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Fang Li
Capital Medical University

Publications Authored By Fang Li

Food Chem
Food Chem 2016 Mar 21;194:712-22. Epub 2015 Aug 21.
School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jiangsu University, 301 Xuefu Rd., 212013 Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, China. Electronic address:

In this study, the adsorption/desorption characteristics of mulberry anthocyanins (MA) on five types of macroporous resins (XAD-7HP, AB-8, HP-20, D-101 and X-5) were evaluated, XAD-7HP and AB-8 showed higher adsorption/desorption capacities. On the basis of static adsorption test, XAD-7HP and AB-8 resins were selected for kinetics, isotherms and thermodynamics. The adsorption mechanism indicated that the process was better explained by pseudo-first-order kinetics and the Langmuir isotherm model, and the thermodynamics tests showed that the processes were exothermic, spontaneous and thermodynamically feasible.Read More

Dynamic tests were performed on a column packed with XAD-7HP and AB-8, and breakthrough volume was reached at 15 and 14 bed volumes of MA solution, respectively. The purity of the fraction by 40% ethanol elution on XAD-7HP reached 93.6%, from which cyanidin-3-glucoside and cyanidin-3-rutinoside were identified by HPLC-ESI-MS/MS. The method could be used to prepare high purity anthocyanins from mulberry fruits as well as other plants.

Gene 2016 Jan 25;575(2 Pt 3):680-6. Epub 2015 Sep 25.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tongji Hospital, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, P.R. China. Electronic address:

Sirtuins, a family of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)-dependent deacetylases that play diverse roles in regulating metabolism, cell proliferation, and genome stability, have been implicated in mammalian aging and age-related diseases, including cancers, metabolic disorders, and neurodegenerative diseases. Ovarian aging is thought to be characterized by a gradual decrease in both the number of follicles and the quality of oocytes. Ovarian reserve is indicated by the number of primordial follicles.Read More

In this study, ovarian reserve was assessed in mice of different ages and mice subjected to caloric restriction (CR) and chemotherapy (2 commonly used models for ovarian aging research) by counting primordial follicles and determining the expression levels of SIRT1, SIRT3, and SIRT6 to explore the relationship between ovarian function and sirtuin expression. A gradual decline in the number of follicles (especially primordial follicles) was observed in aging mice and mice subjected to chemotherapy. Histological analysis showed that CR mice displayed a significantly greater number of primordial follicles and less atretic follicles. Western blot analysis indicated that expression levels of SIRT1, SIRT3, and SIRT6 were significantly decreased in the ovaries of aged mice and mice treated with chemotherapy, but increased in CR mice. SIRT1, SIRT3, and SIRT6 all showed a significantly positive correlation with the numbers of primordial follicles (r(2)=0.6399, P<0.0001; r(2)=0.5445, P<0.001; and r(2)=0.4956, P<0.0001, respectively). These results indicate that SIRT1, SIRT3 and SIRT6 are closely related to ovarian reserve, and suggest that these sirtuins may be markers of ovarian aging.

Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2015 Dec 5;99(23):10069-81. Epub 2015 Aug 5.
Institute of Microbiology, College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310058, People's Republic of China.

Many filamentous fungi produce only conidia for dispersal and survival in vitro or in vivo. Here, we show that the developmental regulator WetA and the velvet protein VosA are not only required for conidial maturation but indispensable for conidiation in Beauveria bassiana, a filamentous entomopathogen. Deletion of wetA or vosA resulted in more than 90 % transcriptional depression of brlA and abaA, two activator genes in the central developmental pathway, during the critical period of conidiophore development and conidiation.Read More

Consequently, ΔwetA and ΔvosA strains lost 98 % in and 88 % of their conidiation capacities under optimal culture conditions, respectively. The conidia of ΔwetA showed more defective features than those of ΔvosA, including smaller size, lesser density, lower hydrophobicity, and impaired cell walls although intracellular trehalose content decreased more in the aging culture of ΔvosA than of ΔwetA. As a result, conidial sensitivity to cell wall perturbation was elevated in ΔwetA but unaffected in ΔvosA, which produced conidia more sensitive to the oxidant menadione and the wet-heat stress at 45 °C. Both deletion mutants showed similar defects in conidial tolerance to high osmolarity or UV-B irradiation but no change in conidial sensitivity to the other oxidant H2O2 or the fungicide carbendazim. Moreover, ΔwetA lost more virulence to Galleria mellonella larvae than ΔvosA. All these phenotypical changes were restored by either wetA or vosA complementation. Taken together, WetA and VosA are indispensable for asexual development and contribute differentially to conidial quality and hence the biological control potential of B. bassiana against insect pests.

Clin Nucl Med
Clin Nucl Med 2015 Dec;40(12):979-80
From the Departments of *Nuclear Medicine and †Radiology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Chorea-acanthocytosis is 1 type of neuroacanthocytosis that is a group of rare, hereditary neurodegenerative disorders. We presented a brain FDG PET finding of a 31-year-old woman with chorea-acanthocytosis. The images demonstrated significant hypometabolism in bilateral caudate nuclei and putamina.Read More

The finding of FDG PET is more prominent than that of MRI. Another interesting observation is the mildly increased FDG uptake in pituitary gland, although its relationship with the disease is unclear.

Environ. Pollut.
Environ Pollut 2015 Dec 11;207:107-22. Epub 2015 Sep 11.
Key Laboratory of Desert and Desertification, Cold & Arid Regions Environmental & Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China.

The dust origins of the two events were identified using HYSPLIT trajectory model and MODIS and CALIPSO satellite data to understand the particle size distribution during two contrasting dust events originated from Taklimakan and Gobi deserts. The supermicron particles significantly increased during the dust events. The dust event from Gobi desert affected significantly on the particles larger than 2.Read More

5 μm, while that from Taklimakan desert impacted obviously on the particles in 1.0-2.5 μm. It is found that the particle size distributions and their modal parameters such as VMD (volume median diameter) have significant difference for varying dust origins. The dust from Taklimakan desert was finer than that from Gobi desert also probably due to other influencing factors such as mixing between dust and urban emissions. Our findings illustrated the capacity of combining in situ, satellite data and trajectory model to characterize large-scale dust plumes with a variety of aerosol parameters.

Neurol. Sci.
Neurol Sci 2015 Nov 12;36(11):2067-72. Epub 2015 Jul 12.
Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Liaoning Medical University, No. 2, 5th Duan, People's Street, Guta District, Jinzhou, 121001, China.

Oxidative stress plays important role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Edaravone is a potent free radical scavenger that exerts antioxidant effects. Therefore, in this study we aimed to investigate neuroprotective effects of edaravone for AD.Read More

Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups (n = 15): control group, model group, and treatment group, which were injected with phosphate buffered saline, Aβ1-40, and Aβ1-40 together with 5 mg/kg edaravone, respectively, into the right hippocampal dentate gyrus. Spatial learning and memory of the rats were examined by Morris water maze test. 4-Hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) level in rat hippocampus was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and choline acetylase (ChAT) activities were assayed by commercial kits. We found that edaravone ameliorated spatial learning and memory deficits in the rats. 4-HNE level in the hippocampus as well as AChE and ChAT activities in the hippocampus was significantly lower in treatment group than in model group. In conclusion, edaravone may be developed as a novel agent for the treatment of AD for improving cholinergic system and protecting neurons from oxidative toxicity.

Fish Shellfish Immunol.
Fish Shellfish Immunol 2015 Nov 9;47(1):271-9. Epub 2015 Sep 9.
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37614, USA. Electronic address:

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are important pattern recognition receptors in the innate immune system of fish. Although ten years have passed since the first identification, the systematic knowledge about fish-specific TLR19 is still far insufficient. In present study, a phylogenetic analysis showed that TLR19 belonged to family 11, and clustered with TLR20 and TLR11/12 on the evolutionary tree.Read More

TLR20 is the closest paralogue of TLR19. The ectodomain of TLR19 contains 24 leucine-rich repeat (LRR) modules. The electrostatic surface potential analysis indicated that the modeled structure of TLR19 ectodomain showed much stronger polarity on the ascending lateral surface than on the descending lateral surface. The ascending lateral surface with strong electrostatic surface potential possibly mainly participates in the ligand binding of TLR19 ectodomain. The quite small dN/dS value at the TLR19 locus showed that TLR19 was very conserved. Approximately one third codons in the coding sequence of TLR19 were subjected to significantly negative selection, whereas only 5 codons underwent significantly positive selection. Overall, these findings possibly help in deepening the understanding to fish-specific TLR19.

Oncotarget 2015 Nov;6(35):38398-409
Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, The Medical College of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong Province, People's Republic of China.

Several epidemiological studies have investigated the association between breastfeeding and endometrial cancer (EC). However, the results of the studies are controversial. Thus, we conduct this meta-analysis to explore the association between breastfeeding and EC and to evaluate the possible does-response relationship between duration of breastfeeding and EC.Read More

PubMed, Web of Science, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, China biology medical literature database, Wan fang databases and Database of Chinese Scientific and Technical Periodicals were searched for eligible observational studies up to 11 July 2015. Random effects model was used to calculate the pooled relative risks (RRs) and restricted cubic spline model was adopted for the does-response analysis.Fifteen articles with 623570 participants were identified. The RRs of these studies suggested that breastfeeding was associated with the reduced risk of EC (high versus low/no: RR = 0.74; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.58-0.95). In subgroup analyses, a significant association of breastfeeding with EC risk was found in Asia (RR = 0.57, 95% CI 0.37-0.87), and an inverse association of breastfeeding with EC risk was found in cohort studies (RR = 0.62, 95% CI 0.41-0.94). The results were also significant after adjusted for hormone use (RR = 0.63, 95% CI 0.41-0.97) and body mass index (RR=0.65, 95% CI 0.44-0.96). A linear relationship was found of breastfeeding with EC (p for nonlinearity = 0.93), and it indicated that EC risk decreased by 1.2% for one month increment of breastfeeding. This meta-analysis indicates that long term breastfeeding might be associated with decreased risk of EC.

Acta Pharmacol. Sin.
Acta Pharmacol Sin 2015 Nov 12;36(11):1337-48. Epub 2015 Oct 12.
Jiangsu Key Laboratory of TCM Evaluation and Translational Research, Department of Complex Prescription of TCM, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 211198, China.

SMXZF (a combination of ginsenoside Rb1, ginsenoside Rg1, schizandrin and DT-13) derived from Chinese traditional medicine formula ShengMai preparations) is capable of alleviating cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in mice. In this study we used network pharmacology approach to explore the mechanisms of SMXZF in the treatment of cardio-cerebral ischemic diseases.
Based upon the chemical predictors, such as chemical structure, pharmacological information and systems biology functional data analysis, a target-pathway interaction network was constructed to identify potential pathways and targets of SMXZF in the treatment of cardio-cerebral ischemia.Read More

Furthermore, the most related pathways were verified in TNF-α-treated human vascular endothelial EA.hy926 cells and H2O2-treated rat PC12 cells.
Three signaling pathways including the NF-κB pathway, oxidative stress pathway and cytokine network pathway were demonstrated to be the main signaling pathways. The results from the gene ontology analysis were in accordance with these signaling pathways. The target proteins were found to be associated with other diseases such as vision, renal and metabolic diseases, although they exerted therapeutic actions on cardio-cerebral ischemic diseases. Furthermore, SMXZF not only dose-dependently inhibited the phosphorylation of NF-κB, p50, p65 and IKKα/β in TNF-α-treated EA.hy926 cells, but also regulated the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway in H2O2-treated PC12 cells.
NF-κB signaling pathway, oxidative stress pathway and cytokine network pathway are mainly responsible for the therapeutic actions of SMXZF against cardio-cerebral ischemic diseases.

Mol Med Rep
Mol Med Rep 2015 Nov 29;12(5):7439-46. Epub 2015 Sep 29.
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410013, P.R. China.

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common histological cancer sub‑type worldwide. Neuroepithelial transforming gene 1 (Net-1), a Ras homolog family member A-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor, has been shown to be upregulated in several human cancer types. However, the clinical significance of Net‑1 expression in NSCLC has remained elusive.Read More

The present study assessed Net‑1 mRNA and protein levels by reverse-transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis of 64 cases of NSCLC as well as their adjacent normal tissues. Furthermore, Net‑1 protein expression in tumor tissues derived from clinically annotated NSCLC cases at stages I‑III was detected by immunohistochemical staining. The results showed that Net‑1 mRNA and protein levels in NSCLC tissues were significantly elevated compared with those in their corresponding non‑tumor tissues. In addition, Net‑1 expression was strongly associated with the patients' pathological characteristics, including clinical stage, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis and differentiation degree (P<0.05). In conclusion, the results of the present study suggested that Net‑1 expression has a significant role in the tumorigenesis of distinct histotypes and sub‑types of NSCLC, and may therefore be utilized as a biomarker as well as an important therapeutic target in NSCLC.

Anal. Chem.
Anal Chem 2015 Nov 23;87(21):10976-81. Epub 2015 Oct 23.
CAS Key Laboratory of Soft Matter Chemistry, Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Energy Materials, Department of Chemistry, University of Science and Technology of China , Hefei, Anhui 230026, People's Republic of China.

The electrochemiluminescence (ECL) behavior of N-(aminobutyl)-N-(ethylisoluminol)/hemin dual-functionalized graphene hybrids (A-H-GNs) and luminol-functionalized silver/graphene oxide composite (luminol-AgNPs-GO) was investigated under cyclic voltammetry and pulse potential. It was found that A-H-GNs and luminol-AgNPs-GO exhibited excellent ECL activity. On this basis, a label-free ECL aptasensor for 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) detection was developed based on bilayer structure of luminescence functionalized graphene hybrids consisting of A-H-GNs and luminol-AgNPs-GO.Read More

First, positively charged chitosan-coated A-H-GNs were modified on the surface of indium-doped tin oxide electrode by simple dripping and drying in the air; after that, the modified electrode was immersed in negatively charged luminol-AgNPs-GO modified with aptamer (apta-biotin-SA-luminol-AgNPs-GO) to form apta-biotin-SA-luminol-AgNPs-GO/CS-A-H-GNs/ITO electrode (i.e., aptasensor) by electrostatic interaction. In the presence of TNT, a remarkable decrease in ECL signals was observed due to the formation of aptamer-TNT complex. TNT could be detected based on the inhibition effect. The aptasensor exhibits a wide dynamic range from 1.0 × 10(-12) to 1.0 × 10(-9) g/mL, with a low detection limit of 6.3 × 10(-13) g/mL for the determination of TNT, which is superior to most previously reported bioassays for TNT. Moreover, the proposed aptasensor has been successfully applied to the detection of TNT in environmental water. It is sensitive, selective, and simple, avoiding complicated labeling and purification procedures. Due to the wide target recognition range of aptamer, this strategy provides a promising way to develop new aptasensor for other analytes.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2015 Nov 27;7(43):23819-23. Epub 2015 Oct 27.
School of Medicine, Hubei Institute of Technology , Huangshi, Hubei 435003, China.

One major challenge for application of hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (nHAP) in nanomedicine is the quantitative detection method. Herein, we exploited one quantitative detection method for nHAP based on the Eu(3+) fluorescent labeling via a simple chemical coprecipitation method. The trace amount of nHAP in cells and tissues can be quantitatively detected on the basis of the fluorescent quantitative determination of Eu(3+) ions in nHAP crystal lattice.Read More

The lowest concentration of Eu(3+) ions that can be quantitatively detected is 0.5 nM using DELFIA enhancement solution. This methodology can be broadly applicable for studying the tissue distribution and metabolization of nHAP in vivo.

J. Am. Chem. Soc.
J Am Chem Soc 2015 Nov 17;137(46):14798-811. Epub 2015 Nov 17.
Laboratory of Chemical Physics, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health , Bethesda, Maryland 20892, United States.

Accurate quantitative measurement of structural dispersion in proteins remains a prime challenge to both X-ray crystallography and NMR spectroscopy. Here we use a model-free approach based on measurement of many residual dipolar couplings (RDCs) in differentially orienting aqueous liquid crystalline solutions to obtain the side chain χ1 distribution sampled by each residue in solution. Applied to the small well-ordered model protein GB3, our approach reveals that the RDC data are compatible with a single narrow distribution of side chain χ1 angles for only about 40% of the residues.Read More

For more than half of the residues, populations greater than 10% for a second rotamer are observed, and four residues require sampling of three rotameric states to fit the RDC data. In virtually all cases, sampled χ1 values are found to center closely around ideal g(-), g(+) and t rotameric angles, even though no rotamer restraint is used when deriving the sampled angles. The root-mean-square difference between experimental (3)JHαHβ couplings and those predicted by the Haasnoot-parametrized, motion-adjusted Karplus equation reduces from 2.05 to 0.75 Hz when using the new rotamer analysis instead of the 1.1-Å X-ray structure as input for the dihedral angles. A comparison between observed and predicted (3)JHαHβ values suggests that the root-mean-square amplitude of χ1 angle fluctuations within a given rotamer well is ca. 20°. The quantitatively defined side chain rotamer equilibria obtained from our study set new benchmarks for evaluating improved molecular dynamics force fields, and also will enable further development of quantitative relations between side chain chemical shift and structure.

Sci Rep
Sci Rep 2015 5;5:16277. Epub 2015 Nov 5.
Department of Neuroscience, Center for Neurovirology and The Comprehensive NeuroAIDS Center, Temple University School of Medicine, 3500 N Broad Street, Philadelphia, PA 19140.

Current antiretroviral therapy does not eliminate the integrated and transcriptionally silent HIV-1 provirus in latently infected cells. Recently, a "shock and kill" strategy has been extensively explored to eradicate the HIV-1 latent reservoirs for a permanent cure of AIDS. The therapeutic efficacy of currently used agents remains disappointing because of low efficiency, non-specificity and cellular toxicity.Read More

Here we present a novel catalytically-deficient Cas9-synergistic activation mediator (dCas9-SAM) technology to selectively, potently and persistently reactivate the HIV-1 latent reservoirs. By screening 16 MS2-mediated single guide RNAs, we identified long terminal repeat (LTR)-L and O that surround the enhancer region (-165/-145 for L and -92/-112 for O) and induce robust reactivation of HIV-1 provirus in HIV-1 latent TZM-bI epithelial, Jurkat T lymphocytic and CHME5 microglial cells. This compulsory reactivation induced cellular suicide via toxic buildup of viral proteins within HIV-1 latent Jurkat T and CHME5 microglial cells. These results suggest that this highly effective and target-specific dCas9-SAM system can serve as a novel HIV-latency-reversing therapeutic tool for the permanent elimination of HIV-1 latent reservoirs.

Int J Clin Exp Med
Int J Clin Exp Med 2015 15;8(8):13219-26. Epub 2015 Aug 15.
Department of Habilitation, The Central Hospital of Xinxiang City Xinxiang, Henan Province, P. R. China.

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) caused by lack of fragile X mental retardation protein (Fmr1) is the most common cause of inherited intellectual disability and characterized by many cognitive disturbances like attention deficit, autistic behavior, and audiogenic seizure and have region-specific altered expression of some gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABAA) receptor subunits. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot experiments were performed in the cultured cortical neurons and forebrain obtained from wild-type (WT) and Fmr1 KO mice demonstrate the reduction in the expression of α1 gamma-aminobutyric acid (α1GABAA) receptor, phospho-α1GABAA receptor, PKC and phosphor-PKC in Fmr1 KO mice comparing with WT mice, both in vivo and in vitro. Furthermore, we found that the phosphorylation of the α1GABAA receptor was mediated by PKC.Read More

Our results elucidate that the lower phosphorylation of the α1GABAA receptor mediated by PKC neutralizes the seizure-promoting effects in Fmr1 KO mice and point to the potential therapeutic targets of α1GABAA agonists for the treatment of fragile X syndrome.

Int J Clin Exp Med
Int J Clin Exp Med 2015 15;8(8):14527-37. Epub 2015 Aug 15.
Department of Comprehensive Surgery, South Building, Chinese PLA General Hospital Beijing 100853, China.

Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the most fatal cancers, which leads to large number of people dead. Followed by surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, chemotherapy combined dendritic cells with cytokine-induced killer cells (DC-CIK) immunotherapy has been applied in NSCLC for some time, but little consistent beneficial results are provided. So, it is essential to weigh the pros and cons of the new therapeutic method.Read More

We searched the randomized controlled trials of NSCLC mainly by PubMed database. Terms combination of "cytokine-induced killer cells", "tumor" and "cancer" were used. After evaluating the heterogeneity of selected studies, then we performed the meta-analysis. Pooled risk ratios (RRs) were estimated and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using a fixed-effect model. Sensitivity analysis was also performed.
Six eligible trials were enrolled. Efficiency and safety of chemotherapy followed by DC-CIK immunotherapy (experimental group) and chemotherapy alone (control group) were compared. 1-year overall survival (OS) (P=0.02) and progression free survival (PFS) (P=0.005) in the experimental group were significantly increased compared with the control. Disease control rate (DCR) (P=0.006) rose significantly in experimental group. However, no significant differences between the two groups were observed in 2-year OS (P=0.21), 2-year PFS (P=0.10), overall response rate (ORR) (P=0.76) and partial response (PR) (P=0.22). Temporary fever, anemia, leukopenia and nausea were the four major adverse events (AEs) treated by chemotherapy. The incidence of anemia, leukopenia and nausea in the experimental group was obviously lower than the control group. Temporary fever rate was higher in experimental group than that in the control, but could be alleviated by taking sufficient rest.
Chemotherapy combined with DC-CIK immunotherapy showed superiority in DCR, 1-year OS and PFS, and no more AEs appeared, however, there was no significant improvement in ORR, PR, 2-year OS and PFS. As a whole, the combination therapy is safer but modest in efficacy for advanced NSCLC patients.

World J. Gastroenterol.
World J Gastroenterol 2015 Nov;21(43):12505-9
Jun-Yan Qian, Xiao-Yin Bai, Department of Internal Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China.

Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a herpesvirus, which establishes lifelong latency after primary infection and leads to severe disease in immunocompromised patients. However, CMV infection in immunocompetent patients is usually asymptomatic and severe organ damage is rarely reported. We report a case of severe CMV hepatitis in an immunocompetent patient presenting with cholestasis, portal hypertension-related ascites and pancytopenia.Read More

The patient was asymptomatic with normal liver function and negative CMV DNA after two weeks of antiviral therapy. This case is an example of a common infection with an uncommon presentation, and suggests that testing for CMV should be carried out, even in patients with normal immune status, presenting with severe liver damage or cholestasis.

Int J Clin Exp Pathol
Int J Clin Exp Pathol 2015 1;8(9):11901-8. Epub 2015 Sep 1.
Department of Gynecology, Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine Shanghai 200040, China.

To study the Distribution of HPV genotypes in Shanghai women.
Cohort study.
Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital affiliated with Tongji University.Read More

Patients those attended in the cervical disease diagnosis and treatment center of Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital between January 2011 and December 2014.
HPV GenoArray test kit (HybriBio Ltd) was used to perform HPV genotyping and was also used in DNA amplification and HybriBio's proprietary flow-through hybridization technique.
In this study, total patients analyzed were 4585. Among 4585 sample the HPV positive patients were 1460 i.e. 31.84% in total. On the basis of pathological report normal were 1358, with inflammation 2441, with low grade lesion were 399, high grade lesion were 353, CIN were 19 and cervical carcinoma were 15. Among normal HPV positive were 215 (15.8%), among inflammation HPV positive were 735 (30.11%). HPV positive in low grade lesion were 353 i.e. 59.77%. In high grade lesion 211 were HPV positive among 272 (68.17%). The percentage of HPV positive was 73.68% i.e. 14 out of 19 patient in cervical carcinoma in situ. 13 patient out of 15 i.e. 86.67% of Cervical carcinoma were HPV positive. Among all percentage of HPV positive was high among cervical carcinoma then cervical carcinoma in situ then high grade lesion in decreasing fashion to low grade lesion and in normal. Highest prevalence i.e. 22.67% is of HPV 52 subtype and HPV 16 has second highest prevalence with 17.67% among HPV positive cases. Sensitivity of TCT detection is 71.6%. Specificity of TCT detection is 79.6%. Sensitivity of HPV-DNA detection is 65.2%. Specificity of HPV-DNA detection is 78.2%.
HPV is one of major health concern in shanghai having high prevalence rate in comparison to other part of china and other part of world. This has implications for the future cervical cancer burden and the priority to be given to prevent cervical cancer in Shanghai, especially, given the promising efficacy of prophylactic vaccines against HPV52, 16 and 58. This study also shows high sensitivity and specificity of TCT and HPV-DNA detection.

PLoS One 2015;10(11):e0143892. Epub 2015 Nov 30.
College of Agriculture & Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Hangzhou, 310058, PR China.

Chrysanthemums (Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat.) exhibit a variety of flower colors due to their differing abilities to accumulate anthocyanins. One MYB member, CmMYB6, has been verified as a transcription regulator of chrysanthemum genes involved in anthocyanin biosynthesis; however, the co-regulators for CmMYB6 remain unclear in chrysanthemum.Read More

Here, the expression pattern of CmbHLH2, which is clustered in the IIIf bHLH subgroup, was shown to be positively correlated with the anthocyanin content of cultivars with red, pink and yellow flower colors, respectively. CmbHLH2 significantly upregulated the CmDFR promoter and triggered anthocyanin accumulation when co-expressed with CmMYB6. Yeast one-hybrid analyses indicated that CmbHLH2 was able to bind directly to the CmDFR promoter. Moreover, yeast two-hybrid assays indicated protein-protein interaction between CmbHLH2 and CmMYB6. These results suggest that CmbHLH2 is the essential partner for CmMYB6 in regulating anthocyanin biosynthesis in chrysanthemum.

Mol Med Rep
Mol Med Rep 2015 Oct 30;12(4):5872-8. Epub 2015 Jul 30.
Department of Internal Cardiology, Changsha No. 1 People's Hospital, Changsha, Hunan 410078, P.R. China.

Although it is well known that isoproterenol (ISO) causes myocardial hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis in rats, it has remained elusive whether heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) has a role in this process. The present study aimed to investigate the possible roles of HSF1 in ISO-induced fibrosis in mice. It was found that after administration of ISO in Kunming and HSF1-/+ mice, there was a large number of fibers deposited around blood vessels and among cardiocytes, accompanied with an obvious increase in the protein expressions of type I or III collagen and heat shock protein 47 (HSP47), as indicated by western blot analysis.Read More

After intervention with insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), myocardial fibrosis was significantly attenuated, with a paralleled decrease in the expression of collagen and HSP47 in the mice. However, in HSF1-/- mice, fiber hyperplasy was not observed after injection of ISO, and the levels of type I or III collagen and HSP47 were not significantly increased at the protein and mRNA level. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that after subcutaneous injection of ISO into the back of Kunming and HSF1-/+ mice, large amounts of HSF1 protein were localized to the nucleus, and there was an increase in phosphorylated HSF1 as indicated by western blot and immunohistochemical analysis, respectively. Intervention with IGF-1 inhibited HSF1 activation mediated by ISO. These results suggested that HSF1 is required for myocardial fibrosis in ISO-treated mice, and the underlying molecular mechanism may involve the regulation of HSP47.

J. Nucl. Med.
J Nucl Med 2015 Oct 6;56(10):1609-14. Epub 2015 Aug 6.
Laboratory of Molecular Imaging and Nanomedicine, National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland

Suitably labeled Evans blue dye has been successfully applied to evaluate cardiac function, vascular permeability, and lymphatic imaging in preclinical settings. This study documented the first-in-human application of (68)Ga-1,4,7-triazacyclononane-N,N',N″-triacetic acid (NOTA)-NEB.
The NOTA-conjugated truncated form of Evans blue, NEB, was labeled with (68)Ga and tested in BALB/C mice for dynamic PET and ex vivo biodistribution studies.Read More

Three healthy volunteers (2 men and 1 woman) underwent 90-min whole-body dynamic PET. The absorbed doses for major organs and whole body were calculated using OLINDA/EXM software. Eleven patients with focal hepatic lesions diagnosed by enhanced CT or MR imaging were subjected to whole-body PET/CT acquisitions at 30 min after intravenous injection of 111-148 MBq (3-4 mCi) of (68)Ga-NEB.
NEB dye was labeled with (68)Ga (half-time, 68 min) with high yield and purity. After intravenous injection, (68)Ga-NEB formed a complex with serum albumin, thus most of the radioactivity was retained in blood circulation. The tracer was demonstrated to be safe in both healthy volunteers and recruited patients without side effects or allergies. Among the 11 patients, hemangiomas showed much higher (68)Ga-NEB signal intensity than the surrounding normal hepatic tissues, whereas no apparent difference between lesions and hepatic tissues was identified on (18)F-FDG PET. All other focal hepatic lesions including hepatocellular carcinoma, hepatic cysts, and neuroendocrine tumor liver metastases showed negative (68)Ga-NEB contrast to hepatic tissues.
As a blood-pool imaging agent, (68)Ga-NEB is safe to use in the clinic, and our preliminary studies demonstrate the value of differentiating hepatic hemangioma from other benign or malignant focal hepatic lesions. Easy labeling with different positron emitters of various half-lives, excellent pharmacokinetics, and imaging quality warrant further clinical applications of NEB-based PET tracers.

Oncol. Rep.
Oncol Rep 2015 Oct 10;34(4):1701-7. Epub 2015 Aug 10.
Neurosurgery Department of China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing 100029, P.R. China.

Brain metastasis is a major complication of non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and leads to most of the mortality of this disease. However, the biological mechanisms and molecular features in brain metastasis of NSCLC are poorly understood. In the present study, we compared whole‑genome copy number variations (CNVs) between a primary lung adenocarcinoma and secondary metastatic brain lesion from the same patient using array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH).Read More

The number of CNV regions was markedly higher in the secondary metastatic tumor than the primary tumor in the lung. In detail, the common CNVs in both tumors included gains of 7p22, 7p12-p11, 7q11, 7q22, 21q22, and 19q13; gains of 1p33-p34, 1q22, 5p13 and 14q11 whereas losses of 3p, 4q31, 5q, 11p15, Xp21-p22 and Xq21 were identified only in the secondary lesion. Gene Ontology enrichment analysis revealed that the genes with amplified copy numbers in both tumors were related to such processes as DNA replication and mismatch repair. Genes only amplified in the metastatic tumor were enriched in processes that include leukocyte migration and organ development, and genes with a lower copy number in the secondary tumor included the processes of proteolysis regulation, negative regulation of cell proliferation and cell adhesion. These findings provided new insight into the genomic mechanism of the spread of lung adenocarcinoma to the brain, and the candidate genes identified serve as novel indicators or putative targets in NSCLC brain metastasis.

Hum. Immunol.
Hum Immunol 2015 Oct 30;76(10):736-41. Epub 2015 Sep 30.
Department of Infectious Diseases, First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710061, Shaanxi, China; Institute of Advanced Surgical Technology and Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710061, Shaanxi, China. Electronic address:

Lymphoid protein tyrosine phosphatase encoded by protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor 22 (PTPN22) gene plays an important regulatory role in T- and B-cell activation. This study investigated PTPN22 -1123G/C and intron 16 T/C polymorphisms in 372 patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, 72 HBV infection resolvers and 273 healthy controls. Genotypic association tests between groups assuming codominant, dominant or log-additive genetic models were performed.Read More

In recessive model, PTPN22 -1123G/C genotype GG in healthy controls was more frequent than infection resolvers (P=0.037, OR=3.606, 95%CI=1.079-12.053) and this genotype in HBV patients was more frequent than resolvers although the difference was not significant (P=0.059). The PTPN22 intron 16 T/C genotype TC in cirrhosis patients was significantly higher than asymptomatic carriers (ASC) in codominant (P=0.028, OR=9.792, 95%CI=1.281-74.832) and overdominant (P=0.025, OR=10.142, 95%CI=1.332-77.214) models. This genotype in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients was significantly higher than ASC in codominant (P=0.034, OR=9.200, 95%CI=1.176-71.990) and overdominant (P=0.030, OR=9.677, 95%CI=1.241-75.442) models. These findings suggest that PTPN22 polymorphisms may predispose the chronicity or the development of cirrhosis and HCC in HBV infection.


This study was designed to assess the diagnostic value of (68)Ga-NOTA-PRGD2 PET/CT in lung cancer.
Ninety-one patients (M 48, F 43, 22-82 y) with suspected lung lesions on CT were enrolled with informed consent. Immediately after intravenous injection of 117.Read More

7 ± 37.7 MBq of (68)Ga-NOTA-PRGD2, 15 patients underwent dynamic whole-body PET/CT scans for 1-2 h, and the remaining 76 patients underwent whole-body PET/CT scans at 30 ± 10 min after bolus injection. Each patient also had standard (18)F-FDG PET/CT for comparison.
No side effect was found after (68)Ga-NOTA-PRGD2 injection. (68)Ga-NOTA-PRGD2 was rapidly cleared from the blood pool and primarily excreted through the urinary system. The standard uptake values (SUVs) of proven malignancies were significantly higher than those of the benign ones. With SUVavg > 1.3 being considered malignant, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of (68)Ga-NOTA-PRGD2 PET/CT in diagnosing lung cancer were 83.8% (57/68), 91.3% (21/23) and 85.7% (78/91), respectively. The diagnostic value of (68)Ga-NOTA-PRGD2 for lung cancer is comparable to that of FDG PET/CT. However, (68)Ga-NOTA-PRGD2 PET/CT is more specific than (18)F-FDG PET/CT in assessing lymph node metastasis, with positive and negative predictive values of 90.0% (27/30) and 93.8% (121/129), respectively, while those of (18)F-FDG PET/CT were 30.2% (29/96) and 90.5% (57/63).
This study indicates the efficacy of (68)Ga-NOTA-PRGD2 PET/CT in lung cancer diagnosis. It shows significant advantage over (18)F-FDG PET/CT in judging metastatic lymph nodes with higher specificity.

PLoS One 2015 2;10(10):e0139824. Epub 2015 Oct 2.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Early menopause and infertility often occur in female cancer patients after chemotherapy (CTx). For these patients, oocyte/embryo cryopreservation or ovarian tissue cryopreservation is the current modality for fertility preservation. However, the above methods are limited in the long-term protection of ovarian function, especially for fertility preservation (very few females with cancer have achieved pregnancy with cryopreserved ovarian tissue or eggs until now).Read More

In addition, the above methods are subject to their scope (females with no husband or prepubertal females with no mature oocytes). Thus, many females who suffer from cancers would not adopt the above methods pre- and post-CTx due to their uncertainty, safety and cost-effectiveness. Therefore, millions of women have achieved long-term survival after thorough CTx treatment and have desired to rescue their ovarian function and fertility with economic, durable and reliable methods. Recently, some studies showed that mice with infertility caused by CTx can produce normal offspring through intraovarian injection of exogenous female germline stem cells (FGSCs). Though exogenous FGSC can be derived from mice without immune rejection in the same strain, it is difficult to obtain human female germline stem cells (hFGSCs), and immune rejection could occur between different individuals. In this study, infertility in mice was caused by CTx, and the ability of FGSCs to restore ovarian function or even produce offspring was assessed. We had successfully isolated and purified the FGSCs from adult female mice two weeks after CTx. After infection with GFP-carrying virus, the FGSCs were transplanted into ovaries of mice with infertility caused by CTx. Finally, ovarian function was restored and the recipients produced offspring long-term. These findings showed that mice with CTx possessed FGSCs, restoring ovarian function and avoiding immune rejection from exogenous germline stem cells.

PLoS One 2015 6;10(10):e0139775. Epub 2015 Oct 6.
The National Key Facility for Crop Gene Resources and Genetic Improvement/Institute of Crop Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China.

Pea (Pisum sativum L.) is an important food legume globally, and is the plant species that J.G.Read More

Mendel used to lay the foundation of modern genetics. However, genomics resources of pea are limited comparing to other crop species. Application of marker assisted selection (MAS) in pea breeding has lagged behind many other crops. Development of a large number of novel and reliable SSR (simple sequence repeat) or microsatellite markers will help both basic and applied genomics research of this crop. The Illumina HiSeq 2500 System was used to uncover 8,899 putative SSR containing sequences, and 3,275 non-redundant primers were designed to amplify these SSRs. Among the 1,644 SSRs that were randomly selected for primer validation, 841 yielded reliable amplifications of detectable polymorphisms among 24 genotypes of cultivated pea (Pisum sativum L.) and wild relatives (P. fulvum Sm.) originated from diverse geographical locations. The dataset indicated that the allele number per locus ranged from 2 to 10, and that the polymorphism information content (PIC) ranged from 0.08 to 0.82 with an average of 0.38. These 1,644 novel SSR markers were also tested for polymorphism between genotypes G0003973 and G0005527. Finally, 33 polymorphic SSR markers were anchored on the genetic linkage map of G0003973 × G0005527 F2 population.

J. Nucl. Med.
J Nucl Med 2015 Oct 8. Epub 2015 Oct 8.
National Institutes of Health, United States.

This work was designed to study the safety, biodistribution, and radiation dosimetry of gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPR) targeting PET tracer (68)Ga-NOTA-Aca-BBN(7-14) (denoted as (68)Ga-BBN) in healthy volunteers and to assess receptor expression level in glioma patients.
Four healthy volunteers (2 M, 2 F) underwent whole-body PET acquisitions at multiple time points after bolus injection of (68)Ga-BBN (111 ± 148 MBq). Regions of interest (ROIs) were drawn manually over major organs and then the time-activity curves (TACs) were obtained.Read More

Dosimetry was calculated using the OLINDA/EXM software. Twelve patients with glioma, as diagnosed by contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), were enrolled for PET/CT at 30-45 min after (68)Ga-BBN injection. After surgical removal, GRPR immunohistochemical staining of tumor samples against GRPR was performed and correlated with (68)Ga-BBN PET.
The administration of (68)Ga-BBN was well tolerated in all healthy volunteers, with no adverse symptoms being noticed or reported. (68)Ga-BBN showed rapid clearance from the blood circulation and excreted mainly through the kidneys and urinary tract. The total effective dose equivalent (EDE) and effective dose (ED) were 0.0335 ± 0.0079 mSv/MBq and 0.0276 ± 0.0066 mSv/MBq, respectively. In glioma patients, all the lesions were identified by (68)Ga BBN PET as regions with high signal intensity. The maximum and mean standardized uptake values (SUVmax and SUVmean) were 2.08 ± 0.58 and 1.32 ± 0.37, respectively. Tumor-to-background ratios were 24.0 ± 8.85 and 13.4 ± 4.54 based on SUVmax and SUVmean, respectively. The immunohistochemical staining confirmed positive correlation between the SUVs and GRPR expression level.
(68)Ga-BBN is a PET tracer with favorable pharmacokinetics and dosimetry profile. It has the potential to evaluate GRPR expression in glioma patients and provide imaging guidance for further GRPR targeted therapy of glioma.

J. Virol.
J Virol 2015 Oct 14. Epub 2015 Oct 14.
State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China and Department of Pathology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA

Rabies, one of the oldest infectious diseases, still presents a public health threat today in most parts of the world. Its pathogen, rabies virus (RABV), could utilize its viral proteins, such as nucleoprotein and phosphorylation protein to subvert the host innate immune system. For a long time, the large (L) protein was believed to be essential for RABV transcription and replication, but its role on viral pathogenicity and immune evasion was not known.Read More

According to recent studies, the conserved K-D-K-E tetrad motif in the L protein was found to be related to the methyltransferase (MTase) activity in the viral mRNA process. In this present study, a series of RABV mutations in this motif was constructed with the recombinant CVS-B2c (rB2c) virus. Two of these mutants, rB2c-K1685A and rB2c-K1829A, were found to be stable and displayed an attenuated phenotype in both in vitro growth and in vivo pathogenicity in adult and suckling mice. Further studies demonstrated that these two mutants were more sensitive to the expression of the interferon stimulated gene IFIT2. Taken together, our results suggest that K1685 and K1829 in the L protein play an important role in the pathogenicity and immune evasion during RABV infection.
Rabies continues to present a public health threat in most areas of the world, especially in the developing countries of Asia and Africa. The pathogenic mechanisms for rabies are not well understood. In the present study, it was found that the recombinant rabies virus rB2c-K1685A and rB2c-K1829A, carrying a mutation at the predicted MTase catalytic sites in the L protein, were highly attenuated both in vitro and in vivo. Further studies showed that these mutants were more sensitive to the expression of the interferon stimulated gene IFIT2 than the parent virus. These findings provide a better understanding of rabies pathogenesis, which may help in developing potential therapeutics and avirulent rabies vaccine.

Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol.
Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 2015 Oct 14:ajprenal.00303.2015. Epub 2015 Oct 14.
2nd Affiliated Hospital, Nanjing Medical University

Renal fibrosis is an inevitable outcome of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Erythropoietin (EPO) has been recently reported to be able to mitigate renal fibrosis. The mechanism underlying the protective effect of EPO, however, remains elusive.Read More

In the present study, employing mouse model of renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis induced by unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO), we demonstrated that EPO markedly reduced the disruption of tubular basement membrane (TBM) through attenuating the activation of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9), the major matrix proteolytic network in obstructed kidney. Instead of acting directly on tPA in kidney, EPO strongly increased the level of circulating miR-144, which was delivered to the injured renal fibroblasts via extracellular vesicles (EVs) to target tPA 3'-UTR and suppressed tPA expression. The protective effect of EPO on mouse TBM was inhibited by miR-144 antagomir. Furthermore, in vitro results confirmed that EPO could stimulate bone marrow-derived Sca-1+CD44+CD11b-CD19- cells to secret miR-144-containing EVs, which markedly suppressed tPA expression, as well as MMP9 level and activity, in cultured renal fibroblasts. In conclusion, our study provides the first evidence that EPO protects mouse renal TBM through promoting bone marrow cells to generate and secret miR-144, which in turn, is efficiently delivered into the mouse kidney via EVs to inhibit the activation of tPA/MMP9-mediated proteolytic network. This finding thus suggests that EPO, a hormone widely used to treat anemia in chronic kidney disease, is a potential therapeutic strategy for renal fibrosis.

Free Radic. Biol. Med.
Free Radic Biol Med 2015 Oct 22;89:895-905. Epub 2015 Oct 22.
Institute of Cardiovascular Science and Diabetes Center, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China; The Advanced Institute for Medical Sciences, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044, China. Electronic address:

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) is a ligand-activated nuclear receptor and plays an essential role in insulin signaling. Macrophage infiltration into adipose tissue is a character of metabolic inflammation and closely related to insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes. The mechanism by which pro-inflammatory macrophages cause insulin resistance remains to be elucidated.Read More

Here we showed that co-culture with macrophages significantly suppressed the transcriptional activity of PPARγ on its target genes in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and diabetic primary adipocytes, depending on inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). We further showed that PPARγ underwent S-nitrosylation in response to nitrosative stress. Mass-spectrometry and site-directed mutagenesis revealed that S-nitrosylation at cysteine 168 was responsible for the impairment of PPARγ function. Extended exposure to NO instigated the proteasome-dependent degradation of PPARγ. Consistently, in vivo evidence revealed an association of the decreased PPARγ protein level with increased macrophage infiltration in visceral adipose tissue (VAT) of obese diabetic db/db mice. Together, our results demonstrated that pro-inflammatory macrophages suppressed PPARγ activity in adipocytes via S-nitrosylation, suggesting a novel mechanism linking metabolic inflammation with insulin resistance.

Vet. Microbiol.
Vet Microbiol 2015 Oct 14. Epub 2015 Oct 14.
Zoology Institute, Shan Dong Agricultural University, Shan Dong Province, China. Electronic address:

Duck Tembusu virus (TMUV) is an emerging flavivirus that has caused variable levels of outbreaks in poultry in recent years. In order to study the effect of age and inoculation routes on the TMUV infection, one hundred healthy domestic 5-day-old and 20-day-old goslings were equally divided into five groups and four experimental groups of goslings were infected with the TMUV-SDSG strain by intravenous and intranasal routes, respectively. Severe clinical signs were observed in goslings infected at 5 days of age, including listlessness, growth retardation, severe neurological dysfunction and even death.Read More

However, goslings infected at 20 days of age showed mild symptoms and no mortality. The severity of gross lesions gradually reduced as goslings matured. The severe histopathological changes were observed in 5-day-old infected goslings, including cerebral edema, viral encephalitis, myocardial necrosis, hepatic steatosis, spleen lymphoid cell depletion, pancreatic epithelial cell shedding and interstitial hemorrhage. However, 20-day-old infected goslings showed mild histopathological changes. Viral loads in different tissues were detected by the SYBR Green I real-time PCR assay. The level of viral loads in most of tissues 5-day-old infected goslings was higher than that of 20-day-old infected goslings, correlating with the severity of clinical symptoms and lesions in these tissues. 20-day-old infected goslings developed significantly higher serum neutralizing antibody titers than 5-day-old infected goslings. Furthermore, goslings infected with TMUV intravenously demonstrated more severe clinical signs, lesions and higher viral loads in tissues than those of goslings infected with TMUV intranasally. Therefore, age and inoculation routes can affect the pathogenicity of TMUV in geese and younger geese are more susceptible to the virus. Age and inoculation route factors should be considered in study of the pathogenicity, pathogenesis, folumation of prevention and therapy strategies of TMUV infection in geese.

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2015 Oct;17(10):1070-3
Department of Pediatric Cardiovasology, Children's Medical Center, Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University/Institute of Pediatrics of Central South University, Changsha 410011, China.

To study the time-dependent heart rate (HR) variability in the head-up tilt test (HUTT) in children with postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) and to explore the HR diagnostic criteria for POTS in children.
A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 105 children diagnosed with POTS with HR ≥120 beats per minute (bpm) within the first 10 minutes of HUTT between January 2007 and December 2014. Their HR variability within the first 10 minutes of HUTT was analyzed.Read More

The HR of children with POTS increased gradually from the supine position to a 60° head-up tilt position, and the increase in HR was 24±12 bpm at the beginning of HUTT, 30±14 bpm at 3 minutes of HUTT, 32±13 bpm at 5 minutes of HUTT, and 38±12 bpm at 10 minutes of HUTT. The average maximal HR increase within the first 10 minutes of HUTT was 43±10 bpm.
In children with POTS, the HR variability gradually increases with time, and therefore, it is suggested that HR increase ≥40 bpm is more suitable for diagnosis of POTS in children.

Nucleic Acids Res.
Nucleic Acids Res 2015 Oct 20. Epub 2015 Oct 20.
CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing 100101, China College of Animal Sciences, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China

Protein kinase R (PKR) is a vital component of host innate immunity against viral infection. However, the mechanism underlying inactivation of PKR by influenza A virus (IAV) remains elusive. Here, we found that vault RNAs (vtRNAs) were greatly induced in A549 cells and mouse lungs after infection with IAV.Read More

The viral NS1 protein was shown to be the inducer triggering the upregulation of vtRNAs. Importantly, silencing vtRNA in A549 cells significantly inhibited IAV replication, whereas overexpression of vtRNAs markedly promoted the viral replication. Furthermore, in vivo studies showed that disrupting vtRNA expression in mice significantly decreased IAV replication in infected lungs. The vtRNA knockdown animals exhibited significantly enhanced resistance to IAV infection, as evidenced by attenuated acute lung injury and spleen atrophy and consequently increased survival rates. Interestingly, vtRNAs promoted viral replication through repressing the activation of PKR and the subsequent antiviral interferon response. In addition, increased expression of vtRNAs was required for efficient suppression of PKR by NS1 during IAV infection. Moreover, vtRNAs were also significantly upregulated by infections of several other viruses and involved in the inactivation of PKR signaling by these viruses. These results reveal a novel mechanism by which some viruses circumvent PKR-mediated innate immunity.

Clin Nucl Med
Clin Nucl Med 2015 Oct 23. Epub 2015 Oct 23.
From the Department of Nuclear Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Myeloid sarcoma is a rare entity, and cardiac involvement is even rarer. We presented here the FDG PET/CT findings of a 66-year-old man with a 3-month history of cough and progressive dyspnea. FDG PET/CT scan demonstrated nonuniform FDG uptake in the cardiac walls and pericardium.Read More

Biopsy of the heart revealed myeloid sarcoma. In addition, bone marrow biopsy demonstrated the acute myeloid leukemia.

Sci Rep
Sci Rep 2015 29;5:15603. Epub 2015 Oct 29.
State Key Laboratory for Agrobiotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China.

Laron syndrome is a rare disease caused by mutations of the growth hormone receptor (GHR), inheriting in an autosomal manner. To better understand the pathogenesis and to develop therapeutics, we generated a miniature pig model for this disease by employing ZFNs to knock out GHR gene. Three types of F0 heterozygous pigs (GHR(+/4bp), GHR(+/2bp), GHR(+/3bp)) were obtained and in which no significant phenotypes of Laron syndrome were observed.Read More

Prior to breed heterozygous pigs to homozygosity (GHR(4bp/4bp)), pig GHR transcript with the 4 bp insert was evaluated in vitro and was found to localize to the cytoplasm rather than the membrane. Moreover, this mutated transcript lost most of its signal transduction capability, although it could bind bGH. GHR(4bp/4bp) pigs showed a small body size and reduced body weight. Biochemically, these pigs exhibited significantly elevated levels of GH and decreased levels of IGF-I. These results resemble the phenotype observed in Laron patients, suggesting that these pigs could serve as an ideal model for Laron syndrome to bridge the gaps between mouse model and human.

J. Virol.
J Virol 2015 Oct 28. Epub 2015 Oct 28.
Key Laboratory of Marine Genetic Resources, South China Sea Bio-Resource Exploitation and Utilization Collaborative Innovation Center, Third Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Xiamen 361005, China.

Oral ingestion is the major route of infection for the white spot syndrome virus (WSSV). However, the mechanism by which virus particles in the digestive tract invade host cells is unknown. In the present study, we demonstrate that WSSV virions can bind to chitin through one of the major envelope proteins (VP24).Read More

Mutagenesis analysis indicated that amino acids (aa) 186-200 in the C-terminus of VP24 were required for chitin binding. Moreover, the P-VP24186-200 peptide derived from the VP24 chitin binding region significantly inhibited the VP24-chitin interaction and the WSSV-chitin interaction, implying that VP24 participates in WSSV binding to chitin. Oral inoculation experiments showed that P-VP24186-200 treatment reduced the number of virus particles remaining in the digestive tract during the early stage of infection and greatly hindered WSSV proliferation in shrimp. These data indicate that binding of WSSV to chitin through the viral envelope protein VP24 is essential for WSSV per os infection and provide new ideas for preventing WSSV infection in shrimp farms.
In this study, we show that WSSV can bind to chitin through the envelope protein VP24. The chitin-binding domain of VP24 maps to amino acids 186-200 in the C-terminus. Binding of WSSV to chitin through the viral envelope protein VP24 is essential for WSSV per os infection. These findings not only extend our knowledge of WSSV infection but also provide new insights into strategies to prevent WSSV infection in shrimp farms.

Neurosci. Lett.
Neurosci Lett 2015 Oct 28;610:19-23. Epub 2015 Oct 28.
Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical University, No. 2, People Street Five, Guta District, Jin Zhou, Liaoning 12001, PR China. Electronic address:

Kidney disease is associated with cognitive impairment in studies of nondiabetic adults. We examined the cross-sectional relation between three measures of renal function and cognitive impairment (CI) in type 2 diabetic patients. A total of 357 patients with type 2 diabetes were prospectively enrolled.Read More

There were 108 patients with CI and 249 patients without CI (control). We calculated the urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) from morning spot urine and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in serum samples. Serum Cystatin C (Cys C) was measured with an automated particle-enhanced turbidimetric immunoassay. UACR and Cystatin C levels were significantly higher in patients with CI than those without CI (P<0.001), and the eGFR was lower in patients with CI than those without (P=0.003). A logistic regression analysis indicates that kidney impairment biomarkers levels were significantly associated with an increased risk of CI after adjustment for age and gender. The OR of each kidney biomarker (eGFR, UACR, Cystatin C) for CI status was 1.78 (0.89-3.27), 2.36 (1.29-4.42), and 2.77 (1.36-5.97), respectively. Among three kidney biomarkers (eGFR, UACR, Cystatin C), only elevated serum Cystatin C was associated with increased risk of CI in type 2 diabetic patients, with an OR of 1.42 (1.25-4.24) after additional adjustment for duration of diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (Hs-CRP), intima-media thickness (IMT), ankle brachial index (ABI), and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (ba-PWV). Furthermore, combination of conventional risk factors and Cystatin C levels exhibited a fair diagnostic value for CI, with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.91. Among three kidney impairment biomarkers (eGFR, UACR, Cystatin C), only elevated serum Cystatin C was associated with increased risk of CI in type 2 diabetic patients, independent of conventional risk factors. Furthermore, Cystatin C may be a better marker for CI than eGFR and UACR, and exhibited diagnostic value.

Chemosphere 2015 Oct 30;144:1797-1806. Epub 2015 Oct 30.
Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, DongHua University, 2999 Shanghai North People's Road, 201620, PR China.

The operation of an alternating anaerobic/aerobic biofilter (AABF), treating synthetic wastewater, was modified to enhance recovery of phosphorus (P). The AABF was periodically fed with an additional carbon source during the anaerobic phase to force the release of biofilm-sequestered P which was then harvested and recovered. A maximum of 48% of the total influent P was found to be released in the solution for recovery.Read More

Upon implementation of periodic P bio-sequestering and P harvesting, the predominant bacterial communities changed from β-Proteobacteria to γ-Proteobacteria groups. The genus Pseudomonas of γ-Proteobacteria was found to enrich greatly with 98% dominance. Dense intracellular poly-P granules were found within the cells of the biofilm, confirming the presence of P accumulating organisms (PAOs). Periodic addition of a carbon source to the AABF coupled with intracellular P reduction during the anaerobic phase most probably exerted environmental stress in the selection of Pseudomonas PAOs over PAOs of other phylogenic types. Results of the study provided operational information on the selection of certain microbial communities for P removal and recovery. This information can be used to further advance P recovery in biofilm systems such as the AABFs.

Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao 2015 Oct;37(5):602-6
Department of Nuclear Medicine,PUMC Hospital,CAMS and PUMC,Beijing 100730,China.

Objective To analyze the imaging features of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography(PET)/computed tomography(CT) in acquired immune deficiency syndrome-related lymphoma(ARL) patients correlated with their clinical signs,symptoms,and treatments.Methods Five ARL patients underwent (18)F-FDG PET/CT at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from October 2008 to January 2013. Two patients received two additional follow-up studies 6 months later.Read More

Results Among these 5 patients,(18)FDG-PET/CT helped in diagnosis of two patient and changed therapeutic strategy in other two patients. In two patients underwent (18)F-FDG PET/CT brain scans,low-metabolism lesion was newly found in cerebral cortex. Of 4 patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy,PET/CT also demonstrated diffusely elevated (18)F-FDG uptake in subcutaneous adipose tissue in two patients. Conclusion (18)F-FDG PET/CT is a highly useful tool in the diagnosis and treatment of ARL patients,in particular in the identification of associated encephalopathy and lipodystrophy.

To evaluate the efficacy. and safety of Xinfeng capsule in patients suffering rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
A multi-center parallel-group designed, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial was conducted.Read More

Totally 304 RA patients were assigned to two groups: one group was administered Xinfeng capsule (XFC) plus the placebo of leflunomide and the other given leflunomide (LEF) plus the placebo of XFC for twelve weeks. The clinical and laboratory parameters were compared at baseline and fourth, eighth, and twelfth weeks.
After twelve-week treatment, patients in two groups all showed some trend of effectiveness when compared in terms of American Rheumatism Association (ACR) recommended 20%, 50%, 70% improvement criteria, but it was insignificant. The validity in ameliorate modified disease activity score (DAS28) and laboratory indexes as erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), rheumatoid factor (RF) were also found no difference. The score of health assessment questionnaire (HAQ), self-rating anxiety scale (SAS), self-rating depression scale (SDS) and quality of life questionnaire with rheumatoid arthritis (RAQOL) both lower than the first week and the changes showed no difference. However, the score of SDS dropped more in XFC group than in the other. A total of 147 adverse reaction cases were reported, which shows no difference between the two groups. The most common adverse reactions were hepatic impairment, anemia, leukocytopenia, epigastric discomfort and phalacrosis.
XFC demonstrated better improvement in the scores of SDS and compared with those of LEF group.

Ann Transl Med
Ann Transl Med 2015 Oct;3(18):260
1 Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing Key Laboratory of Clinical Study on Anticancer Molecular Targeted Drugs, Beijing 100021, China ; 2 Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050000, China ; 3 Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute & Hospital, Tianjin 300070, China ; 4 Shenzhen People's Hospital, Shenzhen 518020, China ; 5 The Second Military Medical University Changhai Hospital, Shanghai 200433, China ; 6 Fudan University Zhongshan Hospital, Shanghai 200032, China ; 7 Jiangsu Cancer Hospital, Nanjing 210009, China ; 8 The 307th Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army, Beijing 100071, China ; 9 Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China ; 10 Beijing Cancer Hospital, Beijing 100142, China ; 11 Jiangsu Province Hospital, Nanjing 210029, China ; 12 Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital, Xining 810000, China ; 13 The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510000, China ; 14 Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, Hangzhou 310022, China ; 15 Beijing Chest Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 101149, China ; 16 Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital, Harbin 150081, China ; 17 The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China ; 18 Nanfang Medical University Nanfang Hospital, Guangzhou 510515, China ; 19 Tongji University Affiliated Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Shanghai 200433, China ; 20 The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310003, China ; 21 Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200030, China ; 22 Changzhou Fourth People's Hospital, Changzhou 213001, China ; 23 Fujian Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou 350014, China.
Mol Med Rep
Mol Med Rep 2015 Sep 27;12(3):3688-96. Epub 2015 May 27.
Department of General Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710004, P.R. China.

The present study provided experimental evidence for the neuroprotective effects of quercetin using a rat model of global brain ischemic/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Pre‑treatment with quercetin (5 or 10 mg/kg orally (p.o.Read More

); once daily) induced a dose‑dependent reduction in I/R‑induced hippocampal neuron cell loss, with 10 mg/kg/day being the lowest dose that achieved maximal neuroprotection. Administration of 10 mg/kg quercetin over at least 3 days prior to I/R was required to improve the survival rate of I/R rats. Fluorescence‑assisted cell sorting, hematoxylin and eosin staining and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling indicated neuronal cell loss in the CA1 hippocampus. Rats that had undergone transient global cerebral ischemia for 15 min followed by 1 h of reperfusion exhibited a significant increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in the hippocampus. The I/R‑induced ROS overproduction in the hippocampus at 1, 12 and 24 h following I/R was significantly decreased by quercetin pre‑treatment. Western blot analysis revealed that the neuroprotective effects of quercetin (5 and 10 mg/kg/day, p.o.) were associated with an upregulation of the I/R‑induced suppression of B‑cell lymphoma‑2 (Bcl‑2), Bcl extra large and survivin expression as well as phosphorylation of Bcl‑2‑associated death promoter. Furthermore, the neuroprotective effects of quercetin (5, 10 mg/kg/day) in the brain were associated with an upregulation of Akt signaling. These findings suggested that the inhibition of I/R‑induced brain injury by quercetin likely involves a transcriptional mechanism to enhance anti‑apoptotic signaling.

J. Virol.
J Virol 2015 Sep 10;89(17):9119-23. Epub 2015 Jun 10.
Department of Pharmacology, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA

To understand how Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) transmitted from bats to humans, we compared the virus surface spikes of MERS-CoV and a related bat coronavirus, HKU4. Although HKU4 spike cannot mediate viral entry into human cells, two mutations enabled it to do so by allowing it to be activated by human proteases. These mutations are present in MERS-CoV spike, explaining why MERS-CoV infects human cells.Read More

These mutations therefore played critical roles in the bat-to-human transmission of MERS-CoV, either directly or through intermediate hosts.

Nutr Res
Nutr Res 2015 Sep 3;35(9):753-8. Epub 2015 Jun 3.
Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, the Medical College of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong 266021, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Several epidemiological investigations have been conducted to evaluate the relationship between dietary fiber intake and inflammatory bowel diseases, but the results are inconsistent. This meta-analysis was performed to quantitatively summarize the evidence from observational studies. PubMed, Embase, and Web of Knowledge were searched for relevant articles published up to November 2014.Read More

The combined relative risks were calculated with the fixed- or random-effects model. Dose-response relationship was assessed using restricted cubic spline model. We hypothesized that the meta-analysis could yield a summary effect, which would indicate that dietary fiber intake could decrease the risk of ulcerative colitis and Crohn disease (CD). Overall, 8 articles involving 2 cohort studies, 1 nested case-control study, and 5 case-control studies were finally included in this study. The pooled relative risks with 95% confidence intervals of ulcerative colitis and CD for the highest vs lowest categories of dietary fiber intake were 0.80 (0.64-1.00) and 0.44 (0.29-0.69), respectively. A linear dose-response relationship was found between dietary fiber and CD risk, and the risk of CD decreased by 13% (P < .05) for every 10 g/d increment in fiber intake. The results from this meta-analysis indicated that the intake of dietary fiber was significantly associated with a decreased risk of inflammatory bowel disease.

J. Nucl. Med.
J Nucl Med 2015 Sep 16;56(9):1334-7. Epub 2015 Jul 16.
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China; and.

POEMS (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M protein elevation, and skin changes) syndrome is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome caused by an underlying plasma cell disorder. The patients usually present with multisystemic involvement. Thus, we performed a study to investigate the role of (18)F-FDG PET/CT in characterizing POEMS syndrome.Read More

Ninety-one untreated patients with proven or suspected POEMS syndrome were recruited to undergo (18)F-FDG PET/CT. Features of bone lesions, lymphadenopathy, hepatomegaly or splenomegaly, bone marrow, and serous cavity effusion were examined, and 15 patients were followed up with PET/CT scans 3 mo after therapy.
Of the 90 patients diagnosed with POEMS syndrome, there were 140 (18)F-FDG-avid bone lesions. These lesions were frequently found in the pelvis, and most showed mixed characteristics. Four patients showed enlarged and (18)F-FDG-avid lymph nodes. Sixty-five patients had hepatomegaly or splenomegaly. Some of them had hypermetabolic spleen and bone marrow. Forty-six patients had serous cavity effusion. Five male patients had gynecomastia. Three months after therapy, (18)F-FDG-avid bone lesions showed decreased metabolism.
(18)F-FDG PET/CT is a useful tool for the evaluation of patients with suspected POEMS syndrome. (18)F-FDG PET/CT may contribute to the diagnosis, evaluation, and follow-up of patients with POEMS syndrome by providing systematic findings of bone lesions, lymphadenopathy, liver or spleen involvement, serous cavity effusion, and the metabolic status of the lesions.

Analyst 2015 Sep;140(17):5877-80
Key Laboratory of Sensor Analysis of Tumor Marker, Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, No. 53, Zhengzhou Rd., Qingdao, Shandong 266042, China.

A responsive hairpin DNA aptamer switch was ingeniously designed for enzyme-free, sensitive and selective electrochemical detection of ATP. It takes full advantage of the target-triggered liberation effect of the toehold region and the concomitant proximity effect with the branch-migration region to execute the toehold-mediated strand displacement reaction on the electrode surface.Read More

J Epidemiol Community Health
J Epidemiol Community Health 2015 Sep 10. Epub 2015 Sep 10.
Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, The Medical College of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong Province, People's Republic of China.

The association between fish consumption and risk of depression is controversial. We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the association.
A literature search was performed in PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science database for all relevant studies up to March 2015.Read More

We pooled the relative risks (RRs) with 95% CIs from individual studies with random effects model, and conducted meta-regression to explore potential sources of heterogeneity. Publication bias was estimated by Egger's test and the funnel plot.
A total of 26 studies involving 150 278 participants were included in the present meta-analysis. The pooled RR of depression for the highest versus lowest consumption of fish was 0.83 (95% CI 0.74 to 0.93). The findings remained significant in the cohort studies (RR=0.84, 95% CI 0.75 to 0.94, n=10) as well as in the cross-sectional studies (RR=0.82, 95% CI 0.68 to 1.00, n=16). When men and women were analysed separately, a significant inverse association was also observed. There was no evidence of publication bias.
This meta-analysis indicates that high-fish consumption can reduce the risk of depression.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2015 Sep 18;7(38):21416-22. Epub 2015 Sep 18.
State Key Laboratory for Manufacturing Systems Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University , Xi'an 75049, China.

Inspired by creatures' eyes, bioinspired compound eyes (BCEs) endowed with larger fields of view and vari-focal capability are extremely appealing in micro-optical devices. However, the present actuation strategies of BCEs commonly demand complicated fields, e.g.Read More

, electro-wetting actuation, dielectrophoretic drive and pressure gradient, which greatly limits their practical applications. In this work, the photothermal conversion of graphene nanosheets (GNSs) is first utilized to fabricate lenslets toward BCEs. Under the actuation of near-infrared (nIR) pulsed laser, GNSs absorb photo energy and convert it to thermal energy, which increases the temperature of lenslets and then leads to the adjustment of lenslet curvature. At a result, BCEs manifest a reversible 4-fold zoom and a wide FOV up to 160°. In addition, BCEs also perform the programmable focusing by selectively confining nIR laser to a vari-focal region. In contrast with traditional BCEs, graphene-based BCEs are versatile with wide FOV and vari-focal ability by nIR actuation. Herein, these excellent properties make graphene-based BCEs promising for remote-driven microfluidic devices.

Genome Biol.
Genome Biol 2015 17;16:197. Epub 2015 Sep 17.
Bina Technologies, Roche Sequencing, Redwood City, 94065, CA, USA.

SomaticSeq is an accurate somatic mutation detection pipeline implementing a stochastic boosting algorithm to produce highly accurate somatic mutation calls for both single nucleotide variants and small insertions and deletions. The workflow currently incorporates five state-of-the-art somatic mutation callers, and extracts over 70 individual genomic and sequencing features for each candidate site. A training set is provided to an adaptively boosted decision tree learner to create a classifier for predicting mutation statuses.Read More

We validate our results with both synthetic and real data. We report that SomaticSeq is able to achieve better overall accuracy than any individual tool incorporated.

Int J Mol Sci
Int J Mol Sci 2015 17;16(9):22527-40. Epub 2015 Sep 17.
Laboratory of Chinese Herbal Pharmacology, Renmin Hospital, 30 South Renmin Road, Shiyan 442000, Hubei, China.

The story of high mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1) in cancer is complicated and the function of HMGB1 in different cancers is uncertain. This review aims to retrieve literature regarding HMGB1 from English electronic resources, analyze and summarize the role of the HMGB1 signaling pathway in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and provide useful information for carcinogenesis and progression of HCC. Results showed that HMGB1 could induce cell proliferation, differentiation, cell death, angiogenesis, metastasis, inflammation, and enhance immunofunction in in vitro and in vivo HCC models.Read More

HMGB1 and its downstream receptors RAGE, TLRs and TREM-1 may be potential anticancer targets. In conclusion, HMGB1 plays an important role in oncogenesis and represents a novel therapeutic target, which deserves further study.

Virology 2015 Sep 18;486:35-43. Epub 2015 Sep 18.
Key Laboratory of Marine Genetic Resources, South China Sea Bio-Resource Exploitation and Utilization Collaborative Innovation Center, Third Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Xiamen 361005, China. Electronic address:

White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is a major pathogen of aquacultured shrimp. However, the mechanism of its entry remains poorly understood. In this study, by analyzing the internalization of WSSV using crayfish hematopoietic tissue (HPT) cells, we showed that WSSV virions were engulfed by cell membrane invaginations sharing the features of clathrin-coated pits and then internalized into coated cytoplasmic vesicles.Read More

Further investigation indicated that WSSV internalization was significantly inhibited by chlorpromazine (CPZ) but not genistein. The internalized virions were colocalized with endogenous clathrin as well as transferrin which undergoes clathrin-dependent uptake. Preventing endosome acidification by ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) or chloroquine (CQ) dramatically reduced WSSV entry as well. Moreover, disturbance of dynamin activity or depletion of membrane cholesterol also blocked WSSV uptake. These data indicate that WSSV enters crayfish HPT cells via clathrin-mediated endocytosis in a pH-dependent manner, and membrane cholesterol as well as dynamin is critical for efficient viral entry.

An optoelectronic hybrid fiber optic acoustic and magnetic sensor (FOAMS) based on fiber laser sensing is proposed, which can measure acoustic and magnetic field simultaneously. A static magnetic field signal can be carried by an AC Lorentz force, and demodulated in frequency domain together with acoustic signals. Some experiments of acoustic pressure sensitivity, magnetic field sensitivity, and simultaneous acoustic and magnetic measurement on a fabricated FOAMS were carried out.Read More

The acoustic pressure sensitivity was about -164.7 dB (0 dB re 1 pm/μPa) and the magnetic field sensitivity was 0.6 dB (0 dB re 1 pm/ (T•A)). The experiment of simultaneous acoustic and magnetic measurement shows that the detections of acoustic and magnetic field have little effect on each other in dynamic range and simultaneously measuring acoustic and magnetic field is feasible.

Neurotoxicology 2015 Sep 26;51:58-66. Epub 2015 Sep 26.
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health Laboratory Sciences, School of Medicine, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212013, China; Center for Experimental Research, Kunshan Hospital Affiliated to Jiangsu University, Kunshan, Jiangsu 215132, China. Electronic address:

This study was designed to examine the differential protection of pre- versus post-treatment with three different antioxidants, curcumin (CUR), Trolox, and N-acetylcysteine (NAC), on acrylonitrile (AN)-induced cytotoxicity in primary rat astrocytes.
Primary astrocyte cultures were treated with CUR, Trolox and NAC for 4h prior to, or following 24h treatment with AN (2.5mM).Read More

3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, lipid peroxidation, glutathione, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial membrane potential were measured to evaluate protection associated with the three antioxidants. Knockdown of Nrf2 expression by liposome transfection with siRNA was used to confirm the role of Nrf2 activation in the protection associated with the three antioxidants.
Compared with AN treatment alone, pre-treatment with CUR at either concentration significantly increased cell viability and mitochondrial membrane potential, and reduced glutathione levels; lipid peroxidation and ROS production were significantly decreased as well. NAC also showed significant efficacy in attenuating AN-induced toxicity at higher concentration. However, pre-treatment with Trolox failed to ameliorate the AN-induced toxicity. When post-treatment with Trolox, this antioxidant led to significant protective effects at both concentrations, while CUR and NAC were efficacious only at the higher concentrations. Knockdown of Nrf2 only abolished the protective effects of CUR pre-treatment on AN-induced cytotoxicity, while the protective effects of NAC and Trolox pre-treatment groups showed no differences between the Nrf2-knockdown and non-knockdown treatments.
The selected antioxidants exert differential cellular protection when administered prior or subsequent to AN-induced cytotoxic events in decreasing cellular viability, antioxidative capacity and mitochondrial function, enhanced cytotoxicity and ROS production. These results suggest that antioxidants should be carefully chosen for their efficacy in preventing or diminishing oxidative damage caused by AN. The differential effect of pre- and post-treatment may be attributed to activation of the Nrf2 signaling pathway.

Biomed Opt Express
Biomed Opt Express 2015 Sep 24;6(9):3503-14. Epub 2015 Aug 24.
Centre for Optical and Electromagnetic Research, ZJU-SCNU Joint Research Center of Photonics, South China Normal University (SCNU), Guangzhou, 510006, China ; Department of Electromagnetic Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, 10044 Stockholm, Sweden.

In this study, functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) was adopted to investigate the prefrontal cortical responses to deception under different motivations. By using a feigned memory impairment paradigm, 19 healthy adults were asked to deceive under the two different motivations: to obtain rewards and to avoid punishments. Results indicated that when deceiving for obtaining rewards, there was greater neural activation in the right inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) than the control condition.Read More

When deceiving for avoiding punishments, there was greater activation in the right inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) and the left middle frontal gyrus (MFG) than the control condition. In addition, deceiving for avoiding punishments led to greater neural activation in the left MFG than when deceiving for obtaining rewards. Furthermore, the results showed a moderate hit rate in detecting deception under either motivation. These results demonstrated that deception with different motivations led to distinct responses in the prefrontal cortex. fNIRS could provide a useful technique for the detection of deception with strategy of feigning memory impairment under different motivations.

J. Pharmacol. Sci.
J Pharmacol Sci 2015 Sep 9;129(1):1-8. Epub 2015 Feb 9.
Jiangsu Key Laboratory of TCM Evaluation and Translational Research, Department of Complex Prescription of TCM, China Pharmaceutical University, 639 Longmian Road, Nanjing, 211198, PR China. Electronic address:

YiQiFuMai Powder Injection (YQFM) is a re-developed preparation based on the well-known traditional Chinese medicine formula Sheng-mai-san. It has been widely used for the treatment of cardiovascular disease with definite clinical efficacy in China, but its bioactive molecules remain obscure. In this study, an effective method has been employed as a tool for screening active components in YQFM, using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) extraction and liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (Q-TOF MS/MS).Read More

Nine compounds, which could interact with HUVECs, were identified as ginsenosides Rb1, Rc, Rb2, Rd, 20(S)-Rg3, 20(R)-Rg3, Rk1/Rg5 and schisandrin by comparing with reference substances or literature. In vitro assays showed that schisandrin at concentrations of 10-100 μM protected HUVECs from hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury, increased cell viability, nitric oxide (NO) content and decreased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage, malonaldehyde (MDA) content and ROS generation. Moreover, schisandrin pretreatment inhibited cell apoptosis, as evidenced by inhibiting activation of caspase-3 and increasing the Bcl-2/Bax ratio. These data indicate that HUVECs biospecific extraction coupled with HPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS/MS analysis is a reliable method for screening potential bioactive components from traditional Chinese medicines. Meanwhile, the vascular endothelium protective property of schisandrin might be beneficial for the treatment of cardiovascular disease.

Int. J. Neurosci.
Int J Neurosci 2015 Aug 20:1-7. Epub 2015 Aug 20.
a 1 Centre for Stem cells and Regenerative Medicine, The Affiliated Liaocheng Hospital/Liaocheng People's Hospital , Taishan Medical University , Liaocheng , China.

Mutations in the β-glucocerebrosidase gene (GBA) have been implicated as a risk factor for Parkinson's disease (PD). However, GBA mutations in PD patients of different ethnic origins were reported to be inconsistent.
We sequenced all exons of the GBA gene in 225 PD patients and 110 control individuals from Eastern Canada.Read More

Two novel GBA variants of c.-119 A/G and S(-35)N, five known GBA mutations of R120W, N370S, L444P, RecNciI and RecTL mutation (del55/D409H/RecNciI) as well as two non-pathological variants of E326K and T369M were identified from PD patients while only one mutation of S13L and two non-pathological variants of E326K and T369M were found in the control individuals. The frequency of GBA mutations within PD patients (4.4%) is 4.8 times higher than the 0.91% observed in control individuals (X(2) = 2.91, p = 0.088; odds ratio = 4.835; 95% confidence interval = 2.524-9.123). The most common mutations of N370S and L444P accounted for 36.0% (9/25) of all the GBA mutations in this Eastern Canadian PD cohort. The frequency (6.67%) of E326K and T369M in PD patients is comparable to 7.27% in control individuals (X(2) = 0.042, p = 0.8376), further supporting that these two variants have no pathological effects on PD. Phenotype analysis showed that no significant difference in family history, age at onset and cognitive impairment was identified between the GBA mutation carriers and non-GBA mutation carriers.
GBA mutations were found to be a common genetic risk factor for PD in Eastern Canadian patients.

Fertil. Steril.
Fertil Steril 2015 Aug 6;104(2):312-7.e1. Epub 2015 Jun 6.
Department of Reproductive Endocrinology, Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

To assess the effects of micro ribonucleic acid (miR)-34b/c expression levels in human spermatozoa on intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcomes.
Retrospective observational study.
In vitro fertilization center.Read More

A total of 162 patients with idiopathic male infertility who had undergone first ICSI cycles.
The levels of miR-34b/c in spermatozoa were measured using real-time polymerase chain reaction. Fertilization, early cleavage, day-3 good-quality embryo, pregnancy, implantation, and live birth rate were assessed. A receiver operating characteristic curve was employed to analyze the cutoff values.
No correlation was found between the spermatozoa miR-34b/c levels and the 2 pronuclei early cleavage rate. A correlation was seen between an increased level of miR-34c and a higher percentage of good-quality embryos on day 3. Although miR-34b and miR-34c levels were higher in the pregnancy group, compared with the nonpregnancy group, receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that miR-34c levels in spermatozoa were more strongly correlated with ICSI treatment outcomes, compared with miR-34b (area under the curve = 0.75). Patients in the miR-34c-positive group were more likely to exhibit higher rates of good-quality embryos, implantation, pregnancy, and live birth. A multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that miR-34c in spermatozoa (odds ratio: 5.699, with 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.687-12.088) and woman's age (odds ratio: 0.843, with 95% CI: 0.736-0.966) were the 2 parameters that were significantly correlated with pregnancy.
Our results demonstrate that miR-34c levels in spermatozoa are correlated with ICSI outcomes, suggesting that paternal miR-34c may play a role in the early phases of embryonic development. Levels of MiR-34c in human spermatozoa may be used as an indicator for ICSI outcomes.

Clin Nucl Med
Clin Nucl Med 2015 Aug;40(8):642-6
From the *Departments of Nuclear Medicine, †Department of Pathology, ‡Department of Endocrinology Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, People's Republic of China; and §Department of Radiology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine Philadelphia, PA.

Tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO) is generally caused by small benign mesenchymal tumors producing fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23). The only curative therapy of the disease is resection of the causative tumors. However, these tumors are extremely difficult to detect using conventional imaging modalities.Read More

This research was undertaken to evaluate efficacy of (68)Ga DOTATATE PET/CT in this clinical setting.
Images of (68)Ga DOTATATE PET/CT and clinical charts from 54 patients with clinically suspected TIO were retrospectively reviewed. The image findings were compared with the results of histopathological examinations and clinical follow-ups.
(68)Ga DOTATATE PET/CT scans were positive in 44 patients, among which, 33 had surgery to remove the lesions. Postsurgical pathological examination confirmed causative tumors in 32 patients whose symptoms diminished promptly, and the serum phosphate levels became normal, which confirmed the diagnoses of TIO. Eleven patients with positive (68)Ga DOTATATE PET/CT did not have surgery. These 11 patients continued to have symptoms and hypophosphatemia but were not included in the final analysis because of lack of evidence to confirm or exclude TIO. Ten patients had negative (68)Ga DOTATATE PET/CT scans. All of these10 patients responded to conservative therapy and had normal serum phosphate levels in the follow-up, which excluded TIO. Therefore, the (68)Ga DOTATATE PET/CT imaging had a sensitivity of 100% (32/32) and a specificity of 90.9% (10/11). The overall accuracy of (68)Ga DOTATATE PET/CT scan in the detection of tumors responsible for osteomalacia is 97.7% (42/43).
(68)Ga DOTATATE PET/CT scan is an accurate imaging modality in the detection of tumors causing TIO.

CXCR1 and CXCR2 together with cognate chemokines are significantly upregulated in a number of cancers, where they act as key regulators of tumor cell proliferation, metastasis, and angiogenesis. We have previously reported a mutant protein of CXCL8/Interleukin-8, CXCL8(3-72)K11R/G31P (G31P), which can act as a selective antagonist towards CXCR1/2 with therapeutic efficacy in both inflammatory diseases and malignancies. In this study, we investigated the effect of this ELR-CXC chemokine antagonist G31P on human non-small cell lung cancer cells and lung tumor progression in an orthotopic xenograft model.Read More

We report increased mRNA levels of CXCR1 and CXCR2 in human lung cancer tissues compared to normal counterparts. Expression levels of CXCR1/2 cognate ligands was determined by ELISA. CXCR1/2 receptor antagonism via G31P leads to decreased H460 and A549 cell proliferation and migration in a dose-dependent manner. G31P also enhanced apoptosis in lung cancer cells as determined by elevated levels of cleaved PARP, Caspase-8, and Bax, together with a reduced expression of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2. In an in vivo orthotopic xenograft mouse model of human lung cancer, G31P treatment suppressed tumor growth, metastasis, and angiogenesis. At the molecular level, G31P treatment was correlated with decreased expression of VEGF and NFкB-p65, in addition to reduced phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and AKT. Our results suggest that G31P blockage of CXCR1 and CXCR2 can inhibit human lung cancer cell growth and metastasis, which offers potential therapeutic opportunities.

Fish Shellfish Immunol.
Fish Shellfish Immunol 2015 Aug 17;45(2):940-5. Epub 2015 Jun 17.
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37614, USA. Electronic address:

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are critical components of the innate immune response of fish. In a phylogenetic analysis, TLR27 from three fish species, which belongs to TLR family 1, clustered with TLR14/18 and TLR25 on the evolutionary tree. The ectodomain of TLR27 is predicted to include 19 leucine-rich repeat (LRR) modules.Read More

Structural modeling showed that the TLR27 ectodomain can be divided into three distinctive sections. The lack of conserved asparagines on the concave surface of the central subdomain causes a structural transition in the middle of the ectodomain, forming a distinct hydrophobic pocket at the border between the central subdomain and the C-terminal subdomain. We infer that, like other functionally characterized TLRs in family 1, the hydrophobic pocket located between LRR11 and LRR12 participates in ligand recognition by TLR27. An evolutionary analysis showed that the dN/dS value at the TLR27 locus was very low. Approximately one quarter of the total number of TLR27 sites are under significant negatively selection pressure, whereas only two sites are under positive selection. Consequently, TLR27 is highly evolutionarily conserved and probably plays an extremely important role in the innate immune systems of fishes.

Plant Mol. Biol.
Plant Mol Biol 2015 Aug 24;88(6):515-29. Epub 2015 Jun 24.
State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, People's Republic of China.

The AsPPD1 gene from Astragalus sinicus encodes a purple acid phosphatase. To address the functions of AsPPD1 in legume-rhizobium symbiosis, its expression patterns, enzyme activity, subcellular localization, and phenotypes associated with its over-expression and RNA interference (RNAi) were investigated. The expression of AsPPD1 was up-regulated in roots and nodules after inoculation with rhizobia.Read More

Phosphate starvation reduced the levels of AsPPD1 transcripts in roots while increased those levels in nodules. We confirmed the acid phosphatase and phosphodiesterase activities of recombinant AsPPD1 purified from Pichia pastoris, and demonstrated its ability to hydrolyze ADP and ATP in vitro. Subcellular localization showed that AsPPD1 located on the plasma membranes in hairy roots and on the symbiosomes membranes in root nodules. Over-expression of AsPPD1 in hairy roots inhibited nodulation, while its silencing resulted in nodules early senescence and significantly decreased nitrogenase activity. Furthermore, HPLC measurement showed that AsPPD1 overexpression affects the ADP levels in the infected roots and nodules, AsPPD1 silencing affects the ratio of ATP/ADP and the energy charge in nodules, and quantitative observation demonstrated the changes of AsPPD1 transcripts level affected nodule primordia formation. Taken together, it is speculated that AsPPD1 contributes to symbiotic ADP levels and energy charge control, and this is required for effective nodule organogenesis and nitrogen fixation.

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2015 Aug 7;464(2):500-5. Epub 2015 Jul 7.
Central Laboratory, Heping Hospital Attached to Changzhi Medical College, Changzhi 046000, China.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a key role in carcinogenesis and tumor progression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In the present study, we demonstrated that miR-502 significantly inhibits HCC cell proliferation in vitro and tumor growth in vivo. G1/S cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of HCC cells were induced by miR-502.Read More

Phosphoinositide 3-kinase catalytic subunit gamma (PIK3CG) was identified as a direct downstream target of miR-502 in HCC cells. Notably, overexpression of PIK3CG reversed the inhibitory effects of miR-502 in HCC cells. Our findings suggest that miR-502 functions as a tumor suppressor in HCC via inhibition of PI3KCG, supporting its utility as a promising therapeutic gene target for this tumor type.

J. Am. Chem. Soc.
J Am Chem Soc 2015 Aug 30;137(31):9982-7. Epub 2015 Jul 30.
‡The Education Ministry Key Lab of Resource Chemistry, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Functional Materials, Optoelectronic Nano Materials and Devices Institute, Department of Chemistry, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai, China 200234.

We present here a new design motif for strained, conjugated macrocycles that incorporates two different aromatics into the cycle with an -A-B-A-B- pattern. In this study, we demonstrate the concept by alternating electron donors and acceptors in a conjugated cycle. The donor is a bithiophene, and the acceptor is a perylene diimide derivative.Read More

The macrocycle formed has a persistent elliptiform cavity that is lined with the sulfur atoms of the thiophenes and the π-faces of the perylene diimide. Due to the linkage of the perylene diimide subunits, the macrocycles exist in both chiral and achiral forms. We separate the three stereoisomers using chiral high-performance liquid chromatography and study their interconversion. The mechanism for interconversion involves an "intramolecular somersault" in which one of the PDIs rotates around its transverse axis, thereby moving one of its diimide heads through the plane of the cavity. These unusual macrocycles are black in color with an absorption spectrum that spans the visible range. Density functional theory calculations reveal a photoinduced electron transfer from the bithiophene to the perylene diimide.

Chin. Med. J.
Chin Med J (Engl) 2015 Aug;128(15):2054-8
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Beijing Army General Hospital, Beijing 100700, China.

Posterior cervical decompression is an accepted treatment for multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). Each posterior technique has its own advantages and disadvantages. In the present study, we compared the functional and radiological outcomes of expansive hemilaminectomy and laminoplasty with mini titanium plate in the treatment of multilevel CSM.Read More

Forty-four patients with multilevel CSM treated with posterior cervical surgery in Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Beijing Army General Hospital from March 2011 to June 2012 were enrolled in this retrospective study. Patients were divided into two groups by surgical procedure: Laminoplasty (Group L) and hemilaminectomy (Group H). Perioperative parameters including age, sex, duration of symptoms, operative duration, and intraoperative blood loss were recorded and compared. Spinal canal area, calculated using AutoCAD ® software(Autodesk Inc., San Rafael, CA, USA), and neurological improvement, evaluated with Japanese Orthopedic Association score, were also compared.
Neurological improvement did not differ significantly between groups. Group H had a significantly shorter operative duration and significantly less blood loss. Mean expansion ratio was significantly greater in Group L (77.83 ± 6.41%) than in Group H (62.72 ± 3.86%) (P < 0.01).
Both surgical approaches are safe and effective in treating multilevel CSM. Laminoplasty provides a greater degree of enlargement of the spinal canal, whereas expansive hemilaminectomy has the advantages of shorter operative duration and less intraoperative blood loss.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2015 Aug 12;7(33):18283-91. Epub 2015 Aug 12.
CAS Key Laboratory of Soft Matter Chemistry, Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Energy Materials, Department of Chemistry, University of Science and Technology of China , Hefei, Anhui 230026, P. R. China.

N-aminobutyl-N-ethylisoluminol and horseradish peroxidase bifunctionalized graphene oxide hybrids (ABEI-GO@HRP) were prepared through a facile and green strategy for the first time. The hybrids exhibited excellent chemiluminescence (CL) activity over a wide range of pH from 6.1 to 13.Read More

0 when reacted with H2O2, whereas ABEI functionalized GO had no CL emission at neutral pH and showed more than 2 orders of magnitude lower CL intensity than ABEI-GO@HRP at pH 13.0. Such strong CL emission from ABEI-GO@HRP was probably due to that HRP and GO facilitated the formation of O2(•-), - CO4(•2-), HO(•), and π-C═C(•) in the CL reaction, and GO as a reaction interface promoted the electron transfer of the radical-involved reaction. By virtue of ABEI-GO@HRP as a platform, an ultrasensitive, selective, and reagentless CL sensor was developed for H2O2 detection. The CL sensor exhibited a detection limit of 47 fM at physiological pH, which was more than 2 orders of magnitude lower than previously reported methods. This work reveals that bifunctionalization of GO by ABEI and HRP leads to excellent CL feature and enzyme selectivity, which can be used as an ideal platform for developing novel analytical methods.

J Food Sci Technol
J Food Sci Technol 2015 Aug 28;52(8):4955-64. Epub 2014 Oct 28.
College of Food and Bioengineering, Henan University of Science and Technology, 263 Kaiyuan Road, Luolong district, Luoyang, 471023 China.

Ultrasound assisted hot air drying of Flos Lonicerae was investigated in this study. The effects of drying parameters such as ultrasonic radiation distance, ultrasonic power and drying temperature on drying characteristics were discussed. The results showed that ultrasound application has positive and significant effects on hot air drying.Read More

Shortening ultrasonic radiation distance is beneficial to improve both ultrasonic energy efficiency and drying rate. Higher ultrasonic power had more positive and significant effects on drying rate. The influence of ultrasound power on drying rate decreased along with the decrease of moisture content during drying process, especially at low ultrasound powers. The increase of drying temperature significantly caused the reduction of drying time. D eff values ranged from 5.05 × 10(-11) to 20.33 × 10(-11) m(2)/s in ultrasound assisted hot air drying of Flos Lonicerae, and increased with the increase in drying temperature and ultrasonic power. The corresponding activation energy values ranged from 28.90 to 36.05 kJ/mol, and decreased with the increase in applied ultrasonic power. Therefore, ultrasound assistance is a helpful and promising method to enhance hot air drying process.

Int J Clin Exp Pathol
Int J Clin Exp Pathol 2015 1;8(6):7022-7. Epub 2015 Jun 1.
Department of Endocrinology, Qianfoshan Hospital, Shandong University 66 Jingshi Road, Jinan 250014, China.

To investigate the mitochondrial mutations in patients suffering from both mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) and maternally inherited diabetes. MELAS was confirmed by muscle biopsy performed from the biceps muscle of the proband. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) was isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells.Read More

The significant mtDNA loci of other 14 family members were further detected according to the sequencing results of the proband. Direct sequencing of PCR products was used to identify the mitochondrial mutations. The proband (III 1) and her brother (III 3) both harbored the tRNALeu (UUR) A3243G mutation, with heteroplasmic levels of 50% and 33% respectively. Moreover, another two mitochondrial variants, A8860G and A15326G, were also detected in the samples of all the family members. MELAS and diabetes can coexist in one patient, and the main cause for these diseases is the tRNALeu (UUR) A3243G mutation. However, other gene variants may contribute to its pathogenesis. This case also supports the concept that both syndromes can be regarded as two phenotypes of the same disease.

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2015 Aug;17(8):769-74
Department of Developmental Pediatrics, Shengjing Hospital Affiliated to China Medical University, Shenyang 110004, China.

To analyze mutation types, clinical features, and treatment outcomes of cobalamin C (cblC) type combined methylmalonic aciduria and homocystinuria (MMA-HC) and to investigate the relationship of genotypes with clinical phenotypes and outcomes.
The clinical data of 16 Chinese children diagnosed with cblC type MMA-HC by gene analysis were retrospectively analyzed. According to the onset age, the patients were classified into early onset (≤1 year) and late onset (>1 year).Read More

According to the clinical phenotype, the patients were classified into mild, moderate, and severe groups. All the patients were treated with vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) or hydroxocobalamin, betaine, folate, vitamin B6, and L-carnitine.
Fifteen patients belonged to the early onset type, including 11 in the severe group and 4 in the moderate group. The remaining one belonged to the late onset type. Seven reported mutations and two novel mutations (c.445_446delTG and c.349G>c) were detected. The c.609G>A and c.658_660delAAG were the most common mutations detected in 13 (81%) out of 16 patients. The genotype caused by compound heterozygous mutations of these two alleles (c.609 G>A/c.658_660delAAG) was the most common in the patients, detected in 4 (25%) out of 16 patients. Patients with this genotype had severe microcephaly and eye diseases and these clinical manifestations were not improved after the treatment. The patient with late-onset cblC type MMA-HC had normal clinical phenotypes after treatment. In the 15 early onset patients, the more severe the clinical phenotype, the worse the treatment outcome.
The cblC type MMA-HC mainly manifests as early onset in China and c.609G >A and c.658_660delAAG are the most common mutations causing this disease. The clinical phenotypes are associated with the outcomes in children with cblC type MMA-HC.

PLoS One 2015 26;10(8):e0136683. Epub 2015 Aug 26.
Wuhan Centers for Disease Prevention and Control, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Obtaining reliable and valid data on sensitive questions represents a longstanding challenge for public health, particularly HIV research. To overcome the challenge, we assessed a construal level theory (CLT)-based novel method. The method was previously established and pilot-tested using the Brief Sexual Openness Scale (BSOS).Read More

This scale consists of five items assessing attitudes toward premarital sex, multiple sexual partners, homosexuality, extramarital sex, and commercial sex, all rated on a standard 5-point Likert scale. In addition to self-assessment, the participants were asked to assess rural residents, urban residents, and foreigners. The self-assessment plus the assessment of the three other groups were all used as subconstructs of one latent construct: sexual openness. The method was validated with data from 1,132 rural-to-urban migrants (mean age = 32.5, SD = 7.9; 49.6% female) recruited in China. Consistent with CLT, the Cronbach alpha of the BSOS as a conventional tool increased with social distance, from .81 for self-assessment to .97 for assessing foreigners. In addition to a satisfactory fit of the data to a one-factor model (CFI = .94, TLI = .93, RMSEA = .08), a common factor was separated from the four perspective factors (i.e., migrants' self-perspective and their perspectives of rural residents, urban residents and foreigners) through a trifactor modeling analysis (CFI = .95, TLI = .94, RMSEA = .08). Relative to its conventional form, CTL-based BSOS was more reliable (alpha: .96 vs .81) and valid in predicting sexual desire, frequency of dating, age of first sex, multiple sexual partners and STD history. This novel technique can be used to assess sexual openness, and possibly other sensitive questions among Chinese domestic migrants.

Int J Clin Exp Med
Int J Clin Exp Med 2015 15;8(6):9595-8. Epub 2015 Jun 15.
Department of Oncology, Chinese PLA General Hospital 28 Fuxing Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100853, China.

Extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) is a rare neoplasm with only a limited number of cases reported in the literature. Little was known about the availability of systemic chemotherapy for metastatic EMPD.
We report one case of heavily pretreated EMPD with multiple organ metastases and successfully treated by pemetrexed.Read More

The tumor was progression after multi-line therapy including erlotinib, radiotherapy, combined chemotherapy and radioactive particles implantation. Pemetrexed monotherapy was applied and progression free survival of more than 5 months with partial remission (PR) response was achieved. Only 1 time of grade 3 neutropenia was observed during the pemetrexed chemotherapy.
Due to the significant response and tolerability in the present case, pemetrexed monotherapy was recommended as a potent candidate for patients with advanced EMPD.

Int J Clin Exp Med
Int J Clin Exp Med 2015 15;8(6):9869-75. Epub 2015 Jun 15.
Department of Orthopaedic, Beijing Army General Hospital Beijing 100700, China.

The safest and most effective conservative treatment for patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH) has not been established. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of lumbar spine stabilization exercise (LSSE) and general exercise (GE) on pain intensity and functional capacity in young male patients with LDH.
Sixty-three young male adults aged 20 to 29 years with the diagnosis of LDH were enrolled and divided into an LSSE group (n=30) and a GE group (n=33).Read More

Patients in both groups received low-power laser (LPL) therapy during the first week of the onset of LDH. Patients in the GE group underwent a GE program. Patients in the LSSE group followed an LSSE program for 3 months. All of the patients were subjected to pain intensity and functional capacity evaluations four times: at pre-and post-LPL therapy, and at 3 months and 1 year post-exercise. Pain intensity of the lower back and legs was evaluated with the visual analogue scale (VAS), and functional capacity was evaluated with the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI).
Both groups showed a significant reduction in VAS and ODI scores at 3 and 12 months post-exercise compared with before treatment (P<0.001). The LSSE group showed a significant reduction in the average score of the VAS for low back pain (P=0.012) and the ODI (P=0.003) at 12 months post-exercise compared with the GE group.
LSSE and GE are considered as effective interventions for young male patients with LDH. Moreover, LSSE is more effective than GE, and physical therapy, such as LPL, is required during acute LDH.

Biomed Mater Eng
Biomed Mater Eng 2015 Aug;26 Suppl 1:S2033-9
Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of University of South China, Hengyang, 421001, China.

In order to explore the effects of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) on myocardial fibrosis in diabetic rats and its underlying mechanisms, intraperitoneal injections of streptozotocin were used to establish the diabetes models and sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) was used as an exogenous donor of H2S. Eight weeks later, Van Gieson staining was used to observe pathological changes, and basic hydrolysis methods were adopted to measure hydroxyproline content, while Western Blot was used to determine the expression of MMP2, MMP7, MMP11, MMP13, MMP16, TIMP1 and TGFβ1.The results showed that significant myocardial fibrosis, decreased TIMP1 and MMP2 expression and increased MMP7, MMP11, MMP13, MMP16 expressions occurred in diabetic group, but all these changes were significantly reversed in diabetic rats after NaHS treatment.Read More

This suggests that H2S could attenuate cardiac fibrosis induced by diabetes and its mechanisms may be related to its modulation of MMPs/TIMPs expression and regulation of TGFβ1.

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2015 Jul 19;463(3):262-7. Epub 2015 May 19.
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37614, USA. Electronic address:

Palmitate (PA), one of the most prevalent saturated fatty acids, causes myocardial dysfunction. However, the mechanisms by which PA induces cell apoptosis and autophagy remain to be elucidated. We showed that autophagy was induced in an mTORC1-dependent way and played a protective role against PA-induced apoptosis, which was verified by pretreatment with 3-methyladenine (3MA) and rapamycin.Read More

However, p62 began to accumulate after 18 h treatment with PA, suggesting prolonged exposure to PA lead to an impairment of autophagic flux. PA enhanced ROS production as well as activated p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) and c-jun NH2 terminal kinases (JNKs). The antioxidant N-Acety-l-Cysteine (NAC) was found to attenuate the JNK and p38 MAPK activation with a concomitant reduction of PA-induced autophagy and apoptosis. Furthermore, both JNK and p38 MAPK inhibitors were shown to directly abrogate caspase 7 cleavage as well as the conversion of LC3BI to LC3BII. Thus, we demonstrate that PA stimulates autophagy and apoptosis via ROS-dependent JNK and p38 MAPK pathways.

Angiogenesis 2015 Jul 4;18(3):373-82. Epub 2015 Jun 4.
Institute of Cardiovascular Science, Peking University Health Science Center, 38 Xueyuan Rd, Beijing, 100191, China.

Angiogenesis, a crucial step in tumor growth and metastasis, is regulated by various pro- or anti-angiogenic factors. Recently, microRNAs have been shown to modulate angiogenic processes by modulating the expression of critical angiogenic factors. However, roles of tumor-derived microRNAs in regulating tumor vascularization remain to be elucidated.Read More

In this study, we found that delivery of miR-494 into human vascular endothelial cells (ECs) enhanced the EC migration and promoted angiogenesis. The angiogenic effect of miR-494 was mediated by the targeting of PTEN and the subsequent activation of Akt/eNOS pathway. Importantly, co-culture experiments demonstrated that a lung cancer cell line, A549, secreted and delivered miR-494 into ECs via a microvesicle-mediated route. In addition, we found that the expression of miR-494 was induced in the tumor cells in response to hypoxia, likely via a HIF-1α-mediated mechanism. Furthermore, a specific miR-494 antagomiR effectively inhibited angiogenesis and attenuated the growth of tumor xenografts in nude mice. Taken together, these results demonstrated that miR-494 is a novel tumor-derived paracrine signal to promote angiogenesis and tumor growth under hypoxic condition.

Med. Oncol.
Med Oncol 2015 Jul 12;32(7):199. Epub 2015 Jun 12.
The Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhengzhou University, 2 Jingba Road, Jinshui District, Zhengzhou, 450014, China.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection induces chronic and precancerous lesions and results in invasive cervical cancer. Human telomerase as well as inflammatory and angiogenic factors such as telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) or vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) could play a role in regulating HPV-induced cervical cancer. This study investigated underlying molecular events in HPV-induced HPV-positive cervical cancer through hTERT and VEGF in vitro.Read More

Expressions of hTERT, a rate-limiting subunit of telomerase, and VEGF mRNA and proteins were, respectively, assessed by qRT-PCR, ELISA, and TRAP-ELISA in HPV-positive tissue samples and cervical cancer cell lines. To assess hTERT and VEGF secretion, hTERT overexpression and knockdown were conducted in HPV-18-positive Hela cells by hTERT cDNA and shRNA transfection, respectively. Then, the effect of HPV E6 and E7 on VEGF expressions was assessed in HPV-negative cervical cancer cells. Data have shown that VEGF expression levels are associated with hTERT expressions and telomerase activity in HPV-positive cervical cancer tissues and cells. Knockdown of hTERT expression down-regulated VEGF expressions, whereas overexpression of hTERT up-regulated VEGF expressions in HPV-18-positive Hela cells. Furthermore, HPV E7 oncoprotein was necessary for hTERT to up-regulate VEGF expressions in HPV-negative cervical cancer cells. Data from this current study indicate that HPV oncoproteins up-regulated hTERT and telomerase activity and in turn promoted VEGF expressions, which could be a key mechanism for HPV-induced cervical cancer development and progression.

PLoS One 2015 1;10(7):e0127782. Epub 2015 Jul 1.
Department of Ultrasonic Medicine, Chongqing Cancer Institute, No. 181 Han Yu Road, Shapingba District, Chongqing, 400030, China.

In order to better monitor non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients at higher risk for HCC, there is a need for non-invasive diagnostic approaches to screen for the presence of advanced fibrosis in these patients. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis will be to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of ARFI elastography in detecting hepatic fibrosis in NAFLD patients.
Relevant studies were identified from systematic searches of several major electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials).Read More

The primary outcomes were the summary sensitivity, summary specificity, the diagnostic odds ratio, and the summary receiver operating characteristic curve (SROC) of ARFI elastography in detecting significant fibrosis (defined as 4>F≥2) in NAFLD patients. Study quality was assessed using the Quality Assessment of Studies of Diagnostic Accuracy included in Systematic Review (QUADAS-2).
The summary sensitivity and specificity of ARFI in detecting significant fibrosis were 80.2% (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.758-0.842; p = 0.0000) and 85.2% (95% CI: 0.808-0.890), p = 0.1617), respectively. The pooled diagnostic odds ratio of ARFI in detecting significant fibrosis was 30.13 (95% CI: 12.08-75; chi-squared = 14.59, p = 0.0237). The area under the SROC curve (AUC) was 0.898 (standard error (SE): 0.031) with a Q* index of 0.830 (SE: 0.033).
ARFI elastography appears to be modestly accurate in detecting significant fibrosis in NAFLD patients. Future studies in this field should provide head-to-head comparisons of ARFI elastography versus other elastographic imaging modalities in NAFLD patients.

J Bone Joint Surg Am
J Bone Joint Surg Am 2015 Jul;97(13):1084-94
Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery (H.W., Y.L., G.Q., X.W., and J.J.), Endocrinology (Y.J., X.X., M.L., X.M., and W.X.), Pathology (D.Z.), Nuclear Medicine (F.L. and Z.Z.), and Radiology (W.Y.), Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH), Number 1 Shuaifuyuan hutong, Beijing 100730, People's Republic of China. E-mail address for H. Wang: E-mail address for D. Zhong: E-mail address for Y. Liu: E-mail address for Y. Jiang: E-mail address for G. Qiu: E-mail address for X. Weng: E-mail address for X. Xing: E-mail address for M. Li: E-mail address for X. Meng: E-mail address for F. Li: E-mail address for Z. Zhu: E-mail address for W. Yu: E-mail address for W. Xia: E-mail address for J. Jin:

Tumor-induced osteomalacia is a rare and fascinating paraneoplastic syndrome usually caused by a small, benign phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor. Most tumors are treated surgically, but we are unaware of any reports that compare the results of curettage and segmental resection for lesions in long bones.
Seventeen patients (ten male and seven female) with tumor-induced osteomalacia lesions in long bones, who underwent surgical treatment from December 2004 to August 2013 in our hospital, were included in this retrospective study.Read More

The mean follow-up (and standard deviation) was 35 ± 27 months (range, twelve to 116 months). The characteristics of the tumor and the effects of different surgical treatments (curettage compared with segmental resection) were evaluated.
All patients showed typical clinical characteristics of tumor-induced osteomalacia, including elevated serum fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23); 82% of tumors were in the epiphysis, and 82% grew eccentrically. The mean maximum diameter of the tumors was 2.4 ± 2.0 cm. The complete resection rates were similar for curettage (67%) and segmental resection (80%). However, the recurrence rate after curettage (50%) was higher than that after segmental resection (0%). The complete resection rate for secondary segmental resection (75%) was not different from that for primary segmental resection (83%). All of our cases of tumor-induced osteomalacia were caused by phosphaturic mesenchymal tumors. After successful removal of tumors, serum FGF-23 returned to normal within twenty-four hours and serum phosphorus levels returned to normal at a mean of 6.5 ± 3.5 days.
Most lesions in long bones are located in the epiphysis, so curettage is first suggested to maintain joint function. If curettage is incomplete or there is a recurrence, secondary segmental resection should be considered curative. Changes of serum FGF-23 and phosphorus levels before and after the operation may be of prognostic help.

Chin. Med. J.
Chin Med J (Engl) 2015 Jul;128(14):1893-7
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Beijing Army General Hospital, Dongcheng District, Beijing 100700, China.

This study evaluated the efficacy of percutaneous nucleoplasty using coblation technique for the treatment of chronic nonspecific low back pain (LBP), after 5 years of follow-up.
From September 2004 to November 2006, 172 patients underwent percutaneous nucleoplasty for chronic LBP in our department. Forty-one of these patients were followed up for a mean period of 67 months.Read More

Nucleoplasty was performed at L3/4 in 1 patient; L4/5 in 25 patients; L5/S1 in 2 patients; L3/4 and L4/5 in 2 patients; L4/5 and L5/S1 in 7 patients; and L3/4, L4/5, and L5/S1 in 4 patients. Patients were assessed preoperatively and at 1 week, 1 year, 3 years, and 5 years postoperatively. Pain was graded using a 10-cm Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and the percentage reduction in pain score was calculated at each postoperative time point. The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) was used to assess disability-related to lumbar spine degeneration, and patient satisfaction was assessed using the modified MacNab criteria.
There were significant differences among the preoperative, 1-week postoperative, and 3-year postoperative VAS and ODI scores, but not between the 3- and 5-year postoperative scores. There were no significant differences in age, sex, or preoperative symptoms between patients with effective and ineffective treatment, but there were significant differences in the number of levels treated, Pfirrmann grade of intervertebral disc degeneration, and provocative discography findings between these two groups. Excellent or good patient satisfaction was achieved in 87.9% of patients after 1 week, 72.4% after 1 year, 67.7% after 3 years, and 63.4% at the last follow-up.
Although previously published short- and medium-term outcomes after percutaneous nucleoplasty appeared to be satisfactory, our long-term follow-up results show a significant decline in patient satisfaction over time. Percutaneous nucleoplasty is a safe and simple technique, with therapeutic effectiveness for the treatment of chronic LBP in selected patients. The technique is minimally invasive and can be used as part of a stepwise treatment plan for chronic LBP.

Curr Stem Cell Res Ther
Curr Stem Cell Res Ther 2015 Jul 23. Epub 2015 Jul 23.
Department of Stomatology, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, No. 301., Middle Yanchang Road, Shanghai 200072, P.R. China.

The pluripotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are common precursors to adipocytes and osteoblasts. Large numbers of extracellular and intracellular signals and transcription factors moderate adipogenesis and osteo-blastogenesis. Importantly, between adipogenic and osteogenic lineage commitment and differentiation, differentiation of MSCs into one lineage will inhibit their differentiation toward the other lineage.Read More

This balance is regulated by numerous signaling pathways. As we know, the peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) and Wnt/β-catenin pathway are regarded as the master moderators of adipogenesis and osteogenesis. Moreover, governing the differentiation of MSCs to adipogenesis and osteoblastogenesis has significant implications in diverse areas of human health, from obesity to regenerative medicine to osteoporosis. Rivalry roles have been reported of the two pathways since the downstream products activated by Wnt-5arepress PPAR-γ transactivation through the H3K9 histone methyltransferase protein complexes. This review will discussthe inductive and inhibitive role of PPAR-γ in adipogenesis and osteoblastogenesis respectively, as well as the canonical Wnt/β-catenin pathway.

World J. Gastroenterol.
World J Gastroenterol 2015 Jul;21(27):8304-13
Hui Li, Tian He, Qian Xu, Zhe Li, Cun-Zhi Liu, Acupuncture and Moxibustion Department, Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing 100010, China.

In China, acupuncture has been considered an effective method for treating gastrointestinal (GI) dysfunction diseases for thousands of years. In fact, acupuncture has gained progressive acceptance from both practitioners and patients worldwide. However, the therapeutic effects and underlying mechanisms in treating GI dysfunction have not yet been established due to a lack of systematic and comprehensive review articles.Read More

Therefore, the aim of this review is to discuss the efficacy of acupuncture as a treatment for GI dysfunction and the associated underlying mechanisms. A search of PubMed was conducted for articles that were published over the past 10 years using the terms "acupuncture", "gastrointestine", and other relevant keywords. In the following review, we describe the effect and underlying mechanisms of acupuncture on GI function from the perspectives of GI motility, visceral sensitivity, the GI barrier, and the brain-gut axis. The dual regulatory effects of acupuncture may manifest by promoting gastric peristalsis in subjects with low initial gastric motility, and suppressing peristalsis in subjects with active initial motility. In addition, the regulation of acupuncture on gastric motility may be intensity-dependent. Our findings suggest that further studies are needed to investigate the effects and more systematic mechanisms in treating GI dysfunction, and to promote the application of acupuncture for the treatment of GI diseases.

J Diabetes Investig
J Diabetes Investig 2015 Jul 15;6(4):396-407. Epub 2015 Apr 15.
School of The Environment and Safety Engineering, Jiangsu University Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, China.

The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of chromium malate on glycometabolism, glycometabolism-related enzyme levels and lipid metabolism in type 2 diabetic rats, and dose-response and curative effects.
The model of type 2 diabetes rats was developed, and daily treatment with chromium malate was given for 4 weeks. A rat enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit was used to assay glycometabolism, glycometabolism-related enzyme levels and lipid metabolism changes.Read More

The results showed that the antihyperglycemic activity increased with administration of chromium malate in a dose-dependent manner. The serum insulin level, insulin resistance index and C-peptide level of the chromium malate groups at a dose of 17.5, 20.0 and 20.8 μg chromium/kg bodyweight were significantly lower than that of the model, chromium trichloride and chromium picolinate groups. The hepatic glycogen, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and glucokinase levels of the chromium malate groups at a dose of 17.5, 20.0 and 20.8 μg chromium/kg bodyweight were significantly higher than that of the model, chromium trichloride and chromium picolinate groups. Chromium malate at a dose of 20.0 and 20.8 μg chromium/kg bodyweight significantly changed the total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides levels compared with the chromium trichloride and chromium picolinate groups.
The results showed that chromium malate exhibits greater benefits in treating type 2 diabetes, and the curative effect of chromium malate is superior to chromium trichloride and chromium picolinate.

Biomed. Environ. Sci.
Biomed Environ Sci 2015 Jul;28(7):518-26
National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, China CDC, Key Laboratory for Medical Virology, National Health and Family Planning Commission, Beijing 102206, China.

In March 2012, an H7N7 subtype avian influenza virus (AIV) named A/wild goose/Dongting/PC0360/2012 (H7N7) (DT/PC0360) was recovered from a wild goose in East Dongting Lake. We performed whole-genome sequencing of the isolate, and analyzed the phylogenetic and molecular characterization.
RNA was extracted from environment samples (including fecal samples from wild bird or domestic ducks, and water samples) for detecting the presence of Influenza A Virus targeting Matrix gene, using realtime RT-PCR assay.Read More

The positive samples were performed virus isolation with embryonated eggs. The subtype of the isolates were identified by RT-PCR assay with the H1-H16 and N1-N9 primer set. The whole-genome sequencing of isolates were performed. Phylogenetic and molecular characterizations of the eight genes of the isolates were analyzed.
Our results suggested that all the eight gene segments of DT/PC0360 belonged to the Eurasian gene pool, and the HA gene were belonged to distinct sublineage with H7N9 AIV which caused outbreaks in Mainland China in 2013. The hemagglutinin cleavage site of HA of DT/PC0360 showed characterization of low pathogenic avian influenza virus.
Strengthening the surveillance of AIVs of wild waterfowl and poultry in this region is vital for our knowledge of the ecology and mechanism of transmission to prevent an influenza pandemic.

PeerJ 2015 28;3:e962. Epub 2015 May 28.
Department of Hematology, Fujian Institute of Hematology, Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory on Hematology, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital , Fuzhou , PR China.

Objective. This study aimed to investigate the chemosensitive augmentation effect and mechanism of HDAC inhibitor Vorinostat (SAHA) in combination with arsenic trioxide (ATO) on proliferation and apoptosis of K562 cells. Methods.Read More

The CCK-8 assay was used to compare proliferation of the cells. Annexin-V and PI staining by flow cytometry and acridine orange/ethidium bromide stains were used to detect and quantify apoptosis. Western blot was used to detect expression of p21, Akt, pAkt, p210, Acetyl-Histone H3, and Acetyl-Histone H4 proteins. Results. SAHA and ATO inhibited proliferation of K562 cells in an additive and time- and dose-dependent manner. SAHA in combination with ATO showed significant apoptosis of K562 cells in comparison to the single drugs alone (p < 0.01). Both SAHA and ATO alone and in combination showed lower levels of p210 expression. SAHA and SAHA and ATO combined treatment showed increased levels of Acetyl-Histone H3 and Acetyl-Histone H4 protein expression. SAHA alone showed increased expression of p21, while ATO alone and in combination with SAHA showed no significant change. SAHA and ATO combined therapy showed lower levels of Akt and pAkt protein expression than SAHA or ATO alone. Conclusion. SAHA and ATO combined treatment inhibited proliferation, induced apoptosis, and showed a chemosensitive augmentation effect on K562 cells. The mechanism might be associated with increasing histone acetylation levels as well as regulating the Akt signaling pathway.

This retrospective analysis evaluated the mechanism of bevacizumab plus chemotherapy (BV+CT) for preventing brain metastasis derived from lung cancer. From the total of 159 patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), 110 received BV+CT and 49 received CT. After medication, both groups had 15 patients with brain metastases (14 vs 31%, P < 0.Read More

05). With BV+CT treatment, 40 patients (33.89%) survived, whereas only 11 patients (18.64%) survived with CT treatment. The outcome for the BV+CT group was significantly better than that for the CT group only for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-positive patients. A post-treatment with BV+CT was significantly reduced than with CT only for patients with high carbonic anhydrase-9 (CA9) expression. This retrospective analysis provides supportive evidence that BV+CT can significantly reduce the incidence of brain metastasis in patients with advanced NSCLC compared with CT alone. Vascular endothelial growth factor -positive patients may benefit more from BV treatment and the outcomes with BV may be related to CA9 expression.

Cell Cycle
Cell Cycle 2015 ;14(12):1893-907
a First Affiliated Hospital; Key Laboratory of Environment and Genes Related to Diseases; Ministry of Education; Medical School of Xi'an Jiaotong University ; Xi'an , Shaanxi , China.

Progranulin (PGRN) has recently emerged as an important regulator for glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity. However, the direct effects of PGRN in vivo and the underlying mechanisms between PGRN and impaired insulin sensitivity are not fully understood. In this study, mice treated with PGRN for 21 d exhibited the impaired glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity, remarkable ER stress as well as attenuated insulin signaling in liver and adipose tissue but not in skeletal muscle.Read More

Furthermore, treatment of mice with phenyl butyric acid (PBA), a chemical chaperone alleviating ER stress, resulted in a significant restoration of systemic insulin sensitivity and recovery of insulin signaling induced by PGRN. Consistent with these findings in vivo, we also observed that PGRN treatment induced ER stress, impaired insulin signaling in cultured hepatocytes and adipocytes, with such effects being partially nullified by blockade of PERK. Whereas PGRN-deficient hepatocytes and adipocytes were more refractory to palmitate-induced insulin resistance, indicating the causative role of the PERK-eIF2α axis of the ER stress response in action of PGRN. Collectively, our findings supported the notion that PGRN is a key regulator of insulin resistance and that PGRN may mediate its effects, at least in part, by inducing ER stress via the PERK-eIF2α dependent pathway.

Sci Rep
Sci Rep 2015 5;5:11132. Epub 2015 Jun 5.
State Key Laboratory of Quantum Optics and Quantum Optics Devices, Institute of Opto-Electronics, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, P. R. China.

The non-measurement based coherent feedback control (CFC) is a control method without introducing any backaction noise into the controlled system, thus is specially suitable to manipulate various quantum optical systems for preparing nonclassical states of light. By simply tuning the transmissivity of an optical controller in a CFC loop attached to a non-degenerate optical parametric amplifier (NOPA), the quantum entanglement degree of the output optical entangled state of the system is improved. At the same time, the threshold pump power of the NOPA is reduced also.Read More

The experimental results are in reasonable agreement with the theoretical expectation.

BMC Nephrol
BMC Nephrol 2015 10;16:82. Epub 2015 Jun 10.
Center for Kidney Disease, 2nd Affiliated Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, 262 Zhongshan North Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.

To evaluate the influence of parathyroid mass on the regulation of parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion, we investigated the relationship between the resected parathyroid gland in total parathyroidectomy and the parathyroid hormone level in hemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism.
From January 2009 to July 2014, 223 patients undergoing total parathyroidectomy were included. The size and the weight of parathyroid gland were measured during the operation.Read More

874 parathyroid glands were removed. A positive correlation was identified between the size and the weight of resected parathyroid glands. We found that both the preoperative PTH and the reduction of PTH were significantly correlated with the size and the weight of parathyroid glands in a positive manner. However, in the subgroup of patients with PTH < 1000 pg/ml, no significant correlation was found.
Larger parathyroid gland secretes more PTH and high level of serum PTH usually indicated that surgical removal might be required. However, since PTH levels could be influenced by the pharmaceutical drug, the large size of parathyroid gland might be used as a much more appropriate guide that indicates the requirement of surgery treatment even when the parathyroid hormone was less than 1000 pg/ml.

PLoS One 2015 11;10(6):e0129196. Epub 2015 Jun 11.
Department of Cardiology, Qianfoshan Hospital, Affiliated with Shandong University, Jinan, China.

Resveratrol (trans-3,4,5'-trihydroxystilbene) is an active compound in food, such as red grapes, peanuts, and berries. Resveratrol exhibits an anticancer effect on various human cancer cells. However, the mechanism of resveratrol-induced anti-cancer effect at the molecular level remains to be elucidated.Read More

In this study, the mechanism underlying the anti-cancer effect of resveratrol in human ovarian cancer cells (OVCAR-3 and Caov-3) was investigated using various molecular biology techniques, such as flow cytometry, western blotting, and RNA interference, with a major focus on the potential role of autophagy in resveratrol-induced apoptotic cell death. We demonstrated that resveratrol induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, which triggers autophagy and subsequent apoptotic cell death. Resveratrol induced ATG5 expression and promoted LC3 cleavage. The apoptotic cell death induced by resveratrol was attenuated by both pharmacological and genetic inhibition of autophagy. The autophagy inhibitor chloroquine, which functions at the late stage of autophagy, significantly reduced resveratrol-induced cell death and caspase 3 activity in human ovarian cancer cells. We also demonstrated that targeting ATG5 by siRNA also suppressed resveratrol-induced apoptotic cell death. Thus, we concluded that a common pathway between autophagy and apoptosis exists in resveratrol-induced cell death in OVCAR-3 human ovarian cancer cells.

PLoS One 2015 15;10(6):e0130173. Epub 2015 Jun 15.
Beijing Engineering Research Center of Mixed Reality and Advanced Display, School of Optics and Electronics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, 100081, China.

Fever of unknown origin (FUO) remains a challenge in clinical practice. Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is helpful in diagnosing the etiology of FUO. This paper aims to develop a completely automatic classification method based on PET/CT data for the computer-assisted diagnosis of FUO.Read More

We retrospectively analyzed the FDG PET/CT scan of 175 FUO patients, 79 males and 96 females. The final diagnosis of all FUO patients was achieved through pathology or clinical evaluation, including 108 normal patients and 67 FUO patients. CT anatomic information was used to acquire bone functional information from PET images. The skeletal system of FUO patients was classified by analyzing the standardized uptake value (SUV) and the PET index of bone glucose metabolism (PIBGM). The SUV distributions in the bone marrow and the bone cortex were also studied in detail.
The SUV and PIBGM of the bone marrow only slightly differed between the FUO patients and normal people, whereas the SUV of whole bone structures and the PIBGM of the bone cortex significantly differed between the normal people and FUO patients. The method detected 43 patients from 67 FUO patients, with sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy of 64.18%, 95%, 93.48%, 72.73%, and 83.33%, respectively.
The experimental results demonstrate that the study can achieve automatic classification of FUO patients by the proposed novel biomarker of PIBGM, which has the potential to be utilized in clinical practice.

Sci Rep
Sci Rep 2015 23;5:11560. Epub 2015 Jun 23.
1] The Stem Cell and Biomedical Material Key Laboratory of Jiangsu Province (the State Key Laboratory Incubation Base), Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, P.R. China [2] Jiangsu Institute of Clinical Immunology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, P.R. China.

The current treatments for severe skin injury all involve skin grafting. However, there is a worldwide shortage of donor skin tissue. In this study, we examined the advantages of using human amniotic fluid stem (hAFS) cells in skin wound healing.Read More

In vitro, hAFS cells differentiate into keratinocytes (termed hAFS-K). Like keratinocytes, hAFS-K cells express the markers K5, K14, K10 and involucrin; display typical cellular structure, including a tonofibril-rich cytoplasm; and construct a completely pluristratified epithelium in 3D culture. In vivo, in a mouse excisional wound model, GFP-positive hAFS cells participate in wound repair. Co-localization of GFP/K14 and GFP/K10 in the repaired epidermis demonstrated that hAFS cells can differentiate into keratinocytes. Real-time PCR results confirmed that hAFS cells can initiate and promote early-stage repair of skin damage. During wound repair, hAFS cells did not directly secrete repair-related factors, such as bFGF, VEGF, CXCL12, TGF-β1 and KGF, and provided a moderate inflammation reaction with lower expression of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, Cox2 and Mac3. In hAFS cells, the negative co-stimulatory molecule B7H4 regulates low immunogenicity, which can provide a modest inflammatory reaction microenvironment for wound repair. Furthermore, with their uniquely high proliferation rate, hAFS cells offer a promising alternative for epidermal regeneration.

Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao 2015 Jun;37(3):315-9
Department of Nuclear Medicine,PUMC Hospital,CAMS and PUMC,Beijing 100730,China.

To investigate the relationship between the dynamic variation of pre-ablation stimulated thyroglobulin(sTg)and distant metastasis in patietns with differentiated thyroid cancer(DTC).
DTC patients after total or near total thyroidectomy were divided into two groups as M1 group(n=38)and M0 group(n=130)according to the presence of distant metastases or not. Clinical data including pre-ablation sTg and the corresponding thyrotropin(TSH)values were dynamically measured.Read More

The pre-ablation sTg and corresponding TSH collected at the first time were defined as Tg1 and TSH1,while as Tg2 and TSH2 at the last time. χ(2) test was used to compare the variation tendency of sTg between these two groups. Tg1,Tg2,pre-ablation sTg variation(∆Tg),and ∆Tg/∆TSH ratio between M0 and M1 were compared by Mann-Whitney rank-sum test. The receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curves and diagnostic critical point(DCP)were employed to evaluate the predictive values of the above indicators.
Both Tg1 and Tg2 of M1 were significantly higher than those of M0(the Mann-Whitney rank-sum test:Tg1 P<0.001,Tg2 P<0.001). The corresponding areas under the ROC curve(AUC)to differentiate the two groups were 0.921 and 0.942,respectively. The cut-off value of Tg2,which was more accurate in predicting distant metastasis,was 24.3 ng/ml with a sensitivity of 92.11% and a specificity of 83.85%. Both ∆Tg and ∆Tg/∆TSH between these two groups were significantly different(the Mann-Whitney rank-sum test:∆Tg P=0.002,∆Tg/∆TSH P<0.001). ∆Tg/∆TSH worked better than Tg2 in predicting distant metastasis with both higher accuracy(87.50%)and higher specificity(86.92%).
Dynamically tracing pre-ablation sTg may improve the accuracy and specificity of distant metastases prediction in DTC patients. ∆Tg/∆TSH,which means the ratio of sTg variation to TSH variation,may be a useful diagnostic marker for predicting distant metastases in DTC.

Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao 2015 Jun;37(3):320-4
Department of Nuclear Medicine,PUMC Hospital,CAMS and PUMC,Beijing 100730,China.

To investigate the imaging potential and biodistribution in vivo of a novel positron imaging agent,2-[(18)F]fluoropropionic,in breast cancer-bearing mice. Methods: 2-[(18)F]fluoropropionic acid (7.4-11.Read More

1 MBq)was injected into the breast cancer-bearing mice via tail vein,followed by micro positron emission tomography at 60 min and 120 min.The radioactivity per volume (Bq/ml) in organs was transferred to percentage injected dose per gram(% ID/g)by Inveon Research software and the biodistribution of 2-[(18)F]fluoropropionic acid in organs was deduce.The same operations were done with (18)F-FDG.
2-[(18)F]fluoropropionic acid was mainly distributed in the urinary bladder,intestine,and liver between 60 min to 120 min.The breast cancer at right flank was visualized clearly,and the radioactivity uptake was (13.74±1.97)% ID/g and (14.84±1.06)% ID/g,respectively,at these two time points (P=0.454).The radioactivity uptakes in muscle and brown tissue were relatively low.The radioactivity uptake of (18)F-FDG was (10.27±2.34)% ID/g at the breast cancer 60 min after injection,and radioactivity uptake of the brown fat on the back was obvious.
Positron imaging agent 2-[(18)F]fluoropropionic acid can be used to image breast cancer.It may be applied in the noninvasive imaging of breast cancer in clinical settings.

Int. J. Neurosci.
Int J Neurosci 2015 May 22:1-20. Epub 2015 May 22.
Department of Neurology, Guangzhou Red Cross Hospital, Medical College, Jinan University , No.396 Tongfuzhong Road, Guangzhou, 510220 , P.R. China.

Previous studies have demonstrated that prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) has neuroprotective effect on cerebral ischemia. However, it remains unknown whether PGE1 promotes angiogenesis and neurogenesis after ischemic stroke. In this study, adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to permanently distal middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO).Read More

Rats were treated with lipo-prostaglandin E1(Lipo-PGE1, 10 μg/kg/d) or the same volume of 0.9% saline starting 24 hours after MCAO daily for 6 consecutive days. All rats were injected 5'-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU, 50 mg/kg) intraperitoneally every 12 hours for 3 consecutive days before being sacrificed. At 7 and 14 days after MCAO or sham-operation, rats were sacrificed. Post-stroke neurological outcome, infarction volume, angiogenesis and neurogenesis were evaluated. Treatment with lipo-PGE1 significantly increased vascular density in the peri-infarct areas at 7 and 14 days after MCAO. Lipo-PGE1 treatment significantly enhanced the proliferation and migration of endogenous neural stem cells in the ipsilateral subventricular zone. The neural stem cells associated with blood vessels closely within a neurovascular niche in lipo-PGE1 treated rats after stroke. Lipo-PGE1 treatment also significantly improved neurological recovery after MCAO. These results indicate that treatment with lipo-PGE1 promotes post-stroke angiogenesis, neurogenesis and their interaction, which would contribute to neurological recovery after cerebral infarction. Our study provides novel experimental evidences for the neuroprotective roles of PGE1 in ischemic stroke.

Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2015 May;36(5):444
Departments of Hematology,Ningxia autonomous region people's hospital, Yinchuan 750002, China.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi 2015 Apr;23(4):254-7
Hepatopathy Department, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230601, China.

To explore the correlation between serum hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) level and hepatic tissue pathological staging in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB).
Clinical data was collected from our hospital's records for 302 CHB patients with HBsAg-positive status for more than 6 months and who had undergone hepatic biopsy. The HBsAg level,HBV DNA level and other clinical data were measured using commercial diagnostic assays.Read More

Liver histology was scored using the GS staging system. Correlation between serum HBsAg quantity, HBV DNA quantity, stage of inflammation and degree of fibrosis was assessed statistically.
The correlation of serum HBsAg level and HBV DNA level was notable. The serum HBsAg level was a variable affecting hepatic tissue pathological stage significantly. Serum HBsAg level appeared to be a highly specific and sensitive diagnostic marker of hepatic fibrosis. As the severity of liver fibrosis increased, the quantitative levels of platelet (PLT), HBsAg and HBV DNA gradually decreased, and the APRI index gradually increased; there were significant differences between the groups (all P<0.001). Serum HBsAg and HBV DNA levels in patients with hepatitis B e antigen-positive (HBeAg(+)) status showed strong correlation (r=0.721, P<0.0001) by Spearman analysis. HBeAg(+) patients with moderate to severe fibrosis (S2-4) exhibited significantly lower serum HBsAg and HBV DNA levels compared with patients with no or mild fibrosis (S0-1; t=5.475 and 4.826, P<0.001). ROC analysis suggested that a serum HBsAg cutoff of 4.46 log 10 IU/mL (28 800 IU/mL) would provide a theoretical sensitivity of 76.3%, with theoretical specificity of 70.5% in HBeAg(+) CHB patients. A serum HBV DNA cutoff of 7.13 log 10 IU/mL (1.35*10(7) copies/mL) would provide a theoretical sensitivity of 71.1%, with theoretical specificity of 73.4% in HBeAg(+) CHB patients. Logistic regression analysis showed that the level of HBsAg was an independent prognostic factor of moderate to severe liver fibrosis, with alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, HBsAg, HBV DNA and PLT (P<0.001).
HBsAg and HBV DNA levels decrease gradually along with aggravation of liver fibrosis. The cutoff values of 28800 IU/mL for HBsAg and 1.35*10(7) copies/mL ofHBV DNA provide higher specificity and sensitivity for predicting the degree of liver fibrosis in HBeAg-positive CHB patients, and the former is an independent predictor of severe liver fibrosis.

The concentration of Cr, Cu, Zn, As and Pb in soil was tested by portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometer. Each sample was tested for 3 times, then after using wavelet threshold noise filtering method for denoising and smoothing the spectra, a standard curve for each heavy metal was established according to the standard values of heavy metals in soil and the corresponding counts which was the average of the 3 processed spectra. The signal to noise ratio (SNR), mean square error (MSE) and information entropy (H) were taken to assess the effects of denoising when using wavelet threshold noise filtering method for determining the best wavelet basis and wavelet decomposition level.Read More

Some samples with different concentrations and H3 B03 (blank) were chosen to retest this instrument to verify its stability. The results show that: the best denoising result was obtained with the coif3 wavelet basis at the decomposition level of 3 when using the wavelet transform method. The determination coefficient (R2) range of the instrument is 0.990-0.996, indicating that a high degree of linearity was found between the contents of heavy metals in soil and each X-ray fluorescence spectral characteristic peak intensity with the instrument measurement within the range (0-1,500 mg · kg(-1)). After retesting and calculating, the results indicate that all the detection limits of the instrument are below the soil standards at national level. The accuracy of the model has been effectively improved, and the instrument also shows good precision with the practical application of wavelet transform to the establishment and improvement of X-ray fluorescence spectrometer detection model. Thus the instrument can be applied in on-site rapid screening of heavy metal in contaminated soil.

A method for the simultaneous determination of 22 acidic dyes (acid yellow 23, acid red 18, acid blue 7, etc) in edible packagings was developed using high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS). The samples were extracted with acetonitrile-methanol (5:5, v/v) , and then cleaned up with Strata-X-AW solid-phase extractor. The analytes were separated on a Zorbax Eclipse Plus C18 column (100 mm x 3.Read More

0 mm, 1.8 µm) by gradient elution with acetonitrile-10 mmol/L ammonium acetate as the mobile phases. The 22 acidic dyes were determined by electrospray negative ion source (ESI-), and multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. The qualitative analysis was based on the retention times and characteristic ion pairs consisting of one parent ion and two fragment ions, and the quantitative analysis was carried out by matrix-matched external standard method. The results showed that the calibration curves had good linearity for the 22 acidic dyes, and the correlation coefficients (r2) were larger than 0. 991. The limits of quantitation (LOQs, S/N ≥ 10) were in the range of 0.1-2.0 mg/kg in three different matrices (plant capsule, gelatine capsule, oblatum). The average recoveries were in the range of 78.4%-109.5% for the 22 acidic dyes with the relative standard deviations (RSDs) from 4.6% to 14.5% at three spiked levels (1 x LOQ, 2 x LOQ and 10 x LOQ). This method is suitable for the determination of acidic dyes in edible packagings with the characteristics of high accuracy and precision.

The standard addition method with laser induced breakdown spectroscopy was used to analyze an unknown sample taken from a lead battery factory. the matrix influence on the results was effectively avoided when the external or internal standard method was used, and the pretreatment of samples was simple and quick. The Nd ' YAG pulse laser with wavelength 1 064 nm was used as the excitation source.Read More

The echelle spectroscopy with high resolution and wide spectral range was used as the spectral separation device, and the intensified charge coupled device (ICCD) as the spectral detection device in the experiment. The characteristic line at 405. 78 nrn was chosen as the analysis line to measure Pb concentration. Fe I : 404. 58 line was chosen as the internal standard. Pre-experiment was carried out to confirm the appropriate condition. Under the laser energy of 128. 5 mJ, the delay time of 2. 5 tps, and the gate width of 3 ps, it was determined that with the addition of Pb to the sample in the range of 0 and 25 000 mg . kg-1, there wasn't self-absorption. There was a good linear relationship between the intensity of the spectral line of 405. 78 nm and the addition of Pb. The appropriate concentration of Pb added into the sample for analysis was determined by this series of samples. On this basis, four samples were prepared with three parallel samples for each sample in order to verify the repeatability and reliability of the method, i. e. 5 000, 10 000, 15 000, 20 000 mg . kg-1 Pb was added into the original sample. The results were compared with the result of ICP-MS. The twelve samples' relative errors were between -24. 6% and 17. 6%. The average result was 43 069 mg . kg-1 with the relative error -2. 44%.