Nov 1.
1 German Aortic Center Hamburg, Department of Vascular Medicine, University Heart Center, Hamburg, Germany.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2017 Jan 19. Epub 2017 Jan 19.
Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany. Electronic address:

The study aim was to determine whether patient safety for non-ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (nrAAA) repair has changed between 1999 and 2010 in a large German cohort.
The data source was the prospective quality assurance registry of the German Vascular Society from 1999 to 2010. Patient characteristics, surgical techniques (open aortic repair [OAR], endovascular aortic repair [EVAR]), procedural time and outcomes, including the length of hospital stay (LOS), were analysed using the Cochran-Armitage test for binary parameters and Spearman's correlation coefficient for quantitative parameters. Read More

A total of 36,594 operations (23,037 OAR, 13,557 EVAR) for infrarenal nrAAA in 201 hospitals in Germany were investigated. Patients' mean age increased from 69.6 to 72.0 years (p < .001). The rate of patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists scores of 3 or 4 increased (p < .001). Use of EVAR increased (1999: 16.7%; 2010: 62.7%; p < .001), and since 2009, EVAR has been more frequently used than OAR. The overall in hospital mortality decreased from 3.1% in 1999 to 2.3% in 2010 (p < .001). There were no temporal trends for mortality rates for EVAR (p = .233) or OAR (p = .281) when considered separately. Cardiac (1999: 8.1%; 2010: 5.1%; p < .001) and pulmonary (1999: 7.8%; 2010: 4.8%; p < .001) complications decreased. The rate of post-operative renal failure increased (1999: 3.6%; 2010 4.1%; p = .017), without increasing the rate of patients needing dialysis (1999: 1.7%; 2010: 1.7%; p = .171). The median LOS decreased from 17 days in 1999 to 10 days in 2010 (p < .001).
This study shows significantly improved post-procedural in hospital outcomes and decreased use of resources for nrAAA repair. This trend can probably be attributed to the implementation of EVAR as a standard technique, but some trends could also possibly be explained by a change in the remuneration system. The main limitation of the registry is the lack of internal and external validation. However, in hospital patient safety for AAA repair seems to have improved significantly in the participating hospitals.

Ann. Thorac. Surg.
Ann Thorac Surg 2017 Feb;103(2):e167-e169
The Heart Hospital Baylor Plano, Plano, Texas. Electronic address:
Ann. Thorac. Surg.
Ann Thorac Surg 2017 Feb;103(2):e153-e155
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Science, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.

We describe a very rare case of a 67-year-old man with multiple saccular aortic aneurysms throughout the entire aorta due to antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV). The patient underwent staged aortic surgical procedures, including stent-graft insertion for a left iliac artery aneurysm, thoracic endovascular aortic repair for a descending aortic aneurysm, and total replacement of the ascending aorta and aortic arch with the use of high-dose steroids to control inflammation. The histologic findings demonstrated that the damage to the vasa vasorum of the adventitia resulting from AAV caused ischemia of the media, resulting in the formation of saccular aneurysmal changes. Read More

Multimed Man Cardiothorac Surg
Multimed Man Cardiothorac Surg 2017 Jan 18;2017. Epub 2017 Jan 18.

Surgical treatment of mycotic aneurysm of the thoracic aorta is challenging because contamination from surrounding tissues may occur even after complete debridement with a prosthetic graft replacement of the aneurysm. This study describes the simple but very useful technique of using a pericardial fat flap to protect the prosthetic graft from reinfection. Read More

J Card Surg
J Card Surg 2017 Jan 19. Epub 2017 Jan 19.
Department of Pediatric Cardiovascular Surgery, Istanbul SBU Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Center, Istanbul, Turkey.
J. Endovasc. Ther.
J Endovasc Ther 2017 Jan 1:1526602816687086. Epub 2017 Jan 1.
1 Thoracic Aortic Research Center, Policlinico San Donato IRCCS, University of Milan, Italy.

To quantify both pulsatile longitudinal and circumferential aortic strains before and after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR), potentially clarifying TEVAR-related complications.
This retrospective study assessed the impact of TEVAR on pulsatile aortic strains through custom developed software and cardiac-gated computed tomography imaging of 8 thoracic aneurysm patients (mean age 71.0±8. Read More

2 years; 6 men) performed before TEVAR and during follow-up (median 0.1 months, interquartile range 0.1-5.8). Lengths of the ascending aorta, the aortic arch, and the descending aorta were measured. Diameters and areas were computed at the sinotubular junction, brachiocephalic trunk, left subclavian artery, and the celiac trunk. Pulsatile longitudinal and circumferential strains were quantified as systolic increments of length and circumference divided by the corresponding diastolic values.
Average pulsatile longitudinal strain ranged from 1.4% to 7.1%, was highest in the arch (p<0.001), and increased after TEVAR by 77% in the arch (7.1%±2.5% vs 12.5%±5.1%, p=0.04) and by 69% in the ascending aorta (5.6±2.3% vs 9.4±4.4%, p=0.06). Average pulsatile circumferential strain ranged from 3.6% to 5.0% before TEVAR and did not differ significantly throughout the thoracic aorta; there was a nonsignificant increase after TEVAR at the unstented sinotubular junction (5.0%±1.4% vs 6.3%±1.0%, p=0.18), with a significant increase at the celiac trunk (3.6%±1.8% vs 6.2%±1.8%, p=0.02). Pulsatile circumferential strains within stented segments were deemed unreliable due to image artifacts.
TEVAR was associated with an increase of pulsatile longitudinal strains (in the arch) and circumferential strains (at the celiac trunk) in unstented aortic segments. These observations suggest increased pulsatile wall stress after TEVAR in segments adjacent to the device, which may contribute to the understanding of stent-graft-related complications such as retrograde dissection, aneurysm formation, and rupture.

We retrospectively evaluated early and intermediate outcomes of aortic arch surgery in patients with type A acute aortic dissection (AAD), investigating the effect of arch surgery extension on postoperative results. From January 2006 through July 2013, 201 patients with type A AAD underwent urgent corrective surgery at our institution. Of the 92 patients chosen for this study, 59 underwent hemiarch replacement (hemiarch group), and 33 underwent total arch replacement (total arch group) in conjunction with ascending aorta replacement. Read More

The operative mortality rate was 22%. Total arch replacement was associated with a 33% risk of operative death, versus 15% for hemiarch (P=0.044). Multivariable analysis found these independent predictors of operative death: age (odds ratio [OR]=1.13/yr; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.04-1.23; P=0.002), body mass index >30 kg/m(2) (OR=9.9; 95% CI, 1.28-19; P=0.028), postoperative low cardiac output (OR=10.6; 95% CI, 1.18-25; P=0.035), and total arch replacement (OR=8.8; 95% CI, 1.39-15; P=0.021) The mean overall 5-year survival rate was 59.3% ± 5.5%, and mean 5-year freedom from distal reintervention was 95.4% ± 3.2% (P=NS). In type A AAD, aortic arch surgery is still associated with high operative mortality rates; hemiarch replacement can be performed more safely than total arch replacement. Rates of distal aortic reoperation were not different between the 2 surgical strategies.

Vasc Endovascular Surg
Vasc Endovascular Surg 2017 Jan;51(1):47-50
1 Department of Medical Imaging and Intervention, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Inadvertent coverage of origin of internal iliac artery (IIA) during endovascular aneurysm repair may lead to type II endoleak. Except for open surgery, the endovascular solution is limited. We report a case with such complication that was successfully treated with coil embolization using retrograde extrastent approach. Read More

This is a new technique that has not been reported before, and as such, had been useful in the treatment of type II endoleak from IIA as an alternative to open ligation of IIA origin.

Aorta (Stamford)
Aorta (Stamford) 2016 Jun 1;4(3):83-90. Epub 2016 Jun 1.
Aortic Institute at Yale-New Haven Hospital, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Carriers of the 719Arg variant in KIF6, compared with noncarriers, have been reported to be at greater risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) in six prospective studies. Because CHD, thoracic aortic dissection, and nondissection thoracic aortic aneurysm share some risk factors and aspects of pathophysiology, we investigated whether carriers of the 719Arg variant also have greater odds of thoracic aortic dissection or nondissected thoracic aortic aneurysm than noncarriers.
We genotyped 140 thoracic aortic dissection cases, 497 nondissection thoracic aortic aneurysm cases, and 275 disease-free controls collected in the United States, Hungary, and Greece and investigated the association between KIF6 719Arg carrier status and thoracic aortic dissection, and between KIF6 719Arg carrier status and nondissection thoracic aortic aneurysm, using logistic regression models adjusted for age, sex, hypertension, smoking, and country. Read More

The odds of aortic dissection were two-fold greater in KIF6 719Arg carriers compared with noncarriers (odds ratio (OR) 2.14, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.18-3.9). To account for the potential of concomitant CHD to confound the association between the KIF6 719Arg and thoracic aortic dissection, we repeated the analysis after removing subjects with concomitant CHD; the estimates for association of KIF6 719Arg carrier status remained essentially the same (OR 2.04, 95% CI 1.11-3.77). In contrast, KIF6 719Arg carrier status was not associated with risk for nondissection thoracic aortic aneurysm.
We observed an association of the KIF6 719Arg genetic variant with thoracic aortic dissection in this multicenter case-control study. This association may enhance our management of patients with thoracic aortic disease.