Aneurysm Thoracic Publications (19277)
Aneurysm Thoracic Publications
Following deployment of the stent-graft proximally and preservation of renovisceral perfusion in a retrograde manner, the renovisceral vessels were sequentially anastomosed to the elephant trunk graft branches, thus reducing the ischemia time of the end organs. The aortic sac was then opened, and the distal part of the hybrid graft was anastomosed with a further bifurcated graft to the iliac vessels.
The reversed frozen elephant trunk technique is feasible for hybrid treatment of TAAAs via an abdominal approach only. This has the benefit of substantially reducing the trauma of thoracic exposure, thus preserving major benefits of open thoracoabdominal surgery, such as the presence of short bypasses to the renovisceral vessels and reimplantation of lumbar arteries to reduce spinal cord ischemia.
A total of 36,594 operations (23,037 OAR, 13,557 EVAR) for infrarenal nrAAA in 201 hospitals in Germany were investigated. Patients' mean age increased from 69.6 to 72.0 years (p < .001). The rate of patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists scores of 3 or 4 increased (p < .001). Use of EVAR increased (1999: 16.7%; 2010: 62.7%; p < .001), and since 2009, EVAR has been more frequently used than OAR. The overall in hospital mortality decreased from 3.1% in 1999 to 2.3% in 2010 (p < .001). There were no temporal trends for mortality rates for EVAR (p = .233) or OAR (p = .281) when considered separately. Cardiac (1999: 8.1%; 2010: 5.1%; p < .001) and pulmonary (1999: 7.8%; 2010: 4.8%; p < .001) complications decreased. The rate of post-operative renal failure increased (1999: 3.6%; 2010 4.1%; p = .017), without increasing the rate of patients needing dialysis (1999: 1.7%; 2010: 1.7%; p = .171). The median LOS decreased from 17 days in 1999 to 10 days in 2010 (p < .001).
This study shows significantly improved post-procedural in hospital outcomes and decreased use of resources for nrAAA repair. This trend can probably be attributed to the implementation of EVAR as a standard technique, but some trends could also possibly be explained by a change in the remuneration system. The main limitation of the registry is the lack of internal and external validation. However, in hospital patient safety for AAA repair seems to have improved significantly in the participating hospitals.
However, TEVAR might be challenging because of the proximity of the pathologic condition to the supraaortic vessels and the ongoing presence of the coarctation. We report a unique case of a 48-year old man undergoing TEVAR because of aortic aneurysm after previous surgical coarctation treatment and successful closure of the coarctation with a vascular plug device.
2 years; 6 men) performed before TEVAR and during follow-up (median 0.1 months, interquartile range 0.1-5.8). Lengths of the ascending aorta, the aortic arch, and the descending aorta were measured. Diameters and areas were computed at the sinotubular junction, brachiocephalic trunk, left subclavian artery, and the celiac trunk. Pulsatile longitudinal and circumferential strains were quantified as systolic increments of length and circumference divided by the corresponding diastolic values.
Average pulsatile longitudinal strain ranged from 1.4% to 7.1%, was highest in the arch (p<0.001), and increased after TEVAR by 77% in the arch (7.1%±2.5% vs 12.5%±5.1%, p=0.04) and by 69% in the ascending aorta (5.6±2.3% vs 9.4±4.4%, p=0.06). Average pulsatile circumferential strain ranged from 3.6% to 5.0% before TEVAR and did not differ significantly throughout the thoracic aorta; there was a nonsignificant increase after TEVAR at the unstented sinotubular junction (5.0%±1.4% vs 6.3%±1.0%, p=0.18), with a significant increase at the celiac trunk (3.6%±1.8% vs 6.2%±1.8%, p=0.02). Pulsatile circumferential strains within stented segments were deemed unreliable due to image artifacts.
TEVAR was associated with an increase of pulsatile longitudinal strains (in the arch) and circumferential strains (at the celiac trunk) in unstented aortic segments. These observations suggest increased pulsatile wall stress after TEVAR in segments adjacent to the device, which may contribute to the understanding of stent-graft-related complications such as retrograde dissection, aneurysm formation, and rupture.
The operative mortality rate was 22%. Total arch replacement was associated with a 33% risk of operative death, versus 15% for hemiarch (P=0.044). Multivariable analysis found these independent predictors of operative death: age (odds ratio [OR]=1.13/yr; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.04-1.23; P=0.002), body mass index >30 kg/m(2) (OR=9.9; 95% CI, 1.28-19; P=0.028), postoperative low cardiac output (OR=10.6; 95% CI, 1.18-25; P=0.035), and total arch replacement (OR=8.8; 95% CI, 1.39-15; P=0.021) The mean overall 5-year survival rate was 59.3% ± 5.5%, and mean 5-year freedom from distal reintervention was 95.4% ± 3.2% (P=NS). In type A AAD, aortic arch surgery is still associated with high operative mortality rates; hemiarch replacement can be performed more safely than total arch replacement. Rates of distal aortic reoperation were not different between the 2 surgical strategies.
This is a new technique that has not been reported before, and as such, had been useful in the treatment of type II endoleak from IIA as an alternative to open ligation of IIA origin.
The odds of aortic dissection were two-fold greater in KIF6 719Arg carriers compared with noncarriers (odds ratio (OR) 2.14, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.18-3.9). To account for the potential of concomitant CHD to confound the association between the KIF6 719Arg and thoracic aortic dissection, we repeated the analysis after removing subjects with concomitant CHD; the estimates for association of KIF6 719Arg carrier status remained essentially the same (OR 2.04, 95% CI 1.11-3.77). In contrast, KIF6 719Arg carrier status was not associated with risk for nondissection thoracic aortic aneurysm.
We observed an association of the KIF6 719Arg genetic variant with thoracic aortic dissection in this multicenter case-control study. This association may enhance our management of patients with thoracic aortic disease.