Fang Li - Capital Medical University

Fang Li
Are you Fang Li?

Claim your profile, edit publications, add additional information:

Contact Details

Fang Li
Capital Medical University

Publications Authored By Fang Li

Oncol. Rep.
Oncol Rep 2015 Oct 10;34(4):1701-7. Epub 2015 Aug 10.
Neurosurgery Department of China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing 100029, P.R. China.

Brain metastasis is a major complication of non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and leads to most of the mortality of this disease. However, the biological mechanisms and molecular features in brain metastasis of NSCLC are poorly understood. In the present study, we compared whole‑genome copy number variations (CNVs) between a primary lung adenocarcinoma and secondary metastatic brain lesion from the same patient using array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH).Read More

The number of CNV regions was markedly higher in the secondary metastatic tumor than the primary tumor in the lung. In detail, the common CNVs in both tumors included gains of 7p22, 7p12-p11, 7q11, 7q22, 21q22, and 19q13; gains of 1p33-p34, 1q22, 5p13 and 14q11 whereas losses of 3p, 4q31, 5q, 11p15, Xp21-p22 and Xq21 were identified only in the secondary lesion. Gene Ontology enrichment analysis revealed that the genes with amplified copy numbers in both tumors were related to such processes as DNA replication and mismatch repair. Genes only amplified in the metastatic tumor were enriched in processes that include leukocyte migration and organ development, and genes with a lower copy number in the secondary tumor included the processes of proteolysis regulation, negative regulation of cell proliferation and cell adhesion. These findings provided new insight into the genomic mechanism of the spread of lung adenocarcinoma to the brain, and the candidate genes identified serve as novel indicators or putative targets in NSCLC brain metastasis.

Mol Med Rep
Mol Med Rep 2015 Sep 27;12(3):3688-96. Epub 2015 May 27.
Department of General Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710004, P.R. China.

The present study provided experimental evidence for the neuroprotective effects of quercetin using a rat model of global brain ischemic/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Pre‑treatment with quercetin (5 or 10 mg/kg orally (p.o.Read More

); once daily) induced a dose‑dependent reduction in I/R‑induced hippocampal neuron cell loss, with 10 mg/kg/day being the lowest dose that achieved maximal neuroprotection. Administration of 10 mg/kg quercetin over at least 3 days prior to I/R was required to improve the survival rate of I/R rats. Fluorescence‑assisted cell sorting, hematoxylin and eosin staining and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling indicated neuronal cell loss in the CA1 hippocampus. Rats that had undergone transient global cerebral ischemia for 15 min followed by 1 h of reperfusion exhibited a significant increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in the hippocampus. The I/R‑induced ROS overproduction in the hippocampus at 1, 12 and 24 h following I/R was significantly decreased by quercetin pre‑treatment. Western blot analysis revealed that the neuroprotective effects of quercetin (5 and 10 mg/kg/day, p.o.) were associated with an upregulation of the I/R‑induced suppression of B‑cell lymphoma‑2 (Bcl‑2), Bcl extra large and survivin expression as well as phosphorylation of Bcl‑2‑associated death promoter. Furthermore, the neuroprotective effects of quercetin (5, 10 mg/kg/day) in the brain were associated with an upregulation of Akt signaling. These findings suggested that the inhibition of I/R‑induced brain injury by quercetin likely involves a transcriptional mechanism to enhance anti‑apoptotic signaling.

J. Virol.
J Virol 2015 Sep 10;89(17):9119-23. Epub 2015 Jun 10.
Department of Pharmacology, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA

To understand how Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) transmitted from bats to humans, we compared the virus surface spikes of MERS-CoV and a related bat coronavirus, HKU4. Although HKU4 spike cannot mediate viral entry into human cells, two mutations enabled it to do so by allowing it to be activated by human proteases. These mutations are present in MERS-CoV spike, explaining why MERS-CoV infects human cells.Read More

These mutations therefore played critical roles in the bat-to-human transmission of MERS-CoV, either directly or through intermediate hosts.

J. Nucl. Med.
J Nucl Med 2015 Sep 16;56(9):1334-7. Epub 2015 Jul 16.
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China; and.

POEMS (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M protein elevation, and skin changes) syndrome is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome caused by an underlying plasma cell disorder. The patients usually present with multisystemic involvement. Thus, we performed a study to investigate the role of (18)F-FDG PET/CT in characterizing POEMS syndrome.Read More

Ninety-one untreated patients with proven or suspected POEMS syndrome were recruited to undergo (18)F-FDG PET/CT. Features of bone lesions, lymphadenopathy, hepatomegaly or splenomegaly, bone marrow, and serous cavity effusion were examined, and 15 patients were followed up with PET/CT scans 3 mo after therapy.
Of the 90 patients diagnosed with POEMS syndrome, there were 140 (18)F-FDG-avid bone lesions. These lesions were frequently found in the pelvis, and most showed mixed characteristics. Four patients showed enlarged and (18)F-FDG-avid lymph nodes. Sixty-five patients had hepatomegaly or splenomegaly. Some of them had hypermetabolic spleen and bone marrow. Forty-six patients had serous cavity effusion. Five male patients had gynecomastia. Three months after therapy, (18)F-FDG-avid bone lesions showed decreased metabolism.
(18)F-FDG PET/CT is a useful tool for the evaluation of patients with suspected POEMS syndrome. (18)F-FDG PET/CT may contribute to the diagnosis, evaluation, and follow-up of patients with POEMS syndrome by providing systematic findings of bone lesions, lymphadenopathy, liver or spleen involvement, serous cavity effusion, and the metabolic status of the lesions.

Br. J. Pharmacol.
Br J Pharmacol 2015 Aug 26;172(15):3728-36. Epub 2015 Jun 26.
Institute of Cardiovascular Science, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, China.

Increased level of very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) is a key feature of the metabolic syndrome and is associated with cardiovascular diseases. PPAR-δ agonists play a protective role in lipid metabolism and vascular function. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of PPAR-δ in the uptake of VLDL in endothelial cells and its underlying mechanism(s).Read More

Uptake of VLDL in HUVECs was assessed by Dil-fluorescent labelling of VLDL. Levels of VLDL receptor mRNA and microRNA (miR-100) were detected by quantitative PCR. The target genes of miR-100 were predicted using bioinformatics analysis. 3'-Untranslated region (3'-UTR) luciferase reporter and Argonaute 1 pull-down assays were used to validate the target of miR-100.
PPAR-δ agonist GW501516 decreased uptake of VLDL and expression of VLDL receptor at mRNA and protein levels. GW501516 inhibited the luciferase reporter activity of the 3'-UTR of VLDL receptor. VLDL receptor was a direct target of miR-100. miR-100 was significantly increased by GW501516 in HUVECs. Transfection of a miR-100 mimic decreased the mRNA and protein levels of VLDL receptor and uptake of VLDL. Furthermore, a miR-100 inhibitor abolished the inhibitory effect of PPAR-δ on VLDL receptor expression and VLDL uptake.
In endothelial cells, activation of PPAR-δ decreased VLDL receptor expression and VLDL uptake via the induction of miR-100. These results provided a novel mechanism for the vascular protective effect of PPAR-δ agonists.

Oncotarget 2015 Aug;6(22):18933-44
Department of Infectious Diseases, First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi' an, Shaanxi, China.

Programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) is involved in hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the leading cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) worldwide. Single-nucleotide polymorphism, rs10204525, located in the PD1 3' untranslated regions (UTR), is associated with chronic HBV infection. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate gene expression via specific binding to the target 3'UTR of mRNA.Read More

In this study, three miRNAs were predicted to putatively interact with PD1 rs10204525 polymorphic site of allele G. One of them, miRNA-4717, was demonstrated to allele-specifically affect luciferase activity in a dose-dependent manner in cells transfected with vectors containing different rs10204525 alleles. In lymphocytes from chronic HBV patients withrs10204525 genotype GG, miR-4717 mimics significantly decreased PD-1 expression and increased (TNF)-α and interferon (IFN)-γ production. miR-4717 inhibitor significantly increased PD-1 expression and decreased TNF-α and IFN-γ production although not significantly. In lymphocytes from chronic HBV patients with rs10204525 genotype AA, no similar effects were observed. miR-4717 levels in peripheral lymphocytes from patients with HBV-related chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis and HCC were significantly decreased. In conclusion, miR-4717 may allele-specifically regulate PD-1 expression through interaction with the 3' UTR of PD1 mRNA, leading to the alteration of immune regulation and affecting the susceptibility and disease course of chronic HBV infection.

Int. J. Neurosci.
Int J Neurosci 2015 Aug 20:1-7. Epub 2015 Aug 20.
a 1 Centre for Stem cells and Regenerative Medicine, The Affiliated Liaocheng Hospital/Liaocheng People's Hospital , Taishan Medical University , Liaocheng , China.

Mutations in the β-glucocerebrosidase gene (GBA) have been implicated as a risk factor for Parkinson's disease (PD). However, GBA mutations in PD patients of different ethnic origins were reported to be inconsistent.
We sequenced all exons of the GBA gene in 225 PD patients and 110 control individuals from Eastern Canada.Read More

Two novel GBA variants of c.-119 A/G and S(-35)N, five known GBA mutations of R120W, N370S, L444P, RecNciI and RecTL mutation (del55/D409H/RecNciI) as well as two non-pathological variants of E326K and T369M were identified from PD patients while only one mutation of S13L and two non-pathological variants of E326K and T369M were found in the control individuals. The frequency of GBA mutations within PD patients (4.4%) is 4.8 times higher than the 0.91% observed in control individuals (X(2) = 2.91, p = 0.088; odds ratio = 4.835; 95% confidence interval = 2.524-9.123). The most common mutations of N370S and L444P accounted for 36.0% (9/25) of all the GBA mutations in this Eastern Canadian PD cohort. The frequency (6.67%) of E326K and T369M in PD patients is comparable to 7.27% in control individuals (X(2) = 0.042, p = 0.8376), further supporting that these two variants have no pathological effects on PD. Phenotype analysis showed that no significant difference in family history, age at onset and cognitive impairment was identified between the GBA mutation carriers and non-GBA mutation carriers.
GBA mutations were found to be a common genetic risk factor for PD in Eastern Canadian patients.

Fertil. Steril.
Fertil Steril 2015 Aug 6;104(2):312-317.e1. Epub 2015 Jun 6.
Department of Reproductive Endocrinology, Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

To assess the effects of micro ribonucleic acid (miR)-34b/c expression levels in human spermatozoa on intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcomes.
Retrospective observational study.
In vitro fertilization center.Read More

A total of 162 patients with idiopathic male infertility who had undergone first ICSI cycles.
The levels of miR-34b/c in spermatozoa were measured using real-time polymerase chain reaction. Fertilization, early cleavage, day-3 good-quality embryo, pregnancy, implantation, and live birth rate were assessed. A receiver operating characteristic curve was employed to analyze the cutoff values.
No correlation was found between the spermatozoa miR-34b/c levels and the 2 pronuclei early cleavage rate. A correlation was seen between an increased level of miR-34c and a higher percentage of good-quality embryos on day 3. Although miR-34b and miR-34c levels were higher in the pregnancy group, compared with the nonpregnancy group, receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that miR-34c levels in spermatozoa were more strongly correlated with ICSI treatment outcomes, compared with miR-34b (area under the curve = 0.75). Patients in the miR-34c-positive group were more likely to exhibit higher rates of good-quality embryos, implantation, pregnancy, and live birth. A multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that miR-34c in spermatozoa (odds ratio: 5.699, with 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.687-12.088) and woman's age (odds ratio: 0.843, with 95% CI: 0.736-0.966) were the 2 parameters that were significantly correlated with pregnancy.
Our results demonstrate that miR-34c levels in spermatozoa are correlated with ICSI outcomes, suggesting that paternal miR-34c may play a role in the early phases of embryonic development. Levels of MiR-34c in human spermatozoa may be used as an indicator for ICSI outcomes.

Clin Nucl Med
Clin Nucl Med 2015 Aug;40(8):642-6
From the *Departments of Nuclear Medicine, †Department of Pathology, ‡Department of Endocrinology Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, People's Republic of China; and §Department of Radiology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine Philadelphia, PA.

Tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO) is generally caused by small benign mesenchymal tumors producing fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23). The only curative therapy of the disease is resection of the causative tumors. However, these tumors are extremely difficult to detect using conventional imaging modalities.Read More

This research was undertaken to evaluate efficacy of Ga DOTATATE PET/CT in this clinical setting.
Images of Ga DOTATATE PET/CT and clinical charts from 54 patients with clinically suspected TIO were retrospectively reviewed. The image findings were compared with the results of histopathological examinations and clinical follow-ups.
Ga DOTATATE PET/CT scans were positive in 44 patients, among which, 33 had surgery to remove the lesions. Postsurgical pathological examination confirmed causative tumors in 32 patients whose symptoms diminished promptly, and the serum phosphate levels became normal, which confirmed the diagnoses of TIO. Eleven patients with positive Ga DOTATATE PET/CT did not have surgery. These 11 patients continued to have symptoms and hypophosphatemia but were not included in the final analysis because of lack of evidence to confirm or exclude TIO. Ten patients had negative Ga DOTATATE PET/CT scans. All of these10 patients responded to conservative therapy and had normal serum phosphate levels in the follow-up, which excluded TIO. Therefore, the Ga DOTATATE PET/CT imaging had a sensitivity of 100% (32/32) and a specificity of 90.9% (10/11). The overall accuracy of Ga DOTATATE PET/CT scan in the detection of tumors responsible for osteomalacia is 97.7% (42/43).
Ga DOTATATE PET/CT scan is an accurate imaging modality in the detection of tumors causing TIO.

Fish Shellfish Immunol.
Fish Shellfish Immunol 2015 Aug 17;45(2):940-5. Epub 2015 Jun 17.
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37614, USA. Electronic address:

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are critical components of the innate immune response of fish. In a phylogenetic analysis, TLR27 from three fish species, which belongs to TLR family 1, clustered with TLR14/18 and TLR25 on the evolutionary tree. The ectodomain of TLR27 is predicted to include 19 leucine-rich repeat (LRR) modules.Read More

Structural modeling showed that the TLR27 ectodomain can be divided into three distinctive sections. The lack of conserved asparagines on the concave surface of the central subdomain causes a structural transition in the middle of the ectodomain, forming a distinct hydrophobic pocket at the border between the central subdomain and the C-terminal subdomain. We infer that, like other functionally characterized TLRs in family 1, the hydrophobic pocket located between LRR11 and LRR12 participates in ligand recognition by TLR27. An evolutionary analysis showed that the dN/dS value at the TLR27 locus was very low. Approximately one quarter of the total number of TLR27 sites are under significant negatively selection pressure, whereas only two sites are under positive selection. Consequently, TLR27 is highly evolutionarily conserved and probably plays an extremely important role in the innate immune systems of fishes.

Plant Mol. Biol.
Plant Mol Biol 2015 Aug 24;88(6):515-29. Epub 2015 Jun 24.
State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, People's Republic of China.

The AsPPD1 gene from Astragalus sinicus encodes a purple acid phosphatase. To address the functions of AsPPD1 in legume-rhizobium symbiosis, its expression patterns, enzyme activity, subcellular localization, and phenotypes associated with its over-expression and RNA interference (RNAi) were investigated. The expression of AsPPD1 was up-regulated in roots and nodules after inoculation with rhizobia.Read More

Phosphate starvation reduced the levels of AsPPD1 transcripts in roots while increased those levels in nodules. We confirmed the acid phosphatase and phosphodiesterase activities of recombinant AsPPD1 purified from Pichia pastoris, and demonstrated its ability to hydrolyze ADP and ATP in vitro. Subcellular localization showed that AsPPD1 located on the plasma membranes in hairy roots and on the symbiosomes membranes in root nodules. Over-expression of AsPPD1 in hairy roots inhibited nodulation, while its silencing resulted in nodules early senescence and significantly decreased nitrogenase activity. Furthermore, HPLC measurement showed that AsPPD1 overexpression affects the ADP levels in the infected roots and nodules, AsPPD1 silencing affects the ratio of ATP/ADP and the energy charge in nodules, and quantitative observation demonstrated the changes of AsPPD1 transcripts level affected nodule primordia formation. Taken together, it is speculated that AsPPD1 contributes to symbiotic ADP levels and energy charge control, and this is required for effective nodule organogenesis and nitrogen fixation.

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2015 Aug 7;464(2):500-5. Epub 2015 Jul 7.
Central Laboratory, Heping Hospital Attached to Changzhi Medical College, Changzhi 046000, China.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a key role in carcinogenesis and tumor progression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In the present study, we demonstrated that miR-502 significantly inhibits HCC cell proliferation in vitro and tumor growth in vivo. G1/S cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of HCC cells were induced by miR-502.Read More

Phosphoinositide 3-kinase catalytic subunit gamma (PIK3CG) was identified as a direct downstream target of miR-502 in HCC cells. Notably, overexpression of PIK3CG reversed the inhibitory effects of miR-502 in HCC cells. Our findings suggest that miR-502 functions as a tumor suppressor in HCC via inhibition of PI3KCG, supporting its utility as a promising therapeutic gene target for this tumor type.

Analyst 2015 Aug;140(17):5877-80
Key Laboratory of Sensor Analysis of Tumor Marker, Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, No. 53, Zhengzhou Rd., Qingdao, Shandong 266042, China.

A responsive hairpin DNA aptamer switch was ingeniously designed for enzyme-free, sensitive and selective electrochemical detection of ATP. It takes full advantage of the target-triggered liberation effect of the toehold region and the concomitant proximity effect with the branch-migration region to execute the toehold-mediated strand displacement reaction on the electrode surface.Read More

J. Am. Chem. Soc.
J Am Chem Soc 2015 Aug 30;137(31):9982-7. Epub 2015 Jul 30.
‡The Education Ministry Key Lab of Resource Chemistry, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Functional Materials, Optoelectronic Nano Materials and Devices Institute, Department of Chemistry, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai, China 200234.

We present here a new design motif for strained, conjugated macrocycles that incorporates two different aromatics into the cycle with an -A-B-A-B- pattern. In this study, we demonstrate the concept by alternating electron donors and acceptors in a conjugated cycle. The donor is a bithiophene, and the acceptor is a perylene diimide derivative.Read More

The macrocycle formed has a persistent elliptiform cavity that is lined with the sulfur atoms of the thiophenes and the π-faces of the perylene diimide. Due to the linkage of the perylene diimide subunits, the macrocycles exist in both chiral and achiral forms. We separate the three stereoisomers using chiral high-performance liquid chromatography and study their interconversion. The mechanism for interconversion involves an "intramolecular somersault" in which one of the PDIs rotates around its transverse axis, thereby moving one of its diimide heads through the plane of the cavity. These unusual macrocycles are black in color with an absorption spectrum that spans the visible range. Density functional theory calculations reveal a photoinduced electron transfer from the bithiophene to the perylene diimide.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2015 Aug 12. Epub 2015 Aug 12.
CAS Key Laboratory of Soft Matter Chemistry, Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Energy Materials, Department of Chemistry, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, P. R. China.

N-aminobutyl-N-ethylisoluminol and horseradish peroxidase bifunctionalized graphene oxide hybrids (ABEI-GO@HRP) were prepared through a facile and green strategy for the first time. The hybrids exhibited excellent chemiluminescence (CL) activity over a wide range of pH from 6.1 to 13.Read More

0 when reacted with H2O2, whereas ABEI functionalized GO had no CL emission at neutral pH and showed more than 2 orders of magnitude lower CL intensity than ABEI-GO@HRP at pH 13.0. Such strong CL emission from ABEI-GO@HRP was probably due to that HRP and GO facilitated the formation of O2(•-), - CO4(•2-), HO(•), and π-C═C(•) in the CL reaction, and GO as a reaction interface promoted the electron transfer of the radical-involved reaction. By virtue of ABEI-GO@HRP as a platform, an ultrasensitive, selective, and reagentless CL sensor was developed for H2O2 detection. The CL sensor exhibited a detection limit of 47 fM at physiological pH, which was more than 2 orders of magnitude lower than previously reported methods. This work reveals that bifunctionalization of GO by ABEI and HRP leads to excellent CL feature and enzyme selectivity, which can be used as an ideal platform for developing novel analytical methods.

Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2015 Aug 5. Epub 2015 Aug 5.
Institute of Microbiology, College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310058, People's Republic of China.

Many filamentous fungi produce only conidia for dispersal and survival in vitro or in vivo. Here, we show that the developmental regulator WetA and the velvet protein VosA are not only required for conidial maturation but indispensable for conidiation in Beauveria bassiana, a filamentous entomopathogen. Deletion of wetA or vosA resulted in more than 90 % transcriptional depression of brlA and abaA, two activator genes in the central developmental pathway, during the critical period of conidiophore development and conidiation.Read More

Consequently, ΔwetA and ΔvosA strains lost 98 % in and 88 % of their conidiation capacities under optimal culture conditions, respectively. The conidia of ΔwetA showed more defective features than those of ΔvosA, including smaller size, lesser density, lower hydrophobicity, and impaired cell walls although intracellular trehalose content decreased more in the aging culture of ΔvosA than of ΔwetA. As a result, conidial sensitivity to cell wall perturbation was elevated in ΔwetA but unaffected in ΔvosA, which produced conidia more sensitive to the oxidant menadione and the wet-heat stress at 45 °C. Both deletion mutants showed similar defects in conidial tolerance to high osmolarity or UV-B irradiation but no change in conidial sensitivity to the other oxidant H2O2 or the fungicide carbendazim. Moreover, ΔwetA lost more virulence to Galleria mellonella larvae than ΔvosA. All these phenotypical changes were restored by either wetA or vosA complementation. Taken together, WetA and VosA are indispensable for asexual development and contribute differentially to conidial quality and hence the biological control potential of B. bassiana against insect pests.

J Food Sci Technol
J Food Sci Technol 2015 Aug 28;52(8):4955-64. Epub 2014 Oct 28.
College of Food and Bioengineering, Henan University of Science and Technology, 263 Kaiyuan Road, Luolong district, Luoyang, 471023 China.

Ultrasound assisted hot air drying of Flos Lonicerae was investigated in this study. The effects of drying parameters such as ultrasonic radiation distance, ultrasonic power and drying temperature on drying characteristics were discussed. The results showed that ultrasound application has positive and significant effects on hot air drying.Read More

Shortening ultrasonic radiation distance is beneficial to improve both ultrasonic energy efficiency and drying rate. Higher ultrasonic power had more positive and significant effects on drying rate. The influence of ultrasound power on drying rate decreased along with the decrease of moisture content during drying process, especially at low ultrasound powers. The increase of drying temperature significantly caused the reduction of drying time. D eff values ranged from 5.05 × 10(-11) to 20.33 × 10(-11) m(2)/s in ultrasound assisted hot air drying of Flos Lonicerae, and increased with the increase in drying temperature and ultrasonic power. The corresponding activation energy values ranged from 28.90 to 36.05 kJ/mol, and decreased with the increase in applied ultrasonic power. Therefore, ultrasound assistance is a helpful and promising method to enhance hot air drying process.

J. Nucl. Med.
J Nucl Med 2015 Aug 6. Epub 2015 Aug 6.
National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Suitably labeled Evans blue dye has been successfully applied to evaluate cardiac function, vascular permeability, and lymphatic imaging. This study documented the first-in-human application of a novel albumin-binding positron emission tomography (PET) radiotracer.
1,4,7-triazacyclononane-N,N',N"-triacetic acid (NOTA) conjugated truncated form of Evans blue, NEB was labeled with (68)Ga and tested in Balb/C mice for dynamic PET and ex vivo biodistribution studies.Read More

The absorbed doses for major organs and whole body were then extrapolated to adult human using OLINDA EXM software. Three healthy volunteers (2 male and 1 female) underwent 90 min whole-body dynamic PET. Eleven patients with focal hepatic lesion(s) diagnosed by enhanced CT and/or MRI were subjected to whole-body PET/CT acquisitions at 30 min after intravenous injection of 111-148 MBq (3-4 mCi) of (68)Ga-NEB.
NEB dye was labeled with (68)Ga (t1/2 = 68 min) with high yield and purity. After intravenous injection, (68)Ga-NEB forms a complex with serum albumin thus majority of the radioactivity is retained in blood circulation. The tracer was demonstrated to be safe in both healthy volunteers and recruited patients without side effects or allergies. Among the 11 patients, hemangiomas showed much higher (68)Ga-NEB signal intensity than the surrounding normal hepatic tissues, while no apparent difference between lesions and hepatic tissues was identified on FDG PET. All other focal hepatic lesions including HCC, hepatic cysts and neuroendocrine tumor liver metastases showed negative (68)Ga-NEB contrast to hepatic tissues.
As a blood pool imaging agent, (68)Ga-NEB is safe to use in the clinic and our preliminary studies demonstrate the value of differentiating hepatic hemangioma from other benign or malignant focal hepatic lesions. Easy labeling with different positron emitters of various half-lives, excellent pharmacokinetics, and imaging quality warrant further clinical applications of NEB-based PET tracers.

Int J Clin Exp Pathol
Int J Clin Exp Pathol 2015 1;8(6):7022-7. Epub 2015 Jun 1.
Department of Endocrinology, Qianfoshan Hospital, Shandong University 66 Jingshi Road, Jinan 250014, China.

To investigate the mitochondrial mutations in patients suffering from both mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) and maternally inherited diabetes. MELAS was confirmed by muscle biopsy performed from the biceps muscle of the proband. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) was isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells.Read More

The significant mtDNA loci of other 14 family members were further detected according to the sequencing results of the proband. Direct sequencing of PCR products was used to identify the mitochondrial mutations. The proband (III 1) and her brother (III 3) both harbored the tRNALeu (UUR) A3243G mutation, with heteroplasmic levels of 50% and 33% respectively. Moreover, another two mitochondrial variants, A8860G and A15326G, were also detected in the samples of all the family members. MELAS and diabetes can coexist in one patient, and the main cause for these diseases is the tRNALeu (UUR) A3243G mutation. However, other gene variants may contribute to its pathogenesis. This case also supports the concept that both syndromes can be regarded as two phenotypes of the same disease.

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2015 Aug;17(8):769-74
Department of Developmental Pediatrics, Shengjing Hospital Affiliated to China Medical University, Shenyang 110004, China.

To analyze mutation types, clinical features, and treatment outcomes of cobalamin C (cblC) type combined methylmalonic aciduria and homocystinuria (MMA-HC) and to investigate the relationship of genotypes with clinical phenotypes and outcomes.
The clinical data of 16 Chinese children diagnosed with cblC type MMA-HC by gene analysis were retrospectively analyzed. According to the onset age, the patients were classified into early onset (≤1 year) and late onset (>1 year).Read More

According to the clinical phenotype, the patients were classified into mild, moderate, and severe groups. All the patients were treated with vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) or hydroxocobalamin, betaine, folate, vitamin B6, and L-carnitine.
Fifteen patients belonged to the early onset type, including 11 in the severe group and 4 in the moderate group. The remaining one belonged to the late onset type. Seven reported mutations and two novel mutations (c.445_446delTG and c.349G>c) were detected. The c.609G>A and c.658_660delAAG were the most common mutations detected in 13 (81%) out of 16 patients. The genotype caused by compound heterozygous mutations of these two alleles (c.609 G>A/c.658_660delAAG) was the most common in the patients, detected in 4 (25%) out of 16 patients. Patients with this genotype had severe microcephaly and eye diseases and these clinical manifestations were not improved after the treatment. The patient with late-onset cblC type MMA-HC had normal clinical phenotypes after treatment. In the 15 early onset patients, the more severe the clinical phenotype, the worse the treatment outcome.
The cblC type MMA-HC mainly manifests as early onset in China and c.609G >A and c.658_660delAAG are the most common mutations causing this disease. The clinical phenotypes are associated with the outcomes in children with cblC type MMA-HC.

PLoS One 2015 26;10(8):e0136683. Epub 2015 Aug 26.
Wuhan Centers for Disease Prevention and Control, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Obtaining reliable and valid data on sensitive questions represents a longstanding challenge for public health, particularly HIV research. To overcome the challenge, we assessed a construal level theory (CLT)-based novel method. The method was previously established and pilot-tested using the Brief Sexual Openness Scale (BSOS).Read More

This scale consists of five items assessing attitudes toward premarital sex, multiple sexual partners, homosexuality, extramarital sex, and commercial sex, all rated on a standard 5-point Likert scale. In addition to self-assessment, the participants were asked to assess rural residents, urban residents, and foreigners. The self-assessment plus the assessment of the three other groups were all used as subconstructs of one latent construct: sexual openness. The method was validated with data from 1,132 rural-to-urban migrants (mean age = 32.5, SD = 7.9; 49.6% female) recruited in China. Consistent with CLT, the Cronbach alpha of the BSOS as a conventional tool increased with social distance, from .81 for self-assessment to .97 for assessing foreigners. In addition to a satisfactory fit of the data to a one-factor model (CFI = .94, TLI = .93, RMSEA = .08), a common factor was separated from the four perspective factors (i.e., migrants' self-perspective and their perspectives of rural residents, urban residents and foreigners) through a trifactor modeling analysis (CFI = .95, TLI = .94, RMSEA = .08). Relative to its conventional form, CTL-based BSOS was more reliable (alpha: .96 vs .81) and valid in predicting sexual desire, frequency of dating, age of first sex, multiple sexual partners and STD history. This novel technique can be used to assess sexual openness, and possibly other sensitive questions among Chinese domestic migrants.

Int J Clin Exp Med
Int J Clin Exp Med 2015 15;8(6):9595-8. Epub 2015 Jun 15.
Department of Oncology, Chinese PLA General Hospital 28 Fuxing Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100853, China.

Extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) is a rare neoplasm with only a limited number of cases reported in the literature. Little was known about the availability of systemic chemotherapy for metastatic EMPD.
We report one case of heavily pretreated EMPD with multiple organ metastases and successfully treated by pemetrexed.Read More

The tumor was progression after multi-line therapy including erlotinib, radiotherapy, combined chemotherapy and radioactive particles implantation. Pemetrexed monotherapy was applied and progression free survival of more than 5 months with partial remission (PR) response was achieved. Only 1 time of grade 3 neutropenia was observed during the pemetrexed chemotherapy.
Due to the significant response and tolerability in the present case, pemetrexed monotherapy was recommended as a potent candidate for patients with advanced EMPD.

Int J Clin Exp Med
Int J Clin Exp Med 2015 15;8(6):9869-75. Epub 2015 Jun 15.
Department of Orthopaedic, Beijing Army General Hospital Beijing 100700, China.

The safest and most effective conservative treatment for patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH) has not been established. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of lumbar spine stabilization exercise (LSSE) and general exercise (GE) on pain intensity and functional capacity in young male patients with LDH.
Sixty-three young male adults aged 20 to 29 years with the diagnosis of LDH were enrolled and divided into an LSSE group (n=30) and a GE group (n=33).Read More

Patients in both groups received low-power laser (LPL) therapy during the first week of the onset of LDH. Patients in the GE group underwent a GE program. Patients in the LSSE group followed an LSSE program for 3 months. All of the patients were subjected to pain intensity and functional capacity evaluations four times: at pre-and post-LPL therapy, and at 3 months and 1 year post-exercise. Pain intensity of the lower back and legs was evaluated with the visual analogue scale (VAS), and functional capacity was evaluated with the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI).
Both groups showed a significant reduction in VAS and ODI scores at 3 and 12 months post-exercise compared with before treatment (P<0.001). The LSSE group showed a significant reduction in the average score of the VAS for low back pain (P=0.012) and the ODI (P=0.003) at 12 months post-exercise compared with the GE group.
LSSE and GE are considered as effective interventions for young male patients with LDH. Moreover, LSSE is more effective than GE, and physical therapy, such as LPL, is required during acute LDH.

Thromb. Haemost.
Thromb Haemost 2015 Jul 16;114(1):173-85. Epub 2015 Apr 16.
Dr. Junping Kou, State Key Laboratory of Natural Products, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of TCM Evaluation and Translational Research, Department of Complex Prescription of TCM, China Pharmaceutical University, 639 Longmian Road, Nanjing, 211198, P. R. China, Tel./Fax: +86 25 86185158, E-mail:

Non-muscle myosin heavy chain IIA (NMMHC IIA) has been shown to be involved in thrombus formation and inflammatory microparticle release in endothelial cells. However, the role of NMMHC IIA in regulating the expression of tissue factor (TF) and deep venous thrombosis remains to be elucidated. In the present study, endothelial cells were stimulated with tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) to induce TF expression.Read More

Pretreatment with the NMMHC II inhibitor blebbistatin suppressed the mRNA and protein expressions as well as the procoagulant activity of TF in a dose-dependent manner. Blebbistatin enhanced Akt and GSK3β phosphorylation and inhibited NF-κB p65 nuclear translocation and IκBα degradation. These observations were similar to the effect of CHIR99021, a GSK3β inhibitor. TF downregulation by blebbistatin was antagonised by the PI3K inhibitor, wortmannin. Furthermore, siRNA knockdown of NMMHC IIA, but not IIB or IIC, inhibited TF expression, activated Akt/GSK3β and suppressed NF-κB signalling pathways, whereas the overexpression of NMMHC IIA increased TF expression. The binding of NMMHC IIA and TNF receptor 2 mediated signal internalisation in TNF-α-stimulated endothelial cells. Importantly, blebbistatin decreased endothelium NMMHC IIA and TF expression, deactivated GSK3β by inducing its phosphorylation, suppressed p65 nuclear translocation, and inhibited thrombus formation in a mouse deep venous thrombosis model.Our findings provide solid evidence that inhibition of NMMHC II, most likely NMMHC IIA, impedes TF expression and venous thrombosis via Akt/GSK3β-NF-κB signalling pathways in the endothelium both in vitro and in vivo. NMMHC IIA might be a potential novel target for the treatment of thrombotic disorders.

Auton Neurosci
Auton Neurosci 2015 Jul 2;190:1-9. Epub 2015 Apr 2.
Acupuncture and Moxibustion Department, Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated to Capital Medical University, 23 Meishuguanhou Street, Dongcheng District, Beijing 100010, China. Electronic address:

As an ancient therapeutic method, acupuncture has been used to treat many diseases as an adjunctive therapy. However, its clinical efficacy remains controversial and the neural mechanisms have not been well understood. Accumulating studies have revealed that fMRI has made it possible to study brain responses to acupuncture.Read More

This review aims to provide scientific evidence to support the notion and discuss how these findings contribute to the neural mechanisms of acupuncture.

Planta 2015 Jul 28;242(1):283-93. Epub 2015 Apr 28.
College of Life Science, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu, 030801, Shanxi, China.

Our work strongly suggests that microRNA858 regulates anthocyanin biosynthesis in tomato by modulating the expression of two R2R3 MYB transcription factors, underscoring the importance of microRNAs in the gene regulatory network controlling specialized metabolism in plants. The biological functions of microRNA858 (miR858), a recently identified small RNA, are not well understood. Here, we identified miR858 as a negative regulator of anthocyanin biosynthesis in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum).Read More

RNA ligase-mediated 5'RACE cleavage assay showed that miR858 mediates the cleavage of SlMYB7-like and SlMYB48-like transcripts in tomato. Expression analysis revealed an inverse correlation between the accumulation of miR858 and its target SlMYB7-like mRNA, in different tissues of tomato. Subsequently, a small tandem target mimic construct for blocking miR858 (STTM858) was generated and transformed into tomato. The majority of endogenous miR858 was blocked in STTM858 over-expressing tomato plants, whereas SlMYB7-like transcripts increased significantly. Concomitantly, upregulated expression was detected for several anthocyanin biosynthetic genes, including PAL, CHS, DFR, ANS and 3GT. As a result, anthocyanins were highly accumulated in young seedlings, leaves, stems and leaf buds of the transgenic plants under normal growth conditions. In addition, over-expression of STTM858 in tomato activated another MYB transcription factor, SlMYB48, implicating the possible involvement of SlMYB48 in anthocyanin biosynthesis.

Tumori 2015 Jul 13;101(4):353-9. Epub 2015 May 13.
Department of Radiation Oncology, Sichuan Cancer Hospital and Institute, Chengdu, Sichuan - China.

Esophageal cancer can cause substantial mortality and there is controversy about the effectiveness of concurrent and sequential chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for this disease.
Based on established criteria, we searched electronic databases including PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database (Embase), China National Knowledge Infrastruction (CNKI), Wanfang, and Weipu databases up to March 2014 to collect eligible studies. Relative risks (RRs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated.Read More

Q and I2 test were applied to test statistical heterogeneities among studies. Publication bias of total effective rate was evaluated through a funnel plot and sensitive analysis was conducted.
We identified 10 Chinese studies including 1024 esophageal cancer patients. The RRs of total effective rate and 1-, 2-, and 3-year survival rate for concurrent versus sequential CRT were 1.15 (95% CI 1.07 to 1.24), 1.15 (95% CI 1.05 to 1.26), 1.44 (95% CI 1.21 to 1.73), and 1.66 (95% CI 1.37 to 2.01), respectively, all with statistically significant differences (p<0.05). With regards to incidence of leukocytopenia, the RR for concurrent versus sequential CRT was 1.14 (95% CI 1.03 to 1.26) with significant difference (p<0.05). However, the RR of incidence of radiation esophagitis was 1.09 (95% CI 0.96 to 1.22) for concurrent versus sequential CRT without significant differences (p = 0.17).
Concurrent CRT was superior to sequential CRT for esophageal cancer management among Chinese people. Though higher toxic effects were revealed in concurrent CRT, it was tolerable. Therefore, concurrent CRT could be applied into esophageal cancer treatments for Chinese patients.

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2015 Jul 19;463(3):262-7. Epub 2015 May 19.
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37614, USA. Electronic address:

Palmitate (PA), one of the most prevalent saturated fatty acids, causes myocardial dysfunction. However, the mechanisms by which PA induces cell apoptosis and autophagy remain to be elucidated. We showed that autophagy was induced in an mTORC1-dependent way and played a protective role against PA-induced apoptosis, which was verified by pretreatment with 3-methyladenine (3MA) and rapamycin.Read More

However, p62 began to accumulate after 18 h treatment with PA, suggesting prolonged exposure to PA lead to an impairment of autophagic flux. PA enhanced ROS production as well as activated p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) and c-jun NH2 terminal kinases (JNKs). The antioxidant N-Acety-l-Cysteine (NAC) was found to attenuate the JNK and p38 MAPK activation with a concomitant reduction of PA-induced autophagy and apoptosis. Furthermore, both JNK and p38 MAPK inhibitors were shown to directly abrogate caspase 7 cleavage as well as the conversion of LC3BI to LC3BII. Thus, we demonstrate that PA stimulates autophagy and apoptosis via ROS-dependent JNK and p38 MAPK pathways.

Angiogenesis 2015 Jul 4;18(3):373-82. Epub 2015 Jun 4.
Institute of Cardiovascular Science, Peking University Health Science Center, 38 Xueyuan Rd, Beijing, 100191, China.

Angiogenesis, a crucial step in tumor growth and metastasis, is regulated by various pro- or anti-angiogenic factors. Recently, microRNAs have been shown to modulate angiogenic processes by modulating the expression of critical angiogenic factors. However, roles of tumor-derived microRNAs in regulating tumor vascularization remain to be elucidated.Read More

In this study, we found that delivery of miR-494 into human vascular endothelial cells (ECs) enhanced the EC migration and promoted angiogenesis. The angiogenic effect of miR-494 was mediated by the targeting of PTEN and the subsequent activation of Akt/eNOS pathway. Importantly, co-culture experiments demonstrated that a lung cancer cell line, A549, secreted and delivered miR-494 into ECs via a microvesicle-mediated route. In addition, we found that the expression of miR-494 was induced in the tumor cells in response to hypoxia, likely via a HIF-1α-mediated mechanism. Furthermore, a specific miR-494 antagomiR effectively inhibited angiogenesis and attenuated the growth of tumor xenografts in nude mice. Taken together, these results demonstrated that miR-494 is a novel tumor-derived paracrine signal to promote angiogenesis and tumor growth under hypoxic condition.

Med. Oncol.
Med Oncol 2015 Jul 12;32(7):199. Epub 2015 Jun 12.
The Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhengzhou University, 2 Jingba Road, Jinshui District, Zhengzhou, 450014, China.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection induces chronic and precancerous lesions and results in invasive cervical cancer. Human telomerase as well as inflammatory and angiogenic factors such as telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) or vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) could play a role in regulating HPV-induced cervical cancer. This study investigated underlying molecular events in HPV-induced HPV-positive cervical cancer through hTERT and VEGF in vitro.Read More

Expressions of hTERT, a rate-limiting subunit of telomerase, and VEGF mRNA and proteins were, respectively, assessed by qRT-PCR, ELISA, and TRAP-ELISA in HPV-positive tissue samples and cervical cancer cell lines. To assess hTERT and VEGF secretion, hTERT overexpression and knockdown were conducted in HPV-18-positive Hela cells by hTERT cDNA and shRNA transfection, respectively. Then, the effect of HPV E6 and E7 on VEGF expressions was assessed in HPV-negative cervical cancer cells. Data have shown that VEGF expression levels are associated with hTERT expressions and telomerase activity in HPV-positive cervical cancer tissues and cells. Knockdown of hTERT expression down-regulated VEGF expressions, whereas overexpression of hTERT up-regulated VEGF expressions in HPV-18-positive Hela cells. Furthermore, HPV E7 oncoprotein was necessary for hTERT to up-regulate VEGF expressions in HPV-negative cervical cancer cells. Data from this current study indicate that HPV oncoproteins up-regulated hTERT and telomerase activity and in turn promoted VEGF expressions, which could be a key mechanism for HPV-induced cervical cancer development and progression.

PLoS One 2015 1;10(7):e0127782. Epub 2015 Jul 1.
Department of Ultrasonic Medicine, Chongqing Cancer Institute, No. 181 Han Yu Road, Shapingba District, Chongqing, 400030, China.

In order to better monitor non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients at higher risk for HCC, there is a need for non-invasive diagnostic approaches to screen for the presence of advanced fibrosis in these patients. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis will be to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of ARFI elastography in detecting hepatic fibrosis in NAFLD patients.
Relevant studies were identified from systematic searches of several major electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials).Read More

The primary outcomes were the summary sensitivity, summary specificity, the diagnostic odds ratio, and the summary receiver operating characteristic curve (SROC) of ARFI elastography in detecting significant fibrosis (defined as 4>F≥2) in NAFLD patients. Study quality was assessed using the Quality Assessment of Studies of Diagnostic Accuracy included in Systematic Review (QUADAS-2).
The summary sensitivity and specificity of ARFI in detecting significant fibrosis were 80.2% (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.758-0.842; p = 0.0000) and 85.2% (95% CI: 0.808-0.890), p = 0.1617), respectively. The pooled diagnostic odds ratio of ARFI in detecting significant fibrosis was 30.13 (95% CI: 12.08-75; chi-squared = 14.59, p = 0.0237). The area under the SROC curve (AUC) was 0.898 (standard error (SE): 0.031) with a Q* index of 0.830 (SE: 0.033).
ARFI elastography appears to be modestly accurate in detecting significant fibrosis in NAFLD patients. Future studies in this field should provide head-to-head comparisons of ARFI elastography versus other elastographic imaging modalities in NAFLD patients.

J Bone Joint Surg Am
J Bone Joint Surg Am 2015 Jul;97(13):1084-94
Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery (H.W., Y.L., G.Q., X.W., and J.J.), Endocrinology (Y.J., X.X., M.L., X.M., and W.X.), Pathology (D.Z.), Nuclear Medicine (F.L. and Z.Z.), and Radiology (W.Y.), Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH), Number 1 Shuaifuyuan hutong, Beijing 100730, People's Republic of China. E-mail address for H. Wang: E-mail address for D. Zhong: E-mail address for Y. Liu: E-mail address for Y. Jiang: E-mail address for G. Qiu: E-mail address for X. Weng: E-mail address for X. Xing: E-mail address for M. Li: E-mail address for X. Meng: E-mail address for F. Li: E-mail address for Z. Zhu: E-mail address for W. Yu: E-mail address for W. Xia: E-mail address for J. Jin:

Tumor-induced osteomalacia is a rare and fascinating paraneoplastic syndrome usually caused by a small, benign phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor. Most tumors are treated surgically, but we are unaware of any reports that compare the results of curettage and segmental resection for lesions in long bones.
Seventeen patients (ten male and seven female) with tumor-induced osteomalacia lesions in long bones, who underwent surgical treatment from December 2004 to August 2013 in our hospital, were included in this retrospective study.Read More

The mean follow-up (and standard deviation) was 35 ± 27 months (range, twelve to 116 months). The characteristics of the tumor and the effects of different surgical treatments (curettage compared with segmental resection) were evaluated.
All patients showed typical clinical characteristics of tumor-induced osteomalacia, including elevated serum fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23); 82% of tumors were in the epiphysis, and 82% grew eccentrically. The mean maximum diameter of the tumors was 2.4 ± 2.0 cm. The complete resection rates were similar for curettage (67%) and segmental resection (80%). However, the recurrence rate after curettage (50%) was higher than that after segmental resection (0%). The complete resection rate for secondary segmental resection (75%) was not different from that for primary segmental resection (83%). All of our cases of tumor-induced osteomalacia were caused by phosphaturic mesenchymal tumors. After successful removal of tumors, serum FGF-23 returned to normal within twenty-four hours and serum phosphorus levels returned to normal at a mean of 6.5 ± 3.5 days.
Most lesions in long bones are located in the epiphysis, so curettage is first suggested to maintain joint function. If curettage is incomplete or there is a recurrence, secondary segmental resection should be considered curative. Changes of serum FGF-23 and phosphorus levels before and after the operation may be of prognostic help.
Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Neurol. Sci.
Neurol Sci 2015 Jul 12. Epub 2015 Jul 12.
Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Liaoning Medical University, No. 2, 5th Duan, People's Street, Guta District, Jinzhou, 121001, China,

Oxidative stress plays important role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Edaravone is a potent free radical scavenger that exerts antioxidant effects. Therefore, in this study we aimed to investigate neuroprotective effects of edaravone for AD.Read More

Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups (n = 15): control group, model group, and treatment group, which were injected with phosphate buffered saline, Aβ1-40, and Aβ1-40 together with 5 mg/kg edaravone, respectively, into the right hippocampal dentate gyrus. Spatial learning and memory of the rats were examined by Morris water maze test. 4-Hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) level in rat hippocampus was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and choline acetylase (ChAT) activities were assayed by commercial kits. We found that edaravone ameliorated spatial learning and memory deficits in the rats. 4-HNE level in the hippocampus as well as AChE and ChAT activities in the hippocampus was significantly lower in treatment group than in model group. In conclusion, edaravone may be developed as a novel agent for the treatment of AD for improving cholinergic system and protecting neurons from oxidative toxicity.

Chin. Med. J.
Chin Med J (Engl) 2015 Jul;128(14):1893-7
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Beijing Army General Hospital, Dongcheng District, Beijing 100700, China.

This study evaluated the efficacy of percutaneous nucleoplasty using coblation technique for the treatment of chronic nonspecific low back pain (LBP), after 5 years of follow-up.
From September 2004 to November 2006, 172 patients underwent percutaneous nucleoplasty for chronic LBP in our department. Forty-one of these patients were followed up for a mean period of 67 months.Read More

Nucleoplasty was performed at L3/4 in 1 patient; L4/5 in 25 patients; L5/S1 in 2 patients; L3/4 and L4/5 in 2 patients; L4/5 and L5/S1 in 7 patients; and L3/4, L4/5, and L5/S1 in 4 patients. Patients were assessed preoperatively and at 1 week, 1 year, 3 years, and 5 years postoperatively. Pain was graded using a 10-cm Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and the percentage reduction in pain score was calculated at each postoperative time point. The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) was used to assess disability-related to lumbar spine degeneration, and patient satisfaction was assessed using the modified MacNab criteria.
There were significant differences among the preoperative, 1-week postoperative, and 3-year postoperative VAS and ODI scores, but not between the 3- and 5-year postoperative scores. There were no significant differences in age, sex, or preoperative symptoms between patients with effective and ineffective treatment, but there were significant differences in the number of levels treated, Pfirrmann grade of intervertebral disc degeneration, and provocative discography findings between these two groups. Excellent or good patient satisfaction was achieved in 87.9% of patients after 1 week, 72.4% after 1 year, 67.7% after 3 years, and 63.4% at the last follow-up.
Although previously published short- and medium-term outcomes after percutaneous nucleoplasty appeared to be satisfactory, our long-term follow-up results show a significant decline in patient satisfaction over time. Percutaneous nucleoplasty is a safe and simple technique, with therapeutic effectiveness for the treatment of chronic LBP in selected patients. The technique is minimally invasive and can be used as part of a stepwise treatment plan for chronic LBP.

Curr Stem Cell Res Ther
Curr Stem Cell Res Ther 2015 Jul 23. Epub 2015 Jul 23.
Department of Stomatology, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, No. 301., Middle Yanchang Road, Shanghai 200072, P.R. China.

The pluripotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are common precursors to adipocytes and osteoblasts. Large numbers of extracellular and intracellular signals and transcription factors moderate adipogenesis and osteo-blastogenesis. Importantly, between adipogenic and osteogenic lineage commitment and differentiation, differentiation of MSCs into one lineage will inhibit their differentiation toward the other lineage.Read More

This balance is regulated by numerous signaling pathways. As we know, the peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) and Wnt/β-catenin pathway are regarded as the master moderators of adipogenesis and osteogenesis. Moreover, governing the differentiation of MSCs to adipogenesis and osteoblastogenesis has significant implications in diverse areas of human health, from obesity to regenerative medicine to osteoporosis. Rivalry roles have been reported of the two pathways since the downstream products activated by Wnt-5arepress PPAR-γ transactivation through the H3K9 histone methyltransferase protein complexes. This review will discussthe inductive and inhibitive role of PPAR-γ in adipogenesis and osteoblastogenesis respectively, as well as the canonical Wnt/β-catenin pathway.

World J. Gastroenterol.
World J Gastroenterol 2015 Jul;21(27):8304-13
Hui Li, Tian He, Qian Xu, Zhe Li, Cun-Zhi Liu, Acupuncture and Moxibustion Department, Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing 100010, China.

In China, acupuncture has been considered an effective method for treating gastrointestinal (GI) dysfunction diseases for thousands of years. In fact, acupuncture has gained progressive acceptance from both practitioners and patients worldwide. However, the therapeutic effects and underlying mechanisms in treating GI dysfunction have not yet been established due to a lack of systematic and comprehensive review articles.Read More

Therefore, the aim of this review is to discuss the efficacy of acupuncture as a treatment for GI dysfunction and the associated underlying mechanisms. A search of PubMed was conducted for articles that were published over the past 10 years using the terms "acupuncture", "gastrointestine", and other relevant keywords. In the following review, we describe the effect and underlying mechanisms of acupuncture on GI function from the perspectives of GI motility, visceral sensitivity, the GI barrier, and the brain-gut axis. The dual regulatory effects of acupuncture may manifest by promoting gastric peristalsis in subjects with low initial gastric motility, and suppressing peristalsis in subjects with active initial motility. In addition, the regulation of acupuncture on gastric motility may be intensity-dependent. Our findings suggest that further studies are needed to investigate the effects and more systematic mechanisms in treating GI dysfunction, and to promote the application of acupuncture for the treatment of GI diseases.

J Diabetes Investig
J Diabetes Investig 2015 Jul 15;6(4):396-407. Epub 2015 Apr 15.
School of The Environment and Safety Engineering, Jiangsu University Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, China.

The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of chromium malate on glycometabolism, glycometabolism-related enzyme levels and lipid metabolism in type 2 diabetic rats, and dose-response and curative effects.
The model of type 2 diabetes rats was developed, and daily treatment with chromium malate was given for 4 weeks. A rat enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit was used to assay glycometabolism, glycometabolism-related enzyme levels and lipid metabolism changes.Read More

The results showed that the antihyperglycemic activity increased with administration of chromium malate in a dose-dependent manner. The serum insulin level, insulin resistance index and C-peptide level of the chromium malate groups at a dose of 17.5, 20.0 and 20.8 μg chromium/kg bodyweight were significantly lower than that of the model, chromium trichloride and chromium picolinate groups. The hepatic glycogen, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and glucokinase levels of the chromium malate groups at a dose of 17.5, 20.0 and 20.8 μg chromium/kg bodyweight were significantly higher than that of the model, chromium trichloride and chromium picolinate groups. Chromium malate at a dose of 20.0 and 20.8 μg chromium/kg bodyweight significantly changed the total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides levels compared with the chromium trichloride and chromium picolinate groups.
The results showed that chromium malate exhibits greater benefits in treating type 2 diabetes, and the curative effect of chromium malate is superior to chromium trichloride and chromium picolinate.

Chin. Med. J.
Chin Med J (Engl) 2015 5th Aug;128(15):2054-2058
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Beijing Army General Hospital, Beijing 100700, China.

Posterior cervical decompression is an accepted treatment for multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). Each posterior technique has its own advantages and disadvantages. In the present study, we compared the functional and radiological outcomes of expansive hemilaminectomy and laminoplasty with mini titanium plate in the treatment of multilevel CSM.Read More

Forty-four patients with multilevel CSM treated with posterior cervical surgery in Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Beijing Army General Hospital from March 2011 to June 2012 were enrolled in this retrospective study. Patients were divided into two groups by surgical procedure: Laminoplasty (Group L) and hemilaminectomy (Group H). Perioperative parameters including age, sex, duration of symptoms, operative duration, and intraoperative blood loss were recorded and compared. Spinal canal area, calculated using AutoCAD ® software(Autodesk Inc., San Rafael, CA, USA), and neurological improvement, evaluated with Japanese Orthopedic Association score, were also compared.
Neurological improvement did not differ significantly between groups. Group H had a significantly shorter operative duration and significantly less blood loss. Mean expansion ratio was significantly greater in Group L (77.83 ± 6.41%) than in Group H (62.72 ± 3.86%) (P < 0.01).
Both surgical approaches are safe and effective in treating multilevel CSM. Laminoplasty provides a greater degree of enlargement of the spinal canal, whereas expansive hemilaminectomy has the advantages of shorter operative duration and less intraoperative blood loss.

Mol Med Rep
Mol Med Rep 2015 Jul 30. Epub 2015 Jul 30.
Department of Internal Cardiology, Changsha No. 1 People's Hospital, Changsha, Hunan 410078, P.R. China.

Although it is well known that isoproterenol (ISO) causes myocardial hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis in rats, it has remained elusive whether heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) has a role in this process. The present study aimed to investigate the possible roles of HSF1 in ISO-induced fibrosis in mice. It was found that after administration of ISO in Kunming and HSF1-/+ mice, there was a large number of fibers deposited around blood vessels and among cardiocytes, accompanied with an obvious increase in the protein expressions of type I or III collagen and heat shock protein 47 (HSP47), as indicated by western blot analysis.Read More

After intervention with insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), myocardial fibrosis was significantly attenuated, with a paralleled decrease in the expression of collagen and HSP47 in the mice. However, in HSF1-/- mice, fiber hyperplasy was not observed after injection of ISO, and the levels of type I or III collagen and HSP47 were not significantly increased at the protein and mRNA level. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that after subcutaneous injection of ISO into the back of Kunming and HSF1-/+ mice, large amounts of HSF1 protein were localized to the nucleus, and there was an increase in phosphorylated HSF1 as indicated by western blot and immunohistochemical analysis, respectively. Intervention with IGF-1 inhibited HSF1 activation mediated by ISO. These results suggested that HSF1 is required for myocardial fibrosis in ISO-treated mice, and the underlying molecular mechanism may involve the regulation of HSP47.

Biomed. Environ. Sci.
Biomed Environ Sci 2015 Jul;28(7):518-26
National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, China CDC, Key Laboratory for Medical Virology, National Health and Family Planning Commission, Beijing 102206, China.

In March 2012, an H7N7 subtype avian influenza virus (AIV) named A/wild goose/Dongting/PC0360/2012 (H7N7) (DT/PC0360) was recovered from a wild goose in East Dongting Lake. We performed whole-genome sequencing of the isolate, and analyzed the phylogenetic and molecular characterization.
RNA was extracted from environment samples (including fecal samples from wild bird or domestic ducks, and water samples) for detecting the presence of Influenza A Virus targeting Matrix gene, using realtime RT-PCR assay.Read More

The positive samples were performed virus isolation with embryonated eggs. The subtype of the isolates were identified by RT-PCR assay with the H1-H16 and N1-N9 primer set. The whole-genome sequencing of isolates were performed. Phylogenetic and molecular characterizations of the eight genes of the isolates were analyzed.
Our results suggested that all the eight gene segments of DT/PC0360 belonged to the Eurasian gene pool, and the HA gene were belonged to distinct sublineage with H7N9 AIV which caused outbreaks in Mainland China in 2013. The hemagglutinin cleavage site of HA of DT/PC0360 showed characterization of low pathogenic avian influenza virus.
Strengthening the surveillance of AIVs of wild waterfowl and poultry in this region is vital for our knowledge of the ecology and mechanism of transmission to prevent an influenza pandemic.

J. Virol.
J Virol 2015 Jun 18;89(11):6121-5. Epub 2015 Mar 18.
Department of Pharmacology, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA

Porcine epidemic diarrhea coronavirus (PEDV) has significantly damaged America's pork industry. Here we investigate the receptor usage and cell entry of PEDV. PEDV recognizes protein receptor aminopeptidase N from pig and human and sugar coreceptor N-acetylneuraminic acid.Read More

Moreover, PEDV infects cells from pig, human, monkey, and bat. These results support the idea of bats as an evolutionary origin for PEDV, implicate PEDV as a potential threat to other species, and suggest antiviral strategies to control its spread.

Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2015 Jun;27(6):623-30
Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, the Medical College of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, People's Republic of China.

To date, associations between consumption of vegetables and fruit and the risk of inflammatory bowel disease have been a controversial subject. Therefore, we carried out a meta-analysis to evaluate the associations. A comprehensive search was performed in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure to identify all relevant studies.Read More

Pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) from random-effects or fixed-effects models were calculated. Publication bias was estimated using Egger's test and the funnel plot. A total of 14 case-control studies were included in this meta-analysis. On the basis of the highest versus the lowest analysis, consumption of vegetables was associated inversely with the risk of ulcerative colitis (UC) (OR=0.71, 95% CI 0.58-0.88, n=9 studies), but not with Crohn's disease (CD) (OR=0.66, 95% CI 0.40-1.09, n=8 studies). Higher consumption of fruit was associated inversely with the risk of UC (OR=0.69, 95% CI 0.49-0.96, n=8 studies) and CD (OR=0.57, 95% CI 0.44-0.74, n=10 studies). For intake of vegetables and the risk of CD, subgroup analysis showed a significant association for studies carried out in Europe (OR=0.36, 95% CI 0.23-0.57), but not in Asia (OR=1.00, 95% CI 0.50-2.03). No significant publication bias was found for the analysis of intake of vegetables and the risk of UC, intake of fruit and the risk of UC, and intake of vegetables and the risk of CD. This meta-analysis indicates that consumption of vegetables and fruit might be associated inversely with the risk of UC and CD, and the results need to be further confirmed.

PeerJ 2015 28;3:e962. Epub 2015 May 28.
Department of Hematology, Fujian Institute of Hematology, Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory on Hematology, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital , Fuzhou , PR China.

Objective. This study aimed to investigate the chemosensitive augmentation effect and mechanism of HDAC inhibitor Vorinostat (SAHA) in combination with arsenic trioxide (ATO) on proliferation and apoptosis of K562 cells. Methods.Read More

The CCK-8 assay was used to compare proliferation of the cells. Annexin-V and PI staining by flow cytometry and acridine orange/ethidium bromide stains were used to detect and quantify apoptosis. Western blot was used to detect expression of p21, Akt, pAkt, p210, Acetyl-Histone H3, and Acetyl-Histone H4 proteins. Results. SAHA and ATO inhibited proliferation of K562 cells in an additive and time- and dose-dependent manner. SAHA in combination with ATO showed significant apoptosis of K562 cells in comparison to the single drugs alone (p < 0.01). Both SAHA and ATO alone and in combination showed lower levels of p210 expression. SAHA and SAHA and ATO combined treatment showed increased levels of Acetyl-Histone H3 and Acetyl-Histone H4 protein expression. SAHA alone showed increased expression of p21, while ATO alone and in combination with SAHA showed no significant change. SAHA and ATO combined therapy showed lower levels of Akt and pAkt protein expression than SAHA or ATO alone. Conclusion. SAHA and ATO combined treatment inhibited proliferation, induced apoptosis, and showed a chemosensitive augmentation effect on K562 cells. The mechanism might be associated with increasing histone acetylation levels as well as regulating the Akt signaling pathway.

This retrospective analysis evaluated the mechanism of bevacizumab plus chemotherapy (BV+CT) for preventing brain metastasis derived from lung cancer. From the total of 159 patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), 110 received BV+CT and 49 received CT. After medication, both groups had 15 patients with brain metastases (14 vs 31%, P < 0.Read More

05). With BV+CT treatment, 40 patients (33.89%) survived, whereas only 11 patients (18.64%) survived with CT treatment. The outcome for the BV+CT group was significantly better than that for the CT group only for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-positive patients. A post-treatment with BV+CT was significantly reduced than with CT only for patients with high carbonic anhydrase-9 (CA9) expression. This retrospective analysis provides supportive evidence that BV+CT can significantly reduce the incidence of brain metastasis in patients with advanced NSCLC compared with CT alone. Vascular endothelial growth factor -positive patients may benefit more from BV treatment and the outcomes with BV may be related to CA9 expression.

Cell Cycle
Cell Cycle 2015 ;14(12):1893-907
a First Affiliated Hospital; Key Laboratory of Environment and Genes Related to Diseases; Ministry of Education; Medical School of Xi'an Jiaotong University ; Xi'an , Shaanxi , China.

Progranulin (PGRN) has recently emerged as an important regulator for glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity. However, the direct effects of PGRN in vivo and the underlying mechanisms between PGRN and impaired insulin sensitivity are not fully understood. In this study, mice treated with PGRN for 21 d exhibited the impaired glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity, remarkable ER stress as well as attenuated insulin signaling in liver and adipose tissue but not in skeletal muscle.Read More

Furthermore, treatment of mice with phenyl butyric acid (PBA), a chemical chaperone alleviating ER stress, resulted in a significant restoration of systemic insulin sensitivity and recovery of insulin signaling induced by PGRN. Consistent with these findings in vivo, we also observed that PGRN treatment induced ER stress, impaired insulin signaling in cultured hepatocytes and adipocytes, with such effects being partially nullified by blockade of PERK. Whereas PGRN-deficient hepatocytes and adipocytes were more refractory to palmitate-induced insulin resistance, indicating the causative role of the PERK-eIF2α axis of the ER stress response in action of PGRN. Collectively, our findings supported the notion that PGRN is a key regulator of insulin resistance and that PGRN may mediate its effects, at least in part, by inducing ER stress via the PERK-eIF2α dependent pathway.

Sci Rep
Sci Rep 2015 5;5:11132. Epub 2015 Jun 5.
State Key Laboratory of Quantum Optics and Quantum Optics Devices, Institute of Opto-Electronics, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, P. R. China.

The non-measurement based coherent feedback control (CFC) is a control method without introducing any backaction noise into the controlled system, thus is specially suitable to manipulate various quantum optical systems for preparing nonclassical states of light. By simply tuning the transmissivity of an optical controller in a CFC loop attached to a non-degenerate optical parametric amplifier (NOPA), the quantum entanglement degree of the output optical entangled state of the system is improved. At the same time, the threshold pump power of the NOPA is reduced also.Read More

The experimental results are in reasonable agreement with the theoretical expectation.

BMC Nephrol
BMC Nephrol 2015 10;16:82. Epub 2015 Jun 10.
Center for Kidney Disease, 2nd Affiliated Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, 262 Zhongshan North Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.

To evaluate the influence of parathyroid mass on the regulation of parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion, we investigated the relationship between the resected parathyroid gland in total parathyroidectomy and the parathyroid hormone level in hemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism.
From January 2009 to July 2014, 223 patients undergoing total parathyroidectomy were included. The size and the weight of parathyroid gland were measured during the operation.Read More

874 parathyroid glands were removed. A positive correlation was identified between the size and the weight of resected parathyroid glands. We found that both the preoperative PTH and the reduction of PTH were significantly correlated with the size and the weight of parathyroid glands in a positive manner. However, in the subgroup of patients with PTH < 1000 pg/ml, no significant correlation was found.
Larger parathyroid gland secretes more PTH and high level of serum PTH usually indicated that surgical removal might be required. However, since PTH levels could be influenced by the pharmaceutical drug, the large size of parathyroid gland might be used as a much more appropriate guide that indicates the requirement of surgery treatment even when the parathyroid hormone was less than 1000 pg/ml.

PLoS One 2015 11;10(6):e0129196. Epub 2015 Jun 11.
Department of Cardiology, Qianfoshan Hospital, Affiliated with Shandong University, Jinan, China.

Resveratrol (trans-3,4,5'-trihydroxystilbene) is an active compound in food, such as red grapes, peanuts, and berries. Resveratrol exhibits an anticancer effect on various human cancer cells. However, the mechanism of resveratrol-induced anti-cancer effect at the molecular level remains to be elucidated.Read More

In this study, the mechanism underlying the anti-cancer effect of resveratrol in human ovarian cancer cells (OVCAR-3 and Caov-3) was investigated using various molecular biology techniques, such as flow cytometry, western blotting, and RNA interference, with a major focus on the potential role of autophagy in resveratrol-induced apoptotic cell death. We demonstrated that resveratrol induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, which triggers autophagy and subsequent apoptotic cell death. Resveratrol induced ATG5 expression and promoted LC3 cleavage. The apoptotic cell death induced by resveratrol was attenuated by both pharmacological and genetic inhibition of autophagy. The autophagy inhibitor chloroquine, which functions at the late stage of autophagy, significantly reduced resveratrol-induced cell death and caspase 3 activity in human ovarian cancer cells. We also demonstrated that targeting ATG5 by siRNA also suppressed resveratrol-induced apoptotic cell death. Thus, we concluded that a common pathway between autophagy and apoptosis exists in resveratrol-induced cell death in OVCAR-3 human ovarian cancer cells.

PLoS One 2015 15;10(6):e0130173. Epub 2015 Jun 15.
Beijing Engineering Research Center of Mixed Reality and Advanced Display, School of Optics and Electronics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, 100081, China.

Fever of unknown origin (FUO) remains a challenge in clinical practice. Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is helpful in diagnosing the etiology of FUO. This paper aims to develop a completely automatic classification method based on PET/CT data for the computer-assisted diagnosis of FUO.Read More

We retrospectively analyzed the FDG PET/CT scan of 175 FUO patients, 79 males and 96 females. The final diagnosis of all FUO patients was achieved through pathology or clinical evaluation, including 108 normal patients and 67 FUO patients. CT anatomic information was used to acquire bone functional information from PET images. The skeletal system of FUO patients was classified by analyzing the standardized uptake value (SUV) and the PET index of bone glucose metabolism (PIBGM). The SUV distributions in the bone marrow and the bone cortex were also studied in detail.
The SUV and PIBGM of the bone marrow only slightly differed between the FUO patients and normal people, whereas the SUV of whole bone structures and the PIBGM of the bone cortex significantly differed between the normal people and FUO patients. The method detected 43 patients from 67 FUO patients, with sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy of 64.18%, 95%, 93.48%, 72.73%, and 83.33%, respectively.
The experimental results demonstrate that the study can achieve automatic classification of FUO patients by the proposed novel biomarker of PIBGM, which has the potential to be utilized in clinical practice.

CXCR1 and CXCR2 together with cognate chemokines are significantly upregulated in a number of cancers, where they act as key regulators of tumor cell proliferation, metastasis, and angiogenesis. We have previously reported a mutant protein of CXCL8/Interleukin-8, CXCL8(3-72)K11R/G31P (G31P), which can act as a selective antagonist towards CXCR1/2 with therapeutic efficacy in both inflammatory diseases and malignancies. In this study, we investigated the effect of this ELR-CXC chemokine antagonist G31P on human non-small cell lung cancer cells and lung tumor progression in an orthotopic xenograft model.Read More

We report increased mRNA levels of CXCR1 and CXCR2 in human lung cancer tissues compared to normal counterparts. Expression levels of CXCR1/2 cognate ligands was determined by ELISA. CXCR1/2 receptor antagonism via G31P leads to decreased H460 and A549 cell proliferation and migration in a dose-dependent manner. G31P also enhanced apoptosis in lung cancer cells as determined by elevated levels of cleaved PARP, Caspase-8, and Bax, together with a reduced expression of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2. In an in vivo orthotopic xenograft mouse model of human lung cancer, G31P treatment suppressed tumor growth, metastasis, and angiogenesis. At the molecular level, G31P treatment was correlated with decreased expression of VEGF and NFкB-p65, in addition to reduced phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and AKT. Our results suggest that G31P blockage of CXCR1 and CXCR2 can inhibit human lung cancer cell growth and metastasis, which offers potential therapeutic opportunities.

Sci Rep
Sci Rep 2015 23;5:11560. Epub 2015 Jun 23.
1] The Stem Cell and Biomedical Material Key Laboratory of Jiangsu Province (the State Key Laboratory Incubation Base), Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, P.R. China [2] Jiangsu Institute of Clinical Immunology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, P.R. China.

The current treatments for severe skin injury all involve skin grafting. However, there is a worldwide shortage of donor skin tissue. In this study, we examined the advantages of using human amniotic fluid stem (hAFS) cells in skin wound healing.Read More

In vitro, hAFS cells differentiate into keratinocytes (termed hAFS-K). Like keratinocytes, hAFS-K cells express the markers K5, K14, K10 and involucrin; display typical cellular structure, including a tonofibril-rich cytoplasm; and construct a completely pluristratified epithelium in 3D culture. In vivo, in a mouse excisional wound model, GFP-positive hAFS cells participate in wound repair. Co-localization of GFP/K14 and GFP/K10 in the repaired epidermis demonstrated that hAFS cells can differentiate into keratinocytes. Real-time PCR results confirmed that hAFS cells can initiate and promote early-stage repair of skin damage. During wound repair, hAFS cells did not directly secrete repair-related factors, such as bFGF, VEGF, CXCL12, TGF-β1 and KGF, and provided a moderate inflammation reaction with lower expression of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, Cox2 and Mac3. In hAFS cells, the negative co-stimulatory molecule B7H4 regulates low immunogenicity, which can provide a modest inflammatory reaction microenvironment for wound repair. Furthermore, with their uniquely high proliferation rate, hAFS cells offer a promising alternative for epidermal regeneration.

Nutr Res
Nutr Res 2015 Jun 3. Epub 2015 Jun 3.
Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, the Medical College of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong 266021, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Several epidemiological investigations have been conducted to evaluate the relationship between dietary fiber intake and inflammatory bowel diseases, but the results are inconsistent. This meta-analysis was performed to quantitatively summarize the evidence from observational studies. PubMed, Embase, and Web of Knowledge were searched for relevant articles published up to November 2014.Read More

The combined relative risks were calculated with the fixed- or random-effects model. Dose-response relationship was assessed using restricted cubic spline model. We hypothesized that the meta-analysis could yield a summary effect, which would indicate that dietary fiber intake could decrease the risk of ulcerative colitis and Crohn disease (CD). Overall, 8 articles involving 2 cohort studies, 1 nested case-control study, and 5 case-control studies were finally included in this study. The pooled relative risks with 95% confidence intervals of ulcerative colitis and CD for the highest vs lowest categories of dietary fiber intake were 0.80 (0.64-1.00) and 0.44 (0.29-0.69), respectively. A linear dose-response relationship was found between dietary fiber and CD risk, and the risk of CD decreased by 13% (P < .05) for every 10 g/d increment in fiber intake. The results from this meta-analysis indicated that the intake of dietary fiber was significantly associated with a decreased risk of inflammatory bowel disease.

Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao 2015 Jun;37(3):315-9
Department of Nuclear Medicine,PUMC Hospital,CAMS and PUMC,Beijing 100730,China.

To investigate the relationship between the dynamic variation of pre-ablation stimulated thyroglobulin(sTg)and distant metastasis in patietns with differentiated thyroid cancer(DTC).
DTC patients after total or near total thyroidectomy were divided into two groups as M1 group(n=38)and M0 group(n=130)according to the presence of distant metastases or not. Clinical data including pre-ablation sTg and the corresponding thyrotropin(TSH)values were dynamically measured.Read More

The pre-ablation sTg and corresponding TSH collected at the first time were defined as Tg1 and TSH1,while as Tg2 and TSH2 at the last time. χ(2) test was used to compare the variation tendency of sTg between these two groups. Tg1,Tg2,pre-ablation sTg variation(∆Tg),and ∆Tg/∆TSH ratio between M0 and M1 were compared by Mann-Whitney rank-sum test. The receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curves and diagnostic critical point(DCP)were employed to evaluate the predictive values of the above indicators.
Both Tg1 and Tg2 of M1 were significantly higher than those of M0(the Mann-Whitney rank-sum test:Tg1 P<0.001,Tg2 P<0.001). The corresponding areas under the ROC curve(AUC)to differentiate the two groups were 0.921 and 0.942,respectively. The cut-off value of Tg2,which was more accurate in predicting distant metastasis,was 24.3 ng/ml with a sensitivity of 92.11% and a specificity of 83.85%. Both ∆Tg and ∆Tg/∆TSH between these two groups were significantly different(the Mann-Whitney rank-sum test:∆Tg P=0.002,∆Tg/∆TSH P<0.001). ∆Tg/∆TSH worked better than Tg2 in predicting distant metastasis with both higher accuracy(87.50%)and higher specificity(86.92%).
Dynamically tracing pre-ablation sTg may improve the accuracy and specificity of distant metastases prediction in DTC patients. ∆Tg/∆TSH,which means the ratio of sTg variation to TSH variation,may be a useful diagnostic marker for predicting distant metastases in DTC.

Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao 2015 Jun;37(3):320-4
Department of Nuclear Medicine,PUMC Hospital,CAMS and PUMC,Beijing 100730,China.

To investigate the imaging potential and biodistribution in vivo of a novel positron imaging agent,2-[(18)F]fluoropropionic,in breast cancer-bearing mice. Methods: 2-[(18)F]fluoropropionic acid (7.4-11.Read More

1 MBq)was injected into the breast cancer-bearing mice via tail vein,followed by micro positron emission tomography at 60 min and 120 min.The radioactivity per volume (Bq/ml) in organs was transferred to percentage injected dose per gram(% ID/g)by Inveon Research software and the biodistribution of 2-[(18)F]fluoropropionic acid in organs was deduce.The same operations were done with (18)F-FDG.
2-[(18)F]fluoropropionic acid was mainly distributed in the urinary bladder,intestine,and liver between 60 min to 120 min.The breast cancer at right flank was visualized clearly,and the radioactivity uptake was (13.74±1.97)% ID/g and (14.84±1.06)% ID/g,respectively,at these two time points (P=0.454).The radioactivity uptakes in muscle and brown tissue were relatively low.The radioactivity uptake of (18)F-FDG was (10.27±2.34)% ID/g at the breast cancer 60 min after injection,and radioactivity uptake of the brown fat on the back was obvious.
Positron imaging agent 2-[(18)F]fluoropropionic acid can be used to image breast cancer.It may be applied in the noninvasive imaging of breast cancer in clinical settings.

J. Virol.
J Virol 2015 May 11;89(10):5602-14. Epub 2015 Mar 11.
State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, People's Republic of China Department of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA.

Japanese encephalitis is an acute zoonotic, mosquito-borne disease caused by Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). Japanese encephalitis is characterized by extensive inflammation in the central nervous system (CNS) and disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). However, the pathogenic mechanisms contributing to the BBB disruption are not known.Read More

Here, using a mouse model of intravenous JEV infection, we show that virus titers increased exponentially in the brain from 2 to 5 days postinfection. This was accompanied by an early, dramatic increase in the level of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines in the brain. Enhancement of BBB permeability, however, was not observed until day 4, suggesting that viral entry and the onset of inflammation in the CNS occurred prior to BBB damage. In vitro studies revealed that direct infection with JEV could not induce changes in the permeability of brain microvascular endothelial cell monolayers. However, brain extracts derived from symptomatic JEV-infected mice, but not from mock-infected mice, induced significant permeability of the endothelial monolayer. Consistent with a role for inflammatory mediators in BBB disruption, the administration of gamma interferon-neutralizing antibody ameliorated the enhancement of BBB permeability in JEV-infected mice. Taken together, our data suggest that JEV enters the CNS, propagates in neurons, and induces the production of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, which result in the disruption of the BBB.
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is the leading cause of viral encephalitis in Asia, resulting in 70,000 cases each year, in which approximately 20 to 30% of cases are fatal, and a high proportion of patients survive with serious neurological and psychiatric sequelae. Pathologically, JEV infection causes an acute encephalopathy accompanied by BBB dysfunction; however, the mechanism is not clear. Thus, understanding the mechanisms of BBB disruption in JEV infection is important. Our data demonstrate that JEV gains entry into the CNS prior to BBB disruption. Furthermore, it is not JEV infection per se, but the inflammatory cytokines/chemokines induced by JEV infection that inhibit the expression of TJ proteins and ultimately result in the enhancement of BBB permeability. Neutralization of gamma interferon (IFN-γ) ameliorated the enhancement of BBB permeability in JEV-infected mice, suggesting that IFN-γ could be a potential therapeutic target. This study would lead to identification of potential therapeutic avenues for the treatment of JEV infection.

Thyroid 2015 May 9;25(5):485-93. Epub 2015 Apr 9.
1 Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shandong Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong University , Jinan, China .

Dyslipidemia is an important global health problem, particularly in the elderly population. Traditionally, the high prevalence of dyslipidemia in elderly people is considered a "natural condition." Notably, subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is one of the most important risk factors for dyslipidemia.Read More

Few studies have assessed whether SCH plays a role in the increase in age-related dyslipidemia. This study aimed to explore the association between SCH and lipid profiles in different age groups.
This was a large-scale, population-based, case-control study. The population was derived from the REACTION study conducted across China. A total of 17,046 individuals (8827 cases and 8219 controls) aged 40 years or older were enrolled in the final analyses. The relationships between SCH and serum lipid parameters in each age group were evaluated after adjustment for thyroid hormones and common confounding factors.
In the entire population, thyrotropin (TSH), the key indicator of SCH, was positively associated with cholesterol parameters (total cholesterol [TC] and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [LDL-C]) through the sixth decade of life. After adjusting for common confounding factors and thyroid hormones, each 1 mIU/L increase in TSH was estimated to elevate the TC level by 0.0147 mmol/L and 0.0551 mmol/L, respectively, in individuals aged 40-49 years and 60-69 years. Similarly, with each 1 mIU/L increase in TSH, the LDL-C level tended to show gradually greater increases as age increased. In moderately old subjects (60-69 years), mild (TSH≤10 mIU/L) and significant (TSH>10 mIU/L) SCH increased the concentration of TC approximately 1.03- and 1.36-fold, and the concentration of LDL-C approximately 1.19- and 1.65-fold, respectively, when compared with younger subjects.
TSH exhibited a stronger effect on the TC and LDL-C level in moderately old subjects than in younger subjects. SCH might augment and worsen the effects of aging on serum lipid profiles.

BMC Complement Altern Med
BMC Complement Altern Med 2015 28;15:133. Epub 2015 Apr 28.
Acupuncture and Moxibustion Department, Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated to Capital Medical University, 23 Meishuguanhou Street, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100010, China.

Decreased cognition is recognized as one of the most severe and consistent behavioral impairments in dementia. Experimental studies have reported that acupuncture may improve cognitive deficits, relieve vascular dementia (VD) symptoms, and increase cerebral perfusion and electrical activity.
Multi-infarction dementia was modeled in rats with 3% microemboli saline suspension.Read More

Two weeks after acupuncture at Zusanli (ST36), all rats were subjected to a hidden platform trial to test their 3-day spatial memory using the Morris water maze test. To estimate the numbers of pyramidal neuron, astrocytes, and synaptic boutons in hippocampal CA1 area, we adopted an unbiased stereology method to accurately sample and measure the size of cells.
We found that acupuncture at ST36 significantly decreased the escape latency of VD rats. In addition, acupuncture significantly increased the pyramidal neuron number in hippocampal CA1 area (P < 0.05) and tended to decrease the number of astrocytes (P = 0.063). However, there was no significant change in the synaptic bouton number of hippocampal CA1 area in any of the groups (P > 0.05).
These findings suggest that acupuncture may improve cognitive deficits and increase pyramidal neuron number of hippocampal CA1 area in VD rats.

Medicine (Baltimore)
Medicine (Baltimore) 2015 May;94(17):e790
From the Department of Critical Care Medicine (XZ, DL, LS, YL, WD); Department of Cardiac Surgery (QM); Department of Nuclear Medicine (FL); Department of Radiology (ZJ); Department of Endocrinology (ZZ); and Department of Anesthesiology (AL, YH), Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Cardiac pheochromocytoma is relatively rare. Few reports describe the intraoperative and postoperative progression of patients experiencing a life-threatening pheochromocytoma crisis treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).A 35-year-old man was referred to our facility for paroxysmal hypertension with a 10-year history of sweating, headaches, cardiac palpitations, and postexercise dyspnea.Read More

The patient initially underwent urine catecholamine measurement and an isotope scan, somatostatin receptor scintigraphy, and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computer tomography (CT), which indicated a multiple, cardiac pheochromocytoma. Echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), CT reconstruction, and a coronary CT angiography revealed several lesions at the aortic root and along the cardiac vasculature.Multifocal cardiac pheochromocytoma was diagnosed and pheochromocytoma crisis with severe cyclic blood pressure fluctuation occurred during surgery.Surgical resection of multiple pheochromocytomas in the right medial carotid sheath, mediastinum between the main and pulmonary arteries, and between the abdominal aorta and inferior vena artery was performed. To ensure cardiac perfusion and avoid severe circulatory fluctuation, the cardiac paraganglioma resection was prioritized. After resecting the cardiac pheochromocytoma, a severe pheochromocytoma crisis with rapid cyclic blood pressure fluctuation developed. ECMO and intraaortic balloon pump (IABP) were initiated to stabilize circulation and perfusion. Phenoxybenzamine, norepinephrine, epinephrine, and fluid resuscitation were administered to support cardiovascular function.The magnitude of blood pressure fluctuation steadily decreased with treatment. IABP was discontinued after 3 days, and ECMO was discontinued after 16 days. The patient was discharged 3 months postoperatively.This case indicates that mechanical life support with ECMO is a valuable option for pheochromocytoma-induced cardiac shock and should be considered as an effective therapeutic choice in patients with highly unstable hemodynamic function.

PLoS One 2015 5;10(5):e0125952. Epub 2015 May 5.
School of the Environment and Safety Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, China.

Our previous study showed that chromium malate improved the regulation of blood glucose in mice with alloxan-induced diabetes. The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of chromium malate on glycometabolism, glycometabolism-related enzymes and lipid metabolism in type 2 diabetic rats. Our results showed that fasting blood glucose, serum insulin level, insulin resistance index and C-peptide level in the high dose group had a significant downward trend when compared with the model group, chromium picolinate group and chromium trichloride group.Read More

The hepatic glycogen, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, glucokinase, Glut4, phosphor-AMPKβ1 and Akt levels in the high dose group were significantly higher than those of the model, chromium picolinate and chromium trichloride groups. Chromium malate in a high dose group can significantly increase high density lipoprotein cholesterol level while decreasing the total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride levels when compared with chromium picolinate and chromium trichloride. The serum chromium content in chromium malate and chromium picolinate group is significantly higher than that of the chromium trichloride group. The results indicated that the curative effects of chromium malate on glycometabolism, glycometabolism-related enzymes and lipid metabolism changes are better than those of chromium picolinate and chromium trichloride. Chromium malate contributes to glucose uptake and transport in order to improved glycometabolism and glycometabolism-related enzymes.

Cell Biol. Int.
Cell Biol Int 2015 May 6. Epub 2015 May 6.
Biomedical Research Institute, Shenzhen Peking University-the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Medical Center, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China.

Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) was identified as an endogenous tissue protective agent against apoptosis in many cell types. The mechanism by which HGF protects primary endothelial cells (ECs) has not yet been completely elucidated. FOXO1 and FOXO3a, two members of the FOXO family, are the most abundant FOXO isoforms in mature endothelial cells.Read More

In this study, we aimed to explore whether FOXO1 and FOXO3a play similar roles in HGF-mediated protection against apoptosis in mature endothelial cells. Our result showed that HGF prevented ECs from oxidative-stress induced apoptosis in part by inducing the phosphorylation of FOXO proteins. FOXO1 and FOXO3a are equally important in this process by regulating the expression of Bim, PUMA, FasL, and TRAIL.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2015 15;2015:684708. Epub 2015 Apr 15.
School of Acupuncture Moxibustion and Tuina, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu 610075, China.

Deqi refers to the special sensation and reaction sensed mainly by both acupuncturist and patient when a needle was inserted into the acupoints and is considered to be vital to achieve acupuncture effect. For acupuncturist, it is important to judge and control Deqi in clinical practice. However, enough attention is paid to patients' feelings rather than acupuncturists' nowadays.Read More

We thus conducted this survey to determine acupuncturists' perspectives about Deqi and to further find the proper way to induce Deqi. A total of 250 questionnaires were sent out to acupuncturists and 202 (80.8%) were returned. According to the results, most acupuncturists believe that Deqi is vital to obtain preferable clinical effects. The reliability of acupuncturists' Deqi sensation ranks as sinking> tightening> astringent. The reliability of patients' Deqi sensations ranks as sourness> numbness> distention> heaviness> pain. The reliability of influential factors ranks as manipulation> specificity of acupoint> TCM constitution> disease status> patient's psychological condition> acupuncturists' psychological guidance> clinical environment. This study is believed to provide additional evidence to the qualitative and quantitative research of Deqi in the future.

Gynecol. Obstet. Invest.
Gynecol Obstet Invest 2015 May 1. Epub 2015 May 1.
Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) is the cause of more than half of all cases of cervical cancer. Genetic mutations in HPV16 and the integration of HPV16 DNA in the human genome are considered important genetic changes in cervical lesion progression. However, limited data concerning HPV16 lineages and physical integration status have been reported for Shanghai, China.Read More

The current study analyzed the genetic mutations in complete HPV16 genomes and the physical integration status of HPV16 DNA.
A total of 30 samples of cervical exfoliated cells from patients with HPV16 infection were collected. The entire HPV16 genome was isolated, amplified by PCR and directly sequenced. The physical integration status was determined by 3'RACE nested PCR.
A total of 13 integration sites were identified, including 9 in common fragile sites and 1 not close to any fragile sites. Phylogenetic analysis identified two HPV lineages: the European (E) lineage and the East Asian (EA) lineage. Amino acid changes of D25E and N29S were the most common variations across the genome. The HPV16 early genes E1 and E7 and the late gene L1 tended to be highly conserved, whereas the early genes E2, E4 and E6 were more variable. Furthermore, 10 novel variations were identified in this study, which led to the 3 amino acid changes of S23I in E2 and E244K and T269I in E2/E4.
Integrated HPV16 viruses were detected in all stages of cervical samples. Many variants in E2, E4, E7, and the long control region co-varied with E6 variations and helped to define the HPV16 lineages. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Pain Med
Pain Med 2015 May 13. Epub 2015 May 13.
Acupuncture and Moxibustion Department, Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated to Capital Medical University, 23 Meishuguanhou Street, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100010, China.

According to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory, acupoints are specifically chosen sites of acupuncture manipulation, and also the basis for studying the mechanism of acupuncture. Stimulating different acupoints on the body surface could provide various therapeutic benefits. However, what is the acupoint? This question is not clear.Read More

We focuse on examining the function of acupoints from different perspectives, including the local and the systemic effects of stimulating acupoints. For example, acupoints may release certain substances or incur some changes, which could adjust the function of organs, maintain homeostasis. Furthermore, the therapeutic effects of verum acupoints versus sham acupoints were discussed. However, due to insufficience in evidence and in current methodologies, research into mechanisms of acupuncture is still incomplete.
This review might explain, to some extent, what an acupoint is. Further research into the identity of acupoints is warranted, and multidisciplinary methods using novel technologies may yield significant advances over existing knowledge.

Consumers with serious mental illness smoke more and are at higher risk for smoking-related illness. We examined provider and consumer factors influencing the implementation of the evidence-based "5 A's" (ask, advise, assess, assist, arrange) in six community mental health centers in greater Baltimore.
Data collected as part of a larger study examining the effectiveness of delivery of the 5 A's at patient visits.Read More

First, we examined responses to a survey administered to 49 clinicians on barriers and attitudes toward delivering the 5 A's. Second, we used multilevel models to examine variance between patients (n = 228), patient factors, and variance between their psychiatrists (n = 28) in the delivery of the 5 A's (and first 3 A's).
The most strongly endorsed barrier was perceived lack of patient interest in smoking cessation. Psychiatrists and patients both accounted for significant variance in the delivery of the 5 A's and 3 A's. Patient "readiness to change" predicted delivery of the full 5 A's, while smoking severity predicted delivery of the first 3 A's.
There is a critical need for creative and collaborative solutions, policies, and clinician training to address actual and perceived obstacles to the delivery of evidence-based smoking cessation treatment in the mental health care setting.

Clin. Endocrinol. (Oxf)
Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2015 May 18. Epub 2015 May 18.
Department of Endocrinology, Shandong Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China.

Gitelman syndrome (GS) is one of the most common causes of inherited hypokalaemia. As it was caused by mutations in the SLC12A3 gene, GS is a highly heterogeneous disease. Here, we aimed to investigate the clinical and genetic characteristics of two Chinese pedigrees and summarize the advance in GS genetics, diagnosis and management.Read More

Two three-generation families with GS were identified and screened for mutations in the SLC12A3 gene. Genotype-phenotype correlations were analysed.
The two probands (A and B) were characterized by hypokalaemia, hypomagnesaemia and hypocalciuria without hypertension. Complete DNA sequencing of the SLC12A3 gene revealed two novel compound heterozygous mutations (c.179C>T and c.234delG; c.486-490delTACGGinsA and c.1925G>A), which are predicted to drastically affect normal protein structure. The female members of the pedigrees showed mild-to-no phenotype, although they carried the same mutations as the probands. Moreover, proband B presented with more severe symptoms than did proband A, which might be related to a lower serum magnesium level. During the 1-year follow-up, both probands showed satisfactory symptom improvement following the use of potassium and magnesium supplements.
Our findings strongly suggested that the two novel mutations in the SLC12A3 gene are the causative agents of GS, which may provide further insights into the function of this gene and help clinicians better understand this disorder.

Int. J. Neurosci.
Int J Neurosci 2015 May 22:1-20. Epub 2015 May 22.
Department of Neurology, Guangzhou Red Cross Hospital, Medical College, Jinan University , No.396 Tongfuzhong Road, Guangzhou, 510220 , P.R. China.

Previous studies have demonstrated that prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) has neuroprotective effect on cerebral ischemia. However, it remains unknown whether PGE1 promotes angiogenesis and neurogenesis after ischemic stroke. In this study, adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to permanently distal middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO).Read More

Rats were treated with lipo-prostaglandin E1(Lipo-PGE1, 10 μg/kg/d) or the same volume of 0.9% saline starting 24 hours after MCAO daily for 6 consecutive days. All rats were injected 5'-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU, 50 mg/kg) intraperitoneally every 12 hours for 3 consecutive days before being sacrificed. At 7 and 14 days after MCAO or sham-operation, rats were sacrificed. Post-stroke neurological outcome, infarction volume, angiogenesis and neurogenesis were evaluated. Treatment with lipo-PGE1 significantly increased vascular density in the peri-infarct areas at 7 and 14 days after MCAO. Lipo-PGE1 treatment significantly enhanced the proliferation and migration of endogenous neural stem cells in the ipsilateral subventricular zone. The neural stem cells associated with blood vessels closely within a neurovascular niche in lipo-PGE1 treated rats after stroke. Lipo-PGE1 treatment also significantly improved neurological recovery after MCAO. These results indicate that treatment with lipo-PGE1 promotes post-stroke angiogenesis, neurogenesis and their interaction, which would contribute to neurological recovery after cerebral infarction. Our study provides novel experimental evidences for the neuroprotective roles of PGE1 in ischemic stroke.

Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2015 May;36(5):444
Departments of Hematology,Ningxia autonomous region people's hospital, Yinchuan 750002, China.
Oncol Lett
Oncol Lett 2015 Apr 17;9(4):1614-1620. Epub 2015 Feb 17.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical College, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221002, P.R. China.

The present study aimed to investigate the effects of the WW domain-containing oxidoreductase (WWOX) gene on the stem cell properties of human ovarian cancer stem cells. A eukaryotic expression vector containing the WWOX gene was transfected into human ovarian cancer stem cells and Western blotting was used to assess the expression of WWOX protein in the transfected cells compared with the control cells (untransfected cells and cells transfected with the empty vector). The self-renewal abilities of these three types of stem cells was also assessed in vitro.Read More

To monitor changes in their differentiation potential, cells were cultured in medium supplemented with serum, and the expression of specific stem cell markers was determined. Drug-sensitivity tests were used to measure the sensitivity of the stem cells to cisplatin, doxorubicin, and mitoxantrone. The cells were also transplanted into non-obese diabetic (NOD)/severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice to determine the changes in their tumorigenicity in vivo. Cells transfected with the WWOX-expressing plasmid stably expressed WWOX protein, while no WWOX protein was detected in control cells. Compared with the two types of control cells, WWOX-expressing stem cells manifested significantly reduced self-renewal ability. Compared with control cells, the expression levels of stem cell markers, including CD133, CD117, ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2, Nanog, octamer-binding transcription factor 4 and breast cancer resistance protein, were significantly lower in WWOX-expressing cells, while the level of the differentiation marker E-cadherin was significantly higher in WWOX-expressing cells. Furthermore, WWOX-expressing cells were more sensitive to treatment with cisplatin, doxorubicin and mitoxantrone. In NOD/SCID mice, the tumorigenicity of WWOX-expressing cells was significantly lower compared with that of control cells. The results indicate that the tumor suppressor WWOX suppresses stem cell properties in cancer stem cells, including self-renewal ability, differentiation potential, in vivo tumorigenic capability, high-level expression of stem cell genes and multidrug resistance.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2015 Apr 31;7(14):7599-604. Epub 2015 Mar 31.
§Institute of Cardiovascular Disease, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210029, P. R. China.

A novel electrochemiluminescence (ECL) immunosensor was developed for the determination of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) by using N-(aminobutyl)-N-(ethylisoluminol) (ABEI)-functionalized gold nanodots/chitosan/multiwalled carbon nanotubes (ABEI/GNDs/chitosan/COOH-MWCNTs) hybrid as nanointerface. First, ABEI/GNDs/chitosan/COOH-MWCNTs hybrid nanomaterials were grafted onto the surface of ITO electrode via the film-forming property of hybrid nanomaterials. The anti-NT-proBNP antibody was connected to the surface of modified electrode by virtue of amide reaction via glutaraldehyde.Read More

The obtained sensing platform showed strong and stable ECL signal. When NT-proBNP was captured by its antibody immobilized on the sensing platform via immunoreaction, the ECL intensity decreased. Direct ECL signal changes were used for the determination of NT-proBNP. The present ECL immunosensor demonstrated a quite wide linear range of 0.01-100 pg/mL. The achieved low detection limit of 3.86 fg/mL was about 3 orders of magnitude lower than that obtained with electrochemistry method reported previously. Because of the simple and fast analysis, high sensitivity and selectivity, and stable and reliable response, the present immunosensor has been successfully applied to quantify NT-proBNP in practical plasma samples. The success of the sensor in this work also confirms that ABEI/GNDs/chitosan/COOH-MWCNTs hybrid is an ideal nanointerface to fabricate a sensing platform. Furthermore, the proposed strategy could be applied in the detection of other clinically important biomarkers.

This Letter presents a static strain demodulation technique for FBG-FP sensors using a suppressed carrier LiNbO(3) (LN) optical single sideband (SSB-SC) modulator. A narrow-linewidth tunable laser source is generated by driving the modulator using a linear chirp signal. Then this tunable single-frequency laser is used to interrogate the FBG-FP sensors with the Pound-Drever-Hall (PDH) technique, which is beneficial to eliminate the influence of light intensity fluctuation of the modulator at different tuning frequencies.Read More

The static strain is demodulated by calculating the wavelength difference of the PDH signals between the sensing FBG-FP sensor and the reference FBG-FP sensor. As an experimental result using the modulator, the linearity (R2) of the time-frequency response increases from 0.989 to 0.997, and the frequency-swept range (dynamic range) increases from hundreds of MHz to several GHz compared with commercial PZT-tunable lasers. The high-linearity time-wavelength relationship of the modulator is beneficial for improving the strain measurement resolution, as it can solve the problem of the frequency-swept nonlinearity effectively. In the laboratory test, a 0.67 nanostrain static strain resolution, with a 6 GHz dynamic range, is demonstrated.

J. Neurosci.
J Neurosci 2015 Apr;35(13):5409-21
Institutes of Brain Science, Eye & ENT Hospital, Institute of Neurobiology, State Key Laboratory of Medical Neurobiology, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Visual Impairment and Restoration, and Collaborative Innovation Center for Brain Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, People's Republic of China, and

EphB1, expressed in Müller cells, and ephrinB2, expressed in both Müller cells and retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), constitute an EphB/ephrinB reverse signaling in RGCs. Whether and how this reverse signaling is involved in RGC apoptosis in a rat chronic ocular hypertension (COH) model was investigated. In the COH model, both EphB1 and ephrinB2 were significantly increased and the reverse signaling was activated, which was accompanied by increased protein levels of phosphorylated (p) src, GluA2, and p-GluA2.Read More

Intravitreal injection of EphB2-Fc, an activator of ephrinB2, induced an increase in TUNEL-positive signals in normal retinae. A coimmunoprecipitation assay demonstrated direct interactions among ephrinB2, p-src, and GluA2. Moreover, in COH rats the expression of GluA2 proteins on the surface of retinal cells was decreased. Such GluA2 endocytosis could be prevented by preoperational intravitreal injection of 4-amino-3-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(t-butyl)-1H-pyrazolo [3,4-d] pyrimidine (PP2), an inhibitor of src family tyrosine kinases, and possibly involved the protein interacting with C kinase 1 and phosphorylation of GluA2. In normal rats, intravitreal injection of EphB2-Fc caused changes in these protein levels similar to those observed in COH rats, which all could be avoided by preinjection of PP2. Patch-clamp experiments further showed that the current-voltage relationship of AMPA receptor-mediated EPSCs of RGCs exhibited stronger inward rectification in EphB2-Fc-injected rats. Furthermore, preinjection of PP2 or N-[3-[[4-[(3-aminopropyl)amino]butyl]amino]propyl]-1-naphthaleneacetamide trihydrochloride) (Naspm), a Ca(2+)-permeable GluA2-lacking AMPA receptor inhibitor, remarkably inhibited RGC apoptosis in either EphB2-Fc-injected or COH rats. Together, elevated GluA2 trafficking induced by activated EphB2/ephrinB2 reverse signaling likely contributes to RGC apoptosis in COH rats.

PLoS One 2015 7;10(4):e0121933. Epub 2015 Apr 7.
Department of Respiratory Diseases, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China.

The goal of this work was to explore the dynamic concentration profiles of 42 amino acids and the significance of these profiles in relation to sepsis, with the aim of providing guidance for clinical therapies.
Thirty-five critically ill patients with sepsis were included. These patients were further divided into sepsis (12 cases) and severe sepsis (23 cases) groups or survivor (20 cases) and non-survivor (15 cases) groups.Read More

Serum samples from the patients were collected on days 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, and 14 following intensive care unit (ICU) admission, and the serum concentrations of 42 amino acids were measured.
The metabolic spectrum of the amino acids changed dramatically in patients with sepsis. As the disease progressed further or with poor prognosis, the levels of the different amino acids gradually increased, decreased, or fluctuated over time. The concentrations of sulfur-containing amino acids (SAAs), especially taurine, decreased significantly as the severity of sepsis worsened or with poor prognosis of the patient. The serum concentrations of SAAs, especially taurine, exhibited weak negative correlations with the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) (r=-0.319) and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II (r=-0.325) scores. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves of cystine, taurine, and SAA levels and the SOFA and APACHE II scores, which denoted disease prognosis, were 0.623, 0.674, 0.678, 0.86, and 0.857, respectively.
Critically ill patients with disorders of amino acid metabolism, especially of SAAs such as cystine and taurine, may provide an indicator of the need for the nutritional support of sepsis in the clinic. identifier NCT01818830.

Mol. Cell
Mol Cell 2015 Apr 9;58(2):284-96. Epub 2015 Apr 9.
Department of Dermatology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA; Department of Pharmacology and Cancer Biology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA. Electronic address:

Apoptosis is typically considered an anti-oncogenic process since caspase activation can promote the elimination of genetically unstable or damaged cells. We report that a central effector of apoptosis, caspase-3, facilitates rather than suppresses chemical- and radiation-induced genetic instability and carcinogenesis. We found that a significant fraction of mammalian cells treated with ionizing radiation can survive despite caspase-3 activation.Read More

Moreover, this sublethal activation of caspase-3 promoted persistent DNA damage and oncogenic transformation. In addition, chemically induced skin carcinogenesis was significantly reduced in mice genetically deficient in caspase-3. Furthermore, attenuation of EndoG activity significantly reduced radiation-induced DNA damage and oncogenic transformation, identifying EndoG as a downstream effector of caspase-3 in this pathway. Our findings suggest that rather than acting as a broad inhibitor of carcinogenesis, caspase-3 activation may contribute to genome instability and play a pivotal role in tumor formation following damage.

Chin J Integr Med
Chin J Integr Med 2015 Apr 14. Epub 2015 Apr 14.
Intensive Care Unit, Fangcun Branch Hospital, Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, 510145, China.
J Orthop Surg Res
J Orthop Surg Res 2015 25;10:38. Epub 2015 Mar 25.
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Beijing Army General Hospital, Nanmencang No. 5, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100700, China.

This randomized controlled trial was carried out to (1) evaluate the effect of nucleoplasty with coblation on the PLA2 activity in the degenerative intervertebral disks of an animal model and (2) explore the possible therapeutic mechanism of coblation in addition to the current theory, which focuses on decreasing the intradiskal pressure in the treatment of intervertebral disk degeneration.
Thirty-six animal models of intervertebral disk degeneration were successfully established and then randomly divided into two groups: the coblation group (n = 18) and coblation control group (n = 18). Nucleoplasty using coblation was performed in the coblation group.Read More

L4-5 and L5-6 intervertebral disk samples were harvested and analyzed for PLA2 activity in different groups at different time points.
The PLA2 activity in the coblation control group was significantly higher than that in the control group (194.86 ± 11.80 and 80.68 ± 5.56, respectively; P < 0.01). There was a significant decrease in the PLA2 activity 1 week after coblation than at the real time after coblation (154.39 ± 7.99 and 184.98 ± 9.43, respectively; P < 0.001). The PLA2 activity at 1 month after coblation remained at a lower level than those at 1 week and at the real time after coblation (142.63 ± 10.72, 154.39 ± 7.99, and 184.98 ± 9.43, respectively), but there was no significant decrease in the PLA2 activity between 1 week and 1 month after coblation.
Coblation appeared to effectively degrade the PLA2 activity in the degenerative intervertebral disks of this animal model. This represents a potential mechanism for the clinical use of coblation in the treatment of low back pain.

Curr Stem Cell Res Ther
Curr Stem Cell Res Ther 2015 Apr 16. Epub 2015 Apr 16.
Department of Stomatology, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital Tongji University School of Medicine, No. 301., Middle Yanchang Road Shanghai 200072, P.R. China.

In recent years, beneficial effects of various ligands of three peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) isoforms (α,β,γ) have been reported in neurodegenerative diseases through delaying the onset and progression of diseases, reducing lesion size and improving functional recovery. Neural stem cells (NSCs) are assumed as a promising strategy for the treatment of human neurodegenerative diseases. PPARs are supposed to be one group of the key regulators of fate decisions in neural stem cells during development and adulthood, through their impact on the target genes involving cell proliferation, death and differentiation.Read More

The neuroprotective role of PPARs is suggested to be closely associated with the inflammation control and regenerative function of NSCs. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Here, we review the current knowledge about the beneficial role of PPARs in NSC development and neurogenesis and attempt to discuss the underlying mechanisms.

BMC Neurosci
BMC Neurosci 2015 14;16:14. Epub 2015 Mar 14.
Department of Neurology, XiangYa Hospital, Central South University, XiangYa Road 88, Changsha, Hunan, China.

Neuropathic pain evoked by nerve injury is frequently accompanied by deterioration of emotional behaviors, but the underlying signaling mechanisms remain elusive. Glutamate (Glu) is the major mediator of excitatory synaptic transmission throughout the brain, and abnormal activity of the glutamatergic system has been implicated in the pathophysiology of pain and associated emotional comorbidities. In this study we used the partial sciatic nerve ligation (PSNL) model of neuropathic pain in rats to characterize the development of anxiety-like behavior, the expression of glutamatergic receptors, and the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) in the hippocampus, the region that encodes memories related to emotions.Read More

We found that the mechanical withdrawal threshold was significantly reduced and an anxiety-like behavior was increased as determined via open field tests and elevated plus-maze tests at 28 days after injury. No significant differences were found in the ratio of sucrose preference and immobility time detected by sucrose preference tests and forced swimming tests respectively, possibly due to the timing factor. The expression of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subtypes NR1 and NR2B, but not NR2A, GluR1, or GluR2 (the main subtype of the α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid [AMPA] receptor) in the hippocampus of injured rats was significantly reduced. Moreover, PSNL resulted in decreased phosphorylation of ERK1/2 in the hippocampus. Intriguingly, treatment with D-serine (a co-agonist of NMDA receptor, 1 g/kg intraperitoneally) reduced the anxiety-like behavior but not the mechanical hypersensitivity induced by PSNL.
PSNL can induce significant anxiety-like but not depression-like behavior, and trigger down-regulation of NMDA but not AMPA receptors in the hippocampus at 28 days after injury.

Virol. J.
Virol J 2015 28;12:33. Epub 2015 Feb 28.
Department of Infectious Diseases, First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi' an, 710061, Shaanxi Province, China.

Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in tumor necrosis factor alpha-inducible protein 3 (TNFAIP3) gene have been linked to inflammatory, immunological and malignant diseases. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is characterized by immunopathogenesis. This study investigated the association of rs2230926, a nonsynonymous SNP in TNFAIP3 gene, with chronic HBV infection.Read More

Four hundred and fifty-five patients with chronic HBV infection with clinical diseases of chronic hepatitis (n = 183), liver cirrhosis (n = 167) and hepatocellular carcinoma (n = 105), 92 HBV infection resolvers and 171 healthy controls were included. All subjects were of Chinese Han ethnicity. Genotyping of rs2230926 was carried out by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method.
The gender and age between HBV patients, HBV infection resolvers and healthy controls had no statistical difference. The genotypes of rs2230926 in HBV patients, HBV infection resolvers and healthy controls are in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The genotype and allele frequencies of TNFAIP3 rs2230926 polymorphism between HBV patients, HBV infection resolvers and healthy controls had no significant difference. The genotype and allele frequencies of TNFAIP3 rs2230926 polymorphism between HBV patients with chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma also showed no significant difference.
The TNFAIP3 rs2230926 polymorphism is not suggested to be associated with the susceptibility of chronic HBV infection or the progression of HBV-related diseases in this study. Replicative studies and studies in large control and HBV patient populations of different ethnicity by genotyping more polymorphisms in TNFAIP3 gene are needed.

Biol Trace Elem Res
Biol Trace Elem Res 2015 Apr 23. Epub 2015 Apr 23.
School of Food and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, 301 Xuefu Rd, Zhenjiang, 212013, Jiangsu, China.

Our previous study showed that chromium malate improved the regulation of blood glucose in mice with alloxan-induced diabetes. The present study was designed to evaluate the 90-day oral toxicity of chromium malate in Sprague-Dawley rats. The present study inspected the effect of chromium malate on glycometabolism, glycometabolism-related enzymes, lipid metabolism, and learning and memory ability in metabolically healthy Sprague-Dawley rats.Read More

The results showed that all rats survived and pathological, toxic, feces, and urine changes were not observed. Chromium malate did not cause measurable damage on liver, brain, and kidney. The fasting blood glucose, serum insulin, insulin resistance index, C-peptide, hepatic glycogen, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, glucokinase, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride levels of normal rats in chromium malate groups had no significant change when compared with control group and chromium picolinate group under physiologically relevant conditions. The serum and organ content of Cr in chromium malate groups had no significant change compared with control group. No significant changes were found in morris water maze test and superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and true choline esterase (TChE) activity. The results indicated that supplementation with chromium malate did not cause measurable toxicity and has no obvious effect on glycometabolism and related enzymes, learning and memory ability, and related enzymes and lipid metabolism of female and male rats. The results of this study suggest that chromium malate is safe for human consumption.

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2015 Apr;35(4):549-52
Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of South China University, Hengyang 421001, China. E-mail:

To explore the effects of hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) on myocardial fibrosis and expressions of MAPK1/3 and MMP-8 in diabetic rats.
Forty adult male SD rats were randomized into 4 groups, namely the control group, diabetes mellitus group (STZ group), diabetes mellitus with H(2)S treatment group (STZ+H(2)S group), and normal rats with H(2)S treatment group (H(2)S group). Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injections of 40 mg/kg streptozotocin (STZ).Read More

The rats in the control group received daily intraperitoneal injections of saline, and those in STZ+H(2)S group and H(2)S group were given NaHS (100 µmol/kg) injections. After 8 weeks, the pathologies of cardiac fibrosis were examined with HE staining, and the expressions of collagen I, MAPK1/3 and MMP-8 were analyzed with Western blotting.
Compared with the control group, the diabetic rats showed increased collagen content and obvious interstitial fibrosis in the myocardial tissue with significantly increased expression levels of collagen I, MAPK1/3 and MMP-8 (P<0.05); all these changes were obviously reversed by treatment with H(2)S (P<0.05). Collagen I, MAPK1/3 and MMP-8 expression levels and the degree of myocardial fibrosis were comparable between H(2)S group and control group (P>0.05).
Hydrogen sulfide can attenuate cardiac fibrosis in diabetic rats, and the mechanism may involve the inhibition of MAPK1/3/MMP-8 signal pathway.

Sensors (Basel)
Sensors (Basel) 2015 27;15(5):9928-41. Epub 2015 Apr 27.
Optoelectronic System Laboratory, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083, China.

Static strain can be detected by measuring a cross-correlation of reflection spectra from two fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs). However, the static-strain measurement resolution is limited by the dominant Gaussian noise source when using this traditional method. This paper presents a novel static-strain demodulation algorithm for FBG-based Fabry-Perot interferometers (FBG-FPs).Read More

The Hilbert transform is proposed for changing the Gaussian distribution of the two FBG-FPs' reflection spectra, and a cross third-order cumulant is used to use the results of the Hilbert transform and get a group of noise-vanished signals which can be used to accurately calculate the wavelength difference of the two FBG-FPs. The benefit by these processes is that Gaussian noise in the spectra can be suppressed completely in theory and a higher resolution can be reached. In order to verify the precision and flexibility of this algorithm, a detailed theory model and a simulation analysis are given, and an experiment is implemented. As a result, a static-strain resolution of 0.9 nε under laboratory environment condition is achieved, showing a higher resolution than the traditional cross-correlation method.

Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao 2015 Apr;37(2):171-8
Department of Nephrology, PUMC Hospital, CAMS and PUMC, Beijing 100730, China.

To evaluate the accuracy of plasma clearance of iohexol (PCio) for glomerular filtration rate (GFR) measurement in Chinese children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and assess the feasibility of single-blood-sample method or dried capillary blood spots in determining the PCio.
Totally 45 CKD children were included,in whom the (99m) Technetium-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid ((99m)Tc-DTPA) plasma clearance and iohexol plasma clearance were simultaneously determined. Blood samples were obtained 2,4,and 5 hours after injection.Read More

In addition, we also evaluated the efficacy of single blood sample method and dried blood spots method in iohexol plasma clearance.
Forty-five CKD children completed the iohexol plasma clearance and thirty-six children completed the (99m)Tc-DTPA plasma clearance at the same time among them. Thirteen children finished the iohexol dried blood spot clearance. The correlation coefficient between (99m)Tc-DTPA plasma clearance and iohexol plasma clearance was 0.941 and the bias was (6.53 ± 11.6) ml/ (min·1.73 m²), and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was high (ICC=0.947). The correlation between iohexol single-sample plasma clearance and double samples was also strong (r=0.958), with the bias being (4.26 ± 9.06)ml/(min·1.73 m²) and the ICC being 0.970. The iohexol clearance by dried blood spots showed a good correlation with the serum iohexol clearance (r=0.950), with the bias still being small [(0.48 ± 10.89)ml/(min·1.73 m²)].
Iohexol plasma clearance has satisfactory agreement with (99m)Tc-DTPA plasma clearance and can be used as an ideal method to measure GFR in CKD children. The single-sample method and dried blood spots method make iohexol plasma clearance more convenient and practical.

Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi 2015 Apr;23(4):254-7
Hepatopathy Department, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230601, China.

To explore the correlation between serum hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) level and hepatic tissue pathological staging in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB).
Clinical data was collected from our hospital's records for 302 CHB patients with HBsAg-positive status for more than 6 months and who had undergone hepatic biopsy. The HBsAg level,HBV DNA level and other clinical data were measured using commercial diagnostic assays.Read More

Liver histology was scored using the GS staging system. Correlation between serum HBsAg quantity, HBV DNA quantity, stage of inflammation and degree of fibrosis was assessed statistically.
The correlation of serum HBsAg level and HBV DNA level was notable. The serum HBsAg level was a variable affecting hepatic tissue pathological stage significantly. Serum HBsAg level appeared to be a highly specific and sensitive diagnostic marker of hepatic fibrosis. As the severity of liver fibrosis increased, the quantitative levels of platelet (PLT), HBsAg and HBV DNA gradually decreased, and the APRI index gradually increased; there were significant differences between the groups (all P less than 0.001). Serum HBsAg and HBV DNA levels in patients with hepatitis B e antigen-positive (HBeAg(+)) status showed strong correlation (r =0.721,P less than 0.0001) by Spearman analysis. HBeAg(+) patients with moderate to severe fibrosis (S2-4) exhibited significantly lower serum HBsAg and HBV DNA levels compared with patients with no or mild fibrosis (S0-1; t =5.475 and 4.826, P less than 0.001). ROC analysis suggested that a serum HBsAg cutoff of 4.46 log 10IU/mL (28 800 IU/mL) would provide a theoretical sensitivity of 76.3%, with theoretical specificity of 70.5% in HBeAg(+) CHB patients. A serum HBV DNA cutoff of 7.13 log 10IU/mL (1.3 5 * 10(7) copies/mL) would provide a theoretical sensitivity of 71.1%, with theoretical specificity of 73.4% in HBeAg(+) CHB patients. Logistic regression analysis showed that thelevel of HBsAg was an independent prognostic factor of moderate to severe liver fibrosis, with alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, HBsAg, HBV DNA and PLT (P less than 0.001).
HBsAg and HBV DNA levels decrease gradually along with aggravation of liver fibrosis. The cutoff values of 28800 IU/mL for HBsAg and 1.35* 10(7) copies/mL ofHBV DNA provide higher specificity and sensitivity for predicting the degree of liver fibrosis in HBeAg-positive CHB patients, and the former is an independent predictor of severe liver fibrosis.

The concentration of Cr, Cu, Zn, As and Pb in soil was tested by portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometer. Each sample was tested for 3 times, then after using wavelet threshold noise filtering method for denoising and smoothing the spectra, a standard curve for each heavy metal was established according to the standard values of heavy metals in soil and the corresponding counts which was the average of the 3 processed spectra. The signal to noise ratio (SNR), mean square error (MSE) and information entropy (H) were taken to assess the effects of denoising when using wavelet threshold noise filtering method for determining the best wavelet basis and wavelet decomposition level.Read More

Some samples with different concentrations and H3 B03 (blank) were chosen to retest this instrument to verify its stability. The results show that: the best denoising result was obtained with the coif3 wavelet basis at the decomposition level of 3 when using the wavelet transform method. The determination coefficient (R2) range of the instrument is 0.990-0.996, indicating that a high degree of linearity was found between the contents of heavy metals in soil and each X-ray fluorescence spectral characteristic peak intensity with the instrument measurement within the range (0-1,500 mg · kg(-1)). After retesting and calculating, the results indicate that all the detection limits of the instrument are below the soil standards at national level. The accuracy of the model has been effectively improved, and the instrument also shows good precision with the practical application of wavelet transform to the establishment and improvement of X-ray fluorescence spectrometer detection model. Thus the instrument can be applied in on-site rapid screening of heavy metal in contaminated soil.

A method for the simultaneous determination of 22 acidic dyes (acid yellow 23, acid red 18, acid blue 7, etc) in edible packagings was developed using high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS). The samples were extracted with acetonitrile-methanol (5:5, v/v) , and then cleaned up with Strata-X-AW solid-phase extractor. The analytes were separated on a Zorbax Eclipse Plus C18 column (100 mm x 3.Read More

0 mm, 1.8 µm) by gradient elution with acetonitrile-10 mmol/L ammonium acetate as the mobile phases. The 22 acidic dyes were determined by electrospray negative ion source (ESI-), and multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. The qualitative analysis was based on the retention times and characteristic ion pairs consisting of one parent ion and two fragment ions, and the quantitative analysis was carried out by matrix-matched external standard method. The results showed that the calibration curves had good linearity for the 22 acidic dyes, and the correlation coefficients (r2) were larger than 0. 991. The limits of quantitation (LOQs, S/N ≥ 10) were in the range of 0.1-2.0 mg/kg in three different matrices (plant capsule, gelatine capsule, oblatum). The average recoveries were in the range of 78.4%-109.5% for the 22 acidic dyes with the relative standard deviations (RSDs) from 4.6% to 14.5% at three spiked levels (1 x LOQ, 2 x LOQ and 10 x LOQ). This method is suitable for the determination of acidic dyes in edible packagings with the characteristics of high accuracy and precision.

Oncotarget 2015 Mar;6(8):6001-13
Department of Genetics, Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Circular RNAs with exonic sequences represent a special form of non-coding RNAs, discovered by analyzing a handful of transcribed genes. It has been observed that circular RNAs function as microRNA sponges. In the present study, we investigated whether the expression of circular RNAs is altered during the development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).Read More

Using a TaqMan-based reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction assay, the relationship between cir-ITCH and ESCC was analyzed in a total of 684 ESCC and paired adjacent non-tumor tissue samples from eastern and southern China. We found that cir-ITCH expression was usually low in ESCC compared to the peritumoral tissue. The functional relevance of cir-ITCH was further examined by biochemical assays. As sponge of miR-7, miR-17, and miR-214, cir-ITCH might increase the level of ITCH. ITCH hyper expression promotes ubiquitination and degradation of phosphorylated Dvl2, thereby inhibiting the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. These results indicate that cir-ITCH may have an inhibitory effect on ESCC by regulating the Wnt pathway.

Ann Fam Med
Ann Fam Med 2015 Mar;13(2):164-7
General Practice and Primary Care, Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Associations of multimorbidity and income with hospital admission were investigated in population samples from 3 widely differing health care systems: Scotland (n = 36,921), China (n = 162,464), and Hong Kong (n = 29,187). Multimorbidity increased odds of admissions in all 3 settings. In Scotland, poorer people were more likely to be admitted (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.Read More

62; 95% CI, 1.41-1.86 for the lowest income group vs the highest), whereas China showed the opposite (aOR = 0.58; 95% CI, 0.56-0.60). In Hong Kong, poorer people were more likely to be admitted to public hospitals (aOR = 1.68; 95% CI, 1.36-2.07), but less likely to be admitted to private ones (aOR = 0.18; 95% CI, 0.13-0.25). Strategies to improve equitable health care should consider the impact of socioeconomic deprivation on the use of health care resources, particularly among populations with prevalent multimorbidity.

PLoS One 2015 20;10(3):e0118542. Epub 2015 Mar 20.
The National Key Facility for Crop Gene Resources and Genetic Improvement/Institute of Crop Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China.

The study of genetic diversity between Lathyrus sativus L. and its relative species may yield fundamental insights into evolutionary history and provide options to meet the challenge of climate changes. 30 SSR loci were employed to assess the genetic diversity and population structure of 283 individuals from wild and domesticated populations from Africa, Europe, Asia and ICARDA.Read More

The allele number per loci ranged from 3 to 14. The average gene diversity index and average polymorphism information content (PIC) was 0.5340 and 0.4817, respectively. A model based population structure analysis divided the germplasm resources into three subgroups: the relative species, the grasspea from Asia, and the grasspea from Europe and Africa. The UPGMA dendrogram and PCA cluster also demonstrated that Asian group was convincingly separated from the other group. The AMOVA result showed that the cultivated species was quite distinct from its relative species, however a low level of differentiation was revealed among their geographic origins. In all, these results provided a molecular basis for understanding genetic diversity of L. sativus and its relatives.

Community Ment Health J
Community Ment Health J 2015 Mar 31. Epub 2015 Mar 31.
University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA,

This study evaluated internet use among 239 veterans with serious mental illness who completed questionnaires assessing demographics and internet use in 2010-2011. The majority of individuals (70 %) reported having accessed the internet and among those, 79 % had accessed it within the previous 30 days. Those who were younger and more educated were more likely to have accessed the internet, as were those with a schizophrenia spectrum disorder, bipolar disorder, or major depressive disorder, compared to individuals with PTSD.Read More

Veterans with serious mental illness commonly use the internet, including to obtain health information, though use varies across demographic characteristics and clinical diagnosis.

Eye Contact Lens
Eye Contact Lens 2015 Mar 30. Epub 2015 Mar 30.
Tianjin Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Vision Science (F.L., Z.-X.J., P.H., X.L.), Tianjin Eye Hospital, Tianjin Eye Institute, Tianjin, China; and Medical School of Nankai University (F.L.), Tianjin, China.

To assess the change of central corneal thickness (CCT) in the treatment of orthokeratology in patients with myopia.
A systematic search of all relevant studies published through April 2014 was conducted, and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of CCT change were calculated. Random or fixed-effects models were used according to heterogeneity.Read More

Publication bias of the articles was evaluated using funnel plots and Begg test.
A total of 10 studies with 239 patients (339 eyes) from clinical studies were included. Central corneal thickness reduced significantly from 1 day to 1 week by 5.73 μm (95% CI, 1.75-9.70 μm; P=0.005), and a significant mean reduction of 5.89 μm also occurred from 1 day to 1 month (95% CI, 3.50-8.29 μm; P<0.001). No significant reduction was found between 1 week and 1 month (P=0.32).
Our meta-analysis demonstrated that most reduction of CCT occurred during the first week and remained thinner for 1 month. Further randomized controlled trials with larger sample sizes, standardized outcome measurements, and different follow-up periods are warranted to find the precise change.

Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi 2015 Mar;23(3):171-4
Department of Infectious Diseases, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China.

To study the mechanism underlying the effect of the SOCS3 rs4969170 A/G alleles on the occurrence of insulin resistance (IR) in patients with chronic hepatitis C.
The promoter region of the SOCS3 gene was amplified by PCR,and luciferase expression vectors were constructed and transfected into HepG2,Huh7 cell lines.The relative luciferase activity of each expression vector was assessed by the dual luciferase reporter gene assay system.Read More

Western blotting was used to detect SOCS3 protein expression in PBMCs from groups of patients with the rs4969170 AA and AG genotypes.The state of IR in eight patients was evaluated by determining their HOMA-IR.
The pGL3-A, PGL3-G and pGL3-control vectors showed significantly different luciferase expression in the HepG2 cells (0.121 00 ± 0.022 07,0.027 00+/-0.012 49 and 0.043 33 ± 0.005 51; F =48.068, P=0.001) and in the Huh7 cell lines (0.164 70 ± 0.007 10,0.027 33 ± 0.017 04 and 0.033 67 ± 0.014 98; F =115.137, P=0.001). The expression of SOCS3 protein was significantly higher in the rs4969170 AA genotype group than in the AG genotype group (1.22 ± 0.40 vs. 0.30 ± 0.19; t =4.149, P=0.006).The IR index of patients with the rs4969170 AA genotype and the AG genotype was 4.11 ± 2.62 and 1.47 ± 1.01 respectively.There were three patients with IR in the rs4969170 AA genotype group and one in the rs4969170 AG group. There was no statistically significant difference between the two genotype groups (t=1.881, P=0.109).
The SOCS3 rs4969170 A haplotype may enhance transcriptional activity of the gene promoter to regulate gene expression, thereby increasing intracellular SOCS3 protein level and ultimately interfering with insulin signaling and causing IR in patients with chronic hepatitis C.

Entangled state of light is one of the essential quantum resources in quantum information science and technology. Especially, when the fundamental principle experiments have been achieved in labs and the applications of continuous variable quantum information in the real world are considered, it is crucial to design and construct the generation devices of entangled states with high entanglement and compact configuration. We have designed and built an efficient and compact light source of entangled state, which is a non-degenerate optical parametric amplifier (NOPA) with the triple resonance of the pump and two subharmonic modes.Read More

A wedged type-II KTP crystal inside the NOPA is used for implementing frequency-down-conversion of the pump field to generate the optical entangled state and achieving the dispersion compensation between the pump and the subharmonic waves. The EPR entangled state of light with quantum correlations of 8.4 dB for both amplitude and phase quadratures are experimentally produced by a single NOPA under the pump power of 75 mW.

To observe effect of Liuweibuqi Capsule, a Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), on the janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathway and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) rat model with lung deficiency in terms of TCM's pattern differentiation.
Rats were randomly divided into a normal group, model group, Liuweibuqi group, Jinshuibao group, and spleen aminopeptidase group (n=10). Aside from the normal group, all rats were exposed to smoke plus lipopolysaccharide tracheal instillation to establish the COPD model with lung deficiency.Read More

Models were established after 28 days and then the normal and model groups were given normal saline (0.09 g/kg), Liuweibuqi group was given Liuweibuqi capsule (0.35 g/kg), Jinshuibao group was given Jinshuibao capsules (0.495 g/kg), and the spleen group was given spleen aminopeptidase (0.33 mg/kg), once a day for 30 days. Changes in symptoms, signs, and lung histology were observed. Lung function was measured with a spirometer. Serum cytokines were detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and changes in the JAK/STAT pathway, MMP-9, and MMPs inhibitor 1 (TIMP1) were detected by immunohistochemistry, RT-PCR, and western blotting, respectively.
Compared with the normal group, lung tissue was damaged, and lung function was reduced in the model control group. Additionally, the levels of interleukin (IL)-1beta, gamma interferon (IFN-gamma), and IL-6 were higher, while IL-4 and IL-10 were lower in the model control group than those in the normal group. The expressions of JAK1, STAT3, p-STAT3, and MMP-9 mRNA and protein in lung tissue were higher, and TIMP1 mRNA and protein was lower in the model group compared with the normal group. After treatment, compared with the model group, the expression of inflammatory cytokines was lower in each treatment group, and expressions of JAK/STAT pathway, MMPs were lower. Compared with the positive control groups, the Jinshuibao and spleen aminopeptidase groups, lung function was better, and JAK1, STAT3, and p-STAT3 protein were lower and TIMP1 was higher in the Liuweibuqi group.
Liuweibuqi capsules can improve the symptoms of COPD possibly by regulating the expression of the JAK1/STAT3 pathway and MMP9/TIMP1.

In recent years, the technology of laser induced breakdown spectroscopy has been developed rapidly. As one kind of new material composition detection technology, laser induced breakdown spectroscopy can simultaneously detect multi elements fast and simply without any complex sample preparation and realize field, in-situ material composition detection of the sample to be tested. This kind of technology is very promising in many fields.Read More

It is very important to separate, fit and extract spectral feature lines in laser induced breakdown spectroscopy, which is the cornerstone of spectral feature recognition and subsequent elements concentrations inversion research. In order to realize effective separation, fitting and extraction of spectral feature lines in laser induced breakdown spectroscopy, the original parameters for spectral lines fitting before iteration were analyzed and determined. The spectral feature line of' chromium (Cr I : 427.480 nm) in fly ash gathered from a coal-fired power station, which was overlapped with another line(FeI: 427.176 nm), was separated from the other one and extracted by using damped least squares method. Based on Gauss-Newton iteration, damped least squares method adds damping factor to step and adjust step length dynamically according to the feedback information after each iteration, in order to prevent the iteration from diverging and make sure that the iteration could converge fast. Damped least squares method helps to obtain better results of separating, fitting and extracting spectral feature lines and give more accurate intensity values of these spectral feature lines: The spectral feature lines of chromium in samples which contain different concentrations of chromium were separated and extracted. And then, the intensity values of corresponding spectral lines were given by using damped least squares method and least squares method separately. The calibration curves were plotted, which showed the relationship between spectral line intensity values and chromium concentrations in different samples. And then their respective linear correlations were compared. The experimental results showed that the linear correlation of the intensity values of spectral feature lines and the concentrations of chromium in different samples, which was obtained by damped least squares method, was better than that one obtained by least squares method. And therefore, damped least squares method was stable, reliable and suitable for separating, fitting and extracting spectral feature lines in laser induced breakdown spectroscopy.

Far-field imaging beyond the diffraction limit is a long sought-after goal in various imaging applications, which requires usually mechanical scanning or an array of antennas. Here, we propose to solve this challenging problem using a single sensor in combination with a spatio-temporal resonant aperture antenna. We theoretically and numerically demonstrate that such resonant aperture antenna is capable of converting part evanescent waves into propagating waves and delivering them to far fields.Read More

The proposed imaging concept provides the unique ability to achieve super resolution for real-time data when illuminated by broadband electromagnetic waves, without the harsh requirements such as near- field scanning, mechanical scanning, or antenna arrays. We expect the imaging methodology to make breakthroughs in super-resolution imaging in microwave, terahertz, optical, and ultrasound regimes.

Asian Pac J Trop Med
Asian Pac J Trop Med 2015 Jan;8(1):60-3
Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Basic Medicine, Kunming Medical University, Kunming 650500, China. Electronic address:

To explore the effects of gentiana scabra bage on the expression of hepatic collagen proteins in Paragonimus skrjabini rats with liver fibrosis.
Immunohistochemical technique was used to observe the changes of content of hepatic type I, III collagen proteins in Paragonimus skrjabini rats with liver fibrosis before and after the gentiana scabra bage treatmeat.
Comparing with the model group, changes of hepatic type I and type III collagen proteins in gentiana scabra bage treated group were significantly weakened.Read More

Gentiana scabra bage treatment can reduce the content of hepatic type III and type I collagen protein significantly in Paragonimus skrjabini rats with liver fibrosis, thereby, playing the role against hepatic fibrosis.

The standard addition method with laser induced breakdown spectroscopy was used to analyze an unknown sample taken from a lead battery factory. the matrix influence on the results was effectively avoided when the external or internal standard method was used, and the pretreatment of samples was simple and quick. The Nd ' YAG pulse laser with wavelength 1 064 nm was used as the excitation source.Read More

The echelle spectroscopy with high resolution and wide spectral range was used as the spectral separation device, and the intensified charge coupled device (ICCD) as the spectral detection device in the experiment. The characteristic line at 405. 78 nrn was chosen as the analysis line to measure Pb concentration. Fe I : 404. 58 line was chosen as the internal standard. Pre-experiment was carried out to confirm the appropriate condition. Under the laser energy of 128. 5 mJ, the delay time of 2. 5 tps, and the gate width of 3 ps, it was determined that with the addition of Pb to the sample in the range of 0 and 25 000 mg . kg-1, there wasn't self-absorption. There was a good linear relationship between the intensity of the spectral line of 405. 78 nm and the addition of Pb. The appropriate concentration of Pb added into the sample for analysis was determined by this series of samples. On this basis, four samples were prepared with three parallel samples for each sample in order to verify the repeatability and reliability of the method, i. e. 5 000, 10 000, 15 000, 20 000 mg . kg-1 Pb was added into the original sample. The results were compared with the result of ICP-MS. The twelve samples' relative errors were between -24. 6% and 17. 6%. The average result was 43 069 mg . kg-1 with the relative error -2. 44%.

To obtain a new homoserine dehydrogenase with better properties from Corynebacterium pekinense by the spatial structure transfromation.
Double mutants L200F/D215A, L200F/D215E, L200F/D215G and L200F/D215K were constructed by site-directed mutagenesis and expressed in E. coli BL21.Read More

L200F/D215K was characterized for its highest catalytic efficiency and compared with that of L200F.
The Vmax of L200F/D215K was 36.92 U/mg, 1.24 times as that of L200F. The optimum reaction temperature of L200F/D215K was 37 degrees C, 2 degrees C higher than that of L200F. The optimum pH of L200F/D215K was 7.5, the same as that of L200F. The half-life time of L200F/D215K under optimum temperature was 4.16 h and was 1.12 times as that of L200F. Both L200F/D215K and L200F had good resistance to organic solvents and metal ions.
Through the spatial structure transformation, the enzymatic activity was increased, and the enzymology properties was optimized.